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The preterit of -ir stem-changing verbs
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The preterit of -ir stem-changing verbs

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  • 1. The preterit of -ir stem- changing verbs (El pretérito de los verbos de -ir de cambio radical) ¿Qué plato pidió? Prefirió el arroz con pollo.
  • 2. dormir dormimos dormís duermen duermen duermo duermes duerme duerme  dormir dormimos dormisteis durmieron durmieron dormí dormiste durmió durmió  Every stem-changing (shoe) verb in the present tense ue u Type 1 “Sandal” verbs The preterit stem changes occur only in the third persons. o  ue o  u that is also an -ir verb is a “sandal” verb in the preterit.
  • 3. Type 1: o  ue, o  u Juan durmió seis horas anoche, y sus hermanos durmieron ocho. dormir Juan slept six hours last night, and his brothers slept eight. Alicia murió dos años después de que murieron sus padres. morir Alicia died two years after her parents died.
  • 4. mentir mentimos mentís mienten mienten miento Mientes miente miente  mentir mentimos mentisteis mintieron mintieron mentí mentiste mintió mintió  ie i Type 2 “Sandal” verbs The preterit stem changes occur only in the third persons. e  ie e  i Every stem-changing (shoe) verb in the present tense that is also an -ir verb is a “sandal” verb in the preterit.
  • 5. Type 2: e  ie, e  i Eduardo mintió acerca del robo, pero sus cómplices no mintieron. mentir Eduardo lied about the theft, but his accomplices didn’t lie. Marlena sintió alegría cuando ganó el premio, y sus padres sintieron mucho orgullo. sentir Marlena felt joy when she won the award, and her parents felt great pride.
  • 6. servir servimos servís sirven sirven sirvo sirves sirve sirve  servir servimos Servisteis sirvieron sirvieron serví serviste sirvió sirvió  i i Type 3 “Sandal” verbs The preterit stem changes occur only in the third persons. e  i e  i Every stem-changing (shoe) verb in the present tense that is also an -ir verb is a “sandal” verb in the preterit.
  • 7. Type 3: e  i, e  i Antonio sirvió las bebidas, y sus hermanas sirvieron la comida. servir Antonio served the drinks, and his sisters served the food. Tomás pidió un sándwich, y sus hijos pidieron una hamburguesa. pedir Tomás ordered a sandwich, and his children ordered a hamburger.
  • 8. leíste leímos leísteis leyeron leí leyó Verbs that change the “i” to “y” in the third- persons singular and plural Example: leer Notice that every form except third-person plural bears a written accent.
  • 9. The “i” to “y” change applies only to -er and -ir verbs whose stem ends in a vowel leer creer leyó leyeron creyó creyeron oír oyó oyeron
  • 10. FIN

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