Spanish orthography

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Stress marks and stress rules

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Spanish orthography

  1. 1. Stresses and accent marks www.spanishsouthamerica.org
  2. 2.  “Understanding where to put the emphasis in a word can be as difficult as sounding out the word itself. Fortunately, Spanish makes it easy for you. When a word is stressed on an irregular syllable, an accent mark will appear above the stressed vowel” @Rocket Languages www.spanishsouthamerica.org
  3. 3.  In Spanish orthography, stress may be written explicitly with a single acute accent on a vowel, depending on the syllable such vowel is  Stressed antepenultimate syllables are always written with this accent mark, as in Húngaro.  If the last syllable is stressed, the accent mark is used if the word ends in the letters n, s, or a vowel, as in camión, anís and salió.  If the penultimate syllable is stressed, the accent is used if the word ends in any other letter (any letter but n, s, or a vowel), as in cárcel and lápiz.  That is, if the last letter a word written without an accent mark is a vowel, n, or s, the stress is on the penult: pato, releen and cactus.  But if the last letter a word written without an accent mark is any other letter, then the stress is on the final syllable: legal, buscar and libertad.  However as in Greek, the acute accent is also used for some words to distinguish various syntactical uses (e.g. té "tea" vs. te - a form of the pronoun tú; dónde "where" as a pronoun or wh- complement, donde "where" as an adverb). www.spanishsouthamerica.org
  4. 4. In Mac  á Option + e , a Á Option + e , A  é Option + e , e É Option + e , E  í Option + e , i Í Option + e , I  ó Option + e , o Ó Option + e , O  ú Option + e , u Ú Option + e , U  ü Option + u , u  ñ Option + n , n Ñ Option + n , N  ¡ Option + 1  ¿ Option + Shift + ? (Press the 3 keys together) www.spanishsouthamerica.org
  5. 5. In Microsoft Word:  á Ctrl + (apostrophe) , a Á Ctrl + (apostrophe) , A  é Ctrl + (apostrophe) , e É Ctrl + (apostrophe) , E  í Ctrl + (apostrophe) , i Í Ctrl + (apostrophe) , I  ó Ctrl + (apostrophe) , o Ó Ctrl + (apostrophe) , O  ú Ctrl + (apostrophe) , u Ú Ctrl + (apostrophe) , U  Ü Ctrl + Shift + (colon) , u  ñ Ctrl + Shift + ~ (tilde) , n Ñ Ctrl + Shift + ~ (tilde) , N  ¡ Alt + Ctrl + Shift + ! (Press the 4 keys together)  ¿ Alt + Ctrl + Shift + ? (Press the 4 keys together) Most of these formulas represent two step operations www.spanishsouthamerica.org
  6. 6. Compare the previous explanation to this other presentation and try doing the exercises http://www.bowdoin.edu/~eyepes/newgr/ ats/03.htm . www.spanishsouthamerica.org
  7. 7.  http://www.rocketlanguages.com/spanish/p ronunciation_spanish_accents.php  http://www.e- spanyol.hu/en/grammar/stress.php  http://www.irvingisd.net/districtweekly/flye rs/typing_in_spanish.htm  http://www.conted.und.edu/Bbsix/courses/t ypespanish.html www.spanishsouthamerica.org

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