English nouns
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English nouns

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Grammar material for the English at home Course (part of Virtual Library)

Grammar material for the English at home Course (part of Virtual Library)

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English nouns English nouns Presentation Transcript

  • ENGLISH AT HOMEGrammar syllabus
    Theme 1: Frenchv. English
    1
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  • accents in many words ------only in foreign words
    agreement yes -----no
    articles more common----less common
    capitalization less common -----more common
    conjugations different for each grammatical person-----  different only for third person singular
    contractions required----- optional and informal
    gender for all nouns and most pronouns -----only for personal pronouns
    liaisons yes ------no
    negation two words -----one word
    prepositions certain verbs require prepositions -----many phrasal verbs
    rhythm stress at end of each rhythmic group -----stressed syllable in each word, plus stress on important word
    Roman numerals more common, often ordinal ----less common, rarely ordinal
    subjunctive common -----extremely rare  
    From http://french.about.com/od/lessons/a/differences.htm
    Comparison of characteristics
    2
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  • As previouslyshownbriefly, Englishnouns and adjectiveshave no gender
    http://www.edufind.com/English/Grammar/NOUNS1.CFM
    Gender
    3
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  • Definition: A noun is a word used to refer to people, animals, objects, substances, states, events and feelings. Nouns can be a subject or an object of a verb, can be modified by an adjective and can take an article or determiner
    Forexample:
    Table
    Pencil
    Thedog
    A whitehouse
    Let’sfocusonNouns
    4
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  • Nouns also denote abstract and intangible concepts.
    Forexample:
    birth
    happiness
    evolution
    technology, etc.
    5
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  • The general rule is to add "-s" to the noun in singular
    Forexample:
    Book - Books
    House - Houses
    Chair - Chairs
    NOUN PLURALS
    6
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  • When the singular noun ends in: -sh, -ch, -s, -ss, -x, -o we form their plural form by adding "-es".
    Forexample:
    sandwich - sandwiches
    brush - brushes
    bus - buses
    box - boxes
    potato - potatoes
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  • When the singular noun ends in "y", we change the "y" for "i" and then add "-es" to form the plural form. But do not change the "y" for "ies" to form the plural when the singular noun ends in "y" preceded by a vowel.
    Forexample:
    nappy - nappies
    day - days
    toy - toys
    8
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  • However, there are many Irregular Nouns which do not form the plural in this way:
    Forexample:
    Woman - Women
    Child - Children
    Sheep - Sheep
    9
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  • http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/nouns_articles/plural.htm
    http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/71.html
    Plural
    10
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  • Forchildrenbutnice:
    http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=723
    (Let’s use thetimerto do theexercises and seehowitworks!!)
    Playinggames
    11
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  • Proper nouns are the names of specific things, people, or places, such as Jhon, France. Theyusuallybeginwith a capital letter.
    Common nouns are general names such as person, mansion, and book. They can beeither concrete orabstract.
    Concrete nouns refer to things which you can sense such as clock and telephone.
    Abstract nouns refer to ideas or qualities such as liberty and truth.
    Countable nouns refer to things which can be counted (can be singular or plural)
    Uncountable nouns refer to some groups of countable nouns, substances, feelings and types of activity (can only be singular)
    Types of Nouns
    12
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  • Proper nouns (also called proper names) are the words which name specific people, organisations, places, titles, cities, countries, calendar times, etc. They are always written with a capital letter. They represent unique entities;
    In English and most other languages that use the latin alphabet, they are capitalized.
    For example:
    Janet; Simon; John Wesley; London; The President; Tuesday; Christmas; Thanksgiving; Atlantic Ocean; Spain.
    Examples:
    Peter lives in Spain.
    Many people dread Monday mornings.
    Beltane is celebrated on the first of May.
    Abraham appears in the Talmud and in the Koran.
    Proper nouns
    13
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  • A common noun is a word that names people, places, things, or ideas. They are not the names of a single person, place or thing. A common noun begins with a lowercase letter unless it is at the beginning of a sentence.Examples:
    People: man, woman, girl, baby, son, dughther, policeman, teacher
    Animals: cat, dog, fish, ant, snake
    Things: bear, book, boat, table, chair, phone
    Places: bank, school, city, building, shop
    Ideas: love, hate, idea, pride
    Examplesentences:
    apple: I love a good red apple after dinner.
    dog, yard: The black dog is in my yard.
    book, table: The red book is on the table.
    call: Give me a call when you arrive.
    Commonnouns
    14
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  • Concrete nouns refers to objects and substances, including people and animals, physical items that we can perceive through our senses, that means concrete nouns can be touched, felt, held, something visible, smelt, taste, or be heard.They can be countable nouns or uncountable nouns, and singular nouns or plural nouns. Concrete nouns can also be a common noun, proper nouns and collective nouns. Example:
    Thisis my house.
    * In this example the noun "house" names a building where I live. That building is an individual object and can be seen and touched by everyone.
    Other examples:
    Common Concrete Nouns: snake, cat, table, girl, water
    Countable Concrete Nouns (Singular): table, computer, book, door
    Countable Concrete Nouns (Plural): tables, computers, books, doors
    Uncountable Concrete Nouns: sugar, rice, water, air, oil, salt, cheese
    Proper Nouns: Mrs. Jones, Tom Cruise, Max Ryan
    * "Time" is a concept that has no physical existence; it is not a Concrete Noun
    Concrete nouns
    15
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  • An abstract noun refers to states, events, concepts, feelings, qualities, etc., that have no physical existence. Examples:
    Friendship; peace; romance; humor are all abstract nouns that have no physical existence.
    An abstract noun can be either a countable noun or uncountable noun. Abstract nouns that refer to events are almost usually countable: a noise; a meeting.
    In English many abstract nouns are formed by adding suffixes (-ness, - ity. – tion ) to adjectives or verbs. For examples: Happiness = Happy ( adj.) , circulation = to circulate (verb)
    Abstractnouns
    16
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  • Nouns
    Common
    Proper
    Abstract
    Concrete
    Count.
    Uncount.
    17
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  • http://www.ucl.ac.uk/internet-grammar/exlist/exlist.htm
    Identifyingnouns
    18
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  • http://www.ucl.ac.uk/internet-grammar/exlist/exlist.htm
    Countable and Uncountablenouns
    19
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  • Countablenouns
    20
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  • Uncountablenouns
    21
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  • Plural, Type of nouns
    http://www.edhelper.com/language/pluralnouns2106.html
    Revision
    22
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  • This is sample material butgivesan overall idea
    Hope it is useful
    Thanks for yourinterest
    Feelfree to contact us
    salavirtual1@hotmail.com
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