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  1. 1. LOCATION?The Philippines is located in the SouthChina Sea / Philippine Western sea inSouth East Asia.The neighbouring countries nearest toPhilippines are Indonesia, Malaysia,China, Vietnam and many more.Fact: The Philippinesuse to Own parts ofChina and Indonesiabut CountriesDeclaredIndependence fromthe Philippines –The New World
  2. 2. LOCATION?The Philippines, in fact, is atmost strategic location,making it a natural hubfor commerce. Manila andCebu are premiere centresof trade in the region. Tothe east is the vast PacificOcean and beyond it, theNew World.
  3. 3. POPULATIONAccording to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), whichis a US Government agency responsible for providingnational security intelligence to senior USpolicymakers, the total estimated population of thePhilippines in year 2013 is about 105,720,644 (July2013 estimate).It still ranks as the 12th most populated country inthe world.
  4. 4. LANGUAGESThere are between 150- 175 languages in Philippines and 87dialects. The official languages for the Philippines are Tagalogand English which is the 3rd most spoken language in the world.Tagalog which is the Most spoken in Philippines and differentlanguages in the Philippines has mix of Spanish because it wasruled by the Spaniard in the 1550’sTop languages spoken in the Philippine except Tagalog are; Cebuano,Ilocano, Hiligaynon, Bicolano, Waray-waray
  5. 5. DO YOU WANT TO KNOW HOW TO SPEAK TAGALOG?Hello, How are you? – Kamusta na po?KA – MU – STA NA POIm Fine – Mabuti Nman poMA – BU – TI NA – MANIm not that Okay – Hindi Masyadong Okay poHIN – DI MA – SHA – DUNG OK POGoodbye – Paalam na poPA – A – LAM NA POAlways SayPo at the Endof Sentence
  6. 6. LARGEST CITIESException of the capital city thebiggest cities are: Quezon city (1st Biggest City ) Caloucan (3rd Biggest city) Davao (4th Biggest city) Cebu (5th Biggest city) Zamboanga (6th Biggest city) Antipolo (7th Biggest city) Pasig (8th Biggest city) Taguig (9th Biggest city) Cagayan de Oro ( 10th Biggest city)
  7. 7. CAPITAL CITYThe capital city of thePhilippines is Manilawhich has a populationof 1,652,171.(2nd Biggest City in thePhilippines)It ranked as the 28thwealthiest urbanagglomeration in theworld and the 2nd inSoutheast AsiaKnown in the World formany of it Business
  8. 8. CLIMATEThe Philippines has a tropical marineclimate dominated by a rainy seasonand a dry season. The summerclimate brings heavy rains to most ofthe areas` from May to October,whereas the winter climate bringscooler and drier air from December toFebruary. Manila and most of thelowland areas are hot and dusty fromMarch to May. Even at this time,however, temperatures rarely riseabove 37° C. And Rarely goes Below27° C
  9. 9. CLIMATEIn the last decade, the Philippines hassuffered severely from naturaldisasters. In 1990 alone, CentralLuzon was hit by both a drought,which sharply curtailed hydroelectricpower, and by a typhoon that floodedpractically all of Manilas streets. Stillmore damaging was an earthquakethat devastated a wide area in Luzon,including Baguio and other northernareas. The city of Cebu and nearbyareas were struck by a typhoon thatkilled more than a hundred people,sank vessels, destroyed part of thesugar crop, and cut off water andelectricity for several days.
  10. 10. CLIMATEBuilding construction is undertaken withnatural disasters in mind. Most ruralhousing has consisted of nipa hutsthat are easily damaged but areinexpensive and easy to replace. Mosturban buildings are steel and concretestructures designed (not alwayssuccessfully) to resist both typhoonsand earthquakes. Damage is stillsignificant, however, and many peopleare displaced each year bytyphoons, earthquakes, and othernatural disasters. In 1987 alone theDepartment of Social Welfare andDevelopment helped 2.4 millionvictims of natural disasters.
  11. 11. ECONOMYThe Next ElevenBiggest EconomyIn The World in2050.Analysis Predict(Goldman Sachs)Philippines WillBecome one of theRichest Nation in2050Also the 2nd FastestGrowing Economyin Asia and Top 12in the World.
  12. 12. WAY OF LIFE
  13. 13. GASTRONOMYThere is a Filipino saying that if you want a 100% sure profitable business in thePhilippines then it must be food-related. Filipinos love to eat. Filipinosgenerally eat at least 5 times a day, 3 complete meals and 2 snacks.Philippine cuisine is a mixture of various influences such as Mexican,Spanish, Chinese, Indian, Japanese and Arab.These are some of the main dishes Filipinos eat :
  14. 14. BRIEF BACKGROUND/ HISTORYPhilippine history, began in the 13th century, when 10datus from Borneo, each with a hundred of hiskinsmen, landed in what is now known as PanayIsland in the Visayas.Yet, it was Magellan and succeeding expeditionsfrom Spain, who put the Philippine archipelago onthe map of the world. The intrepid Magellan wasdubbed as the discoverer of the Philippines afterhe landed in Homonhon Islet, near Samar, onMarch 17, 1521. He was later killed in MactanIsland of Cebu in a clash with native warriors, ledby a chieftain named Lapu-Lapu.The Philippines before had Many Tribes Including theNegritos (Small African People) which still Exist itSome parts of The Philippines. These are Also theAncestor of The Philippines
  15. 15. BRIEF BACKGROUND/ HISTORYThe Philippines was a prize catch for Spain which, at thattime, was locked in a fierce struggle for world colonizationwith Portugal. The archipelago, named Filipinas for SpainsKing Philip II, was composed of 7,107 islands and isletsspanning 1,854 kilometres from north to south. ThePhilippines, also a window to the New World, stretchedfrom China to the north and the Indonesian archipelago tothe south.Spains rule lasted from the 16th to the 19th century butwas marked with a series of revolts. When three Filipinopriests were executed for national activities, a group ofreformists formed the Propaganda Movement that wouldlater paved the way for the Philippine Revolution. A youngdoctor-writer, Jose Rizal, was arrested and later executedby Spanish officials for his scathing criticisms of Spanishrule in the Philippines through two novels. Rizal, who wasjust 30 years old when he was executed, would later berecognized by historians as Asias first nationalist. Hiscontemporaries include Gandhi and Dr. Sun Yat-sen.
  16. 16. BRIEF BACKGROUND/ HISTORYThe Philippine Revolution was launched afterRizals death and was led first by AndresBonifacio and then by Emilio Aguinaldo.Philippine independence was proclaimed onJune 12, 1898, on the balcony of Aguinaldoshome in kawit, Cavite. However, thePhilippines was annexed by the Americans bymeans of the Treaty of Paris with Spain onDecember 10, 1898. This brought about theFilipino-American War. The Philippines thenremained an American colony for nearly 50years. In 1935, a semiautonomous PhilippineCommonwealth was inaugurated in Manila,with President Manuel L. Quezon and Vice-President Sergio Osmena. This became thePhilippine government in exile during the war.
  17. 17. BRIEF BACKGROUND/ HISTORYFrom 1941 - 1945, thePhilippines came under theJapanese empire. A puppetgovernment, the SecondPhilippine Republic, wasestablished, with PresidentManuel A. Roxas. This wasthe first fully independent andinternationally recognizedFilipino government.
  18. 18. BRIEF BACKGROUND/ HISTORYThe Philippines then became the showcase of democracy in Asia and had peacefultransition of power through many successive presidents - Roxas, Quirino,Magsaysay, Garcia, Macapagal, and Marcos. On September 21, 1972,President Marcos declared Martial Law and pushed through a newconstitution in 1973, which prolonged his stay in power. He jailed hispolitical rivals, dismissed Congress, silenced media critics, and ruled as avirtual dictator in what he called "Constitutional Authoritarianism."On August 21, 1983, his arch-rival, former Senator Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino,returned home from three years of self-exile abroad. At the airport, Aquinowas shot dead by a military assassin. This galvanized the Filipino people tofight the dictator. And on February 22, 1986, Defence Minister Juan PonceEnrile, Deputy Armed Forces Chief of Staff Lt. Gen. Fidel V. Ramos, andreformist military officers broke away from the Marcos camp and prepared tofight a bloody confrontation with Marcos and his loyalist forces. They weresupported by the "People Power Revolution" of February 22-25, 1986, whichforced Marcos and his party to flee to Hawaii on board the US Air Forceplanes.Mrs. Corazon "Cory" Aquino became the Philippines First Lady President onFebruary 25, 1986. She was succeeded by President Fidel V. Ramos in 1992.
  19. 19. RELIGIONRoman Catholic 80.9%, Muslim 5%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia NiCristo 2.3%, Aglipayan 2%, other Christian 4.5%, other1.8%, unspecified 0.6%, none 0.1% (2000 census)The Philippines is a predominantly Christian nation on account of300 years of Spanish rule. It is estimated that 81% of thepopulation is Roman Catholic. In the south on the large island ofMindanao, many are adherents of Islam. Filipino Muslims makeup about five percent of the national population.There is a Philippine Independent Church, known as Iglesia FilipinaIndependiente or Aglipayan Church (after its first head GregorioAglipay); it is affiliated with the Anglican Communion.Another independent church was founded in 1914 by Felix Manalo; itis a Unitarian religious organization known as Iglesia ni Cristo.Missionaries of the Jehovahs Witnesses arrived in the Philippinesduring the American colonial rule (1898-1945). There are now150,000 members in the country.The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints have 600,000Mormon members in the Philippines.Animism or folk religion encompassing indigenous spiritualtraditions from pre-colonial times still prevail even amongbaptized members of formal churches. Superstitious beliefs arewidespread.
  21. 21. Manny Pacquiao now is one of the mostFamous people in the Philippines andin the Wold because of his BoxingCareer. Now Manny Pacquiao is also aCongress Man for the Philippines Stateof Government He has Successfullywon this Term 2013 May as a CongressMan in the Philippines.Manny Pacquiao inspires many people inthe Philippine because of hisBackground and how he raised asbeing one of the Biggest names in theWorldNamed Person of the Year 2003 in ThePhilippines and was placed 1st in theHall of Fame in the Boxing StatsBeating World Champions MohammadAli – Best Pound for Pound Fighter inthe WorldFAMOUS PEOPLE
  22. 22. FAMOUS PEOPLEFerdinand Marcos (1917 - 1989) was president ofthe Philippines from 1965 to 1986. He waselected by popular vote in 1965 and infamouslydeclared martial law on September 21, 1972. Asa result of the People Power revolution inFebruary 1986, he was ousted and lived in exilein Honolulu, Hawaii, where he died in 1989.He and his wife Imelda had four children: MariaImelda "Imee" Marcos, Ferdinand "Bongbong"Marcos, Jr., Irene Marcos and Aimee Marcos,who was adopted. Imelda Marcos is knownaround the world for her extensive shoecollection. Her nickname is the "Steel Butterfly."Known as the 2nd Dictator in the World
  23. 23. FAMOUS PEOPLEAndrés Bonifacio was born in Manila in 1863, the son of a government official. Whenboth his parents died in the 1870s, he left school to support his five brothers andsisters. By the mid-1880s, he had become a fervent Filipino nationalist.After the Spanish arrested Rizal in July 1892, Bonifacio decided that thePhilippines would only achieve independence through revolution. On July 7, hefounded the Katipunan, a secret society open to both peasants and the middleclass. It insinuated itself into the community by setting up mutual aid societiesand education for the poor. By 1896, the Katipunan had over 30,000 members andfunctioned at the national, provincial, and municipal levels.Following the execution of Rizal in 1896, Bonifacio proclaimed Filipinoindependence on August 23, 1896. This time, the Spaniards moved againsthim, forcing his flight to the Marikina mountains, while other forces headed byEmilio Aguinaldo were more successful and won control over some towns. WhenBonifacio tried to rein him in, Aguinaldo ordered him arrested and charged withtreason and sedition. He was tried and convicted by his enemies and executed onMay 10, 1897. Today he is regarded as a national hero of the Philippines.
  24. 24. FLAGThis Flag was Used in1535 until 1821symbolising it was aColonising Country ofSpainA red saltireresembling twocrossed, roughly-pruned branches, ona white field
  25. 25. FLAGThis Flag was Used in1762 until 1764because of theOccupation of BritishIn Manila and CaviteOnly.Red cross commonlycalled St GeorgesCross and the whitecross commonlycalled St. AndrewsCross joined togetherin a blue field
  26. 26. FLAGThis Flag was Used in1821 until 1898 during theSpanish East indiesThree horizontal stripes:red, yellow and red, theyellow strip being twice aswide as each red stripewith arms in the first thirdof the yellow stripe. Thearms are crowned, andvertically divided, left redfield with a towerrepresenting Castille, rightwhite field with a lionrepresenting Leon.
  27. 27. FLAGThis Flag was Used in1898-1908 while underdirect administrationfrom the United States45 StarsThis Flag was Used in1908-1912after Oklahomabecame a U.S. state46 Stars
  28. 28. FLAGThis Flag was Used in1912-1946after Arizona and NewMexico became U.S.states.Thirteen horizontal stripesalternating red and whiterepresenting the originalthirteen colonies; in thecanton, white stars on ablue field, the number ofstars increased as theUnited States expandedits territory50 Stars
  29. 29. FLAGThis Flag was Used in1942-1945 duringthe JapaneseOccupation in WorldWar 2.A red sun-disccentered on a whitefield
  30. 30. FLAGThis Flag was Used in 1935-1985the Independent Flag.The shade of blue used hereis Navy Blue, following suitfrom the American Flag.This Flag was Used in 1985-1986Shade of blue used here is LightBlue, similar to that of the CubanFlag at the time of theproclamation of Independence
  31. 31. FLAGThis Flag was Usedin1986-1998 restoredafter the 1986 PeoplePower Revolution.2nd Time they UsedFlag for thePhilippines designedby Emilio Aguinaldo(1st President)remains but theshades of blue andred were adoptedfrom the Americanflag
  32. 32. BIBLIOGRAPHY - Only Wikipedia Page Used for GastronomyBooks:Wolff, Leon. Little Brown Brother: Americas Forgotten Bid for Empire Which Cost 250,000Lives. London: Longmans, 1961. Reprint. New York: Kraus, 1970.Youngblood, Robert L. "The Corazon Aquino `Miracle and the Philippine Churches," AsianSurvey, 27, No. 12, December 1987, 1240-55."The Philippines in 1981: From `New Society to `New Republic," Asian Survey, 22, No.2, February 1982, 226-35."The Philippines in 1982: Marcos Gets Tough with Domestic Critics," Asian Survey, 23, No.2, February 1983, 208-16."The Philippines in 1985: A Continuing Crisis of Confidence." Pages 225-38 in SoutheastAsian Affairs, 1986. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1986.Zaide, Gregorio F. The Pageant of Philippine History. (2 vols.) Manila: PhilippineEducation, 1979.
  33. 33. BIBLIOGRAPHYBooks:Bresnan, John (ed.). Crisis in the Philippines: The Marcos Era and Beyond.Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986.Carmen, Rolando V. del. "Constitutionality and Judicial Politics." Pages 85-112 in David A. Rosenberg (ed.), Marcos and Martial Law in thePhilippines. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1979.Casambre, Napoleon J. "The Response to Harrisons Administration in thePhilippines, 1913-21," Asian Studies [Manila], 7, No. 2, August 1969,156-70.Gates, John Morgan. Schoolbooks and Krags: The United States Army inthe Philippines, 1898-1902. (Contributions in Miltary History, No. 3.)Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1973.Hill, Hal. "The Philippine Economy in 1985: The Decline Continues." Pages239-60 in Southeast Asian Affairs, 1986. Singapore: Institute ofSoutheast Asian Studies, 1986.