1. Mexico is bordered to the north by the States;on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean.Bing almost two million squarekilometres, Mexico is the fifth largest countryin the total area and is the largestindependent nation in the world. With anestimated population of over 113 million, it isthe most populous Spanish-speaking countryin the world.Location
2. Cinco de Mayo is Spanish for Fifth of May which isheld in Mexico, primarily in the state of Puebla. Thesignificance of this celebration is to remember that theMexican‟s took down the French when the Mexican army wasoutnumbered by the French and since the battle of Puebla nocountry in the Americas has subsequently been invaded by anyother force.The history of Cinco de Mayo is that in 1861 a Frenchfleet tried to invade Mexico whilst the US were in Civil war.When the French invaded Veracruz, with their 8,000 troops,they marched toward Mexico City, but, they encounteredheavy resistance forts near Puebla and they were attacked bypoorly equipped, small Mexican army of 4,500. But on May 5.1862, Mexicans managed to decisively crush the French army,then considered "the premier army in the world". TheMexican‟s victory was short lived, being that a year later theFrench invaded Mexico for three years(1864 to 1867) until theUS came out of their Civil War and helped Mexico get rid of theFrench.Celebrations, Customs and Traditions
3. Dia de los Muertos means „Day of the Dead‟ butreally, this celebration is important to both the dead, and theliving. The Day of the Dead is held on the 1st and 2nd ofNovember, during these days the Mexican‟s remember themembers of their family who have passed away.The first day is dedicated to the children who havepassed away, this day is called Día de los Inocentes meaning“Day of the Innocents” or Día de los Angelitos meaning “Day ofthe Little Angels”. The second day is spent remembering thedeaths of any adults or elderly, this day is called Día de losMuertosor Día de los Difuntos meaning “Day of the Dead”.The families of the deceased bring gifts to the gravesof their loved ones, such as a favorite toy for the children, or afavorite food and drink for the adults. Paper mache sculpturesdepict the dead in an everyday context, such as skeletons, andmost are comical in nature.Celebrations, Customs and Traditions
4. Is a form of professional wrestling that has developedwithin those countries. Although the term nowadays refersexclusively to professional wrestling, it was originally used in thesame style as the English term "freestyle wrestling", referring toan amateur wrestling style without the restrictions of Greco-Roman wrestling. Mexican wrestling is characterized bycolorful masks, rapid sequences of holds and maneuvers. Thewearing of masks has developed special significance, and matchesare sometimes contested in which the loser must permanentlyremove his mask, which is a wager with a high degree of weightattached.Celebrations, Customs and Traditions
5. Bote pateado -A hide and seek game with a twist thatrequires a can to play. The “seeker” must go back andforth to the can between searches giving the players timeto hide again.Burro castigado - Similar to hide and seek. The seeker has10 minutes to find five players or he/she becomes the“punished donkey”.Coleadas - A game in which children hold hands on one isin charge of running and zigzagging around things untilother fall off.Chinche al agua -“ Buck buck” is a team game in whichplayers from one team jump on the backs of players fromthe other and try not to fall off.Piñata - the piñata game in which children areblindfolded and try to break the piñata.Games
6. The common perception of the music and look of mariachideveloped in the 20th century, as the music was transformed from aregional rural folk music to an urban phenomenon that came torepresent Mexico. The music was first introduced to Mexico City in1905. During this time, many farm workers moved to thecity, including those from Jalisco, which settled around PlazaGaribaldi. These mariachi musicians developed new practices, suchas performances in plazas and restaurants. However, it alsocontinued its more traditional venues such as serenades, andperformances at major family events.During this time, the Mexican government was heavilyinvolved in cultural promotion as a way to create a unified Mexicanidentity after the end of the Mexican Revolution. One of these effortswas the promotion of mariachi as an international symbol ofMexican identity, first with radio and sound recordings and laterwith films.Traditional Music
7. Traditional rancheras are about love, patriotism or nature. Songsare usually in a major key, and consist of an instrumentalintroduction, verse and refrain, instrumental section repeatingthe verse, and another verse and refrain, with a tag ending.Instrumentation mayinclude guitars, strings, trumpets, and/or accordions, dependingon the type of ensemble being utilised. Besides the typicalinstrumentation, ranchera music, as well as many other forms oftraditional Mexican music, is also noted for the grito mexicano, ayell that is done at musical interludes within a song, either by themusicians and/or the listening audience.Traditional Music
8. A guiro is a dried gourd with ridges on the surface ofthe shell to provide a rough place to rake a wooden stickacross. Dating to pre-Columbian times, this percussioninstrument is still used by Salsa bands today. Some guiros canbe produced by metal, plastic or fibre glass. This instrument isalso known as a calabazo, guayo, ralladera or rascador.Maracas are a percussion instrument that are usedin Salsa music. They are made of the fruit of the higuera tree.The round and small fruit is first dried. Through two drilledholes, small pebbles are inserted and a handle is attached. Theamount of pebbles in a maraca is traditionally an unevennumber to create a distinct sound.The guitarrón mexicano or Mexican guitarron, is avery large, deep-bodied Mexican 6-string acoustic bass playedtraditionally in mariachi groups. Although similar to theguitar, it is not a descendant of that instrument, but wasindependently developed from the sixteenth-centurySpanish bajo de uña. It achieves audibility by its greatsize, and does not require electric amplification forperformances in small venues.
9. Cesar Millan: A Mexican-born dog trainer that has gainedfame in the reality series The Dog Whisperer.Diego Boneta: An actor who had a leading role in the musicalRock Of Ages, and played the role of Alex Santiago in PrettyLittle Liars alongside Ashley Benson.Kat Von D: A Celebrity tattoo artist who is featured on MiamiInk and LA ink.Javier Hernandez: A Mexican star striker for ManchesterUnited and Mexicos national team also known as Chicharito.Salma Hayek: A Mexican actress who gave a memorableperformance in Frida in 2002. She‟s also the voice of KittySoftpaws in the movie Puss in Boots.
10. Tropical fruits such as guava, pricklypear, sapote, mangoes, bananas, pineapple andcherimoya (custard apple) are popular, especially in the centreand south of the country. It has been debated how muchMexican food is still indigenous and how much isEuropean. However, the basis of the diet is still corn and beanswith chili pepper as a seasoning as they are complimentaryfoods.In most of Mexico, much of food, especially in ruralareas, is still consumed in the home with the most traditionalMexican cooking still done domestically, based on localingredients. Cooking for family is considered to be women‟swork, including cooking for celebrations. Traditionally girlshave been considered ready to marry when they can cook, andcooking is considered a main talent for housewives.Mexican street food is one of the most varied parts ofthe cuisine. It can includetacos, quesadillas, pambazos, tamales, huaraches and food notsuitable to cook at home including barbacoa, carnitas andsince many homes in Mexico do not have ovens, roastedchicken.
11. The federal government of Mexico is the nationalgovernment of the United Mexican States, the centralgovernment established by its constitution to sharesovereignty over the republic with the governments of the31 individual Mexican states and one Federal District, andto represent such governments before international bodiessuch as the United Nations.
12. The Aztec people were certain ethnic groups ofcentral Mexico, particularly those groups who spokethe Nahuatl language and who dominated large partsof Mesoamerica from the 14th to 16th centuries.The Nahuatl words aztecatl and aztecah mean"people from Aztlan", a mythological place for theNahuatl-speaking culture of the time, and lateradopted as the word to define the Mexican people.Often the term "Aztec" refers exclusively tothe Mexican people of Tenochtitlan (now the locationof Mexico City), situated on an island in LakeTexcoco, who referred to themselves as MexicaTenochca or Cōlhuah Mexica.