Basic Vocabulary el mes = month el año= year el cumpleaños= birthday ¿Cuál es la fecha?= Whatisthe date? hoy= today
Los meses Notice how the Spanish months are not capitalized.
Las estaciónes Likemonths, seasons are notcapitalizedeither
Días de fiestas
Gustarto be pleasing to, to like There are two parts to the gustar verb. First, you have either: me (to me) te (to you) le (to him/her/you) nos (to us) les (to them)
Gustar Then we have a form of “gustar”. In the present tense we either have: gusta gustan Which form we have depends on if the item we like is plural or singular.
Gustar Me gusta la comida. I like the food More literal translation: The food is pleasing to me We use “gusta” because “comida” is singular Te gustan los huevos. You like the eggs. The eggs are pleasing to you. We use “gustan” because “huevos” are plural. Note: if you put an un-conjugated verb (also known as an “infinitive”) after “gustar” then you will always use “gusta”, never “gustan”
Gustar When we use “le” or “les” we sometimes need to add in who we are talking about. For example: A David le gusta la manzana. David likes the apple/To David, the apple is pleasing to him. We include “a David” so that we know who the “le” refers to. However, if we have been talking about David in past sentences then we do not need to say “a David”.
GustarA [ blank ] We can use the “a [blank]” for every part of gustar. Me = a mí Te= a tí Le= a él, a ella, a usted, a [name] Nos= a nosotros Les= a ellos, a ellas, a ustedes, a [names]
Gustar type verbs There are other verbs that work like gustar. Ex. Les molestan los perros. The dogs bother them. More literal translation: They are bothered by the dogs