• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Jewish Music Online: Digital Fieldwork
 

Jewish Music Online: Digital Fieldwork

on

  • 1,227 views

Presented in the panel, "Jewish Music Online: Analog Repositories, Digital Fieldwork, and the Web of Collaborative Tools," at the 42nd Annual Conference of the Association for Jewish Studies, Boston ...

Presented in the panel, "Jewish Music Online: Analog Repositories, Digital Fieldwork, and the Web of Collaborative Tools," at the 42nd Annual Conference of the Association for Jewish Studies, Boston (Mass.), December 20, 2010.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,227
Views on SlideShare
1,225
Embed Views
2

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

2 Embeds 2

http://paper.li 1
http://www.linkedin.com 1

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • What “digital fieldwork” is not. This is what happens if you “research” Jewish music in Azerbaijan online. (This is a nationalist song from Azerbaijan, adapted by a local Habad Rabbi to the style of the Miami Boys Choir)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6L3xg8-f2j4
  • Adon ‘olam set to the melody of I Will Survive, for “[Gay] Pride Shabbat” and Congregation Sha’arZahav in San Francisco.
  • Despite the grungy videohttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9wkonoSTOBU
  • Issues:1. What sources are available?*Analog:,*Digital: all of the above (texts, literary sources, musical sources, recorded sources, video sources), plus discographic catalogs, library & archives catalogs, AND social media (all of the above, but not only from institutional sources)—>Disparity in access to sources (aka, "digital divide") – "easy" access to digital sources online may penalize analog sources available onsite – yet, FIELDWORK today needs to include online sources and especially social media (where the notion of participant/observer is extremely present!)
  • Issues:1. What sources are available?*Analog:,*Digital: all of the above (texts, literary sources, musical sources, recorded sources, video sources), plus discographic catalogs, library & archives catalogs, AND social media (all of the above, but not only from institutional sources)—>Disparity in access to sources (aka, "digital divide") – "easy" access to digital sources online may penalize analog sources available onsite – yet, FIELDWORK today needs to include online sources and especially social media (where the notion of participant/observer is extremely present!)
  • JNUL Digitized Book Repository – MUSIC
  • JNUL Digitized Book Repository – MUSIC: A. Z. Idelsohn Vol. 6 (DjVu format)
  • NSA Full Catalog - Search Results _nigun_
  • NSA Full Catalog - Search Results _nigun_
  • Issues:1. What sources are available?*Analog:,*Digital: all of the above (texts, literary sources, musical sources, recorded sources, video sources), plus discographic catalogs, library & archives catalogs, AND social media (all of the above, but not only from institutional sources)—>Disparity in access to sources (aka, "digital divide") – "easy" access to digital sources online may penalize analog sources available onsite – yet, FIELDWORK today needs to include online sources and especially social media (where the notion of participant/observer is extremely present!)
  • Dubious status of sound sources available through social media: *lack of metadata, *lack of metadata control *lack of unifying standard, leading to...
  • The Very Pressing Problem of Sound Online: how can we negotiate the contrast between superb commercial interface (iTunes) and grim state of visual representation of sound on the web (including social media: no comparable platform to YouTube/Flickr for sounds – perhaps SoundCloud?)*Available alternatives today:- Soundcloud: best metadata/best visualization/no directly exportable metadata/"comments"- Internet Archive: good metadata/minimal visualization/exportable metadata (xml)/"comments"- YouTube: worst metadata/visualization via images/no directly exportable metadata/"comments" and "tags"—> the many co-existing standards cause fieldwork and collaborative practices to juggle among varying standards
  • *Available alternatives today:- Soundcloud: best metadata/best visualization/no directly exportable metadata/"comments"- Internet Archive: good metadata/minimal visualization/exportable metadata (xml)/"comments"- YouTube: worst metadata/visualization via images/no directly exportable metadata/"comments" and "tags"—> the many co-existing standards cause fieldwork and collaborative practices to juggle among varying standards
  • *Available alternatives today:- Soundcloud: best metadata/best visualization/no directly exportable metadata/"comments"- Internet Archive: good metadata/minimal visualization/exportable metadata (xml)/"comments"- YouTube: worst metadata/visualization via images/no directly exportable metadata/"comments" and "tags"—> the many co-existing standards cause fieldwork and collaborative practices to juggle among varying standards
  • *Available alternatives today:- Soundcloud: best metadata/best visualization/no directly exportable metadata/"comments"- Internet Archive: good metadata/minimal visualization/exportable metadata (xml)/"comments"- YouTube: worst metadata/visualization via images/no directly exportable metadata/"comments" and "tags"—> the many co-existing standards cause fieldwork and collaborative practices to juggle among varying standards
  • *Available alternatives today:- Soundcloud: best metadata/best visualization/no directly exportable metadata/"comments"- Internet Archive: good metadata/minimal visualization/exportable metadata (xml)/"comments"- YouTube: worst metadata/visualization via images/no directly exportable metadata/"comments" and "tags"—> the many co-existing standards cause fieldwork and collaborative practices to juggle among varying standards
  • *Available alternatives today:- Soundcloud: best metadata/best visualization/no directly exportable metadata/"comments"- Internet Archive: good metadata/minimal visualization/exportable metadata (xml)/"comments"- YouTube: worst metadata/visualization via images/no directly exportable metadata/"comments" and "tags"—> the many co-existing standards cause fieldwork and collaborative practices to juggle among varying standards
  • *Available alternatives today:- Soundcloud: best metadata/best visualization/no directly exportable metadata/"comments"- Internet Archive: good metadata/minimal visualization/exportable metadata (xml)/"comments"- YouTube: worst metadata/visualization via images/no directly exportable metadata/"comments" and "tags"—> the many co-existing standards cause fieldwork and collaborative practices to juggle among varying standards
  • *Available alternatives today:- Soundcloud: best metadata/best visualization/no directly exportable metadata/"comments"- Internet Archive: good metadata/minimal visualization/exportable metadata (xml)/"comments"- YouTube: worst metadata/visualization via images/no directly exportable metadata/"comments" and "tags"—> the many co-existing standards cause fieldwork and collaborative practices to juggle among varying standards
  • *Available alternatives today:- Soundcloud: best metadata/best visualization/no directly exportable metadata/"comments"- Internet Archive: good metadata/minimal visualization/exportable metadata (xml)/"comments"- YouTube: worst metadata/visualization via images/no directly exportable metadata/"comments" and "tags"—> the many co-existing standards cause fieldwork and collaborative practices to juggle among varying standards
  • *Available alternatives today:- Soundcloud: best metadata/best visualization/no directly exportable metadata/"comments"- Internet Archive: good metadata/minimal visualization/exportable metadata (xml)/"comments"- YouTube: worst metadata/visualization via images/no directly exportable metadata/"comments" and "tags"—> the many co-existing standards cause fieldwork and collaborative practices to juggle among varying standards
  • Black Sabbathhttp://www.idelsohnsociety.com/blacksabbath/Idelsohn Society iPhone app
  • *Available alternatives today:- Soundcloud: best metadata/best visualization/no directly exportable metadata/"comments"- Internet Archive: good metadata/minimal visualization/exportable metadata (xml)/"comments"- YouTube: worst metadata/visualization via images/no directly exportable metadata/"comments" and "tags"—> the many co-existing standards cause fieldwork and collaborative practices to juggle among varying standards
  • 4. Double status of music in Social Media not as digital repository, but as* a field for research* a platform for COLLABORATIVE FIELDWORK
  • 4. Double status of music in Social Media not as digital repository, but as* a field for research* a platform for COLLABORATIVE FIELDWORK
  • 4. Double status of music in Social Media not as digital repository, but as* a field for research* a platform for COLLABORATIVE FIELDWORK
  • 4. Double status of music in Social Media not as digital repository, but as* a field for research* a platform for COLLABORATIVE FIELDWORK

Jewish Music Online: Digital Fieldwork Jewish Music Online: Digital Fieldwork Presentation Transcript

  • Digital FieldworkFrancesco SpagnoloThe Magnes Collection of Jewish Art & LifeBancroft Library, UC Berkeley
    Jewish Music Online
    Analog Repositories, Digital Fieldwork
    and the Web of Collaborative Tools
    Association for Jewish Studies
    Boston, Dec. 20 2010
  • Let’s try to clarify what Digital Fieldwork is NOT… I will use YouTube as an example.
    This is what happens in doing “research” on Jewish music in Azerbaijanonline. (Link courtesy of Edwin Seroussi)
  • But on YouTube I can also find…
    …my own wife (and primary sources on the development of new Jewish rituals)
  • …or a primary source on Jewish-Christians co-territorial repertoires in Piedmont, Italy
    Way better than the archival recordings I researched worldwide (despite the grungy video)
  • YET, DIGITAL FIELDWORK
    IS NOT THE SAME AS
    RETRIEVING AND VERIFYING THE AUTHENTICITY OF
    INFORMATION ONLINE…
  • Analog sources kept in archival repositories worldwide include
    texts (books, articles, etc.) about music
    literary sources describing musical practices
    musical sources (manuscript & printed music)
    audio recordings
    video
  • Digital sources kept in archival repositories worldwide and in the www jungle include:
    (Some of) All of the above:
    texts (books, articles, etc.) about music
    literary sources describing musical practices
    musical sources (manuscript & printed music)
    audio recordings and video
    +
    Catalogs: libraries, archives, music publishers
    +
    Social media content
    (Some of all of the above, but not only from institutional sources: also scholars, practitioners, culture bearers, performers, educators, collectors, listeners, fans…)
  • Institutional Content:
    The Digitized Book Repository of The National Library of Israel (Music Section)
    Formerly known as Jewish National and University Library (JNUL): http://jnul.huji.ac.il
  • JNUL Digitized Book Repository – Music: A. Z. Idelsohn Vol. 6 (DjVu format)
  • Institutional Content: The National Library of Israel: National Sound Archives (NSA)
    Full Catalog - Search Results for “nigun” (best searched in Hebrew)
    The NSA is about to launch its digitization project online (currently non-public beta)
  • Social Media (Crowdsourced) Content: piyut.org.il
    Piyut.org.il includes user-contributed content (texts and musical recordings of Hebrew liturgical poems) derived in part from commercial recordings and from the holdings of the National Sound Archives (NSA)
  • Disparity in access to sourcesakaanother aspect of the digital divide
    "easy" access to digital sources online may penalize analog sources available onsite
    yet, we all acknowledge that today’s fieldwork needs to include online sources,
    including social media
    In this presentation, I focus on sounds online
  • Dubious status of audio sources available through social media:
    lack of metadata,
    lack of metadata control
    lack of unifying standard, leading to...
  • The Very Pressing Problem of Sound Online
    How can we negotiate the contrast between:
    A superb commercial interface (iTunes), dedicated to selling commercial recordings
    The grim state of the visual representation of sound on the web (an eminently visual platform)
    (this includes social media: there is currently no comparable platform to YouTube/video Flickr/images available to sounds)
  • Options for digital sound online: The Internet Archive (archive.org)
    The Holy Quran is the most downloaded audio file on IA
    Note:
    • Streaming box
    • Multiple download options
  • Options for digital sound online: The Internet Archive (archive.org)
    The Holy Quran is the most downloaded audio file on IA
    Note:
    • Exportable metadata (.xml)
    • Support for “comments”
  • Options for digital sound online: The Internet Archive (archive.org)
    Summary:
    good metadata structure – minimal visualization of sound – EMBED CODES – exportable metadata (xml) – "comments” – LONGEVITY
  • Options for digital sound online: SoundCloud(soundcloud.com)
  • Options for digital sound online: SoundCloud (soundcloud.com)
    Individual sound track view (“soundwave” visualization)
  • Options for digital sound online: SoundCloud (soundcloud.com)
    Sound-friendly metadata support
  • Options for digital sound online: SoundCloud (soundcloud.com)
    A host of dedicated applications
  • Options for digital sound online: SoundCloud (soundcloud.com)
    Summary:
    best metadata – best visualization – no directly exportable metadata – licensing – embed codes – "comments” & “tags” – LONGEVITY???
  • Options for digital sound online: YouTube (youtube.com)
    Summary:
    Worst metadata – visualization via images (stills, slideshows, videos) – embed codes – no directly exportable metadata – licensing – "comments” & “tags” – LONGEVITY? (google) – ANNOTATIONS – VARYING LEVES OF PERMISSIONS
  • Options for digital sound online: content-specific aggregators
    Black Sabbath (Idelsohn Society)
    Aggregates culturally-specific content from social media (including YouTube & SoundCloud), a dedicated platform-specific application (iPhone), and marketing tools
  • Options for digital sound online: content-specific aggregators
    Summary:
    Horrible metadata – visualization via images (stills, slideshows, videos) – no directly exportable metadata – no licensing – "comments” & “tags” – LONGEVITY??? – ANNOTATIONS via Social Media Aggregation – dedicated app – blurred lines between content and marketing are confusing
  • Where is fieldwork in all this?
    Music online offers a platform for
    collaborative fieldwork
    But it currently requires making some choices regarding
    • Metadata structures
    • Platform
  • How collaborative fieldwork can, well, work:
    The adoption of flickr.com by the Library of Congress and a host of other institutions worldwide joining the Flickr Commons established de facto a standard for images
  • How collaborative fieldwork can, well, work:
    Flickr’s support for exportable metadata standards, dating tools, geolocation, tags (also machine-generated), licensing, comments, varying levels of permissions AND annotations
    looks like an excellent model for sounds online
  • Digital Fieldwork
    Emerging practice, based on:
    collaborative tools & research practices rather than digital sources alone
    notion of distributed rather than centralized knowledge brought forth by the digital humanities
    pilot project
    Jewish Digital Narratives
    of The Magnes Collection of Jewish Art and Life
    Bancroft Library, UC Berkeley
  • Digital Fieldwork
    Agents of collaboration may include:
    institutions
    scholars
    librarians & archivists
    practitioners,
    culture bearers
    performers
    educators
    collectors
    listeners & fans

  • Digital Fieldwork
    The absence of a dedicated tool may actually present us with the opportunity of crafting one that supports all of the following:
    Sound-specific metadata structure – dating tools – geolocation – sound-friendly visualization – embed codes – exportable metadata – "comments” & “tags” (including machine-readable tags) – annotations options – longevity (aka digital preservation) – licensing (including CreativeCommons)