Safe Disposal of Sharps

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This is a training module for volunteers at the Open Door clinic.

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Safe Disposal of Sharps

  1. 1. Volunteer Training Module Open Door Clinic Safe Disposal of Sharps
  2. 2. The Sharps Container • Syringes, needles, and other contaminated sharps should be immediately placed in a sharps containers • Medical waste that might cut or puncture the skin should be separated from paper and other waste and placed inside the disposal box. • These boxes should be used only once.
  3. 3. To prevent needlesticks during transport or storage, needle-disposal boxes should be: • puncture proof and leak proof, • labeled with a warning that can be understood by local people, and • sealed so they remain closed when stacked.
  4. 4. Transporting Contaminated Waste • Containers should be collected for incineration or other forms of destruction as soon as possible. • Contaminated needles should not be transferred from container to container. • If containers are transported in a vehicle and the containers leak, the vehicle should be before being used for other purposes. • Do not allow people to sit on top of needle-disposal containers during transport.
  5. 5. Clean-up at an Outreach Site Before leaving the immunization outreach site, health workers should: • Remove all empty or discarded vials from the immunization work site. • Remove all syringes or needles at the immunization work site. • Make sure all single-use injection equipment is disposed of in sealed, needle-disposal boxes.
  6. 6. Syringe Destruction Decontamination and burial Removes bloodborne pathogens Risk for injury and illness Incineration 800°C kills microbes reduce volume Some air pollution, expe nse Burning/ Open Burning Lower temperature and cost So many cons that this is not recommended
  7. 7. A Few Words about Open Burning If open burning must be done, • fence off and clear the area in which open burning takes place; • warn people to stay away and avoid smoke and fumes from the fire; • carry the waste to the site just before burning; • burn the waste in small, designated areas; • prevent animals or people from accessing the site; • make sure the fire is completely out before leaving the site; and • prevent waste from scattering and littering the surrounding areas.
  8. 8. Quick Check Summary How should you dispose of sharps? How should contaminated waste be transported? What are some methods of syringe destruction?

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