Roadmap <ul><li>Introduction to SMSF Borrowing </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison between the old s 67(4A) and current ss 67A an...
Introduction <ul><li>History: SMSF investment in instalment warrants (IWs) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IW = interest in a trust ...
Borrowing: typical structure $ loan asset being acquired  (eg, real estate) SMSF lender Security trustee/ bare trustee/ cu...
Section 67(4A) — features <ul><li>Effective from 24 Sept 2007 to 6 July 2010 inclusive </li></ul><ul><li>Borrowing must ha...
Sec 67A and s 67B – six major changes <ul><li>Effective from 7 July 2010.  Contains  SIX  major changes: </li></ul><ul><li...
Current issue – single acquirable asset <ul><li>An acquirable asset is an asset that is: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>not money (...
Current issue – single acquirable asset <ul><li>The ATO in the September NTLG meeting said:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>in case...
Current issue – single acquirable asset <ul><li>In case where the test in s67A(1)(a) is not satisfied, multiple borrowings...
Current issue – improvements <ul><li>Distinction of repairs v improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the following: </li>...
Current issue – improvements <ul><li>Assume an SMSF has $600,000 of cash and wants to buy $1 million of real estate. It pl...
Current issue – improvements <ul><li>Arguably a contravention of the charging prohibition.  ATO stated on 27-5-2010: </li>...
Current issue – nature of holding trust <ul><li>The ATO, in the 7-9-2010 NTLG minutes stated that the holding trust is not...
Current issue – off the plan  <ul><li>Off the plan property purchases utilising SMSF borrowings are still an area of uncer...
Current issue – off the plan <ul><li>Two options for potential off the plan purchasers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply to the...
Current issue – title transfer <ul><li>ATO’s view is that the asset cannot remain in the holding trust once the loan is pa...
Current issue – title transfer <ul><li>Case study: </li></ul><ul><li>Mr and Mrs Smith come to you on a Monday morning and ...
Recent ATO IDs <ul><li>ATO IDs 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>162 — borrowing from a related party on terms favourable to the self...
ATO ID 2010/162 — Low interest loan <ul><li>Does an SMSF contravene s109 SISA if it borrows money from a related party on ...
ATO ID 2010/170 — Guarantees <ul><li>Can a borrowing by an SMSF satisfy the requirements of former s67(4A) where a related...
ATO ID 2010/170 — Guarantees <ul><li>When s 67(4A) applied as a borrowing exception, the rights of the guarantor did not c...
ATO ID 2010/172 — Joint investors <ul><li>Did the trustees of two SMSFs who jointly borrowed involving a single holding tr...
New tax and licensing laws <ul><li>Draft Corporations Regulations amendment, which will require AFSLs to extend to derivat...
The End <ul><li>Summary: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SMSF borrowing – be aware and manage these risks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
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Dan_Butler

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Dan_Butler

  1. 1. Roadmap <ul><li>Introduction to SMSF Borrowing </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison between the old s 67(4A) and current ss 67A and 67B of the SISA </li></ul><ul><li>Unresolved Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>concept of single acquirable asset </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>true nature of holding trust </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>off the plan purchases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>transfer of title </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recent ATO IDs </li></ul><ul><li>Tax and licensing rules </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li></ul>
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>History: SMSF investment in instalment warrants (IWs) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IW = interest in a trust over an underlying asset. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investor makes instalment payments and then acquires asset. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Typically shares, eg, 40% of T3 investors reportedly super funds. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Super funds prohibited from borrowing: s 67 </li></ul><ul><li>ATO, APRA: concerned that IWs like a ‘borrowing’. </li></ul><ul><li>Government announced plans to clarify the law. </li></ul><ul><li>Section 67(4A): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>applied from 24 Sep 2007 to 6 July 2010 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>allows trustee to borrow to buy any asset a fund could normally buy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>not strictly an IW: allows direct borrowing by trustee </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sections 67A and 67B </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduced with effect from 7 July 2010 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aimed to clarify s67(4A), but still unresolved issues </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Borrowing: typical structure $ loan asset being acquired (eg, real estate) SMSF lender Security trustee/ bare trustee/ custodian/DIT trustee role should be minimal $ rent or other income $ repayments holds legal title SMSF provides purchase $ to security trustee Vendor Mortgage Other SMSF assets No mortgage or any other recourse
  4. 4. Section 67(4A) — features <ul><li>Effective from 24 Sept 2007 to 6 July 2010 inclusive </li></ul><ul><li>Borrowing must have the following features: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Money applied for the acquisition of an asset </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asset must be one the SMSF could invest in directly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asset (or replacement asset) held on trust so SMSF acquires beneficial interest in asset (or replacement asset) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SMSF has right to acquire legal ownership of asset (or replacement asset) by making one or more payments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lender’s rights against SMSF trustee for default limited to underlying asset (or replacement asset) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Sec 67A and s 67B – six major changes <ul><li>Effective from 7 July 2010. Contains SIX major changes: </li></ul><ul><li>Headed ‘Limited recourse borrowing arrangement’ — no mention of IWs (1) </li></ul><ul><li>Borrowing must have the following features: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Money applied for the acquisition of an ‘ single acquirable asset (2)’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>can include refinancing (3) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>can include repairs and maintenance but not improvements (4) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>can include borrowing to pay for conveyancing fees, stamp duty, etc </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquirable asset held on trust so SMSF acquires beneficial interest in asset </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SMSF has right to acquire legal ownership of asset (or replacement asset) by making one or more payments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rights of lender and any other person (5) against SMSF trustee for default limited to acquirable asset [ie, relevant for guarantees] </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There has been detailed clarification as to when a single acquirable asset can be replaced (6) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Current issue – single acquirable asset <ul><li>An acquirable asset is an asset that is: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>not money (whether Australian currency or currency of another country); and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>not prohibited by the SISA, SISR or any other law (eg, state trustee legislation). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A collection of identical assets with the same market value (fungible assets) is treated as a single acquirable asset, eg, 100 ordinary BHP shares. </li></ul><ul><li>But is a property which is spread over multiple titles considered a single acquirable asset? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Current issue – single acquirable asset <ul><li>The ATO in the September NTLG meeting said: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>in cases where assets are for practical purposes indissociable (inseparable), or where there is an incident ancillary asset of a very small value, we will not treat the test in paragraph 67A(1)(a) as violated. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>However, the ATO then said: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>we do not think that ... a strata title with an accessory car park ... necessarily falls into a particular category. We would need to consider the facts of a particular case to make a decision. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Submissions have been lodged to suggest that an accounting concept of an asset should be adopted. </li></ul><ul><li>Overall, there is no definitive answer. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Current issue – single acquirable asset <ul><li>In case where the test in s67A(1)(a) is not satisfied, multiple borrowings are required. </li></ul><ul><li>Practically, what should clients do? </li></ul><ul><li>Before signing contract, check to see if property is spread over multiple titles (especially relevant for apartments, commercial land and farms) </li></ul><ul><li>If it is, ask: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Will the financier lend on multiple loans (ie one for each title)? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Will there be time before settlement to seek SMSF specific advice from the ATO? If advice is negative, can SMSF settle without borrowings? </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Current issue – improvements <ul><li>Distinction of repairs v improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The trustee of the David Super Fund acquires a property under s 67A. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The ceiling is in a state of disrepair. To restore the ceiling to its original condition would have cost $603. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The trustee instead wants to replace the ceiling with a new one of a different design and better material for a cost of more than $3,000. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Could a borrowing under s 67A be used to fund this new ceiling? </li></ul><ul><li>The new ceiling is an improvement and not a repair ( Western Suburbs Cinemas Ltd (1952) 86 CLR 102). The borrowing under s67A could not be used to fund this new ceiling. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Current issue – improvements <ul><li>Assume an SMSF has $600,000 of cash and wants to buy $1 million of real estate. It plans to apply $400,000 of its cash to the purchase (borrow $600,000) and then pay for $200,000 of capital improvements. </li></ul><ul><li>Can this be done using a limited recourse borrowing arrangement? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Current issue – improvements <ul><li>Arguably a contravention of the charging prohibition. ATO stated on 27-5-2010: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SMSF trustees must not attach an existing fund asset to the real property or otherwise subject an existing fund asset to a charge under the arrangement. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More importantly, the ATO view is that the improved asset constitutes a replacement asset, which would not be allowed under the new limited circumstances where assets can be replaced. The EM at para 1.29 states that circumstances not permitting a replacement asset include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the replacement by way of improvement of real property </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Current issue – nature of holding trust <ul><li>The ATO, in the 7-9-2010 NTLG minutes stated that the holding trust is not a bare trust, namely that: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a holding trust .. that has a feature that the holding trust trustee has granted a charge over the land (the acquirable asset) to the lender … is not strictly a bare trust for that reason alone. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This raises uncertainty regarding the CGT, GST and stamp duty concessions associated with the holding trust being a bare trust. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Current issue – off the plan <ul><li>Off the plan property purchases utilising SMSF borrowings are still an area of uncertainty despite the large scale of this market </li></ul><ul><li>In the 7-9-2010 NTLG minutes, the ATO’s stance on the issue is that: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Without more details about the limited recourse borrowing arrangement in mind we are not able to give a definitive answer. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ATO did give indication that a situation where the borrowing commenced after the apartment is completed, and title registered, would be more likely to comply. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Current issue – off the plan <ul><li>Two options for potential off the plan purchasers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply to the ATO for SMSF specific advice and hope for a positive reply in time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proceed with the transaction and bear the risk of uncertainty. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There may be a concern that the property is improved while it is owned by the SMSF. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Current issue – title transfer <ul><li>ATO’s view is that the asset cannot remain in the holding trust once the loan is paid off as the holding trust will no longer satisfy the in-house asset exception in s71(8). </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, the status of the holding trust is critical. Arguably a bare trust is not a trust and therefore should not invoke the in-house asset rules. However, not all SMSF borrowing arrangements are documented as a bare trust nor in the same way. </li></ul><ul><li>Further, generally stamp duty exemptions only apply when property is transferred from an apparent purchaser (custodian trustee) to a real purchaser (SMSF trustee), if all the money for the asset is paid by the real purchaser being the SMSF (apart from SA). </li></ul>
  16. 16. Current issue – title transfer <ul><li>Case study: </li></ul><ul><li>Mr and Mrs Smith come to you on a Monday morning and share their news that they have been successful at purchasing a property at auction over the weekend, through their SMSF. The purchase was unexpected, so Mr Smith paid the deposit with a cheque from his personal account. Advise. </li></ul><ul><li>Mr and Mrs Smith have a number of options: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact the real estate agent and arrange for his personal cheque to be refunded and a new cheque drawn from the fund’s account. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Journalise the payment by Mr Smith as a contribution (a deed may help support this). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Generally, there are ways of rectifying the situation above. Clients should be aware that unnecessary dialogue with their local state revenue office may occur as a result. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Recent ATO IDs <ul><li>ATO IDs 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>162 — borrowing from a related party on terms favourable to the self managed superannuation fund </li></ul><ul><li>169 — refinancing </li></ul><ul><li>170 — third party guarantee </li></ul><ul><li>172 — joint investors </li></ul><ul><li>184 — capitalisation of interest </li></ul><ul><li>185 — charge </li></ul>
  18. 18. ATO ID 2010/162 — Low interest loan <ul><li>Does an SMSF contravene s109 SISA if it borrows money from a related party on terms favourable to the SMSF compared to normal arm’s length terms? </li></ul><ul><li>No. The terms cannot be more favourable to the related party than would have been the case had the parties been dealing at arm’s length, but there is no contravention of s109 if the terms are more favourable to the SMSF. </li></ul><ul><li>Risk that a concessional loan may be treated as a contribution. </li></ul><ul><li>Example for discussion: an SMSF trustee obtains a borrowing at 4% from a related family trust (market rate is 10%). This 6% discount could result in excess contributions tax. </li></ul>
  19. 19. ATO ID 2010/170 — Guarantees <ul><li>Can a borrowing by an SMSF satisfy the requirements of former s67(4A) where a related party of the SMSF has given the lender a personal guarantee as part of the arrangement? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes, a borrowing arrangement that includes a guarantee to the lender by a related party of the SMSF can satisfy s 67(4A). </li></ul><ul><li>Unless varied by the express terms of the guarantee, a guarantor will generally have rights at common law and in equity against the principal debtor, being the SMSF trustee, to recover amounts paid in satisfaction of the obligations under the guarantee. This may include interest and costs and in some circumstances, damages . The recourse of the guarantor is therefore not necessarily restricted to the asset which is the subject of the arrangement. </li></ul>
  20. 20. ATO ID 2010/170 — Guarantees <ul><li>When s 67(4A) applied as a borrowing exception, the rights of the guarantor did not cause an arrangement to fail to meet the requirements of the SISA. </li></ul><ul><li>However, from 7 July 2010, s 67A requires guarantor’s rights to be limited to the asset acquired with the borrowing. It follows that guarantor’s rights must be limited; otherwise the borrowing exception will not be satisfied and the fund will be in contravention of s67. </li></ul>
  21. 21. ATO ID 2010/172 — Joint investors <ul><li>Did the trustees of two SMSFs who jointly borrowed involving a single holding trust, contravene s 67(1)? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes. </li></ul><ul><li>Scenario: In this arrangement, the two trustees held the property as tenants in common through a single bare trust. As such, each trustee only had a partial interest in the property (and no opportunity to acquire the whole asset upon payment of their interest). </li></ul><ul><li>It follows that if two SMSF trustees were to buy real estate as tenants in common, using separate bare trusts, this may be allowable. However the practical barriers associated with such a structure may be hard to overcome (such as bank lending). </li></ul>
  22. 22. New tax and licensing laws <ul><li>Draft Corporations Regulations amendment, which will require AFSLs to extend to derivatives in order for advisers to provide a financial service in relation to an arrangement relating to the acquisition of an asset under s 67(4A) of the SISA. </li></ul>
  23. 23. The End <ul><li>Summary: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SMSF borrowing – be aware and manage these risks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor developments & ensure your suppliers are also on top of the changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure your covered from a risk management viewpoint </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback forms </li></ul>

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