Visual Dictionary Spring 2010

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Visual Dictionary Spring 2010

  1. 1. Visual DictionaryDaniel Chapman & Nick RossBSCI 2300Spring 2010<br />
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper<br />Air Barrier Paper- an external membrane applied to the sheathing before the veneer is applied which serves as an air barrier and helps to prevent air infiltration into the home!<br />
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation<br />Soffit vent- Provides ventilation to the attic so that it will help moderate the overall house temperature.<br />
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation<br />Ridge Vent<br />Ridge Vent- Provides ventilation to the attic so that it will help moderate the overall house temperature.<br />
  5. 5. Attic Ventilation<br />Gable Vent- Provides ventilation to the attic so that it will help moderate the overall house temperature.<br />
  6. 6. Attic Ventilation<br />Roof Turbine - Provides ventilation to the attic so that it will help moderate the overall house temperature.<br />
  7. 7. Backhoe- used in construction projects to clear trees or to dig ditches such as footing or underground utilities. In The picture shown the Backhoe bucket is 2 feet wide.<br />Loader- Usually used on construction sites to move large quantities of materials such as dirt or gravel. The hydraulic arm allows the bucket to be dumped at a higher elevation. 8 feet bucket shown.<br />
  8. 8. Batter Boards <br />Batter Boards - A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in the excavation.<br />
  9. 9. Brick Arches<br />Roman Arch<br />
  10. 10. Brick Arches<br />Jack Arch<br />
  11. 11. Brick Arches <br />Keystone<br />Arch with keystone<br />
  12. 12. Brick Arches<br />Centering<br />Centering- is a temporary structure put up to form the arch around<br />
  13. 13. Brick Bonds<br />Common Brick Bond- Distinguished by the five stretcher courses separated by a stretcher header.<br />Header<br />
  14. 14. Brick Bonds<br />Stretcher Rowlocks<br />
  15. 15. Brick Bonds<br />Stack Bond<br />Rowlocks<br />Soldier<br />
  16. 16. Brick Bonds<br />Sailor<br />
  17. 17. Brick Sizes<br /> #1<br /> Norman<br />3-1/2” x 11-1/2” x 2-1/4”<br />
  18. 18. Brick Sizes<br /> #2<br /> Modular<br />3-1/2” x 7-1/2” x 2-1/4”<br />
  19. 19. Bulldozer<br />Bulldozer- A heavy, driver-operated machine for clearing and grading land, usually having continuous treads and a broad hydraulic blade in front.<br />
  20. 20. Cladding<br />Brick<br />
  21. 21. Cladding<br />EIFS<br />
  22. 22. Cladding<br />Stone Cladding<br />Course Ashlar<br />
  23. 23. Cladding<br />Wood Board<br />Lap Siding<br />
  24. 24. Cladding<br />Wood Shingles-used for surfacing the outside walls of a frame building.<br />
  25. 25. Code Requirements <br />Code- Windows- Minimum opening on 5.7 square feet(5.0 is less than 44’ AFF)<br />Opening width20” minimum & opening height 24” minimum & opening height 24” minimum.<br />Actual measurements- 26” H x 22” W x 36” AFF.<br />Total Area is 5.78 square feet.<br />This Window Meets The Code!<br />
  26. 26. Code Requirement <br />Code- Riser heights 7 ¾” Maximum, Tread Depth 10” nosing to nosing.<br />Actual Requirements- Riser heights 7 ¾”, Tread depth is 12”. <br />This stair is in compliance with the code.<br />
  27. 27. Concrete Joints<br />Isolated for Column<br />Isolation Joints- is a joint formed off and isolates an area from being poured normally around columns<br />
  28. 28. Concrete Joints<br />Control Joint- A designed cut in the concrete to weaken the slab at that point to attempt the control the cracking. <br />
  29. 29. Decorative CMU<br />12” Block<br />Type 1<br />Limestone Split Block CMU<br />
  30. 30. Decorative CMU<br />Ribbed Block<br />
  31. 31. Concrete Masonry Units<br />8” CMU Block<br />
  32. 32. Concrete Masonry Unit<br />1 CMU= 3 brick courses<br />
  33. 33. Doors<br />Exterior Steel Flush<br />
  34. 34. Doors<br />Transom- A small window directly above a door <br />
  35. 35. Glass Panel<br />Stile<br />Top Rail<br />Lock Rail<br />Bottom Rail<br />Sidelight- A Tall, narrow window along-side a door.<br />
  36. 36. Electrical Components<br />Underground Transformer Box:<br /> Function- changes the voltage of alternating currents<br />
  37. 37. Electrical Components<br />Service head<br />Service Head- the assembly by which the electricity from the outdoor lines to <br /> the meter box<br />
  38. 38. Electrical Components<br />Meter : regulates the amount of electricity passing through and into the house<br />
  39. 39. Electrical Components<br />Service Panel- distribute the electricity throughout the different circuit breakers <br />
  40. 40. Electrical Components<br />Duplex Receptacle–a place where an appliance can be connected to an electric circuit. <br />
  41. 41. Framing Elements<br />1. Anchor Bolts- A bolt<br />Embedded in concrete for <br />The purpose of fastening<br />A building frame to a <br />Concrete or masonry <br />foundation<br />
  42. 42. Framing Elements<br />2. Sill Plate<br />
  43. 43. Framing Elements<br />3. Floor Joist<br />4. Sub-Flooring<br />
  44. 44. Framing Elements<br />5. Sole Plate 6. Stud 7. Top Plate<br />
  45. 45. Framing Elements<br />8. Unfinished Stringer<br />
  46. 46. Framing Elements<br />9. Ceiling Joist 10. Rafter<br />
  47. 47. Framing Elements<br />11. Roof decking<br />
  48. 48. Framing Elements<br />12. Sheathing<br />
  49. 49. Backhoe- used in construction projects to clear trees or to dig ditches such as footing or underground utilities. In The picture shown the Backhoe bucket is 2 feet wide.<br />Loader- Usually used on construction sites to move large quantities of materials such as dirt or gravel. The hydraulic arm allows the bucket to be dumped at a higher elevation. 8 feet bucket shown.<br />
  50. 50. Gypsum Board- An interior facing panel consisting of gypsum core sandwiched between two paper faces; also called drywall or plasterboard.<br />
  51. 51. Heat Pump<br />Compressor- transfers the outside are inside to the air handler unit<br />
  52. 52. Heat Pump<br />Advantage- Rapid response time<br />Disadvantage- Relatively noisy<br />Air Handling Unit- a device used to condition and circulate air as part of a heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning HVAC system.<br />
  53. 53. Insulation<br />Blanket Insulation<br />Helps regulate temperature to make house more comfortable for occupant and helps lower heating and cooling cost<br />
  54. 54. Insulation<br />Loose Fill Insulation<br />Helps regulate temperature to make house more comfortable for occupant and helps lower heating and cooling cost<br />
  55. 55. Insulation<br />Foam Insulation<br />Helps regulate temperature to make house more comfortable for occupant and helps lower heating and cooling cost<br />
  56. 56. Insulation<br />Rigid Board Insulation<br />Helps regulate temperature to make house more comfortable for occupant and helps lower heating and cooling cost<br />
  57. 57. Steel Lintel<br />A Steel Lintelis designed to carry a load of a wall across a window or door opening<br />
  58. 58. Mortar <br />Mortar joint #1<br />- Concave<br />-tooled<br />-3/8” mortar joint<br />-retaining wall<br />-type O mortar<br />
  59. 59. Mortar<br />Mortar type #2<br />- Flush<br />- Troweled<br /><ul><li>3/8” Mortar joint
  60. 60. Restaurant
  61. 61. Type N mortar </li></li></ul><li>Oriented Strand Board<br />OSB- A building panel composed of long sheds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure<br />
  62. 62. Plumbing<br />Lavatory- 1-1/2” Drain<br />
  63. 63. Plumbing <br />Water Closet<br />3” Drain<br />
  64. 64. Plumbing<br />Manufactured tub set in prior to sheet rock<br />
  65. 65. Plumbing<br />Vent Through Roof- Allows air to enter the plumbing system eliminating vacuum which lets the water drain from the pipes.<br />
  66. 66. Plywood<br />Plywood- a wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pessure<br />Veneer- A thin layer, sheet, or facing<br />
  67. 67. Radiant Barrier<br />Radiant Barrier – a reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy<br />
  68. 68. Rebar<br />Rebar- #5 rebar (5/8” thickness) in this photo the<br />Rebar is used to tie the foundation wall into the CMU<br />walls<br />-The deformation is use to cling to the concrete for <br /> extra strength<br />
  69. 69. Steep Roof Drainage<br />Gutter - A channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof.<br />
  70. 70. Steep Roof Drainage<br />Down spout- A vertical pipe for conducting water from a roof to a lower surface.<br />Splash block- A small precast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout<br />
  71. 71. Steep Roof Materials<br />Clay Tile Roof<br />
  72. 72. Steep Roof Materials<br />Roof Underlayment- A layer of waterproof material such as building felt between roof sheathing and roofing<br />
  73. 73. Steep Roof Materials<br />Shingle – a small unit of water-resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion with many other such units to render a wall or sloping roof watertight. Rubber Shingle shown.<br />
  74. 74. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Gable Roof<br />
  75. 75. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Gambrel Roof<br />
  76. 76. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Hip Roof<br />
  77. 77. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Mansard Roof<br />
  78. 78. Steep Roof<br />Ridge – the level intersection of two roof planes in a gable roof.<br />Valley – a trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes.<br />Eave – The horizontal edge at the low slide of a sloping roof.<br />Rake – Sloping edge of steep roof.<br />Soffit – the undersurface of a horizontal element of a building, especially the underside of a stair or roof overhang.<br />Fascia – the exposed vertical face of an eave.<br />
  79. 79. Steep Roof<br />Steep roof without a built up fascia.<br />
  80. 80. Stone<br />Coursed Ashlar<br />
  81. 81. Stone<br />Random Rubble<br />
  82. 82. Stone<br />Random Ashlar Pattern<br />
  83. 83. Vapor Retarder<br />Vapor Retarder- Put in place to reduce the passage of air and water vapor through the building assembly to prevent condensation. It is usually placed to the inside of the building.<br />Warm in Winter<br />
  84. 84. Waterproofing<br />Waterproofing- Installed to prevent the passage of water through the CMU into the basement or crawlspace.<br />-Liquid Membrane Applied.<br />
  85. 85. Weep Hole<br />Weep Holes – A small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly<br />
  86. 86. Welded Wire Fabric<br />Welded Wire Fabric<br />6x6 grid<br />
  87. 87. Windows<br />Casement, It is hinged on one side <br />
  88. 88. Single Hung <br />Only one half of the set in window is free to move <br />
  89. 89. Window<br />Hopper<br />Hopper- a window hinged at the bottom and opens outward<br />

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