Underlayment
Air Barrier Paper <ul><li>Paper that helps insulate a building and protect it from the weather outside. </li></ul>
Attic Ventilation <ul><li>Helps relieve excessive heat build ups in the summer and moisture control. </li></ul>Soffit Vent
Attic Ventilation Ridge Vent
Attic Ventilation Gable Vent
Attic Ventilation Roof Turbine
Backhoe <ul><li>Piece of excavating equipment consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two part articulated arm, it ...
Batter Boards <ul><li>A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surf...
Brick Arch  Parabolic Arch
Arch with Keystone
Centering <ul><li>Temporary formwork for an arch, dome or vault. </li></ul>
Brick Bonds Flemish Bond Running Bond
Brickwork Soldier Shiner
Brick sizes 2 ¼ x 7 5/8 x 3 5/8 3 ½ x 3 ½ x 11 1/2
Bulldozer <ul><li>A crawler equipped with a substantial metal plate (known as a blade), used to push large quantities of s...
Cladding <ul><li>Wood shingles- sawn from wood blocks; they are tapered and have relatively smooth surfaces. </li></ul><ul...
Cladding Stone Eifs Brick
Code Requirements 34 ½ x 30 ½ - 20 in. above ground There is a min. 5.7 sq. ft. if the sill is less than 44 in. off the fl...
Code Requirements The riser must be between 7 ¾ in. and 8 ¼ in.  The Run must be between 9 and 10 in.( not counting undern...
Concrete Joints <ul><li>Control joint- an intentional linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a...
Concrete Joints Control Joint
Concrete Joints Isolation joint
Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU) <ul><li>A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the...
Decorative CMU Split Face CMU Ribbed CMU
Doors <ul><li>Transom- small window directly above a door Side light- a tall, narrow window along side a door </li></ul>Si...
Doors Flush Door Stile  6 Panel Door Top rail Panel Lock Rail Bottom Rail
Electrical Components <ul><li>Power pole and Transformer- an electrical device that takes electricity of one voltage and c...
Electrical Components Duplex Receptacle Service Head  Transformer
Electrical Components Service Panel Meter
Framing Elements  1. anchor bolt 2. sill plate  3. floor joist 4. subflooring 5. sole plate 6. stud 7. top plate 8. string...
Framing Elements 1. Anchor Bolt 2. Sill Plate
Framing Elements  3. floor Joist 4. Subflooring
Framing Elements 5. Sole Plate 6. Stud
Framing Elements 7. Top Plate 8. Stringer
Framing Elements 9. Ceiling Joist 10. Rafter
Framing Elements 11. Roof Decking 12. Sheathing
Front End Loader <ul><li>It is an engineering vehicle that is primarily used to load material (asphalt, dirt, gravel, etc…...
Gypsum Board <ul><li>An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces; also called dryw...
Heat Pump <ul><li>Compressor/ evaporator- takes air from the outside and forces it in to the residence. </li></ul><ul><li>...
Heat Pump  Compressor/ Evaporator
Heat Pump Air Handling Unit
Insulation  <ul><li>Batt/Blanket- made of mineral fiber (processed fiberglass or rock wool) and is used to insulate below ...
Insulation  Batt/ blanket  Rigid Board
Insulation Loose Fill Foamed
Lintel  <ul><li>A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening. </li></ul>
Mortar Flush Joint
Mortar Vee Joint
Oriented Strand Board <ul><li>(non veneered panel product) Engineered wood product formed by layering strands of wood in s...
Oriented Strand Board
Plumbing <ul><li>Lavatory- (1.5 in.) </li></ul><ul><li>Water Closet- (3 in.) </li></ul><ul><li>Plumbing Vent- relieves pip...
Plumbing  Water Closet Lavatory
Plumbing Manufactured Tub and Shower
Plumbing Bathroom Vent
Plumbing Undermount sink
Plywood <ul><li>A type of engineered board made from thin sheets of wood, called plies or wood veneers. The layers are glu...
Plywood
Radiant Barrier <ul><li>Is a material that is installed in buildings to reduce summer heat gain and winter heat loss, and ...
Rebar <ul><li>The surface deformation help create a tighter bond with the concrete. </li></ul>#4 Rebar(1/2 in.)
Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>Gutter - a narrow channel which collects rain water from the roof of a building and diverts it...
Steep Roof Drainage  Gutter Downspout
Steep Roof Drainage Splash Block
Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Roof Underlayment- used to protect the roof sheathing and structure from moisture and penetra...
Steep Roof Materials  Underlayment  Clay Tile
Steep Roof Materials Metal Panel
Steep Roof Shapes Gable
Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Ridge-the horizontal line formed by the juncture of two sloping planes, especially the line forme...
Steep Roof Terms  Valley Rake
Steep Roof Terms Soffit Eave
Steep Roof Terms Fascia No- Fascia
Steep Roof Terms Ridge
Stone Random Rubble Random Ashlar
Stone Coursed Ashlar
Vapor Retarder <ul><li>Material that reduces the diffusion of water vapor across a building assembly.(side) </li></ul>
Waterproofing <ul><li>A process where they keep water out of the bottom of the house. (check) </li></ul>
Weep Hole <ul><li>A small opening left in the outer wall of masonry construction as an outlet for water inside a building ...
Welded Wire Fabric <ul><li>It is used to reinforce concrete construction. It is often used for floor slabs on well compact...
Windows Double Hung .This is a Double Hung window because it slides up from the bottom  and the top.
Windows Jalousie This window is called jalousie and has hinges along the side to give a window blinds affect.
Windows Single Hung This window is called a single hung because it has the bottom window that slides up.
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sp10underlayment

  1. 1. Underlayment
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper <ul><li>Paper that helps insulate a building and protect it from the weather outside. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation <ul><li>Helps relieve excessive heat build ups in the summer and moisture control. </li></ul>Soffit Vent
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation Ridge Vent
  5. 5. Attic Ventilation Gable Vent
  6. 6. Attic Ventilation Roof Turbine
  7. 7. Backhoe <ul><li>Piece of excavating equipment consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two part articulated arm, it also helps dig up any earth material. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Batter Boards <ul><li>A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface plains of the basement that will be built in the excavation. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Brick Arch Parabolic Arch
  10. 10. Arch with Keystone
  11. 11. Centering <ul><li>Temporary formwork for an arch, dome or vault. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Brick Bonds Flemish Bond Running Bond
  13. 13. Brickwork Soldier Shiner
  14. 14. Brick sizes 2 ¼ x 7 5/8 x 3 5/8 3 ½ x 3 ½ x 11 1/2
  15. 15. Bulldozer <ul><li>A crawler equipped with a substantial metal plate (known as a blade), used to push large quantities of soil, sand, rubble, etc, during construction works. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Cladding <ul><li>Wood shingles- sawn from wood blocks; they are tapered and have relatively smooth surfaces. </li></ul><ul><li>Wood shakes- split from wood blocks; they are less uniform in thickness than shingles, are sometimes grooves, and frequently have little taper </li></ul>
  17. 17. Cladding Stone Eifs Brick
  18. 18. Code Requirements 34 ½ x 30 ½ - 20 in. above ground There is a min. 5.7 sq. ft. if the sill is less than 44 in. off the floor. The opening should be 20 x 24 in.
  19. 19. Code Requirements The riser must be between 7 ¾ in. and 8 ¼ in. The Run must be between 9 and 10 in.( not counting underneath the “nose”)
  20. 20. Concrete Joints <ul><li>Control joint- an intentional linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in a structure. </li></ul><ul><li>Isolation joint- a joint such as an expansion joint, between two adjacent structures which are not in physical contact. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Concrete Joints Control Joint
  22. 22. Concrete Joints Isolation joint
  23. 23. Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU) <ul><li>A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone; a concrete block. 8x16x8 </li></ul>8 x 16 x 8 CMU 8 x 16 x 4 CMU
  24. 24. Decorative CMU Split Face CMU Ribbed CMU
  25. 25. Doors <ul><li>Transom- small window directly above a door Side light- a tall, narrow window along side a door </li></ul>Sidelight Transom
  26. 26. Doors Flush Door Stile 6 Panel Door Top rail Panel Lock Rail Bottom Rail
  27. 27. Electrical Components <ul><li>Power pole and Transformer- an electrical device that takes electricity of one voltage and changes it into another voltage. </li></ul><ul><li>Service head- takes electricity from power pole and puts it into a house or building. </li></ul><ul><li>Meter- a device that measures the amount of electrical energy supplied to or produced by a residence, business, or machine. </li></ul><ul><li>Service panel- is what distributes electrical current to various circuits within a building. </li></ul><ul><li>Duplex receptacle- sometimes called outlet or wall plug, are the interface between your homes electrical system and the devices that need electricity to operate . </li></ul>
  28. 28. Electrical Components Duplex Receptacle Service Head Transformer
  29. 29. Electrical Components Service Panel Meter
  30. 30. Framing Elements 1. anchor bolt 2. sill plate 3. floor joist 4. subflooring 5. sole plate 6. stud 7. top plate 8. stringer (must be in its framing state; not a finished stringer) 9. ceiling joist 10. rafter (If trusses are used, you can still use it for this item and #8. Just note which part of the truss is serving as the ceiling joist and which part is the rafter.) 11. roof decking 12. sheathing
  31. 31. Framing Elements 1. Anchor Bolt 2. Sill Plate
  32. 32. Framing Elements 3. floor Joist 4. Subflooring
  33. 33. Framing Elements 5. Sole Plate 6. Stud
  34. 34. Framing Elements 7. Top Plate 8. Stringer
  35. 35. Framing Elements 9. Ceiling Joist 10. Rafter
  36. 36. Framing Elements 11. Roof Decking 12. Sheathing
  37. 37. Front End Loader <ul><li>It is an engineering vehicle that is primarily used to load material (asphalt, dirt, gravel, etc…) into or on to another type of machinery (dump truck, conveyor belt, etc…). </li></ul>
  38. 38. Gypsum Board <ul><li>An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces; also called drywall, plasterboard, and sheetrock. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Heat Pump <ul><li>Compressor/ evaporator- takes air from the outside and forces it in to the residence. </li></ul><ul><li>Air handling unit (AHU)- is a device used to condition and circulate air as a part of a heating, ventilating, and air conditioning system. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Heat Pump Compressor/ Evaporator
  41. 41. Heat Pump Air Handling Unit
  42. 42. Insulation <ul><li>Batt/Blanket- made of mineral fiber (processed fiberglass or rock wool) and is used to insulate below floors, above ceilings, and within walls. </li></ul><ul><li>Loose fill- includes loose fibers or fiber pellets that are blown into building cavities or attics using special equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>Foamed- is a two part liquid containing a polymer (such as polyurethane) and a foaming agent. </li></ul><ul><li>Rigid board- is commonly made from fiber glass, polystyrene, or polyurethane, and comes in a variety of thickness with a high insulating value . </li></ul>
  43. 43. Insulation Batt/ blanket Rigid Board
  44. 44. Insulation Loose Fill Foamed
  45. 45. Lintel <ul><li>A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening. </li></ul>
  46. 46. Mortar Flush Joint
  47. 47. Mortar Vee Joint
  48. 48. Oriented Strand Board <ul><li>(non veneered panel product) Engineered wood product formed by layering strands of wood in specific orientations. </li></ul>
  49. 49. Oriented Strand Board
  50. 50. Plumbing <ul><li>Lavatory- (1.5 in.) </li></ul><ul><li>Water Closet- (3 in.) </li></ul><ul><li>Plumbing Vent- relieves pipes of sewage gasses through the roof </li></ul>
  51. 51. Plumbing Water Closet Lavatory
  52. 52. Plumbing Manufactured Tub and Shower
  53. 53. Plumbing Bathroom Vent
  54. 54. Plumbing Undermount sink
  55. 55. Plywood <ul><li>A type of engineered board made from thin sheets of wood, called plies or wood veneers. The layers are glued together, each with its grain at right angles to adjacent layers for greater strength. </li></ul><ul><li>Veneer- a thin covering over another surface. </li></ul>
  56. 56. Plywood
  57. 57. Radiant Barrier <ul><li>Is a material that is installed in buildings to reduce summer heat gain and winter heat loss, and hints to reduce building heating and cooling energy usage. </li></ul>
  58. 58. Rebar <ul><li>The surface deformation help create a tighter bond with the concrete. </li></ul>#4 Rebar(1/2 in.)
  59. 59. Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>Gutter - a narrow channel which collects rain water from the roof of a building and diverts it away from the structure. </li></ul><ul><li>Down spout- a vertical pipe for carrying rain water down from a gutter. </li></ul><ul><li>Splash block- a small masonry block laid with the top close to the ground surface to receive roof drainage from down spouts and to carry it away from the building </li></ul>
  60. 60. Steep Roof Drainage Gutter Downspout
  61. 61. Steep Roof Drainage Splash Block
  62. 62. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Roof Underlayment- used to protect the roof sheathing and structure from moisture and penetration. </li></ul><ul><li>Shingle- a flat covering element for a roof </li></ul><ul><li>Metal Panel- usually made from steel but also manufactured in aluminum and other metal materials. </li></ul>
  63. 63. Steep Roof Materials Underlayment Clay Tile
  64. 64. Steep Roof Materials Metal Panel
  65. 65. Steep Roof Shapes Gable
  66. 66. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Ridge-the horizontal line formed by the juncture of two sloping planes, especially the line formed by the surfaces at the top of a roof. </li></ul><ul><li>Valley- the junction where two separate roofs meet. </li></ul><ul><li>Eave- the lower edge of a roof usually projecting beyond the sides of a building. </li></ul><ul><li>Rake- the inclined edge of a sloped roof over a wall. </li></ul><ul><li>Fascia- generally, any long, vertical surface across the top of a structure. </li></ul><ul><li>Soffit- the finished underside of the eaves </li></ul>
  67. 67. Steep Roof Terms Valley Rake
  68. 68. Steep Roof Terms Soffit Eave
  69. 69. Steep Roof Terms Fascia No- Fascia
  70. 70. Steep Roof Terms Ridge
  71. 71. Stone Random Rubble Random Ashlar
  72. 72. Stone Coursed Ashlar
  73. 73. Vapor Retarder <ul><li>Material that reduces the diffusion of water vapor across a building assembly.(side) </li></ul>
  74. 74. Waterproofing <ul><li>A process where they keep water out of the bottom of the house. (check) </li></ul>
  75. 75. Weep Hole <ul><li>A small opening left in the outer wall of masonry construction as an outlet for water inside a building to move outside the wall and evaporate. </li></ul>
  76. 76. Welded Wire Fabric <ul><li>It is used to reinforce concrete construction. It is often used for floor slabs on well compacted ground and walls. </li></ul>
  77. 77. Windows Double Hung .This is a Double Hung window because it slides up from the bottom and the top.
  78. 78. Windows Jalousie This window is called jalousie and has hinges along the side to give a window blinds affect.
  79. 79. Windows Single Hung This window is called a single hung because it has the bottom window that slides up.

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