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Transcript

  • 1. Underlayment
  • 2. Air Barrier Paper
    • Paper that helps insulate a building and protect it from the weather outside.
  • 3. Attic Ventilation
    • Helps relieve excessive heat build ups in the summer and moisture control.
    Soffit Vent
  • 4. Attic Ventilation Ridge Vent
  • 5. Attic Ventilation Gable Vent
  • 6. Attic Ventilation Roof Turbine
  • 7. Backhoe
    • Piece of excavating equipment consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two part articulated arm, it also helps dig up any earth material.
  • 8. Batter Boards
    • A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface plains of the basement that will be built in the excavation.
  • 9. Brick Arch Parabolic Arch
  • 10. Arch with Keystone
  • 11. Centering
    • Temporary formwork for an arch, dome or vault.
  • 12. Brick Bonds Flemish Bond Running Bond
  • 13. Brickwork Soldier Shiner
  • 14. Brick sizes 2 ¼ x 7 5/8 x 3 5/8 3 ½ x 3 ½ x 11 1/2
  • 15. Bulldozer
    • A crawler equipped with a substantial metal plate (known as a blade), used to push large quantities of soil, sand, rubble, etc, during construction works.
  • 16. Cladding
    • Wood shingles- sawn from wood blocks; they are tapered and have relatively smooth surfaces.
    • Wood shakes- split from wood blocks; they are less uniform in thickness than shingles, are sometimes grooves, and frequently have little taper
  • 17. Cladding Stone Eifs Brick
  • 18. Code Requirements 34 ½ x 30 ½ - 20 in. above ground There is a min. 5.7 sq. ft. if the sill is less than 44 in. off the floor. The opening should be 20 x 24 in.
  • 19. Code Requirements The riser must be between 7 ¾ in. and 8 ¼ in. The Run must be between 9 and 10 in.( not counting underneath the “nose”)
  • 20. Concrete Joints
    • Control joint- an intentional linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in a structure.
    • Isolation joint- a joint such as an expansion joint, between two adjacent structures which are not in physical contact.
  • 21. Concrete Joints Control Joint
  • 22. Concrete Joints Isolation joint
  • 23. Concrete Masonry Unit (CMU)
    • A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone; a concrete block. 8x16x8
    8 x 16 x 8 CMU 8 x 16 x 4 CMU
  • 24. Decorative CMU Split Face CMU Ribbed CMU
  • 25. Doors
    • Transom- small window directly above a door Side light- a tall, narrow window along side a door
    Sidelight Transom
  • 26. Doors Flush Door Stile 6 Panel Door Top rail Panel Lock Rail Bottom Rail
  • 27. Electrical Components
    • Power pole and Transformer- an electrical device that takes electricity of one voltage and changes it into another voltage.
    • Service head- takes electricity from power pole and puts it into a house or building.
    • Meter- a device that measures the amount of electrical energy supplied to or produced by a residence, business, or machine.
    • Service panel- is what distributes electrical current to various circuits within a building.
    • Duplex receptacle- sometimes called outlet or wall plug, are the interface between your homes electrical system and the devices that need electricity to operate .
  • 28. Electrical Components Duplex Receptacle Service Head Transformer
  • 29. Electrical Components Service Panel Meter
  • 30. Framing Elements 1. anchor bolt 2. sill plate 3. floor joist 4. subflooring 5. sole plate 6. stud 7. top plate 8. stringer (must be in its framing state; not a finished stringer) 9. ceiling joist 10. rafter (If trusses are used, you can still use it for this item and #8. Just note which part of the truss is serving as the ceiling joist and which part is the rafter.) 11. roof decking 12. sheathing
  • 31. Framing Elements 1. Anchor Bolt 2. Sill Plate
  • 32. Framing Elements 3. floor Joist 4. Subflooring
  • 33. Framing Elements 5. Sole Plate 6. Stud
  • 34. Framing Elements 7. Top Plate 8. Stringer
  • 35. Framing Elements 9. Ceiling Joist 10. Rafter
  • 36. Framing Elements 11. Roof Decking 12. Sheathing
  • 37. Front End Loader
    • It is an engineering vehicle that is primarily used to load material (asphalt, dirt, gravel, etc…) into or on to another type of machinery (dump truck, conveyor belt, etc…).
  • 38. Gypsum Board
    • An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces; also called drywall, plasterboard, and sheetrock.
  • 39. Heat Pump
    • Compressor/ evaporator- takes air from the outside and forces it in to the residence.
    • Air handling unit (AHU)- is a device used to condition and circulate air as a part of a heating, ventilating, and air conditioning system.
  • 40. Heat Pump Compressor/ Evaporator
  • 41. Heat Pump Air Handling Unit
  • 42. Insulation
    • Batt/Blanket- made of mineral fiber (processed fiberglass or rock wool) and is used to insulate below floors, above ceilings, and within walls.
    • Loose fill- includes loose fibers or fiber pellets that are blown into building cavities or attics using special equipment.
    • Foamed- is a two part liquid containing a polymer (such as polyurethane) and a foaming agent.
    • Rigid board- is commonly made from fiber glass, polystyrene, or polyurethane, and comes in a variety of thickness with a high insulating value .
  • 43. Insulation Batt/ blanket Rigid Board
  • 44. Insulation Loose Fill Foamed
  • 45. Lintel
    • A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening.
  • 46. Mortar Flush Joint
  • 47. Mortar Vee Joint
  • 48. Oriented Strand Board
    • (non veneered panel product) Engineered wood product formed by layering strands of wood in specific orientations.
  • 49. Oriented Strand Board
  • 50. Plumbing
    • Lavatory- (1.5 in.)
    • Water Closet- (3 in.)
    • Plumbing Vent- relieves pipes of sewage gasses through the roof
  • 51. Plumbing Water Closet Lavatory
  • 52. Plumbing Manufactured Tub and Shower
  • 53. Plumbing Bathroom Vent
  • 54. Plumbing Undermount sink
  • 55. Plywood
    • A type of engineered board made from thin sheets of wood, called plies or wood veneers. The layers are glued together, each with its grain at right angles to adjacent layers for greater strength.
    • Veneer- a thin covering over another surface.
  • 56. Plywood
  • 57. Radiant Barrier
    • Is a material that is installed in buildings to reduce summer heat gain and winter heat loss, and hints to reduce building heating and cooling energy usage.
  • 58. Rebar
    • The surface deformation help create a tighter bond with the concrete.
    #4 Rebar(1/2 in.)
  • 59. Steep Roof Drainage
    • Gutter - a narrow channel which collects rain water from the roof of a building and diverts it away from the structure.
    • Down spout- a vertical pipe for carrying rain water down from a gutter.
    • Splash block- a small masonry block laid with the top close to the ground surface to receive roof drainage from down spouts and to carry it away from the building
  • 60. Steep Roof Drainage Gutter Downspout
  • 61. Steep Roof Drainage Splash Block
  • 62. Steep Roof Materials
    • Roof Underlayment- used to protect the roof sheathing and structure from moisture and penetration.
    • Shingle- a flat covering element for a roof
    • Metal Panel- usually made from steel but also manufactured in aluminum and other metal materials.
  • 63. Steep Roof Materials Underlayment Clay Tile
  • 64. Steep Roof Materials Metal Panel
  • 65. Steep Roof Shapes Gable
  • 66. Steep Roof Terms
    • Ridge-the horizontal line formed by the juncture of two sloping planes, especially the line formed by the surfaces at the top of a roof.
    • Valley- the junction where two separate roofs meet.
    • Eave- the lower edge of a roof usually projecting beyond the sides of a building.
    • Rake- the inclined edge of a sloped roof over a wall.
    • Fascia- generally, any long, vertical surface across the top of a structure.
    • Soffit- the finished underside of the eaves
  • 67. Steep Roof Terms Valley Rake
  • 68. Steep Roof Terms Soffit Eave
  • 69. Steep Roof Terms Fascia No- Fascia
  • 70. Steep Roof Terms Ridge
  • 71. Stone Random Rubble Random Ashlar
  • 72. Stone Coursed Ashlar
  • 73. Vapor Retarder
    • Material that reduces the diffusion of water vapor across a building assembly.(side)
  • 74. Waterproofing
    • A process where they keep water out of the bottom of the house. (check)
  • 75. Weep Hole
    • A small opening left in the outer wall of masonry construction as an outlet for water inside a building to move outside the wall and evaporate.
  • 76. Welded Wire Fabric
    • It is used to reinforce concrete construction. It is often used for floor slabs on well compacted ground and walls.
  • 77. Windows Double Hung .This is a Double Hung window because it slides up from the bottom and the top.
  • 78. Windows Jalousie This window is called jalousie and has hinges along the side to give a window blinds affect.
  • 79. Windows Single Hung This window is called a single hung because it has the bottom window that slides up.