Visual Dictionary April 29, 2010 Materials, Methods, and Equipment I
Air Barrier Paper Air Barrier paper is usaully referred to as housewrap, which is applied before the siding and allows the passage of water vapor, while blocking the passage of water and air.
Attic Ventilation Materials 1 2 Attic ventilation is essential to keeping the attic dry and free from moisture. In the photos to the right in sequential order, a roof turbine, soffit vent, ridge vent, and gable vent are pictured and all aid in the ventilation of attics. 3 4
Backhoe Backhoes are essential in the constructing of houses, as they are used to excavate ditches for items such as piping, conduit, etc. the backhoe pictured to the right has a bucket width of 2 feet.
Batter Boards Batter board is a temporary frame built just outside the corner of the excavated area that will be used for a slab.
Brick bonds Header Sailor Stretcher Rowlock Running Bond- Stretchers cover around half of each other Flemish Bond- Composed of alternating headers and stretchers.
Brick Sizes The brick featured below measured closest to a modular brick, which had face dimensions of 7 ½” by 3 ½”. The brick featured below measured closest to a Standard brick, with face dimensions of 8” by 3 ½”.
Bulldozer A bulldozer is a very handy piece of equipment which is used for different activities such as clearing, pushing debris away, and sometimes grading of soil.
Cladding Wood Boards Brick Wood Shakes are shingles split from a block of wood, usually an uneven texture, as pictured below. Wood shingles are usually more clean cut. EIFS Stone (Random Rubble) Wood Shakes
Code Requirements This window meets all code requirements because it is less then 44” from the floor to bottom of the sill
Concrete Joints Below is a control joint, which is an intentional linear discontinuity in concrete to create a point of weakness so that cracking does not occur from stress. Below, a crack still occurred insinuating that the control joint did not fully serve its purpose. Below is an isolation joint which is used to isolate the load of this column to one specific place instead of distributing it throughout the slab.
Concrete Masonry Units Below a concrete masonry unit (CMU) wall is pictured next to modular brick, representing that 3 courses of modular brick equal one CMU. The picture below illustrates that CMU blocks can come in a variety of sizes, depending on what they are being used for.
Decorative Concrete Masonry Units The CMU below is referred to as split faced block, because of the texture that is created, making it look as if the block was split in half. This CMU pictured below is referred to as a ribbed face CMU because of the many “ribs” that are created to add more decorative style.
Doors Transom- A small window directly above a door Sidelight- A tall, narrow window alongside a door Stile, Panel, Lock Rail, Top Rail, Bottom Rail Solid Flush Door
Electrical Components Transformer Box Duplex Receptacle Service Meter Service Head Service panel
Electrical Components Transformer Box- Receives power from the power plant Service Head- Feeds power to the meter Meter- Reads the amount of power used and feeds power to the service panel Service panel- Relays power to different aspects in house Duplex Receptacle- Allows availability of power to household items
Framing Elements 1. Anchor bolt 4. Subflooring 7. Top Plate 2. Sill Plate (Not Pictured) 5. Sole Plate 3. Floor Joist 8. Stringer 6. Stud
Front End Loader This piece of equipment is used on job sites to transport soil and other materials to and from places, which differs from a backhoe or bulldozer because it is not used for excavation or demolition.
Gypsum Board An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces, also called drywall and plasterboard.
Lintel Pictured below is a steel lintel, which carries the load of a wall across a window or opening.
Mortar Both of these mortar joints are 3/8” and were used on a residential home. Below is a picture of a flush mortar joint(which is tough to see). This joint was most likely troweled and is probably type N mortar. This picture illustrates a concave mortar joint, which was tooled and is probably type N mortar.
Oriented Strand Board This photo shows a sheet of OSB which is a non veneered panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure.
Plumbing Lavatory which typically uses 1 ½” drain pipe Water Closet which typically uses 3” piping for draining Vent through the roof pipe which is keeping sewer gasses from entering into the house Drop in kitchen sink
Plywood Below is a photo of plywood, which is a wood panel consisting of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure.
Radiant Barrier A reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy
Rebar This rebar that is pictured is #4, which is ½” in diameter and the uses of the deformations on this rebar are to insure the bonding of the concrete that it will be set in.
Steep Roof Drainage 1. 2. These photos illustrate a gutter(1), downspout(2), and splash block(3). A gutter collects rainwater and snow from the eave of a roof, transfers it to the downspout, which is then transferred to the splashblock which lies underneath th exit of the downspout and deterrs water away from house. 3.
Steep Roof Materials This photograph represents the underlayment on a steep roof, which in this instance is roofing felt and the purpose of this material is to keep moisture from entering the roof.
Steep Roof Materials Shingles are small units of water-resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion to with many other such units to render a wall or sloping roof watertight. This photo represents a roof that was covered with wood shake shingles.
Steep Roof Materials This roof represents Metal Panel Roofing, which usually consists of tin, and is fastened with galvanized screws.
Steep Roof Terms Rake Fascia Valley – A trough created by the intersection of 2 roof slopes Ridge- The level intersection of 2 planes of a gable roof Eave- The horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof Soffit- The undersurface of a horizontal element of a building Rake- The sloping edge of a steep roof Fascia- The exposed vertical face of an eave