Visual dictionary - Sb10Hip


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Visual dictionary - Sb10Hip

  1. 1. Visual DictionarySp10HipBSCI 2300April 26, 2010<br />
  2. 2. Air Barrier – An external membrane applied to the sheathing behind the veneer which serves as a weather barrier and helps prevent air infiltration<br />
  3. 3. Attic Ventilation - Serves to allow water vapor and hot attic air to escape through the roof vents and allows for circulation<br />Soffit Vent – Allows air into the attic so that warmer air may escape through the high vents<br />Ridge Vent – Allows hot attic air to escape through the ridge vent<br />Gable Vent – Allows hot attic air to escape and prevents buildup of heat conducted through the roof of the structure<br />Roof Turbine – allows the air to escape by drawing it out through the roof like a fan<br />
  4. 4. Backhoe – Heavy machinery used for excavation of smaller site clearing projects such as tree removal or used to dig footing and some basement excavation.<br />Bucket width – 32”<br />
  5. 5. Batter Boards – Temporary framework erected just outside the corners of a foundation excavation used to make sure the structure is square and also to carry the lines of a footing from corner to corner<br />
  6. 6. Brick Arches<br />Arch with a keystone<br />ELIPTICAL<br />CENTERING!!!!!!!!<br />ROMAN ARCH<br />
  7. 7. Brick Bonds<br />Running Bond<br />Soldiers<br />Headers<br />Rowlocks<br />Sailors<br />
  8. 8. Brick Sizes<br />8 ¾” x 4” x 2 ½”<br />9” x 3 7/8” x 3”<br />
  9. 9. Bulldozer – Heavy machinery used during site prep. It is used to level a site by grading with the front blade and pushing dirt around areas of the construction site<br />72” Blade<br />
  10. 10. Cladding<br />EFIS<br />Brick Cladding<br />Wood Clad<br />Wood Shakes<br />Stone Clad – Random Rubble<br />Wood Shakes - Split<br />Wood Shingles - Sawn<br />
  11. 11. Code Requirements<br />For emergency escape and rescue:<br />Max. sill height AFF – 44”<br />Is the sill w/i 44” of finish grade?<br />-Yes – min. net opening 5.5 sq. ft.<br />-No – min. net opening 5.7 sq. ft.<br />Window meets code because it is within the minimum net opening requirements and within the maximum sill height requirements<br />- 36” x 73” <br /><ul><li>36” x 36” opening (9 sq. ft.)
  12. 12. - Sill height 11” AFF</li></li></ul><li>Code Requirements<br />Code:<br />Tread – 10” min.<br />Riser – 7 ¾” max<br />Tread – 10 7/8”<br />Riser – 7”<br />Stairs meet code because they are within the allowed minimum and maximum<br />
  13. 13. Concrete Joints<br />Isolation Joint – Separates concrete from objects or structures, and allows independent movement without any connection that could cause damage to either object. This one isolates the slab from the driveway.<br />crack<br />Slab<br />Control Joint – <br />a designed cut in concrete to weaken the slab at that point in an attempt to prevent cracking elsewhere<br />Driveway<br />
  14. 14. Concrete Masonry unit – block of hardened concrete designed to be laid up like masonry brick. The hollow cores allow for the block walls to be filled with grout for additional strength. CMU is more economical for foundation walls than cast in place concrete, and when laid by a proper mason, one course of block is equal to3 courses of standard brick w/ a 3/8” mortar joint. A typical block is 8” x 8” x 16” w/ a 3/8” mortar joint.<br />
  15. 15. Different size CMU<br />
  16. 16. Decorative CMU<br />Split Block<br />
  17. 17. Doors<br />Flush Door<br />
  18. 18. NEED NEW PIC<br />Top Rail<br />Stile<br />Panel<br />Lock Rail<br />Bottom Rail<br />
  19. 19. Doors<br />Transom – small window directly over door<br />Sidelight – tall narrow window running along either or both sides of a door <br />
  20. 20. Electrical Components<br />Service Panel<br />Transformer<br />Meter<br />Service Head<br />Duplex Receptacle<br />
  21. 21. Framing Elements<br />#1 Anchor Bolt<br />#4 Sub Flooring<br />#3 Floor Joist<br />#2 Sill Plate<br />
  22. 22. Framing Elements<br />#6 Studs<br />#7 Top Plate<br />#5 Sole Plate<br />
  23. 23. Framing Elements<br />#8 Unfinished Stringer<br />
  24. 24. Framing Elements<br />#9 Ceiling Joists<br />#10 Rafters<br />
  25. 25. Framing Elements<br />#11 Roof Decking<br />#12 Sheathing<br />
  26. 26. Front End Loader – used for transporting piles of dirt or other materials across a jobsite. The hydraulic arms on the bucket allows the ability to place material at a raised elevation. Used for loading dump trucks and backfilling . Unlike a bulldozer, a loader has the ability to scoop dirt out of the ground and move it to another location rather than pushing and spreading it around an area.<br />72” bucket<br />
  27. 27. Gypsum Board – an interior finish board made from a gypsum core sandwiched between two paper faces<br />
  28. 28. Heat Pump <br />Compressor – compresses the refrigerant gas which gives off heat, thus cooling the air as it blows across the cooler coils at the air handler<br />-One main disadvantage of the heat pump system is that it is noisy. One must take into account where to place the outside compressors to avoid noise intrusion into the home.<br />-One advantage of a heat pump system is that it is the most efficient way to heat and cool a home<br />
  29. 29. Heat Pump<br />Air Handler – forces the air through the system with the use of a blower fan. Also, cooler air is blown across a heating element inside the air handler to warm it up before distributing it through the duct<br />
  30. 30. Insulation<br />Batt Insulation – Insulation is used to create the thermal envelope for the house to reduce air infiltration/heat loss in the home<br />
  31. 31. Insulation<br />Loose Fill<br />
  32. 32. Insulation<br />Rigid Board Insulation<br />
  33. 33. Lintel<br />Concrete Lintel – a concrete lintel that carries the load of the wall across a door or window<br />
  34. 34. Mortar<br />Extruded Joint – This house used a 3/8” joint neither trowled nor tooled with type ‘M’ mortar<br />
  35. 35. Mortar<br />Concave Mortar Joint<br /><ul><li>Tooled
  36. 36. 3/8” joint spacing
  37. 37. Building - Church
  38. 38. Type ‘M’</li></li></ul><li>Oriented Strand Board<br />OSB – a nonveneered panel made up of long strands of wood shavings which are compressed and glued together in several layers. Each layer is oriented opposite the direction of the previous layer for strength<br />
  39. 39. Plumbing<br />Lavatory – uses 1 ½” drain pipe<br />
  40. 40. Plumbing<br />Water closet – uses 3” pipe to drain<br />
  41. 41. Plumbing<br />
  42. 42. Plumbing<br />Vent Through Roof – allows air to enter the plumbing system which lets the water drain from the pipes<br />
  43. 43. Plumbing<br />Under-mounted sink<br />
  44. 44. Plywood– manufactured by gluing thin layers of wood together, rotating each layer 90 degrees so that the grain in the wood does not run the same direction in each layer. This provides greater strength and equalizes moisture movement<br />
  45. 45. Rebar<br />#4 Rebar (1/2” thickness) The purpose of the deformations is where the concrete will bond to it better<br />
  46. 46. Steep Roof Draining<br />Gutter – a channel which collects rainwater at the eave of a roof<br />Downspout – A vertical pipe for conducting the rainwater from the gutter to a lower level discharge point<br />
  47. 47. Splashblock - a precast concrete block used to dissipate the water at the downspout’s discharge point<br />Steep Roof Draining<br />
  48. 48. Steep Roof Materials<br />Underlayment – A thin layer of waterproof material laid between the roof deck and roofing. It allows to get the house ‘in the dry’ so progress will not be held up due to inclement weather and protects the building before the roofing is applied<br />
  49. 49. Steep Roof Materials<br />Slate Roof<br />
  50. 50. Shingle – a water resistant material nailed in an overlapping pattern with other like materials to make the roof watertight.<br />Steep Roof Material<br />
  51. 51. Steep Roof Materials<br />Metal Panel Roof - Aluminum steel<br />
  52. 52. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Gable Roof<br />
  53. 53. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Gambrel Roof<br />
  54. 54. Sttep Roof Shapes<br />Hip Roof<br />
  55. 55. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Mansard Roof<br />
  56. 56. Steep Roof Terms<br />Ridge<br /> - the level intersection of roof planes<br />Valley <br />– the sloping intersection of roof planes when water runs to it<br />Eave <br />– the level, low edge of the roof<br />
  57. 57. Steep Roof Terms<br />Rake – the sloping edge of a steep roof<br />
  58. 58. Steep Roof Terms<br />Soffit – the exposed vertical face of the eave<br />Facia<br />Soffit<br />Facia – the undersurface of a roof overhang installed to enclose the rafter tails<br />
  59. 59. Steep Roof Terms<br />No Facia – House with exposed rafter tails<br />
  60. 60. Stone<br />Random Rubble Pattern<br />
  61. 61. Stone<br />Random Ashler Patter<br />
  62. 62. Stone<br />Coursed Ashler Pattern<br />
  63. 63. Vapor Retarder - put in place to reduce the passage of air and water vapor through the building assembly to prevent condensation. It is usually placed towards the inside of the building (warm-in-winter).<br />
  64. 64. Waterproofing – installed to prevent the passage of water through the CMU into a basement or crawlspace. This is an example of liquid applied.<br />
  65. 65. Weep Hole - a small hole opening in the brick veneer to allow accumulated water from the building to escape from the cavity wall<br />
  66. 66. Welded Wire Fabric<br />WWF – 6” x 6” grid<br />
  67. 67. Windows<br />Awning Window –window swings out<br />-Metal<br />Double Hung Window - Both top and bottom sash open<br />-Vinyl clad<br />