ENVIRONMENT SUSTAINABILITY THROUGH PAPER WASTE REDUCTION
Goal of becoming more environmentally
Roll no- 50
H.R college of commerce and economics
What is environment sustainability?
Environmental sustainability involves making decisions and taking action
that are in the interests of protecting the natural world, with particular
emphasis on preserving the capability of the environment to support human
life. It is an important topic at the present time, as people are realising the
full impact that businesses and individuals can have on the environment.
Currently, environmental sustainability is a topical issue that receives plenty
of attention from the media and from different governmental departments.
This is a result of the amount of research going into assessing the impact
that human activity can have on the environment. Although the long term
implications of this serious issue are not yet fully understood, it is generally
agreed that the risk is high enough to merit an immediate response.
Businesses are expected to lead in the area of environmental sustainability
as they are considered to be the biggest contributors and are also in a
position where they can make a significant difference.
Businesses can potentially cause damage to all areas of the environment.
Some of the common environmental concerns include:
damaging rainforests and woodlands through logging and agricultural
polluting and over-fishing of oceans, rivers and lakes
polluting the atmosphere through the burning of fossil fuels
damaging prime agricultural and cultivated land through the use of
unsustainable farming practices
Environmental sustainability forces businesses to look beyond making
short term gains and look at the long term impact they are having on the
natural world. You need to consider not only the immediate impact your
actions have on the environment, but the long term implications as well. For
example, when manufacturing a product, you need to look at the
environmental impact of the products entire lifecycle, from development to
disposal before finalising your designs.
Steps to reduce waste, a business can
save money on supplies
conserve natural resources and energy
reduce current waste disposal costs and hedge against increased
disposal costs in the future
give customers what they want: "green" products and environmentally
avoid adding to the environmental burden caused by producing and
disposing of unnecessary materials
boost employee morale by giving staff members an opportunity to
work together on an environmental project
reduce the risk of future liability associated with the disposal of solid
How to Reduce-Reuse-Recycle
Reducing Waste Production
The most direct way to cut your disposal costs is with source reduction: that
is, by reducing the amount of waste your business produces. You have less
to get rid of if you purchase and discard less material. By analyzing your
business' waste stream, you will probably discover that you can eliminate
much of the waste your business produces.
Reusing Waste Material
A cost-efficient method of reducing waste is to reuse products in their
present form. It is usually cheaper to clean or repair products so that they
can be reused rather than to buy new or recycled ones.
Many of the products that cannot be eliminated or reused can be recycled.
Energy and natural resources are saved and environmental pollution is
reduced when products are made from recycled rather than new materials.
Your business can also cut disposal costs greatly by recycling.
Simple Ways to Reduce paper Waste
Here are examples of some easy ways to reduce the amount of waste that
your business produces. Most of them involve simple changes in
procedures and work habits.
Using Less and Reusing More
Use email instead of paper or faxes whenever practical, both for
internal memos and for communications with clients and customers.
Don't print email messages. Put the words "Don't print this email
unless you really need to" at the bottom of all emails.
Print less: Keep mailing lists current. Don't print more copies than you
need or order extra on outside print jobs.
Reuse what you can. Stock your fax machine with paper already
printed on one side; reuse oversize envelopes and boxes; re-use
one-sided "draft" paper in your printers.
Printers and Copiers
As printers and copiers need to be replaced, reduce the number of
printers you buy to save money, energy and office space. Purchase
units that can print on both sides of a sheet of paper. Then set all
computers and copiers to default to double-sided printing.
Save and collect 8.5 by 11 inch paper that's been printed on one
side, restack it neatly, designate a paper drawer on each printer (or
as many printers as practical) for this paper, and use it to print drafts.
Adjust the house style on word processing programs to use a slightly
smaller font and slightly wider margins.
Work on drafts electronically, using "edit" and "comment" word-
processing features, instead of working on paper.
Cut down on the number of periodical subscriptions you buy. Survey
to see who subscribes to what, then trim duplicates and work out a
sharing system. One way to share information is to circulate the table
of contents for each periodical.
Reduce the amount of unwanted mail your company receives. The
National Waste Prevention Coalition provides a postcard to send to
mailers to have your name removed from
Stock the kitchen with reusable mugs, plates, bowls, and utensils to
discourage the use of paper and plastic disposables. Consider cloth
napkins, or use paper towels with high postconsumer recycled
Encourage employees who carry in lunches to use reusable bags and
Encourage the use of tap water instead of bottled water.
Distribute recycling bins for paper to every workstation and make
sure the cleaning crew knows what they're for.
Post signs in centralized areas to encourage reuse and recycling, and
to educate staff on what can and cannot be recycled.
Buying Better Paper
Buy paper with the highest percentage of postconsumer recycled
content available, never settling for less than 30 percent for uncoated
paper or 10 percent for coated stock.
After maximizing postconsumer recycled content, consider paper that
contains other recovered materials, such as preconsumer recycled
content or agricultural residues. (See the Common Vision
document for other priorities in paper purchasing.)
Insist on "processed chlorine free" (PCF) paper. (What's PCF paper?)
Always avoid paper made from 100 percent virgin pulp.
If you do buy paper with virgin fiber content, be sure the virgin fiber
comes from sustainably managed forests. Look for paper products
certified by the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC). If FSC paper is
unavailable, ask your paper supplier to provide you with "Chain of
Custody" information on the origins of the fiber in the paper products
you purchase, and ask if the manufacturer of the paper has a policy
to protect endangered forests. (Their policy should meet the criteria
laid out here.)
Create a corporate purchasing policy that clearly outlines your goals
and preferences for paper buying.
On printed materials, include a line about the environmental
characteristics of the paper you use.
If you have a choice, buy products wrapped in the least packaging.
Buy in bulk or in larger containers.
You and your business can also help reduce waste by influencing your
customers behavior. Here are some ideas
Teach your customers about the importance of reducing waste.
Effective tools for getting across the message include promotional
campaigns, brochures and newsletters (printed on recycled paper),
banners, newspaper advertisements, product displays, store signs,
Encourage reuse of shopping bags by asking customers if they have
their own bag, complimenting customers who reuse bags, providing a
financial incentive for reuse, and implementing a promotional
Offer customers waste-reducing choices alongside their waste-
producing counterparts. Examples include
items sold in bulk
durable, reusable cloth products, such as diapers, coffee filters,
towels, and napkins
solar-powered items, such as watches, calculators, and flashlights
products packaged in recycled and recyclable materials
razors with replaceable blades
durable picnic dinnerware
Reward your customers with a rebate when they return grocery bags,
containers for bulk items, or coffee mugs and soda cups to be refilled.
Keys to a Successful Waste Reduction and
Developing an effective waste reduction program for your business
involves three main steps: planning, laying the groundwork, and carrying
out the program as part of your business' daily activities. Here are the tasks
to be carried out at each step.
Planning and Preparation
Study the waste stream and the costs associated
Develop a waste reduction proposal and gain the support of your
Assess employees' interest and encourage their support.
Laying the Foundation
Select a waste reduction and recycling coordinator.
Decide on waste reduction measures, procurement policies, and what
will be recycled.
Locate markets for waste materials, or select a recycling service.
Identify sources of recycled products.
Design a waste collection and storage system.
Getting the Program On-Line
Educate your staff.
Promote and implement the program.
Establish monitoring and evaluation procedures.
Buying Recycled Products
Collecting recyclable items is only the first step in recycling. The loop is not
complete until these items are made into new products and purchased. By
purchasing products that are (1) manufactured from recycled materials, (2)
recyclable, and (3) packaged in recyclable materials, you will help create a
stable market for recycled items. Look for the following items made from
recycled materials the next time your company purchases supplies:
office, copier, and computer paper
stationery and envelopes
tissue, hand towels, and toilet paper
cardboard and paper board containers
lubricating and motor oil
plastic carpeting, lumber, screens, and downspouts construction
Purchasing used, refurbished items instead of new ones helps, too. Look
recharged laser printer cartridges
retreaded tires support.
Used and refurbished office furniture or machinery.