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  1. 1. Cover page
  3. 3. Acknowledgement I would like to express my special thanks of gratitude to my teacher MISS.KANCHAN BINYANI as well as our principal DR. INDU SHAHANI who gave me the golden opportunity to do this wonderful project on the topic SOCIAL ENTREPRENUR (business environment), which also helped me in doing a lot of Research and I came to know about so many new things I am really thankful to them. Secondly I would also like to thank my parents and friends who helped me a lot in finishing this project within the limited time. I am making this project not only for marks but to also increase my knowledge. THANKS AGAIN TO ALL WHO HELPED ME.
  4. 4. Introduction to social entrepreneurship Social entrepreneurs are individuals with innovative solutions to society‟s most pressing social problems. They are ambitious and persistent, tackling major social issues and offering new ideas for wide-scale change. Rather than leaving societal needs to the government or business sectors, social entrepreneurs find what is not working and solve the problem by changing the system, spreading the solution, and persuading entire societies to take new leaps. Social entrepreneurs often seem to be possessed by their ideas, committing their lives to changing the direction of their field. They are both visionaries and ultimate realists, concerned with the practical implementation of their vision above all else.
  5. 5. About Leila Leila Janah is the Founder and CEO of Samasource, a non- profit social business that gives digital work to impoverished people around the world. In her own words she says „I am a social entrepreneur using technology and new business methods to reduce poverty and promote social justice. Currently, I‟m Founder and CEO at Samasource, a non-profit business that connects people living in poverty to microwork — small, computer-based tasks that build skills and generate life-changing income, now part of the broader field of impact sourcing. In 2011, I cofounded Samahope, a crowdfunding site for medical treatments in developing countries advised by the cofounders of Kiva. Samasource and Samahope have been featured widely in publications including The New York Times, CNN, Forbes, and Fast Company.When I‟m not working on Sama ventures, I lend my time as a board member to CARE USA, a leading humanitarian organization fighting global poverty.‟
  6. 6. Background Janah was born on October 9th, 1982 in Buffalo, New York. Janah‟s father sensitized her to the issue of poverty from an early age. She attended the California Academy of Math & Science. She won a college scholarship at 16, but convinced them to let her spend it teaching in Ghana, and attended Harvard University, graduating in 2005 with a degree in African Development Studies. While at Harvard, she consulted to and authored papers for the World Bank's Development Research Group and Ashoka on social and economic rights. Janah left the firm in 2007 to become a visiting scholar at Stanford University with the Program on Global Justice, founded by law professor Joshua Cohen. That year, she co- founded Incentives for Global Health with Thomas Pogge, Leitner Professor of Philosophy and International Affairs at Yale, and Aidan Hollis, a Professor of Economics at the University of Calgary. The organization received its initial funding from the International Business in Development Challenge and the Stanford Social Enterprise Challenge in 2008.
  7. 7. Samasource Samasource is a nonprofit organization whose mission is to alleviate worldwide poverty by connecting unemployed women and youth in impoverished countries to digital work. One of the first organizations to engage in impact sourcing, Samasource uses a proprietary internet-based model called “microwork” to break down large-scale digital projects from clients into smaller tasks for workers to complete. These workers are trained in basic computer skills and paid a fair wage (as determined by the Fair Wage Guide) for their labor. Samasource, a social business that connects over 800 women, youth, and refugees living in poverty to digital work. Samasource, a grantee of the Rockefeller and Mulago Foundations, is a recipient of the Netexplorateur Innovation Prize and has been profiled by CBS, CNN, and The New York In 2010, she was named one of Fast Company‟s Most Innovative Women in Technology. Leila received a BA from Harvard University. Samasource is headquartered in San Francisco, California and maintains a field office in Nairobi, Kenya. The organization currently partners with 10 delivery centers across Haiti, India, Kenya, and Uganda, and has previously paid workers in Pakistan, Ghana, andSouth Africa. As of April, 2013, the organization had impacted 14,100 workers and their dependents in these countries by paying them over $3 million in wages. The prefix “Sama” in the title of the organization and that of its proprietary products, services, and programs is a Sanskrit word, meaning “equal”. Janah has stated that her organization‟s name “refers to leveling the playing field.”
  8. 8. SamaUSA In 2013 Samasource launched a pilot program in northern California called SamaUSA, designed to give low-income community college students digital skills with which they can earn a living. The model focuses on training students to perform digital work competitively, to prepare them for success on online work sites like oDesk and Elance. Leila Janah first introduced SamaUSA in a 2011 TechCrunch article which attracted controversy for its assertion that Americans could compete with African and Asian workers who can afford to take assignments that pay lower fees. Samahope 1 in 8 women die in childbirth in Sierra Leone. Millions more suffer from conditions that could be easily treated with a simple surgery Samahope is a website I launched to crowdfund medical treatments for people who can‟t afford them. Samahope was formed with Dr. Darius Maggi, Shawn Graft and Shivani Garg in 2011 after a visit to Sierra Leone, where I met a group of women who were suffering from complications after giving birth outside of hospitals. We partner with local clinics and hospitals in poor communities with a track record of excellent care and fiscal discipline. Partners post profiles of real patients who have recently received or are waiting for a surgery. You choose the patients you‟d like to fund and donate via PayPal or credit card. Each month, Samahope collects donations for each patient and sends them to the partner performing the surgery. Our partners posts updates on a regular basis so donors may track the progress of the surgeries they fund. It‟s simple: no woman or child should suffer from a preventable condition that modern medicine can fix. Samahope will change the status quo.
  9. 9. HIF The Health Impact Fund (managed by the non-profit Incentives for Global Health) is a new way of stimulating research and development of life-saving pharmaceuticals using monetary incentives. To provide wide access, medicines need to be affordable-but low prices don‟t create strong incentives for innovators to invest in research and development. The Health Impact Fund offers pharmaceutical innovators a supplementary reward based on the health impact of their products, if they agree to sell those products at cost. The proposed Fund is to be financed mainly by governments.
  10. 10. Business model Samasource‟s proprietary technology platform, the SamaHub, breaks down complex data projects from large companies into small tasks that can be completed by women and youth in developing countries with basic English skills after a few weeks of training at delivery centers with which Samasource partners.These delivery centers are required to follow Samasource‟s social impact guidelines, which include reinvesting at least 40% of revenue in training, salaries, and community programs, and hiring workers who were previously earning less than the local poverty line. Samasource and in-country partners collaborate on the recruiting process, which targets women and youth without formal work experience who are earning below a local living wage. The Samahub technology features a five-step quality assurance mechanism that continually gauges the success of each individual worker. Workers are not, however, in direct competition with one another as they are in crowdsourcing models. Samasource‟s staff also makes a point of understanding the skills native to each region so that it can channel projects to centers best equipped to handle them. Samasource currently offers five categories of digital services to its customers, including content moderation, digital transcription, and machine learning. Its clients have included Google, Ebay, Intuit, LinkedIn, and Microsoft.
  11. 11. Impact Samasource measures its impact by capturing longitudinal data on each of its workers, as well by conducting household surveys, wage audits, and interviews with workers after they complete Samasource employment. The Samasource website identifies two key metrics: 1. Total workers paid and trained 2. The change in income per worker As of April 2013, the organization had connected over 3,400 women and youth supporting an average of over three dependents each to paid employment, thereby directly impacting 14,100 people. Samasource workers had collectively experienced an income increase of 114%, and 75% of them had “graduated” from Samasource into “formal employment opportunities”. Samasource‟s data further suggests that the benefits of a living wage reach far beyond financial implications. An impact report published by the organization in 2013 claims that 76% of their workers reported improvement in overall physical health, and several others were more willing to “engage with their communities…this effect is even more pronounced for women.” Third-party studies that have been conducted on Samasource‟s model have reached similar conclusions. A student from the London School of Economics and Political Science found that workers training on the Samahub in rural India improved their problem-solving abilities, their social intelligence, their confidence, and their political perspective. When several workers staged a protest against what they felt were unfair managerial practices at their delivery center, they cited the empowering nature of their new jobs as an inspiration.
  12. 12. Reviews and Accolades Samasource has received numerous awards and grants, including the 2012 Secretary‟s Innovation Award for the Empowerment of Women and Girls and the 2012 TechFellows Award for Disruptive Innovation. The organization was also part of POPTech‟s 2010 Class of Social Innovation Fellows. Leila Janah, founder and CEO of Samasource, was named one of the 50 people who will change the world by WIRED, and one of the 100 most creative people in business by Fast Company. Janah is a frequent speaker and writer on social entrepreneurship, outsourcing, crowdsourcing, and digital work. She is the recipient of a 2011 World Technology Award, a Social Enterprise Alliance Award, and a Club de Madrid award. Janah was named one of the Most Influential Women in Technology by Fast Company in 2009. In 2010, Janah received the Prix NetExplorateur from the French Senate and a World Technology Award for Social Entrepreneurship for her work with Samasource. In 2012, Janah was listed in a Datamation article, 10 Women in Tech Who Give Back for her work with Samasource. Janah serves on the board of TechSoup Global and as an advisor to SpreeTales, a technology startup. She is a recipient of the Rainer Arnhold and TEDIndia Fellowships, and serves on the San Francisco board of the Social Enterprise Institute.
  13. 13. BIBLIOGRAPHY Remarks