The Where of Early Childhood Education The Physical Environment
Objectives <ul><li>The physical environment affects both children and adults </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the importance o...
Effects of the Physical Environment <ul><li>“ Arrangement, organization, size, density, noise level, even the color of the...
The Indoor Environment <ul><li>Fixed features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Room size, square footage per child, shape of the room...
Arranging the Outdoor Environment <ul><li>Fixed outdoor play structures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creative playgrounds </li></...
Developmentally Appropriate Equipment <ul><li>Criteria </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does it support the program’s philosophy? </l...
Developmentally Appropriate Materials <ul><li>Criteria </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are the materials developmentally appropriate...
Teacher-Made <ul><li>The best toys are not always store bought </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dramatic play kits </li></ul></ul><ul...
Helpful Resources and Web Sites <ul><li>Quality in child Care Setting </li></ul><ul><li>Learning centers </li></ul>
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The Where Of Early Childhood Education

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The Where of Early Childhood Education

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The Where Of Early Childhood Education

  1. 1. The Where of Early Childhood Education The Physical Environment
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>The physical environment affects both children and adults </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the importance of the indoor environment with focus on how to use it most effectively to support the development of young children </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the importance of the outdoor environment and how to maximize its potential </li></ul><ul><li>Understand how to adapt the environment meet the requirements of children with special needs </li></ul><ul><li>Learn hoe to select developmentally appropriate equipment and materials for use in the ECE program </li></ul>
  3. 3. Effects of the Physical Environment <ul><li>“ Arrangement, organization, size, density, noise level, even the color of the classroom directly and indirectly invite a range of behaviors from teachers and children.” </li></ul><ul><li>Effects on children </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Classroom environment should support the development of children-what does this mean? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Effects on teachers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 categories of space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Personal belongings, preparation and planning areas, paperwork storage, communication centers </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Indoor Environment <ul><li>Fixed features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Room size, square footage per child, shape of the room, lighting, building materials, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Movable features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Convey purposes of space, limits on behavior, establish boundaries, encourage quiet or active areas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning centers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Combining materials and equipment around common interest areas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Infants and Toddlers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How would this space be arranged differently? </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Arranging the Outdoor Environment <ul><li>Fixed outdoor play structures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creative playgrounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adventure playgrounds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flexible outdoor play components </li></ul><ul><li>Adapting the environment </li></ul>
  6. 6. Developmentally Appropriate Equipment <ul><li>Criteria </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does it support the program’s philosophy? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is the equipment appropriately sized? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it safe? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it durable? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is there room for it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can it be constructed rather than purchased? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it aesthetically pleasing? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it easy to clean and maintain? </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Developmentally Appropriate Materials <ul><li>Criteria </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are the materials developmentally appropriate? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are the materials active? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are the materials open-ended? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do the materials give feedback? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do the materials lend themselves to many possibilities? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are they safe and durable? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are they attractive? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are they non-0sexist and non-racial? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you have a wide variety? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you have duplicates? </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Teacher-Made <ul><li>The best toys are not always store bought </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dramatic play kits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Let’s play store </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Let’s play house </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Let’s play we’re going on a trip in our car </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Let’s play we are fishing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Let’s play we are kings and queens in our own castle </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Helpful Resources and Web Sites <ul><li>Quality in child Care Setting </li></ul><ul><li>Learning centers </li></ul>

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