Supporting Language and Literacy
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Supporting Language and Literacy

on

  • 4,279 views

Language Development Through the Curriculum

Language Development Through the Curriculum

Statistics

Views

Total Views
4,279
Views on SlideShare
4,272
Embed Views
7

Actions

Likes
1
Downloads
57
Comments
0

1 Embed 7

http://www.slideshare.net 7

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Supporting Language and Literacy Supporting Language and Literacy Presentation Transcript

  • Language Development Supporting Language and Literacy Development
  • Theoretical Views of Language Development
    • Behaviorist
      • Language is primarily influenced by external factors such as the modeling and reinforcement of parents and important others
    • Innatist
      • Language is innate, linked to the biological maturation and follows an internal clock, needing to emerge during the “critical age” for language acquisition
        • Deep structure: the underlying rules of grammar that are present is all cultures and languages. The common features of al languages
        • Surface Structure; the specific vocabulary and grammar of specific languages
    • Ineractionist
      • A compromise between both theories. The interactionist sees many factors involved in the acquisition of language
        • Cognitive: language is rooted in cognition and the ability to represent objects mentally
        • Social: language is intimately tied to social processes
  • Components of Language
    • Stages of early language development
      • One word stage (around 16 months)
        • Babbling decreases
        • First words are familiar objects/people
        • Speech may be shortened versions of a phrase
        • Young toddlers may use holophrases ( a message in one word), such as “milk” for “ I want some milk”
      • Two word stage (18-30 months)
        • Telegraphic speech in which words are left out (“baby sleep” for “the baby is sleeping”)
      • Multiword stage (2-4 years)
        • Vocabulary increases dramatically
        • More complex syntax and other semantic knowledge
        • Mistakes show that chidren are working out complex grammar rules
  • Language Systems and Rules
    • Phonology
      • The sounds of words
    • Semantics
      • Meaning of words
    • Syntax
      • Grammatical rules that govern sentence structure (subject-verb agreement)
    • Pragmatics
      • Social rules of language
    • Morphology
      • Word rules such as plurals, tense, etc.
  • Bi-Lingualism
    • Ability of a person to speak in a language other than their native language with a degree of fluency
    • Simultaneous acquisition : when a child is exposed to two languages from birth
    • Successive acquisition : occurs as a child with one language enters a world of a second language
  • What is Bi-Lingual Education?
    • For a great resource on bi-lingual education go to this website
    • Multilingualism
    • And fro information on Two Way Immersion Programs, click here…
    • CAL: Digests: Two-Way Immersion Programs: Features and Statistics
  • Some Guidelines for Second-Language Teaching
    • Understand how children learn a second language
    • Make a plan for the use of two languages
    • Accept individual styles/differences
    • Support children’s attempts to communicate
    • Maintain as additive philosophy
    • Provide a stimulating, active and diverse environment
    • Use informal observations to guide the planning of curriculum
    • Find out about the family
    • Provide an accepting classroom climate
  • Language Skills in Early Childhood Education
    • Articulation
      • How chidren actually say the sounds and words
    • Receptive language
      • What children hear and what they gain when they listen and understand
    • Expressive language
      • What children say , including words, grammar, and elaboration
    • Graphic language
      • “ talk written down”. Learning about print and the written word
    • Enjoyment
      • Knowing the power and the pleasures of language
  • Child-Directed Speech
    • Almost every aspect of the early childhood environment and program facilitates language development. The knowledgeable teacher converses with the children using “child-directed” speech
  • What is Child-Directed Speech?
    • Speaking…
      • With clear pronunciation
      • At a slower rate
      • In shorter sentences
      • And repeating the same utterances, when necessary
      • In a higher than usual pitch
      • With simple words
      • With an exaggerated intonation so that the speech has a sing-song quality
      • In grammatically simple sentences
  • Language Activities
    • Books
    • Poetry
    • Storytelling
    • Flannel board stories
    • Lap board stories
    • Story enactment
    • Puppets
  • Emergent Literacy
    • An awareness that learning to read and write is a dynamic, ongoing, emerging process. All aspects of language-listening, speaking, writing and reading-are all intertwined and develop concurrently, not necessarily sequentially
  • Key Components
    • Rich teacher-talk: engaging chidren in rich conversations
    • Reading: read, read, read, and then read some more. Research continually shows us that reading aloud to children increases their reading ability, plus it’s fun!
    • Phonological awareness: an understanding that speech is made up of units, such as words, syllables, and sounds.The ability to use these when speaking. Playing with language is a way to enhance this.
    • Letter and sound recognitions; association of letters with appropriate sounds
    • Awareness of print and support for emerging reading: understanding that words in print convey a message, that we read from left to right, and that printed words have a corresponding spoken word
    • Early writing development: attempts to imitate writing, such as scribbles and inventive spelling
  • Promoting Literacy Development
    • Whole language Approach
    • International Reading Association : Home
    • And a lot of articles about literacy development are at this website…
    • California Preschool Instructional Networks
  • Language Milestones
    • There are a lot of useful websites for you to look at that give developmental milestones for language development. I like the following one:
    • Language and Speech Development In Children
  • Creating a Print Rich environment
    • Provide plenty of time for using books and other materials
    • Make a space that is quiet and comfortable
    • Have plenty of books and supporting materials
    • Display children’s literary creations
    • Foster children’s reading at home
    • Use books around the room