The Socialization of Children
Gonzalez-Mena, Child, Family, and Community: Family-Centered Early Care and Education, 6e.
©...
SOCIALIZATION

Gonzalez-Mena, Child, Family, and Community: Family-Centered Early Care and Education, 6e.
© 2013, 2009, 20...
FOUR SOCIALIZING AGENTS
•
•
•
•

Family
School
Peer group
Media

Family
School

Gonzalez-Mena, Child, Family, and Communit...
THE FAMILY
All families belong to “subcultures” and
networks that reflect:
• Social class

• Ethnic group

• Kinship

All ...
THE FAMILY (CONT.)
• Families organize
around…
• Occupation or
interests
• “Meaning” circles:
religion, spiritual
social j...
THE FAMILY (CONT.)
Bias is everywhere, it hurts everyone, even those
who perpetuate it. The first step is to become
aware ...
SCHOOLS AS SOCIALIZING
AGENTS
• Continuity from preschool to
kindergarten (or lack thereof)
• Classroom behavioral expecta...
PREPARATION FOR SCHOOL
• Children enter school with a wide range of skills,
background knowledge and life experiences
• Sc...
CHILDREN WHO ARE READY…
• Feel good about
themselves
• Gain knowledge
from their mistakes
• Can communicate
• Can weigh
al...
PEER GROUP AS SOCIALIZING
AGENT

• Pairs

threesomes

small groups

• Choices are affected by gender and
proximity
• “Grou...
MEDIA AS A SOCIALIZING AGENT
•
•
•
•
•
•

Advertising
Print media
Radio
Computers / video games
Movies
Television

Gonzale...
TELEVISION
AND YOUNG
CHILDREN
• Do not expose infants to
television
• Examine your own
television habits
• Reduce risk of ...
COMMERCIAL
ADVERTISING
• Developmental researchers
agree that exposure to media
influences children.
• Commercial interest...
VIOLENCE FACTS
• Average child has seen
8,000 murders and
100,000 acts of violence
during childhood
• Eight of ten program...
EFFECTS OF VIOLENT PROGRAMS

Gonzalez-Mena, Child, Family, and Community: Family-Centered Early Care and Education, 6e.
© ...
LONG TERM LEGACY

Gonzalez-Mena, Child, Family, and Community: Family-Centered Early Care and Education, 6e.
© 2013, 2009,...
RESOURCES ABOUT MEDIA
• Campaign for a Commercial-Free Childhood
(CCFC)
• Effects of TV on Children
• American Psychologis...
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Societal influences on children and families

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Societal influences on children and families

  1. 1. The Socialization of Children Gonzalez-Mena, Child, Family, and Community: Family-Centered Early Care and Education, 6e. © 2013, 2009, 2006, 2002, 1998 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 2-1
  2. 2. SOCIALIZATION Gonzalez-Mena, Child, Family, and Community: Family-Centered Early Care and Education, 6e. © 2013, 2009, 2006, 2002, 1998 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 2-2
  3. 3. FOUR SOCIALIZING AGENTS • • • • Family School Peer group Media Family School Gonzalez-Mena, Child, Family, and Community: Family-Centered Early Care and Education, 6e. © 2013, 2009, 2006, 2002, 1998 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 2-3 Peer Group Media
  4. 4. THE FAMILY All families belong to “subcultures” and networks that reflect: • Social class • Ethnic group • Kinship All of these influence the way children are socialized. Gonzalez-Mena, Child, Family, and Community: Family-Centered Early Care and Education, 6e. © 2013, 2009, 2006, 2002, 1998 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 2-4
  5. 5. THE FAMILY (CONT.) • Families organize around… • Occupation or interests • “Meaning” circles: religion, spiritual social justice • Focus: school / work / survival • Status Gonzalez-Mena, Child, Family, and Community: Family-Centered Early Care and Education, 6e. © 2013, 2009, 2006, 2002, 1998 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 2-5
  6. 6. THE FAMILY (CONT.) Bias is everywhere, it hurts everyone, even those who perpetuate it. The first step is to become aware of privilege as an aspect of bias • Privilege: invisible / unearned assets • Classism: may be hard to see • Racism: individual / institutionalized Do you see yourself as privileged because of your race and/or ethnicity? Gonzalez-Mena, Child, Family, and Community: Family-Centered Early Care and Education, 6e. © 2013, 2009, 2006, 2002, 1998 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 2-6
  7. 7. SCHOOLS AS SOCIALIZING AGENTS • Continuity from preschool to kindergarten (or lack thereof) • Classroom behavioral expectations • Capacity to respond to diversity • Inequity in schools Gonzalez-Mena, Child, Family, and Community: Family-Centered Early Care and Education, 6e. © 2013, 2009, 2006, 2002, 1998 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 2-7
  8. 8. PREPARATION FOR SCHOOL • Children enter school with a wide range of skills, background knowledge and life experiences • Schools aim to socialize children • Goals for children different according to how they are “identified” or “tracked” Gonzalez-Mena, Child, Family, and Community: Family-Centered Early Care and Education, 6e. © 2013, 2009, 2006, 2002, 1998 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 2-8
  9. 9. CHILDREN WHO ARE READY… • Feel good about themselves • Gain knowledge from their mistakes • Can communicate • Can weigh alternatives and make sound choices • Can concentrate and focus • What other qualities can you add? Gonzalez-Mena, Child, Family, and Community: Family-Centered Early Care and Education, 6e. © 2013, 2009, 2006, 2002, 1998 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 2-9
  10. 10. PEER GROUP AS SOCIALIZING AGENT • Pairs threesomes small groups • Choices are affected by gender and proximity • “Group mind” – behavior contagion • Informal learning from peers • Imagination increases with pretend play Gonzalez-Mena, Child, Family, and Community: Family-Centered Early Care and Education, 6e. © 2013, 2009, 2006, 2002, 1998 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 2-10
  11. 11. MEDIA AS A SOCIALIZING AGENT • • • • • • Advertising Print media Radio Computers / video games Movies Television Gonzalez-Mena, Child, Family, and Community: Family-Centered Early Care and Education, 6e. © 2013, 2009, 2006, 2002, 1998 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 2-11
  12. 12. TELEVISION AND YOUNG CHILDREN • Do not expose infants to television • Examine your own television habits • Reduce risk of addiction by avoiding exposure altogether • Watch with children • Do not let TV viewing take place of active play
  13. 13. COMMERCIAL ADVERTISING • Developmental researchers agree that exposure to media influences children. • Commercial interests often disagree with this research. • In 1999, $12 billion was spent on advertising aimed at children. Do you see a disconnect? Gonzalez-Mena, Child, Family, and Community: Family-Centered Early Care and Education, 6e. © 2013, 2009, 2006, 2002, 1998 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 2-13
  14. 14. VIOLENCE FACTS • Average child has seen 8,000 murders and 100,000 acts of violence during childhood • Eight of ten programs contain violence • Prime-time programs average five violent act an hour • Saturday morning cartoons average 20 acts per hour Gonzalez-Mena, Child, Family, and Community: Family-Centered Early Care and Education, 6e. © 2013, 2009, 2006, 2002, 1998 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 2-14
  15. 15. EFFECTS OF VIOLENT PROGRAMS Gonzalez-Mena, Child, Family, and Community: Family-Centered Early Care and Education, 6e. © 2013, 2009, 2006, 2002, 1998 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 2-15
  16. 16. LONG TERM LEGACY Gonzalez-Mena, Child, Family, and Community: Family-Centered Early Care and Education, 6e. © 2013, 2009, 2006, 2002, 1998 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 2-16
  17. 17. RESOURCES ABOUT MEDIA • Campaign for a Commercial-Free Childhood (CCFC) • Effects of TV on Children • American Psychologist Association Website about Violence and Media • TV and Children Gonzalez-Mena, Child, Family, and Community: Family-Centered Early Care and Education, 6e. © 2013, 2009, 2006, 2002, 1998 by Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved 2-17

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