Fostering Creativity Creative Development Through the Curriculum
Creativity can be expressed in many modes and should be nourished accordingly.
Basic principles of creativity are explored and the use of self-expressive materials are discussed.
The importance of play in fostering creativity is emphasized in order to deepen student’s understanding of the significance of play and to equip student’s with information so you can defend the value of play when challenged.
This unit will
Explain why creativity is so valuable in the life of children and why it is so important to nurture it
Provide general recommendations about how to enhance creativity
Provide a wealth of reasons why play is essential in fostering the development of all selves of the child
Recommend general ways teachers can support and extend creative play
Provide practical suggestions for the development of play
What is Creativity? Measures of Creativity
the act of expanding or elaborating on an idea, such as brainstorming
The act of narrowing many ideas into a single, focused point
The ability to generate many relevant ideas on a given topic in a limited time
The capability of adapting readily to change in a positive, productive manner
A receptivity to external and internal stimuli. Creative people have a heightened awareness of their world, their perceptions, feelings, and images.
Click on the following links for an explanation of multiple intelligences
Learning Through Many Kinds of Intelligence
The Process of Creativity: Attitudes That Encourage Creativity
Enjoyment of the sensory experience
Working out fears
Theories of Art Development
Psychoanalytic theory: art is an expression of the unconscious and can be interpreted to give insight into the child’s personality or emotional state
Perceptual theory: suggests that a drawing will focus on what the child perceives as the most important feature
Cognitive theory: assumes children draw what they know
Developmental theory: children's art ability develops through a series of universal stages, and that adult intervention or direct teaching can adversely affect the development. Rhoda Kellog
Basic scribbling: 2 year olds. 20 kinds of markings
Placement patterns: 17 ways in which the picture is framed or placed on the paper
Diagrams (shapes): by age 3.
Combines ( 2 diagrams put together), and aggregates (combination of 3 or more diagrams)
Pictorialism: between the ages of 4-5
Two dimensional graphic arts
Drawing, painting, printmaking
Three dimensional modeling arts
Play dough, clay, collages, woodworking
Music, as a process-rather than a product oriented activity allows for creative expression, develops children’s aesthetic sense, and provides an enjoyable way of introducing concepts and skills. It is also a way to support and learn about children's culture and ethnic groups.
Four Components of Music in ECE Programs
Playing musical instruments
Movement and music
Click on the following link to find some music activities for young children
Music Education for Young Children--Songs and Music Games
Factors that Decrease Creativity
Atmospheres that promote racial, cultural, stereotype or limit ideas
Showing models of art work where children are expected to replicate the example deters them from expressing their own individuality. Who says a tree can’t be purple?
Toys that leave nothing to the imagination: closed-ended types of toys