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The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)
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The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010)

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The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010) presented by the FAA Office of Runway Safety Great Lakes Region

The Successful Cross Country Part 4 (2010) presented by the FAA Office of Runway Safety Great Lakes Region

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  • RUNWAY INCURSIONS CAN HAPPEN AT ANY TIME, ANY PLACE, ANYWHERE.
    HIGH TIME OR LOW TIME PILOTS, RUNWAY INCURSIONS DO NOT DISCRIMINATE.
    NORTH LAS VEGAS RUNWAY COLLOSION, NO FATALITIES, VFR WEATHER, SINGLE ENGINE AIRCRAFT
  • A/C 1 IS MD-80 HOLDING SHORT RUNWAY 12L
    A/C 2 IS JET STREAM TURBO PROP TAXIING ON FOXTROT
    THE MD-80 IS UP TOWER FREQUENCY, THE JET STREAM IS ON GROUND
    JET STREAM IS TOLD TO HOLD SHORT RUNWAY 12L AT BRAVO AND ACKNOWLEDGES
    WHEN THE MD-80 IS IN POSITION AND HOLD ON RUNWAY, JET STREAM IS ABOUT MIDWAY DOWN FOXTROT
    WHEN MD-80 BEGINS TAKEOFF ROLL, JET STREAM IS JUST TURNING RIGHT ON BRAVO
    INCURSION OCCURS 17 SECONDS FROM BRAKE RELEASE.
    JET STREAM SEES MD-80 JUST PRIOR TO INCURSION POINT
    MD-80 IS APPROACHING ROTATION SPEED, JET STREAM IS STOPPED.
    POINT: HIGHLY EXPERIENCED ATC, HIGHLY EXPERIENCED MD-80 AND JET STREAM CREW, THE LATEST SURFACE RADAR TECHNOLOGY ON AIRPORT. THIS INCIDENT IS A GOOD EXAMPLE OF A FAIRLY BENIGN ENVIRONMENT TURNING SOUTH IS QUICK ORDER!
  • DIFFERENT FREQUENCIES
    13 SECONDS FROM THE TIME THE MD 80 TAXIES ONTO THE RUNWAY
    JET STREAM AT THIS POINT CAN’T SEE THE MD 80
  • CLOSEST POINT OF APPROACH.
    THE JET STREAM IS AT RUNWAY EDGE
    THE JET STREAM PILOT READ BACK THE HOLD SHORT INSTRUCTION!
    WHERE ARE THE HOLD MARKINGS AND HOLD SIGN LOCATED AT THIS INTERSECTION?
  • NOTICE JET STREAM ACTUALLY BACKS UP FROM RUNWAY EDGE.
    BUT IS STILL ACROSS THE RUNWAY HOLD MARKING
  • DOESN’T TAKE LONG TO GO FROM OPS NORMAL TO OPS CRITICAL.
    17 SECONDS FROM MD-80 BRAKE RELEASE TO NEAR COLLISION
    13 SECODS FROM THE TIME THE JET STREAM TAXIED ONTO BRAVO UNTIL NEAR COLLISION
  • LESS THAN 50 FEET. THE MD 80 CAPTAIN CLAIMS HE NEVER SAW THE JETSTREAM.
    VIOLATING THE HOLD SIGN AND MARKING AND DISREGARDING HOLDING INSTRUCTIONS NEARLY RESULTED IN A FATAL ACCIDENT
    IN THIS CASE, THE AIRPORT EQUIPMENT WAS STATE OF THE ART, BOTH AIRCREW WERE HIGHLY EXPERIENCED AS WERE THE ATC CONTROLLERS.
    READ BACK HOLD SHORT INSTRUCTIONS AND LOOK BOTH DIRECTIONS.
  • YOU ARE NOT NORMALLY THE ONLY USER OF THE AIRPORT
  • FOR THE JET STREAM PILOT, WHERE DID HIS CAPABILITIES FALL BELOW THE TASK REQUIREMENTS LINE?
    DON’T HESITATE TO ASK FOR HELP FROM ATC. IF NOTHING ELSE, IT WILL PUT THE CONTROLLERS EYES ON YOU.
    AT END OF DAY FATIGUE SETS IN
    ‘GET HOMEITIS’
  • KNOW WHAT IS MEANS.
    KNOW WHY IT IS THERE.
    KNOW WHAT HAPPENS WHEN YOU DON’T COMPLY.
  • THE RUNWAY HOLD MARKING DEFINES THE RUNWAY SAFETY AREA
    A RUNWAY HOLD SIGN WILL ALWAYS BE CO-LOCATED WITH THE MARKING AND ALWAYS LOCATED ON THE LEFT
  • MILAN ITALY, OCTOBER 2001
    CITATION AND MD 80
    122 FATALITIES
  • STL, NOVEMBER 1994.
    LOSS OF SITUALIONAL AWARENESS
    TWO FATALITIES
    TWO AIRCRAFT OPERATING ON THE SAME RUNWAY AT THE SAME TIME..
  • DOYOU HAVE A QUESTION ABOUT THE MEANING OF THIS MARKING AND THE ASSOCIATED SIGN?
    DO YOU NOW THE REQUIREMENTS AND EXPECTATIONS OF YOU AT A TOWERED AND NON TOWERED AIRPORT?
    75% OF THE OPPORTUNITIES FOR LOSS OF LIFE CAN BE ELLIMINATED IF PILOTS UNDERSTAND AND COMPLY WITH THESE SIGNS AND MARKINGS.
    DON’T LET YOUR GUARD DOWN DURING TAXI. LISTEN TO ATC INSTRUCTIONS, READBACK AND COMPLY.
  • Transcript

    • 1. The Successful Cross-Country Part 4 Federal Aviation Administration
    • 2. The Successful Cross-Country Part 4 X Federal Aviation Administration 2
    • 3. Some helpful tips for using this presentation… Most slides of this presentation contain an associated “NOTES” Page. These “notes” are designed as “Instructor’s Talking Points.” They are global in nature and intended to remind the instructor of areas to emphasize and lessons-to-belearned. To ensure all notes are displayed, utilize the scroll down feature. Federal Aviation Administration 3
    • 4. Some helpful tips for using this presentation… To access the NOTES page from the full screen presentation, press Esc on the keyboard and right mouse click the notes page ICON. To return to the full screen presentation with animation, select the full screen ICON. ICON to access the NOTES page ICON to run the full screen presentation with animation and no displayed notes. Federal Aviation Administration 4
    • 5. Some helpful tips for using this presentation… Those slides with a black X on a yellow background in the lower left corner contain no “notes”. Indicates slide has no associated notes section. Federal Aviation Administration 5
    • 6. Part 4 – Lessons 1. The Anatomy of a Close Call X 2. Conclusion Federal Aviation Administration 6
    • 7. This document has been prepared for training purposes only and sets forth general principles and guidance concerning good operating procedures for avoiding surface incidents and runway incursions. It is neither mandatory nor regulatory in nature. X Federal Aviation Administration 7
    • 8. Can’t happen to you? Think again! Federal Aviation Administration 8
    • 9. Actual “close call” A/C 2 A/C 1 12 L F B Federal Aviation Administration 9
    • 10. 1 A/C 2 A/C 1 X Federal Aviation Administration 10
    • 11. 2 X Federal Aviation Administration 11
    • 12. 3 X Federal Aviation Administration 12
    • 13. 4 X Federal Aviation Administration 13
    • 14. 5 X Federal Aviation Administration 14
    • 15. 6 X Federal Aviation Administration 15
    • 16. 7 X Federal Aviation Administration 16
    • 17. 8 X Federal Aviation Administration 17
    • 18. 9 Federal Aviation Administration 18
    • 19. 10 X Federal Aviation Administration 19
    • 20. 11 X Federal Aviation Administration 20
    • 21. 12 X Federal Aviation Administration 21
    • 22. 13 X Federal Aviation Administration 22
    • 23. 14 X Federal Aviation Administration 23
    • 24. 15 Federal Aviation Administration 24
    • 25. 16 Federal Aviation Administration 25
    • 26. 17 Federal Aviation Administration 26
    • 27. Federal Aviation Administration 27
    • 28. Miss distance < 50 feet B 30 R -12 L Federal Aviation Administration 28
    • 29. Taxiing DEMANDS Attention to Detail and TOTAL compliance. Federal Aviation Administration 29
    • 30. TASK Overloaded While Taxiing?… Margin of Safety ASK FOR HELP! Pilot/Aircraft Capabilities Task Requirements Taxi Takeoff Cruise Approach & Landing Taxi Enroute StopTaxi Takeoff Cruise Approach & Landing Taxi Time Line Federal Aviation Administration 30
    • 31. Understand its meaning? Then why not comply? Federal Aviation Administration 31
    • 32. Is it carelessness when taxiing? Neglecting ATC communication instructions? Underestimating taxi speed? Losing situational awareness? X Federal Aviation Administration 32
    • 33. B 12L The runway hold marking defines the boundary of the runway safety area Federal Aviation Administration 33
    • 34. Disregarding its meaning… X Federal Aviation Administration 34
    • 35. Can lead to fatal consequences Federal Aviation Administration 35
    • 36. Neglecting to stop… X Federal Aviation Administration 36
    • 37. Can Produce Unacceptable Results! Federal Aviation Administration 37
    • 38. Stay ALIVE D 22-4 RED…Runway Ahead Federal Aviation Administration 38
    • 39. Questions? X Federal Aviation Administration 39

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