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THE CFI ROLES: Learning, Teaching and Evaluating
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THE CFI ROLES: Learning, Teaching and Evaluating

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THE CFI ROLES: Learning, Teaching and Evaluating, presented by Retired FAA Inspector Diego Alfonso

THE CFI ROLES: Learning, Teaching and Evaluating, presented by Retired FAA Inspector Diego Alfonso

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  • 1. Federal AviationAdministration1SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govFederal AviationAdministrationPRESENTED BY: Diego M. AlfonsoAviation Safety InspectorOrlando Flight Standards District OfficeTHE CFI ROLESLearning, Teaching andEvaluating
  • 2. Federal AviationAdministration2SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govTODAY’S DISCUSSION• OBJECTIVE• STUDENTS AND CFI’S LEARNING AND TEACHINGHABITS.• CFI’S PROPER EVALUATION OF STUDENTS (P.I.T.)• REVIEW• QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.
  • 3. Federal AviationAdministration3SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govOBJECTIVEOBJECTIVE• Help improve the knowledge and proficiency level ofstudents, pilots and ground/flight instructors.• Improve the quality of flight training within the CFIcommunity and flight schools.• Increase awareness among flight instructors of ourinstructional responsibilities.• Significantly help reduce the number of flight trainingincidents and accidents.
  • 4. Federal AviationAdministration4SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govDISCLAIMERDISCLAIMERSTARTED JUST LIKE YOUSTARTED JUST LIKE YOULOST AND BEHINDLOST AND BEHINDI RESPECT THE CFI/CFI TO BEI RESPECT THE CFI/CFI TO BEFAA RECOMMENDATIONS/REGULATIONS VS OPINIONSFAA RECOMMENDATIONS/REGULATIONS VS OPINIONSI WILL NOT DISCUSS THE MERITS OF MY OPINIONSI WILL NOT DISCUSS THE MERITS OF MY OPINIONS
  • 5. Federal AviationAdministration5SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govBACKGROUNDBACKGROUNDAS A PILOTAS A PILOTAS A GROUND/FLIGHT INSTRUCTORAS A GROUND/FLIGHT INSTRUCTORAS A PILOT EXAMINERAS A PILOT EXAMINER
  • 6. Federal AviationAdministration6SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govDiego M AlfonsoDiego M Alfonso407-812-7736407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govdiego.m.alfonso@faa.gov
  • 7. Federal AviationAdministration7SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govFIVE MONKEYS IN A CAGE
  • 8. Federal AviationAdministration8SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govBecause……thats theway it’salwaysbeenaroundhere…
  • 9. Federal AviationAdministration9SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govIs this relevant to today’s flighttraining?Are empirical evidenceand or anecdotalteachings taking place inflight training today?
  • 10. Federal AviationAdministration10SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govEMPIRICAL EVIDENCEEMPIRICAL EVIDENCEDERIVED FROM, OR DEPENDING UPONDERIVED FROM, OR DEPENDING UPONEXPERIENCE OR OBSERVATION ALONE.EXPERIENCE OR OBSERVATION ALONE.PARROTED EXPLANATIONS.PARROTED EXPLANATIONS.
  • 11. Federal AviationAdministration11SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govANECDOTAL TYPE LEARNINGANECDOTAL TYPE LEARNINGA SHORT ACCOUNT OF ANA SHORT ACCOUNT OF ANINTERESTING, OFTENINTERESTING, OFTENBIOGRAPHICAL INCIDENT.BIOGRAPHICAL INCIDENT.
  • 12. Federal AviationAdministration12SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govTHIS CREATES FOUR BADTHIS CREATES FOUR BADSITUATIONSSITUATIONSIT PREVENTS US FROM LEARNING WHAT WENEED TO KNOW WHICH IS USUALLY “BASICKNOWLEDGE”.IT PREVENT US FROM REALIZING WHAT WEDON’T KNOW.IT GIVES BIRTH TO AND PERPETUATESMISCONCEPTIONS.MAY LEAD US INTO BELIEVING THAT WE DOKNOW.
  • 13. Federal AviationAdministration13SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govHOW DOES IT HAPPEN?•TEACHING WHAT WE WERE TAUGHTWITHOUT VERIFICATION.THE KNOWLEDGEMISINFORMATION SYNDROME•THE RED BOOK.•100 HOUR INSPECTION.
  • 14. Federal AviationAdministration14SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govDEFINITION OF TERMS USED INNAVIGATION.RADIALBEARINGCOURSETRACKHEADING33302724361215921180THERE IS A HINT
  • 15. Federal AviationAdministration15SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govWHY?WHERE CAN I READ IT?THE TWO MOST IMPORTANTQUESTIONS IN OUR BUSINESS?THE ANSWER TO THESE QUESTIONS WILLTHE ANSWER TO THESE QUESTIONS WILLBRING US CLOSER TO THEBRING US CLOSER TO THECORRELATION LEVELCORRELATION LEVEL..
  • 16. Federal AviationAdministration16SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govHOW DOES IT HAPPEN?•TEACHING HOW WE WERE TAUGHT.THE FLIGHT INSTRUCTINGMISINFORMATION SYNDROME•TEACHING HOW WE FLY. (UNLESS)DRIVERS VS CFIs.
  • 17. Federal AviationAdministration17SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govTEACHINGAND OR INSTRUCTING.ANALYZE WHAT YOU ARE TEACHING.DETERMINE WHY YOU ARE TEACHING IT.HOW ARE YOU GOING TO TEACH IT?SPINS
  • 18. Federal AviationAdministration18SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govTURNING DURING SLOW FLIGHT.WHAT MAXIMUM ANGLE OF BANK SHOULD BEUSED?HERE IS A HINT.IS NOT SHALLOW.TEACHINGAND OR INSTRUCTING.
  • 19. AC 61-21
  • 20. Federal AviationAdministration20SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govCAN YOU DEFINE SHALLOWSHALLOW BANK TURNS?CAN YOU DEFINE MEDIUMMEDIUM BANK TURNS?CAN YOU DEFINE STEEP BANKSTEEP BANK TURNS?FAA-H-8083-3A A F H DefinitionsFAA-H-8083-3A A F H Medium turnsP T S Slow Flight Task
  • 21. Federal AviationAdministration21SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govTHINGS WE LEARN DURINGSF/MMA.AIRCRAFT REACTION TO EXTENDING ANDRETRACTING FLAPS AND GEAR AT SLOWAIRSPEEDS.WHAT A GO AROUND FROM A FLARE FEELSLIKE.HOW THE AIRPLANE BEHAVES FROM CRUISETO STALL.DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SLOW FLIGHT ANDMINIMUM MANEUVERING AIRSPEED.
  • 22. Federal AviationAdministration22SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govRADIUS AND RATE OF TURN.AIRPLANE LANDING ATTITUDE.REACTING TO AERODYNAMIC FORCES.THE MOST IMPORTANT MANEUVERTHINGS WE LEARN DURINGSF/MMA. (CONT)
  • 23. Federal AviationAdministration23SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govHOW ABOUT“THE EIGHT BASICS” ?STRAIGHT AND LEVELTURNSCLIMBDESCENTALTITUDEHAVE YOU EVER HEARD THE EXPRESSION“THE FOUR BASICS” ?YOU HAVE MASTER THERELATIONSHIP BETWEENPITCHPOWERTURNING TENDENCIESANGLE OF ATTACKLOAD FACTOR.
  • 24. Federal AviationAdministration24SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govLEARNING TO FLY INSTRUMENTVIEW LIMITING DEVISEVISUALIZATIONAPPROACH SEGMENTS2 MOST IMPORTANT THINGS IN INSTRUMENT FLYINGTHE NEXT TWO THINGS
  • 25. Federal AviationAdministration25SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govEVALUATING.3 DIFFERENT STANDARDS3 DIFFERENT STANDARDS•Training StandardsTraining Standards•Personal StandardsPersonal Standards•Evaluation StandardsEvaluation Standards
  • 26. Federal AviationAdministration26SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govTO WHAT LEVEL OF LEARNING MUST WETO WHAT LEVEL OF LEARNING MUST WEEVALUATE?EVALUATE?HOW DO YOU KNOW THE STUDENT HAS BEENHOW DO YOU KNOW THE STUDENT HAS BEENTRAINED TO THE CORRELATION LEVEL?TRAINED TO THE CORRELATION LEVEL?THE MOCK CHECKRIDESTHE MOCK CHECKRIDES
  • 27. Emergency proceduresAirspacePIC ResponsibilitiesDecision MakingJudgmentSystems MalfunctionsLight gun signalsElectrical SmokeMaster ON smoke againMaster & Elec systems OffPassenger sickWhat are the options?Master OFF againNo radio proceduresDeclare an emergency?Where would you go?Chart depiction intrepetation
  • 28. Federal AviationAdministration28SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govCHECKRIDE DEFINITION IN TWOWORDS.ERROR MANAGEMENT.
  • 29. Federal AviationAdministration29SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govREVIEW
  • 30. Federal AviationAdministration30SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govSHOW ME A PILOT THAT CAN’T ANSWER ACORRELATIVE QUESTION & I’LL SHOW YOU APILOT THAT DOESN’T KNOW AND/ORUNDERSTANDS THE SUBJECT MATTER AREA.MY MOTTOSHOW ME A PILOT THAT CAN’T PERFORM APROCEDURE OR MANEUVER, & I’LL SHOW YOUA PILOT THAT DOESN’T KNOW AND/ORUNDERSTANDS THE ELEMENTS OF THE TASKAND/OR LACKS PROFICIENCY.
  • 31. Federal AviationAdministration31SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.gov85 % KNOWINGTHE FORMULA FOR FLYING15 % DOING15 % KNOWING85 % DOINGTHE EYE CAN’T SEE WHAT THE MIND DOES NOTKNOW.OR CAN’T REMEMBER.DR. JUDY WALL
  • 32. Federal AviationAdministration32SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govWHAT IS THE MOST IMPORTANTLINK IN OUR INDUSTRY?THE STUDENT PILOT.
  • 33. Federal AviationAdministration33SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govWHAT IS THE SECOND MOSTIMPORTANT LINK IN OURINDUSTRY?THE CFI.
  • 34. Federal AviationAdministration34SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govFLIGHT INSTRUCTION MUST NOT BE THE BY-PRODUCT OF BUILDING FLIGHT HOURS.BUILDING FLIGHT HOURS MUST BE THE BY-PRODUCT OF FLIGHT INSTRUCTION.Diego M. AlfonsoGOING THE EXTRA MILERULE # 1RULE # 1YOU’LL NEVER KNOW HOW FAR YOURYOU’LL NEVER KNOW HOW FAR YOURSTUDENT WILL GO.STUDENT WILL GO.
  • 35. Federal AviationAdministration35SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govDO NOT TEACH ANYTHING UNLESS YOU’VEREAD IT AND UNDERSTOOD IT FIRST .RULE # 2RULE # 2TEACHING PER PTS
  • 36. Federal AviationAdministration36SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govRULE # 3RULE # 3MUST TEACH THE BASICSMUST TEACH THE BASICSNO EXPERIENCENO EXPERIENCEFEEL FOR FLYINGFEEL FOR FLYING
  • 37. Federal AviationAdministration37SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govRULE # 4RULE # 4TEACH AS MANY GOOD HABITS AS POSSIBLETEACH AS MANY GOOD HABITS AS POSSIBLETEACHING JUDGMENTTEACHING JUDGMENTJUDGMENT IS THE EVALUATION OF EVIDENCEIN THE MAKING OF A DECISION.
  • 38. Federal AviationAdministration38SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govRULE # 5RULE # 5THE CFI’S ROLE IN THE AIRPLANE IS:THE CFI’S ROLE IN THE AIRPLANE IS:A COACHA COACH
  • 39. Federal AviationAdministration39SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govRULE # 6RULE # 6THE GOAL OF A CFI IS:TO DO NOTHING
  • 40. Federal AviationAdministration40SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govRULE # 7RULE # 7THE STUDENT’S GOAL IS TO:THE STUDENT’S GOAL IS TO:KILL THE CFIKILL THE CFI
  • 41. Federal AviationAdministration41SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govIN CLOSINGIN CLOSING
  • 42. Federal AviationAdministration42SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govMAKE SURE OUR JUDGMENT PROCESS ALWAYS SHOWMAKE SURE OUR JUDGMENT PROCESS ALWAYS SHOWTHREE GREENTHREE GREENAND PREVENT THE HINGES OF OUR PROFICIENCY FROMAND PREVENT THE HINGES OF OUR PROFICIENCY FROMRUSTING IN PLACERUSTING IN PLACEWE MUST KEEP THE PROPELLERS OF OUR KNOWLEDGEWE MUST KEEP THE PROPELLERS OF OUR KNOWLEDGEALWAYS SPINNINGALWAYS SPINNINGAND OUR BEAUTIFUL WINGS WILL NEVER LOOSE AAND OUR BEAUTIFUL WINGS WILL NEVER LOOSE AFEATHER.FEATHER.ALWAYS PLENTY OF FUEL FOR THE MISSIONALWAYS PLENTY OF FUEL FOR THE MISSIONALWAYS C A V U WX COMPATIBLE WITH OUR EXP AND LIM.ALWAYS C A V U WX COMPATIBLE WITH OUR EXP AND LIM.VERY STRONG TAIL WINDSVERY STRONG TAIL WINDSBY FOLLOWING THESE STEPS ALL OUR MISSIONS WILL BEBY FOLLOWING THESE STEPS ALL OUR MISSIONS WILL BECOMPLETED SAFELYCOMPLETED SAFELY
  • 43. Federal AviationAdministration43SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govDiego M AlfonsoDiego M Alfonso407-812-7736407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govdiego.m.alfonso@faa.gov
  • 44. Federal AviationAdministration44SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.govQuestions?
  • 45. WHAT KIND OF TOOL IS THE PTS?AN EVALUATION TOOLHOW SHOULD IT BE USED?BY THE INSTRUCTORBY THE P I TBY THE EXAMINER
  • 46. Federal AviationAdministration46SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.gov2012
  • 47. Federal AviationAdministration47SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.gov
  • 48. Federal AviationAdministration48SUN and FUN, Lakeland, FloridaMarch 29, 2012407-812-7736diego.m.alfonso@faa.gov•BEARING- The horizontal direction to or from any point,usually measured clockwise from true north, magnetic north,or some other reference point through 360 degrees.•BEARING- The angle between two imaginary fixed referencelines measured clockwise.he longitudinal axis of the•RELATIVE BEARING- in this case the secondary imaginaryline point to an object. In our world the object is an NDBstation.•MAGNETIC BEARING- in this case the secondary imaginaryline point to MAGNETIC North.•TRUE BEARING- The angle between two imaginary fixedreference one line points to True North and the other onepoints to some other reference on a map or chart.