Takeoffs, Landings and Aircraft Control


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Takeoffs, Landings and Aircraft Control

  1. 1. Takeoffs, Landings and Aircraft Control ProjectA Simple and Informal Guide on How to Conduct a DPE/CFI or Pilot ClinicBy: Todd E. Burk Oklahoma FPM & National APL Lead FY2009 & FY2010Steve Keesey: Oklahoma Airworthiness FPMThis step by step guide is intended to provide some insight to FPMs and FAASTeamRepresentatives on how to establish and conduct the Takeoff and Landings and AircraftControl Clinic. Some may think that this program is oversimplified and too basic and tryto make it more difficult than it is. The key to its success is its simplicity. Remember thattaking off and landing and aircraft control is a basic skill. And it is where we are havingthe most mishaps. This is why we use the keep it simple philosophy and return toevaluating the basic skills required to maintain aircraft control.Dual Purpose of CD contentThis CD/Tool is designed to be first used by the FPM to conduct Train the Trainerspresentations with your core groups of DPE’s and CFI’s from local flight schools 141/61.After concluding these sessions clarify any questions and work to schedule a clinicsponsored by these groups for the pilots based locally. There is no set number ofacceptable clinics to be held. We conduct them throughout the State and people willtravel to participate. Also work with your Airworthiness FPM to establish the Preflightclinics and other activities to be conducted.Note: There will be independent CFI’s who will want to assist as evaluators. It is theresponsibility of the host flight school to know these CFI’s are current and can meet thestandards required to give a valid evaluation to a participant. In some cases the host mayneed to fly with these CFI’s and determine if they still meet the practical and evaluationstandards needed.1
  2. 2. Initial Meeting:Operations and Airworthiness FAASTeam manager should coordinate a meeting withlocal area flight schools, DPE’s and area flight Instructors at least 90 days prior to theproposed pilot clinic date. The meeting should explain the organization of pilot clinicsobtaining sponsors for the Clinic that will provide classroom space, instructionalequipment, food, refreshments, and other activities for families and friends. Encouragethe group to brainstorm about other aviation activities that could be conducted inconjunction with the pilot clinics to enhance aviation safety and education. Encourageinnovation. Hand out a Contact information sheet for everyone at the meeting to fill out.Include at least name phone number and email address. If you don’t have a FAASTeamlead representative in that area have them nominate a lead for the clinic. This person willbe responsible for the conduct of the clinic and delegating clinic organizationalresponsibilities to others.Encourage the group to include pilot’s families in their planning. Often the families areexcluded from these pilot clinics. If you provide aviation activities for the spouses andchildren you have a great opportunity to get them involved in aviation. We highlyencourage you provide other aviation education and aviation safety activities. In the pastwe have had great success with the following activities.Suggested Additional Activities at Pilot ClinicsAircraft Preflight Clinics:Contact a 147 AMT school or Repair Station and ask if they would be willing tosponsor the clinic with personnel and projects. At our last clinic, Metro TechAviation Career Center, a 147 school came out and set up a booth where theyprovided materials, tools, and instruction to allow people to try their hand atinstalling aircraft hardware. People were lining up for a chance to drill, cleco, anduse a rivet gun, install nuts and bolts, and pull safety wire. They were also showedexamples of parts that fail and can usually be identified during a preflightinspection. Ask an engine shop or school to bring out cutaway examples ofengines, engine accessories, and propellers. Use your imagination, the sky is thelimit. These activities give pilots and their companions a better understanding ofaircraft structures, properly installed hardware, and what to look for whenperforming a preflight inspection on their aircraft.2
  3. 3. Static Displays:Static displays of aircraft are always a crowd pleaser. Unusual, new or vintageaircraft on display give an opportunity to see up close and personal what it is thatwe all have a passion for. With some luck this will kindle a person’s interest inaviation. It also is an incentive for clinic participants to stay and in the process seeother educational material.Aviation Youth Education Programs:Contact local radio control flying clubs and ask them to assist with aviation youtheducation programs. Ask if they will be willing to providing static displays ofradio control model aircraft, radio control flight simulators; examples of modelsunder construction. Some of these models are very intricate and you will besurprised how closely they represent their full-scale counterparts. We have foundthat the pilots that participate in the clinics get as much of a kick out of this as thekids and it gives parents a chance to share their love of aviation on a level wherethe child can more readily participate.Aviation Education Programs for non-rated spouses or family members andfriends that fly with the aviators we are trying to reach:I know many non-flying husbands, wives, children, and friends of pilots that mayhave some interest in aviation but no desire to be a pilot. They regularly fly butare not involved in crewmember duties. It is a good idea to include them oneducational topics such as radio, transponder, GPS operations; collisionavoidance; preflight and human factors in aviation; weather avoidance. Includeeducational information on aeronautical decision making, and runway safety.Applying this training will assist pilots for future flights and help to reduce theirworkload.3
  4. 4. Food and Refreshments:One of our sayings is if you feed them they will come. This is true and as a formerfull-time flight instructor I can say that I appreciated every free hotdog and burgerI ever received that kept me from starving. When working with flight schools anduniversities, work with the student body. Often the Schools aviation clubs arelooking for fundraiser activities and can get a local grocer to donate hamburgerpatties, hotdogs; and buns along with chips and condiments to cook and sell at theclinics. Hosting FBOs may donate items or have a pancake breakfast prior to theclinic starting.The key to promoting a safety culture is social networking, you will notice thateating is a highly social activity; people will sit together and start talking abouttheir experiences.Two weeks after initial meeting:Contact all members via email and continue to monitor planning progress, often you willfind those that were appointed lead reps although fantastic resources, do not have theleadership skills necessary to keep everyone engages and ensure that the project plans aremoving ahead. The FPM should check in with the FAASTeam representatives and offerassistance to all involved with the project and see what progress has been made.SPANS NOTICE:Be creative in the titles and be sure to add all sponsors names.ATC COORDINATION / HIGH DENSITY TRAFFIC PLAN/ PRACTICEAREAS:As an example before an APL clinic that we conducted, we met with tower operators andApproach Control and discussed our upcoming activity. We also used the call signCLINIC in addition to the aircraft N-number to identify us as clinic participants. Theincluded PowerPoint contains a slide that gives an example of how you can assignpractice areas using a sectional. For Non-Towered airport be sure to have someonemonitor the local Unicom frequencies.4
  5. 5. BEFORE PILOT CLINIC:Contact lead rep and other Key repsVerify Availability of facilitySet up equipmentTablesBoothsMORNING OF CLINIC:Arrive at least two hours before the clinic to tie up any loose endsAIRCRAFT PARKING:Greet the participants and point them to the registration desk.Local FBO line service, Aviation Tech students and Civil Air Patrol personnel work greatin the ground safety efforts you will want to have in place.ADMINISTRATION PILOT/INSTRUCTOR SIGN IN:Appoint one person as an administrative assistant. They will greet and pair up instructorswith clinic participants. Us the included forms on the CD to help make your event asuccess. These forms will help to reserve the more experienced CFI’s or DPE’s for thehigher rated pilots with the more complex aircraft. Remember, the goal of these clinics isto allow the participants to receive a valid evaluation flight, not allow a CFI to receivedual given in more complex aircraft.5
  6. 6. CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION:Use the provided power point presentation to guide you through the clinic, share personalexperiences and knowledge about the subject areas. You will also notice that there arenotes included in the “notes” section of the PowerPoint presentation. Be sure to practicethis presentation a few times before presenting it at the clinic. Make the presentationinteractive and use it to facilitate a guided discussion amongst the clinic participants andinstructors. Do not just read the slides and send everyone on their way. Take this chanceto dispel any misconceptions that participants may have about aircraft control andoperation.Before pairing up PIC with their evaluating CFI encourage them to take bathroom breaksand drink plenty of water before the flight or take some water with them.Remember this is not a check ride or flight instruction. If a person chooses and if the CFIagrees, one can obtain WINGS Flight credit for the evaluation flight if the pilot (PIC)meets the Practical Test Standards for the evaluation flight.PREFLIGHT:A complete preflight briefing should take place between the Clinic Participant/PIC andthe Clinic CFI/Evaluator. The Clinic Participant/Pilot is the PIC and should be currentand qualified in the aircraft that he/she is operating. Both should discuss…1.) Who is pilot in command2.) VSpeeds3.) Takeoff Data4) Weight and Balance Data5.) Weather and wind conditions6.) Handling of Simulated Emergencies, how to Handle Actual Emergencies7.) Clinic Flight Profile including maneuvers and Practical Test Standards8.) Emphasis on the fact that the Clinic is supposed to be fun, it is a courtesy evaluation.9.) If a participant feels after the evaluation he/she would like some additional flightinstruction, they can schedule with a CFI outside of the clinic at whatever cost is agreedupon.6
  7. 7. PRACTICE AREAS:Discuss suitable practice areas that will be close enough to the host airport that acomplete APL Clinic profile can be completed within a one and a half hour timeframe.Practice areas should be clear of other airspace and high density traffic. You way wish todesignate practice areas that are further away for high performance aircraft and closerpractice areas for slower aircraft. This will allow the APL profile to be completed in aactable time frame. On one of the final slides in the PowerPoint, there is an example ofthe practice areas that we used at an Oklahoma City Pilot Clinic.POSTFLIGHT:After the flight, both CFI and PIC should take a break. This will give the CFI enoughtime to plan his debrief. The CFI should sit down and debrief with the PIC and go overthe maneuvers that were evaluated. A full critique should be planned and conducted. TheCFI should recommend additional instruction on any maneuvers that did not meetpractical test standards.CFI FEES:FPMs and FAASTeam Reps are reminded that the evaluating CFI’s are volunteers andare not compensated for these pilot clinics. A suitable award such as a certificate ofappreciation participations in support of the Federal Aviation Administrations SafetyTeam should be prepared for all those who participate. Encourage sponsors to donate afree breakfast or lunch for participants. These little efforts will encourage participation inthe program and see that they will continue to support the FAASTeam. At one local clinicthe airport FBO offered pilots who participated in the flight portion of the clinic fueldiscounts. These types of sponsors help to increase participation.CFI’s may offer instruction to participants once the flight portion of the clinic has beencompleted. At this point They may then negotiate a fee for their instruction. At that timethey assume the role of pilot in command.7
  8. 8. THANKING PARICIPANTS AND SPONSORS:A suitable award such as a certificate of appreciation participations in support of theFederal Aviation Administrations Safety Team should be prepared for all those whoparticipate.“Minimum Equipment List”:The following is the minimum equipment and facilities that you will need to conductpilot clinics.1.) DPE/CFI & Pilot Training Aid Takeoffs, Landings & Aircraft Control Course CD2.) Classroom Facilities that will accommodate the expected number of participants. Youmay break up into groups and schedules.3.) Computer capable of running PowerPoint, UND Course Videos, LCD Projector orSuitable Large Video Display Screen.4.) Restroom FacilitiesAny questions about this program may be directed to Todd Burk National APL leadtodd.e.burk@faa.gov or call 405-951-4278.8