FAA Safety Team (FAASTeam) Program Manager, Scott Landorf presents Sport Aviation Safety
FAA Safety Team (FAASTeam) Program Manager, Scott Landorf presents Sport Aviation Safety
Presented for: Sun-N-Fun 2012By: Scott R. Landorf A/W FAASTeam ProgramManager, Great Lakes RegionDate: March27, 2012Federal AviationAdministrationSport AviationSafetyFAA Safety Team
Sport Aviation Safety2Federal AviationAdministrationOBJECTIVEThis presentation will familiarize you with Light Sport Aircraftand Light Sport Pilots as well as information aboutExperimental amateur built aircraft and operation.
Sport Aviation Safety3Federal AviationAdministrationOBJECTIVES• Reduction of Sport Aircraft Fatal Accident Rate• What is a Light Sport Aircraft?• What is a Experimental Amateur Built Aircraft• Repairman Certification• Repairman Training• Inspection of Sport/Light Sport Aircraft• Maintenance of Sport/Light Sport Aircraft• Transition training to a Sport Aircraft
Sport Aviation Safety4Federal AviationAdministrationSport Aircraft!• Sport Aircraft populationcontinues to grow each year.• This represents +10% of theentire U.S. fleet of registeredaircraft and over 10% of allactive aircraft in the U.S.• This is quite a performancewhen other segments of GA arecontracting.
Sport Aviation Safety5Federal AviationAdministration• NTSB provides statistics for Amateur Built but not Light Sport• It is probable that some Light Sport accidents are included in this data• 2010 US General Aviation accidents: 1093 total 193 fatal (17%)• 2011 US General Aviation accidents: 1319 total 227 fatal ( 17.2%)• 2010 US Amateur Built accidents: 208 total 55 fatal (26%)• 2011 US Amateur Built accidents: 231 total 55 fatal (24%)ACCIDENT DATA FOR LIGHT SPORT
Sport Aviation Safety6Federal AviationAdministrationScott’s Data as of 2/7/12• Tracking Experimental accidents andIncidents for FY-12• Accidents: 43 Fatalities: 16 of 52 (31%)• Incidents: 65 Persons on board 83– Almost all of them are loss of control during take-offor landing phase of flight.
Sport Aviation Safety7Federal AviationAdministrationLoss of Control• Skill based• Training– Transition training• Proficiency• Managing your risk• Mitigating• Understand the aircraft’s physical limitations
Sport Aviation Safety8Federal AviationAdministrationPreflight• Weather briefing• Density Altitude– Convective weather– Gusty wind– Cross wind• Know your fuel burn and range• Know your fuel situation at all times• Weight and Loading
Sport Aviation Safety9Federal AviationAdministrationStrip Suitability• Know your airfield.• Operating off airports.• Wire strikes – Powered Parachute.• Aircraft that are operating in environmentsthat are not airports are more likely to beinvolved in an accident.
Sport Aviation Safety10Federal AviationAdministrationSPORT PILOT OVERVIEWIn September 2004, the FAA enacted the final ruleestablishing the Light Sport Category of aircraft and theSport Pilot Certificate.This rule inaugurated a new realm of aviation to bringflying to a wider group of participants and establish safetystandards at an acceptable level.
Sport Aviation Safety11Federal AviationAdministrationWHO CAN FLY UNDER THE SPORTPILOT RULE?Pilots holding Sport PilotCertificates.Pilots with Recreation orhigher level privileges.Requirements are found in14 CFR 61 Subpart J.
Sport Aviation Safety12Federal AviationAdministrationMEDICAL REQUIREMENTS UNDER SPORT PILOT RULESee 14 CFR 61.303 for specificrequirements.No medical certificationrequirements for gliders or balloons.For other aircraft, a valid US DriversLicense.Not know or have reason to know ofa medical condition that would makethe pilot unable to operate the LSAin a safe manner.
Sport Aviation Safety13Federal AviationAdministrationCONDITIONS RELATED TOPREVIOUS FAA MEDICALCERTIFICATIONIf the pilot previously applied for anFAA Medical, he / she must havebeen eligible for issuance on theirmost recent application.Must not have had their mostrecent FAA medical denied,suspended or revoked.Must not have had their mostrecent Special Issuance/MedicalCertificate withdrawn.
Sport Aviation Safety14Federal AviationAdministrationDAY NIGHT IFR(Instrument Rated)PRIVATE vs SPORT PILOT LIMITATIONS: WEATHERVFR(less than 3mi vis)VFR(above clouds)VFR(greater than3mi vis)
Sport Aviation Safety15Federal AviationAdministrationPRIVATE vs SPORT PILOT LIMITATIONS: AIRSPACECLASS A(Instrument Rated)CLASS B, C, D(Sport needs endorsement)ABOVE 10,000 MSL(Sport ok if 2,000’ AGL orless)CLASS E, G
Sport Aviation Safety16Federal AviationAdministrationSPORT PILOT LIMITATIONS: TYPE OF FLIGHTSCHARITABLESALESDEMOSWatchThis!CROSSCOUNTRYPASSENGERS(Sport: onlyONE)BUSINESSTOWING(UL or LSAglider)
Sport Aviation Safety17Federal AviationAdministration
Sport Aviation Safety18Federal AviationAdministrationAIRCRAFT CATEGORY ANDCLASS OF LSAAIRPLANE LAND+SEAWEIGHT-SHIFT CONTROLLAND+SEA (“TRIKES”)GYROPLANE POWERED PARACHUTEGLIDERBALLOON + AIRSHIP
Sport Aviation Safety19Federal AviationAdministrationImage from: “A CFI’s Guide To Sport Pilot and Light Sport Aircraft.”– Produced for NAFI by Aviation Supplies & Academics, Inc (ASA), 2010.
Sport Aviation Safety20Federal AviationAdministrationAirplaneWhat is a Light-Sport Aircraft?ELSA Transitioned“Ultralightlike”existing fleetSLSAMeets Definition of LSA(Type Certificated orExperimental)
Sport Aviation Safety21Federal AviationAdministrationLIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT (LSA)CERTIFICATION• Factory built and “Ready To Fly”.• Manufactured to consensus standards.• See 14 CFR 91.327 for Operating Limitations and Maintenance Requirements.SPECIAL LIGHT SPORT (SLSA) AIRWORTHINESS CERTIFICATES (14 CFR 21.190)
Sport Aviation Safety22Federal AviationAdministrationEXPERIMENTAL LIGHT SPORTAIRCRAFT (ELSA) CERTIFICATION• Built from qualified ELSA Kit.• Built in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions.• See 14 CFR 91.319 for Operating Limitations and Maintenance Requirements.EXPERIMENTAL LIGHT SPORT ELSA (14 CFR 21.191i)
Sport Aviation Safety23Federal AviationAdministrationExperimental Amateur Built• Built by a person for education or recreation.• At least 51% of assembly / construction by the private builder.• May be eligible for LSA operation if: (meets definition Light Sport 14 CFR 1).• See 14 CFR 91.319 for Operating Limitations and Maintenance Requirements.EXPERIMENTAL AMATEUR BUILT (14 CFR 21.191g)
Sport Aviation Safety24Federal AviationAdministration• Type certificated aircraft that meet the definition of Light Sport (14 CFR 1).• Examples include Piper J-3, Ercoupe 415-C, Aeronca 7-AC.• EAA website link for complete listing: www.sportpilot.org/learn/aircraft.htmlSTANDARD CATEGORY AIRCRAFTLIGHT SPORT AIRCRAFT (LSA) CERTIFICATION
Sport Aviation Safety25Federal AviationAdministrationSport Aircraft?An ExperimentalAmateur Builtcould be a SportAircraft
Sport Aviation Safety26Federal AviationAdministrationNot All Experimental aircraft areAmateur Built14 CFR 21.1911. Research and Development2. Showing Compliance with Regulations3. Crew Training4. Exhibition5. Air Racing6. Market Surveys7. Operating Amateur Built Aircraft
Sport Aviation Safety27Federal AviationAdministrationPart 103 Ultralight(powered/unpowered)• Hanglider• Paraglider• Trainingexemption holders• Multiengine aircraft• Powered lift• Helicopters• Complex aircraft• Retractable gear (exceptwater operations orGlider)• Controllable pitchpropellerWhat is NOT a Light-Sport Aircraft?
Sport Aviation Safety28Federal AviationAdministrationLight-sport CategoryLight-sport category—certificated as either: Light-sport aircraft (LSA) [§21.190] or For the experimental purpose of operating light-sportaircraft (ELSA) [§21.191(i)]Goal: To maintain anacceptable level ofcertitude for safetyDesign approval is self-attested, base on FAA-acceptedconsensus standards used by the manufacturer
Sport Aviation Safety29Federal AviationAdministrationIssue of a Special AirworthinessCertificate—Light-sport CategoryApplicant must provide the FAA with:• Aircraft’s operating instructions• Aircraft’s maintenance and inspection procedures• Manufacturer’s statement of compliance• Aircraft’s flight training supplementFAA must inspect the aircraft and find it in a conditionfor safe operation• Operating limitations IAW 14 CFR 91.327 and as part of operatinginstructions
Sport Aviation Safety30Federal AviationAdministrationConsensus Standards• Product-specific specifications for testing, development, andmanufacture, including maintenance manuals and ContinuedAirworthiness• Take the place of normal manufacturing and design certifications(e.g. TCs/PCs/STCs)Applicant certifiescompliance onForm 8130-15FAA accepts (not“approves”) thestandard
Sport Aviation Safety31Federal AviationAdministrationWhat Is a Consensus Standard?A consensus standard is an industry-developed standardthat applies to aircraft design, production, andairworthiness. It is accepted by the FAA for the purposeof certificating light-sport aircraft. It includes, but is notlimited to, standards for aircraft design and performance,required equipment, manufacturer quality assurancesystems, production acceptance test procedures,operating instructions, maintenance and inspectionprocedures, identification and recording of majorrepairs and major alterations, and continuedairworthiness.
Sport Aviation Safety32Federal AviationAdministrationASTM-Continued Operational Safety• Owner/Operator Responsibilities– Shall Comply With Manufacturer’s Instructions– Shall Provide Mfg With Current Contact Information– Shall Notify The Mfg of Safety of Flight or SignificantService Difficulty Upon Discovery– Shall Comply With All Mfg. Notices, CorrectiveActions, And CAA Regulations– Shall Ensure Needed Corrective Actions Completed– If Owner Does Not Comply With Mandatory ServiceRequirement, ASTM Considered Not Met.ASTM F2295-06, 5.4
Sport Aviation Safety33Federal AviationAdministrationLight-sport Manufactured OutsideU.S.Light-sport category aircraft manufactured outside the U.S. haveadditional requirementsU.S. must have anagreement with countryof manufacture Bilateral Airworthiness Agreement for airplanes or— Bilateral Aviation Safety Agreement with ImplementationProcedures for Airworthiness, for airplanes
Sport Aviation Safety34Federal AviationAdministrationExperimental Certificates: Purposes§21.191—Various Purposes• Research and Development• Showing Compliance with Regulations• Crew Training• Exhibition• Air Racing• Market Surveys• Operating Amateur-built Aircraft• Operating Primary Kit-built Aircraft• Operating Light-sport AircraftMore on these tocome
Sport Aviation Safety35Federal AviationAdministrationExperimental Certificates:Operating Amateur-Built AircraftCan be built from plansand raw materialsOften built from “quick-build” kitsMajor portion constructed for recreation or education
Sport Aviation Safety36Federal AviationAdministrationExperimental Certificates:Operating LimitationsAll aircraft which receive experimentalcertificates will have operating limitations, as per:14 CFR91.319airworthinesscertificate14 CFR91.327
Sport Aviation Safety37Federal AviationAdministrationDo NOT confuse these!Requirements for certification and allowable operationsfor each are very differentExperimental Certificates: APossible ConfusionAmateur-builtaircraft from akitPrimary kit-built aircraftLight-sportaircraft builtfrom a kit
Sport Aviation Safety38Federal AviationAdministration§21.193, Experimental Certificates:GeneralApplications must include:• A statement of the purpose• Enough data to identify the aircraft• Any information the FAA requires for safetyIf for experimental purposes: Purpose of the experiment Estimate time and number of flights required Geographic test areas Three-view drawings
Sport Aviation Safety39Federal AviationAdministrationDocumentation• Airworthiness/Registration/OperatingLimitations/Placards/Weight and Balance:Must be on board, or theaircraft is not legal to beoperated.
Sport Aviation Safety40Federal AviationAdministrationExperimentalOperating Light Sport Aircraft
Sport Aviation Safety41Federal AviationAdministrationSPECIAL LIGHT SPORT
Sport Aviation Safety42Federal AviationAdministrationSLSA OPERATING LIMITATIONSATTACHED TO AIRWORTHINESS CERTIFICATE
Sport Aviation Safety43Federal AviationAdministrationEXPERIMENTAL LIGHT SPORT
Sport Aviation Safety44Federal AviationAdministrationATTACHED TO AIRWORTHINESS CERTIFICATEEOLSA OPERATING LIMITATIONS
Sport Aviation Safety45Federal AviationAdministrationOperating Limitations…Noncompliance with these operating limitations willrender the airworthiness certificate invalid. Anychange, alteration, or repair not in accordance withthe manufacturer’s instruction and approval willrender the airworthiness certificate invalid, and theowner of the aircraft must apply for a newairworthiness certificate under the provisions of 14CFR § 21.191 with appropriate operating limitationsbefore further flight.
Sport Aviation Safety46Federal AviationAdministrationMarkings – 14 CFR Part 45• Registration Markings– Special LSA – At Least 12 Inches High– Experimental – LSA – At Least 3 Inches High• Placarding - 2 Inches To 6 Inches High:– SLSA – The Word, “Light Sport”– ELSA – The Word “Experimental”Reference AC 45-2
Sport Aviation Safety47Federal AviationAdministrationAirmen Transition toExperimental orUnfamiliar Airplanes• See Advisory Circular 90-109• This advisory circular (AC) providesinformation and guidance to owners andpilots of experimental airplanes and to flightinstructors who teach in these airplanes.
Sport Aviation Safety48Federal AviationAdministrationFlight testing and First Flight, orsecond, third, …….• 90% of the accidents occur on the firstflight.• Unfortunately, most of these accidentshappen to second or third owners.• The main cause of experimental airplanefatal accidents is pilot performanceparticularly in the transition phase to anunfamiliar airplane.
Sport Aviation Safety49Federal AviationAdministrationTransition Training for Pilots
Sport Aviation Safety50Federal AviationAdministration
Sport Aviation Safety51Federal AviationAdministrationTransitioning to a new airplane• Even if a pilot is experienced andknowledgeable, transitioning to a newairplane can still be challenging.• This is especially true in Experimentalairplanes, as system design, switches,controls, operation and indications may bedifferent.
Sport Aviation Safety52Federal AviationAdministrationTAXI TESTS• NOTE: All taxi tests, low and high speed,should be made as if it were the first flight.The pilot should be wearing the properclothing, seat belt/shoulder harness andhelmet and be mentally and physicallyprepared for the possibility of flight.• USE CAUTION: These tests can easily turninto a first flight!
Sport Aviation Safety53Federal AviationAdministrationFlight Testing• Flight test programs serve two purpose:– Ensure aircraft has been adequately tested anddetermined to be safe within aircraft’s flight envelope– Flight test data is used to develop accurate andcomplete Aircraft Flight Manual and to establishemergency procedures.
Sport Aviation Safety54Federal AviationAdministrationFirst FlightHigh Speed Taxi Check
Sport Aviation Safety55Federal AviationAdministrationTHE FIRST FLIGHT• The first flight is an important event for abuilder. As important as it is, it should not beturned into a social occasion.• A ‘‘professional’’ will avoid traps byfollowing the FLIGHT TEST PLAN andinviting only those members of the crewneeded to perform specialized tasks whentesting the aircraft.
Sport Aviation Safety56Federal AviationAdministrationTHE FIRST FLIGHT• A safe and uneventful first flight begins withverifying all emergency equipment andpersonnel are standing by, radiocommunications are functional, members ofthe crew are briefed, weather isideal, and the aircraft is airworthy.
Sport Aviation Safety57Federal AviationAdministrationTHE FIRST FLIGHT• The first flight should be so well-rehearsedby the test pilot and ground crew that the firstflight is a non-event.‘‘Always leave yourself a way out.’’Chuck Yeager
Sport Aviation Safety58Federal AviationAdministrationReady for First Flight?• Private Pilot• 80 TT• Cessna Aircraft• Building for 6 years• Non-Standard engineChevy V8• Non Standard propeller• Need a flight reviewVelocity
Sport Aviation Safety59Federal AviationAdministrationTHE FIRST FLIGHT• The two objectives of the first flights areto determine engine reliability and flightcontrol characteristics.• Under no circumstances should a pilottakeoff in an aircraft with knownairworthiness problems.– The Law of Aerodynamics does not oftenforgive these types of mistakes.
Sport Aviation Safety60Federal AviationAdministrationFirst Flight• Scott, I had my first flight. Attached is a pictureof the plane on its first flight.• On the first flight I had oil pressure issue and oillevel issues. Neither were to big of a problemexcept they added a great deal of concern onthe flight.• Plane flew very well.
Sport Aviation Safety61Federal AviationAdministrationThe First 10 Hours• To re-affirm the first flight• To validate the engine reliability• To build on the dataestablished by the priorflights to be added tothe aircrafts flight manual
Sport Aviation Safety62Federal AviationAdministrationThe First 11+ Hours• To re-affirm the previous flights• Continue to validate the engine reliability• To build on the data established by the priorflights to be added to the aircrafts flight manualto include:– Stalls– Climb and Decent Speeds– Slow Flight– Aircraft Configurations – Flaps, Gears, etc.– Aircraft Stability
Sport Aviation Safety63Federal AviationAdministrationThe First 40 HoursPUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER• OBJECTIVE. To develop aircraft performancedata across the weight and CG ranges
Sport Aviation Safety64Federal AviationAdministrationThe First 40+ HoursPUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER• The pilot should avoid the temptation to take a liveballast weight up for a ride before 40 hours for threereasons:(1) The aircraft has not been proven safe for the highergross weights.(2) The pilot and passenger are at great risk. It is a suresign the pilot has become complacent and sloppy in hisflight test program.(3) The pilot will be breaking a contract (OperatingLimitations) with the U.S. Government, which is knownnot to look kindly on such matters.
Sport Aviation Safety65Federal AviationAdministrationLets look at some forms ofSport Aviation and talk aboutproblem areas.What can you do to promote“Safety”
Sport Aviation Safety66Federal AviationAdministrationAccident ExamplesFuel exhaustionPowered Parachute landedin Valley Forge State Park
Sport Aviation Safety67Federal AviationAdministrationELT 14 CFR §91.207Emergency LocatorTransmitters are not requiredin many cases
Sport Aviation Safety68Federal AviationAdministrationEmergency Parachutes Don’tAlways WorkLow Altitude Acrobatics
Sport Aviation Safety69Federal AviationAdministrationAccident ExamplesWeight and LoadingThis is a flight instructor whomisjudged the vehicle’s climbperformance with the extraweight of a passenger.
Sport Aviation Safety70Federal AviationAdministrationCarburetor Icing…. It happens
Sport Aviation Safety71Federal AviationAdministrationPilot Operating Instructions• Airplanes must have the following sections:– General Information– Airplane and System Descriptions– Operating Limitations– Weight and Balance Information– Performance– Emergency Procedures– Aircraft Ground Handling and Servicing– Required Placards and Markings
Sport Aviation Safety72Federal AviationAdministration
Sport Aviation Safety73Federal AviationAdministration
Sport Aviation Safety74Federal AviationAdministrationMAINTENANCE
Sport Aviation Safety75Federal AviationAdministrationKeep the engine running• Preflight –– Good preflight planning– Good preflight inspections• Don’t tinker with your prop– Use factory settings• Carburetor –– Use factory settings• Old fuel – Auto fuel Shelf life of 90 days,Avgas 120 days.
Sport Aviation Safety76Federal AviationAdministrationIntake socket backwardType 503Intake socket cracks2 strokeIntake socket cracksand over tight 2 strokeOver tightWrong clamps
Sport Aviation Safety77Federal AviationAdministrationMissing Muffler Support Band
Sport Aviation Safety78Federal AviationAdministrationApollo Monsoon TrikeLife Limited Parts“Pit Pin”
Sport Aviation Safety79Federal AviationAdministrationGood DesignGoodNot so Good
Sport Aviation Safety80Federal AviationAdministrationGood DesignGoodNot so Good
Sport Aviation Safety81Federal AviationAdministrationGood Workmanship
Sport Aviation Safety82Federal AviationAdministrationRANS S-15Loose Ballast BagGood Workmanship
Sport Aviation Safety83Federal AviationAdministrationChaffing Fuel LineToo Much RTVGood Workmanship
Sport Aviation Safety84Federal AviationAdministrationQualt 200Search the WebAC43.13-1B
Sport Aviation Safety85Federal AviationAdministrationTransition Training for Pilots
Sport Aviation Safety86Federal AviationAdministrationWithout proper training the results canbe tragic
Sport Aviation Safety87Federal AviationAdministrationThese aircraft may require a significant amount of hours retraining,especially if a pilot hasn’t flown in many years or is unfamiliar with aircraftcharacteristics.Descent profiles, stall and spin awareness & recovery, crosswind landings,slower speeds (VH), and weight / balance should be familiar to the instructorbefore launching out with a student.FLIGHT CHARACTERISTICS MAY DIFFER
Sport Aviation Safety88Federal AviationAdministrationInstruction in anExperimental Aircraft
Sport Aviation Safety89Federal AviationAdministration91.319 Experimental OperatingLimitations• (a) No person may operate an aircraft thathas an experimental Certificate-– (2) Carrying persons or property for compensation orhire.
Sport Aviation Safety90Federal AviationAdministrationLODA – Letter of Deviation Authority• The FAA may issue deviation authority providing relief fromthe provisions of paragraph (a) of 91.319 for the purpose ofconducting flight training. The FAA will issue this deviationauthority as a letter of deviation authority.• (1) The FAA may cancel or amend a letter of deviation authority atany time.• (2) An applicant must submit a request for deviation authority tothe FAA at least 60 days before the date of intended operations. Arequest for deviation authority must contain a complete descriptionof the proposed operation and justification that establishes a levelof safety equivalent to that provided under the regulations for thedeviation requested.
Sport Aviation Safety91Federal AviationAdministration
Sport Aviation Safety92Federal AviationAdministrationMaintenance Training for A&P’s• Transition training• Just as important for mechanics as pilots• Part 65 applies
Sport Aviation Safety93Federal AviationAdministrationSLSA MAINTENANCE• Sec. 65.85Airframe rating; additional privileges• [(b) A certificated mechanic with an airframe rating canapprove and return to service an airframe, or any relatedpart or appliance, of an aircraft with a special airworthinesscertificate in the light-sport category after performing andinspecting a major repair or major alteration for productsthat are not produced under an FAA approval provided thework was performed in accordance with instructionsdeveloped by the manufacturer or a person acceptable tothe FAA. ]
Sport Aviation Safety94Federal AviationAdministrationSLSA MAINTENANCE• Sec. 65.87Powerplant rating; additional privileges.• [(b) A certificated mechanic with a powerplant rating canapprove and return to service a powerplant or propeller, orany related part or appliance, of an aircraft with a specialairworthiness certificate in the light-sport category afterperforming and inspecting a major repair or majoralteration for products that are not produced under an FAAapproval, provided the work was performed in accordancewith instructions developed by the manufacturer or aperson acceptable to the FAA. ]
Sport Aviation Safety95Federal AviationAdministrationLSA Inspections• Special Light Sport (SLSA)– Annual Condition Inspections– Used For Towing or Flight Training• 100 hour inspections• Experimental Light Sport (ELSA)– Annual Condition Inspections
Sport Aviation Safety96Federal AviationAdministrationLight Sport RepairmanThere is One Light Sport Repairman Certificate.Two Ratings:–Inspection–Maintenance14 CFR Part 65.107
Sport Aviation Safety97Federal AviationAdministrationLSA Repairman Certificate• Inspection Rating– Certificate Issued To Aircraft Owner (ELSA Only)• Aircraft Class, S/N, “N” Number– Requires 16 Hours Of Training In Aircraft Class– Suspended Upon Sale Of Aircraft– Privileges• Annual Condition Inspection Of Owner’s Aircraft
Sport Aviation Safety98Federal AviationAdministrationLSA Repairman Certificate• Maintenance Rating– Issued By Class of Aircraft• Not Issued For Gyroplanes– Must Complete Required Training For Class– Privileges:• Annual Condition Inspections (Both SLSA/ELSA)• Maintenance on SLSA Aircraft By Class– 100 Hour Inspections (Towing, Flight Training)– Perform FAA Airworthiness Directives– Perform Manufacturer’s Safety Directives– Major Repair & Alterations» Only By Approval of Manufacturer
Sport Aviation Safety99Federal AviationAdministrationAnnual Condition Inspection• ELSA –– Owner With Inspection Rating– Repairman With Maintenance Rating– Airframe & Powerplant Mechanic– Appropriately Rated Part 145 Repair Station• SLSA –– Repairman With Maintenance Rating– Airframe & Powerplant Mechanic– Appropriately Rated Part 145 Repair Station
Sport Aviation Safety100Federal AviationAdministrationMaintenance-• ELSA– Anyone• SLSA– Repairman: Maintenance Rating• With The Appropriate Class– Airframe & Powerplant Mechanic• Must Meet Part 65.81 – Previously Performed– Appropriately Rated Part 145 Repair Station• Preventive Maintenance– Part 43, Appendix A (c)
Sport Aviation Safety101Federal AviationAdministrationPrecautions101
Sport Aviation Safety102Federal AviationAdministration102Maintenance Manuals• Ground Test.• Check of Liquid Levels.• Re-torque Cylinder HeadNuts.• Re-torque Exhaust ManifoldScrews.• Check of Rewind StarterRope.• Rewind Starter Dismantling.• Rewind Starter Reassembly.Contains Information Such As:Contains Information Such As:
Sport Aviation Safety103Federal AviationAdministrationRotax LMM-912
Sport Aviation Safety104Federal AviationAdministrationSummaryOur safety message is not unique to SportPilots or Sport Aircraft. We encourage theuse of all the safety tools available.
Sport Aviation Safety105Federal AviationAdministrationEAA Flight Advisor program
Sport Aviation Safety106Federal AviationAdministrationEAA Technical Counselor Program
Sport Aviation Safety107Federal AviationAdministrationFAASafety.gov
Sport Aviation Safety108Federal AviationAdministrationHope I did not forget anything !If I did, call me, Scott R. Landorf at (630) 443-3119ThanksThanksfor Havingfor HavingMe!!!Me!!!
Sport Aviation Safety109Federal AviationAdministrationLets not meet by accident!