Profile of the feed the future zone in the south and other regions of bangladesh

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IFPRI Household Survey, Family Welfare Indicator, Inequality, Household Characteristics, Budget Shares, Education, Employment, Assets, Housing, Credit and Savings, Access to Facilities, and Social Safety Net Participation by Income Groups, by Dr. Akhter Ahmed, IFPRI

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Profile of the feed the future zone in the south and other regions of bangladesh

  1. 1. Profile of the Feed the Future Zone in the South and Other Regions of Bangladesh Akhter Ahmed Chief of Party Bangladesh Policy Research and Strategy Support Program International Food Policy Research Institute Workshop on The Feed the Future Zone in the South and the Rest of Bangladesh: A Comparison of Food Security Aspects 16 January 2013 Dhaka
  2. 2. Bangladesh Integrated Household SurveyIFPRI designed the Bangladesh Integrated Household Survey (BIHS) tocreated a baseline for the Feed the Future (FTF) zone in southernBangladesh. This carefully collected data will be a point of referenceagainst which the FTF progress can be measured. The survey will berepeated for mid-term and end-line evaluation of FTF.In addition, this nationally representative survey provides an integrateddata platform to carry out a variety of studies with policy implications forfood security and agricultural development.BIHS has been approved and facilitated by the Government of Bangladesh(Ministry of Food)BIHS sample is: nationally representative of rural Bangladesh representative of rural areas of each of the 7 administrative divisions of the country representative of the FTF Zone of InfluenceBIHS started in October 2011 and ended in March 2012 2
  3. 3. BIHS SamplingThe sampling process and survey administration included the followingsteps: Listed all villages in each of the stratum (7 divisions and the FtF zone of influence) In each stratum, randomly selected villages (PSUs) with probability proportional to size (PPS) sampling using the number of households in the 2001 population census data Conducted complete census in each of the 325 selected villages Randomly selected 20 households from each village from census list Male and female enumerators interviewed, respectively, male and female respondents of each selected household. 3
  4. 4. Sampling of FTF StratumOver-sampled the FTF zone ofinfluence in the BIHS sampling frameto make the sample statisticallyrepresentative of the FTF zone102 primary sampling units (villages)belong to each of the 20 FTF districtsConducted complete census in 102villages; randomly selected 20households from each villageTotal FTF sample size: 2,040households; 8,364 persons 4
  5. 5. BIHS ModulesHousehold demographic composition, education attainment and cost,occupation and employment, dwelling characteristics, assets, credit andsavings, migration and remittances, nonfarm enterprises, safety netparticipationLandownership and tenure; agricultural production, input use and costs(plot-level data); livestock, poultry and fisheries production practices;marketing practices and revenuesFood and nonfood expendituresDietary intakes of individual household membersHealth and morbidity, child care, water and sanitationAnthropometric measurements of all household membersInfant & child feeding practices, immunization, nutrition awareness, careduring pregnancyData to construct Women Empowerment in Agriculture Index
  6. 6. Survey AdministrationFor implementing the BIHS, IFPRI engaged the Data Analysis and TechnicalAssistance Limited (DATA), a Bangladeshi consulting firm with expertise inconducting complex surveys and data analysis. DATA’s capacity to conductsurveys to collect high-quality data was largely built by IFPRI over the past18 years. DATA works under the supervision and guidance of senior IFPRIresearchers.DATA provided 140 experienced enumerators (70 female and 70 male)and 20 supervisors (3 female and 17 male) to administer the BIHS.The training of the survey enumerators consisted of a formal classroomcomponent as well as closely monitored practice fieldwork. The trainingwas conducted by IFPRI researchers and senior DATA staff.IFPRI and DATA took much care to ensure the quality of the householdsurvey data. IFPRI researchers made frequent field visits to supervise thefieldwork.
  7. 7. PROFILE RESULTS 7
  8. 8. Family Welfare Indicator:Percent of people living on less than PPP $1.25/day 70 65.5 60 50 Percent of population 41.8 42.4 40.5 40 38.2 35.8 35.6 34.0 31.0 30 20 10 0 FTF zone Barisal Chittagong Dhaka Khulna Rajshahi Rangpur Sylhet Bangladesh 8
  9. 9. Inequality in Consumption Expenditure (as a proxy for income) Gini coefficients 0.45 0.4480.445 0.443 0.44 0.439 0.4350.435 0.434 0.432 0.43 0.425 0.4250.425 0.424 0.420.415 0.41 FTF zone Barisal Chittagong Dhaka Khulna Rajshahi Rangpur Sylhet Bangladesh 9
  10. 10. Dependency Ratio (Number of household members aged 0-14 years and above 60 years divided by the number of members of working age of 15 to 60 years) 120 110 100 100 100 90 90 80 80 80 70 70Percent 60 40 20 0 FTF zone Barisal Chittagong Dhaka Khulna Rajshahi Rangpur Sylhet Bangladesh 10
  11. 11. Per Capita Monthly Consumption Expenditures 3500 3,090 2,952 3000 2,842 2,660 2,696 2,691 2,692 2,515 2500 1,989Taka/month 2000 1817 1660 1667 1559 1541 1531 1486 1500 1380 1146 1000 500 0 FTF zone Barisal Chittagong Dhaka Khulna Rajshahi Rangpur Sylhet Bangladesh Total expenditure Food expenditure 11
  12. 12. Household Budget Shares 70 60.3 58.9 60Percent of total expenditure 50 40 30 20 9.1 10.3 10 7.7 5.8 8.0 5.5 4.7 4.7 5.6 6.2 4.8 4.4 2.2 1.8 0 FTF zone Rural Bangladesh Food Fuel & lighting House rent Clothing & footware Transport & communication Medical expenses Education Other 12
  13. 13. Food Energy (calorie) Deficient Households 40 36.8 35.3 35 30Percent of households 25 20 17.5 16.5 15 10 5 0 FTF zone Rural Bangladesh Consuming <2,122 kcal/person/day Consuming <1,805 kcal/person/day 13
  14. 14. Calorie Deficient Households by Income Groups: FTF Zone 100 90 80 72.8 Percent of households 70 60 50 45.2 40 29.0 30 20 15.2 12.3 10 0 1 (poorest) 2 3 4 5 (richest) Per capita expenditure quintile Consuming <2,122 kcal/person/day Consuming <1,805 kcal/person/day 14
  15. 15. Food Energy (calorie) Share of Rice 78 77.0 76Percent of total household calorie 74 72.2 72 71.6 71.1 71.1 71.1 70.6 70.0 70 68 66.4 66 64 62 60 FTF zone Barisal Chittagong Dhaka Khulna Rajshahi Rangpur Sylhet Bangladesh 15
  16. 16. FTF Zone: Food Energy-Income Relationship and Energy Intakes from Rice 3000 100 2,462 Percent of total calories from riceCalorie intakes (kcal/person/day) 2500 77 2,340 74 2,185 80 2,063 73 69 2000 1,854 65 60 1500 40 1000 20 500 0 0 1 (poorest) 2 3 4 5 (richest) Per capita expenditure quintile groups Total calories Percent of total calories from rice 16
  17. 17. Adult Literacy Rate of People Aged 15 Years and Over 100 90 80 70 65.9 64.0 Percent of population 65.1 64.3 62.7 59.2 60.5 60.5 58.9 57.6 60 54.9 54.4 53.4 53.3 50.8 50.4 50.9 50 48.2 40 30 20 10 0 FTF zone Barisal Chittagong Dhaka Khulna Rajshahi Rangpur Sylhet Bangladesh Male Female 17
  18. 18. Years of Schooling of People Aged 15 Years and Over 6 5.1 4.8 4.9 5 4.6 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.0 4.0 3.9 4Years of schooling 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.2 3 2 1 0 FTF zone Barisal Chittagong Dhaka Khulna Rajshahi Rangpur Sylhet Bangladesh Male Female 18
  19. 19. No Schooling of People Aged 15 Years and Over 70 60 51.8 48.6 49.4 49.4 48.3 50 46.4 45.9 44.5 41.4 42.4 42.3 40.5 39.5 40 37.8Percent 35.9 36.2 33.9 32.4 30 20 10 0 FTF zone Barisal Chittagong Dhaka Khulna Rajshahi Rangpur Sylhet Bangladesh Male Female 19
  20. 20. Net Primary School Enrolment Rate of Children 100 88.9 91.3 90 85.6 85.4 86.8 86.4 82.6 83.5 82.1 83.0 82.1 80.7 81.4 79.4 80 77.5 77.2 78.0 77.7 70 60Percent 50 40 30 20 10 0 FTF zone Barisal Chittagong Dhaka Khulna Rajshahi Rangpur Sylhet Bangladesh Boys Girls 20
  21. 21. Net Secondary School Enrolment Rate of Children 100 88.9 90 80 75.1 74.4 76.2 72.3 72.7 74.5 72.1 71.6 68.6 70 66.2 64.9 64.2 64.3 63.3 58.6 60 55.3 Percent 49.0 50 40 30 20 10 0 FTF zone Barisal Chittagong Dhaka Khulna Rajshahi Rangpur Sylhet Bangladesh Boys Girls 21
  22. 22. Principal Occupation of Household Head 50 47.5 45 43.3 40Percent of households 35 30 25 20 15 12.3 11.7 11.2 11.4 10 4.7 4.1 4.3 5.1 4.6 4.0 5 0 FTF zone Rural Bangladesh Farming Agriculture day laborer Non-agriculture day laborer Business/trade Rickshaw/van puller Salaried 22
  23. 23. Households with Electricity Connection and Solar Panel 60 56.3 54.4 50.2 49.5 50 47.5 45.3 43.3 42.9 Percent of households 40 30 26.0 20 10.2 10 6.0 7.2 3.6 3.7 3.4 1.9 1.9 1.5 0 FTF zone Barisal Chittagong Dhaka Khulna Rajshahi Rangpur Sylhet Bangladesh Electricity Solar panel 23
  24. 24. Use of Kerosene as the Main Source of Lighting Fuel 80 70.7 70 60 Percent of households 54.5 51.8 48.8 48.0 50 45.1 45.7 43.7 40 37.2 30 20 10 0 FTF zone Barisal Chittagong Dhaka Khulna Rajshahi Rangpur Sylhet Bangladesh 24
  25. 25. Main Source of Cooking Fuel 80 70 67 60Percent of households 53 50 47 43 44 39 38 40 36 37 34 35 35 35 36 31 30 27 24 24 24 22 18 19 20 16 14 15 10 10 6 0 FTF zone Barisal Chittagong Dhaka Khulna Rajshahi Rangpur Sylhet Bangladesh Firewood Dried cow dung Dried leaves/branches 25
  26. 26. Households with Functioning Mobile Phone 90 81.6 80 77.2 74.7 74.1 72.8 70.2 70.1 70.6 70 64.3Percent of households 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 FTF zone Barisal Chittagong Dhaka Khulna Rajshahi Rangpur Sylhet Bangladesh 26
  27. 27. Households with Functioning Mobile Phone by Income Groups: FTF Zone 100 90.2 90 83.3 80 77.3 71.4Percent of households 70 60 51.5 50 40 30 20 10 0 1 (poorest) 2 3 4 5 (richest) Per capita expenditure quintile 27
  28. 28. Households with Types of Latrine 70 66 60 60 53Percent of households 48 49 50 47 46 44 40 37 38 28 28 29 30 25 25 24 25 25 20 21 19 19 19 20 17 17 10 9 10 0 FTF zone Barisal Chittagong Dhaka Khulna Rajshahi Rangpur Sylhet Bangladesh Kutcha Pucca (unsealed) Sanitary (water-sealed) 28
  29. 29. Participation in Social Safety Net Programs 30 24.6 25 22.7Percent of households 20 15 10 6.3 5.7 6.4 5.1 4.5 5.1 4.6 4.4 5 4.3 3.7 2.0 2.6 2.0 2.3 2.3 1.5 0 FTF zone Rural Bangladesh Primary school stipend School feeding Secondary education stipend Old age allowance Allowance for widows Gratuitous relief OMS VGD VGF 29
  30. 30. Targeting Effectiveness of Selected Safety Nets 60 50 49 Percent of households 40 353737 31 31 30 27 26 26 2525 24 24 23 24 23 23 22 22 22 21 19 18 19 20 20 18 16 16 15 1413 14 10 8 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 0 1 (poorest) 2 3 4 5 (richest) Primary school stipend Secondary education stipend Old-age allowance GR OMS VGD VGF EGPP 30

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