IFPRI CSISA - Technology Pipelines, Products and Policies in the Seed Sector
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IFPRI- CSISA organized a one day high level policy roundtable on Sustainable Intensification in India’s Risk-Prone Ecologies: Investment strategies for productivity growth, resource conservation, ...

IFPRI- CSISA organized a one day high level policy roundtable on Sustainable Intensification in India’s Risk-Prone Ecologies: Investment strategies for productivity growth, resource conservation, and climate risk management” on May 19, 2014 in New Delhi.

This roundtable, brings together a high-level small group of individuals from the corporate, government, and research sectors to address one of India’s most urgent challenges to food security and economic growth—how to encourage private sector investment in accelerating productivity growth in India’s risk-prone ecologies while simultaneously conserving the environment.

There are solutions already in farmers’ fields and rural markets that respond to these challenges, and this Roundtable will highlight recent advances, for example: innovative financial products and information services for small-scale farmers; diagnostic tools for managing water and soil nutrient scarcity; custom-hired resource-conserving machinery for small farms; crop diversification and high-value marketing strategies; and stress-resistant wheat and rice varieties. But the search for solutions is far from complete. This Roundtable is meant to engage participants in a rapid-fire discussion of recent technical solutions in Indian agriculture, the prospects for policy change, and corporate outlooks for the next five years. The purpose is to help public and private sector players to identify common investment strategies, forge partnerships, and chalk out collaborative efforts to effect technological, market, and policy improvements in India’s risk prone ecologies.

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IFPRI CSISA - Technology Pipelines, Products and Policies in the Seed Sector Presentation Transcript

  • 1. 19May14 Innovative Technologies for Rice Productivity & Sustainability May19, 2014 Ramanathan Vairamani
  • 2. What am I covering today? Mega Trends Opportunity – Rice Hybrids & Value proposition DuPont Pioneer Footprint in Rice R&D Novel Hybrid Creation Technology The need for Herbicide Tolerance Technology Technology Pipeline & the need for clear Policy
  • 3. Food Security – A Big challenge for the Country 6/10/2014 3 1.2 bn 1.6 bn 2050Current Population 235 mn MT 390 mn MT Food Need 1988-89 2008-09 2010-11 185.1 182.4 182 Agriculture land is shrinking
  • 4. Rice: Largest Indian Food crop with potential Demand – Supply gap of 5MM Mt by 2026 6/10/2014 4 90 109 115 96 106 110 -30 20 70 120 2007 2017 2026 Demand Projections Supply Projections Ref - http://www.indiastat.com/article/40/rajesh/fulltext.pdf Solution: Produce more from each acre Solution: Produce more from each acre Food Security – Rice
  • 5. Hybrid Rice – A Technology to improve Productivity 6/10/2014 5 0.88 1.16 1.48 1.28 1.6 1.76 2 2.5 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 Millions Hybrid Rice Area (MM Hectares) • 6% Rice acreage under hybrids • Central / Eastern India with major hybrid acreages • Other Geographies yet to take off Good growth but still a long way to go! • Consistent yield increase of +1MT/ha • Protection from disease and pests • Higher milling recovery What is needed to drive hybridization across India?
  • 6. 6/10/2014 6 DuPont – Pioneer Efforts to Deliver Solutions for Rice Farmers DKC – Driving ag growth by developing science solutions tailored to Indian market  Biggest network of Rice Breeding & Testing locations to deliver hybrids suitable for local conditions  > 200 Scientists working on Rice – Breeding and Biotech Rice Breeding Footprints Focus on bringing novel technologies to deliver products with high yield, disease/ pest resistance & high milling quality
  • 7. Hybrid Rice Creation Systems 3-line CMS •Germplasm Utilization limitation •Stable Seed Production system – independent of environment 2-line EGMS •No Germplasm Utilization Limits •Seed Production system – dependent on environment
  • 8. What is Seed Production Technology? • Innovative solution for hybrid rice seed production • Uses naturally-occurring recessive nuclear gene required for pollen formation • Produces parent lines that do not shed pollen • Efficient process for bulk-producing female parent seeds
  • 9. SPT Maintainer With transgene (pink) Without transgene (white) Seed Color MarkerFertility Restorer Non-Functional Pollen Contains construct of three linked recombinant genes 1:1
  • 10. The Solution to Better Hybrid Rice  Expands rice germplasm pool available to breeders  Improves yield potential and product quality Requires breeding investments  Uses a transgenic process (Maintainer with SPT cassette) only to produce female parental seed  Need for an appropriate regulatory policy/process
  • 11. Water-Efficiency in Rice Cultivation System of Rice Intensification-AWD, Madagascar Aerobic Rice – Rainfed Direct Seeding Wet Dry •Rice/Wheat Zero tillage
  • 12. Slides from IRC, Vietnam 2010 on SRI
  • 13. Why Very Low Adoption Rates? Weeds Labour Technology Herbicide Tolerance Seeders Suitable varieties Issues Solutions
  • 14. STAGE-A Product concept STAGE-B STAGE-C STAGE-D STAGE-E STAGE-F Pre launch Discovery Trait characterization & development Regulatory Science Breeding & Testing Wide testing & Agronomy refinement New product for customers Conventional hybrids Biotech traits Farmer field testing Research Development Application Responding to market realities Increase Value Proposition Decrease Execution Risk 8 year Complexity of seed innovations and commercial pipeline Seed movement Hybrid registration Biotech Regulatory IP & PVP Exports Clarity? Harmony? Predictability? Implementation & Monitoring? Single window process?
  • 15. Summary Mega Trends Opportunity – Rice Hybrids & Value proposition Novel Hybrid Creation Technology The need for Herbicide Tolerance Technology – Sustainability of Rice Production - Water/Labor Technology Pipeline & the need for clear Policy