Introduction To H1N1


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Introduction To H1N1

  1. 1. What is Swine Flu Swine Flu Impact and Current Status How serious a threat is it What should we do about it
  2. 2. Influenza or Flu is an infectious disease caused by certain type of virus. The most common symptoms of disease are chills, fever, sore throat, cough etc. Regular flu virus undergo small change each year and spread in each season. These genetic changes in virus ensure that each year the human body has to fight a new virus and is not able to develop complete immunity. New medicines are often needed to fight the
  3. 3. Swine flu is caused by a virus formed as a result of large genetic mutation. Because of this large genetic mutation, people have little immunity against the virus. This is leading to a fast spread of virus. The virus includes genetic material from a virus that causes flu in swine, hence the name.
  4. 4. The virus spreads through: Coughing or sneezing of infected people. Sometimes by touching something with flu viruses. Swine flu symptoms are similar to regular flu. Hence detection requires special test. Medical advice should be sought if symptoms persist or complicate.
  5. 5. What is Swine Flu Swine Flu Impact and Current Status How serious a threat is it What should we do about it
  6. 6. Being a new strain, the virus is very communicable. Swine flu has in past 6 months spread across the globe. Americas account for roughly half of the total infections. Tropical countries are witnessing rising infections. The young and people with existing health problems account for nearly 50% of total infections. However, most people get mild infections and recover with minor medical care. Hospitalization rate is 2-5% of infected people. 5500 confirmed cases have been reported in India (as of 10th Sep)
  7. 7. Globally 2837 deaths reported implying a mortality rate of 1.11 % However, in developing countries such as India and Brazil, the mortality rate is higher . 150 deaths reported in India with a mortality rate of 2.7%. World Swine Flu Spread Status
  8. 8. Karnataka and Maharashtra (especially Bangalore and Pune) account for majority of deaths in India. Karnataka has reported high mortality rate of 6%. However, actual mortality and complication rates would be lower as most cases go undetected. Because of selective testing of only severe cases. So, mortality rate of 6% would be mainly among people who developed severe complications. Around 170 cases/ day are still being reported in India. So, we need to be on guard. Flu is spreading to more parts of India.
  9. 9. Swine flu was declared a Pandemic couple of months back as it had affected people across the globe (and not because it was likely to lead to doomsday) It has passed the Peak stage in countries where it originated as cases have been on the decline in US, Mexico. Mutation of the virus leading to more critical conditions was a concern. However, virus mutation has not happened. The infection affected India only in last 30-45 days and is likely passing through peak of its spread. Infection cases are likely to decline in coming months.
  10. 10. What is Swine Flu Swine Flu Impact and Current Status How serious a threat is it What should we do about it
  11. 11. World TB Incidence and Mortality % 94 23% 92 22% Over 90 lakh people get 90 21% affected by this communicable In Lakh 88 20% disease. 86 19% 84 18% Mortality rates are as high as 82 17% 20%. 2001 2004 2007 TB incidence TB Mortality % Incidence and Mortality of some other major viral/ bacterial diseases in World* 2500 Lakh Malaria and Dengue continue to 500 remain most serious dangerous Lakh threats in tropical countries. 14 Lakh Hepatitis infects all sections of 12.5 Lakh 10 Lakh 0.3 Lakh the society and its cases have been growing in the last Hepatitis A Dengue Malaria Incidence Deaths decade. *Data based on WHO estimates for recent years (Not to Scale)
  12. 12. Incidence and Mortality of some major viral/ bacterial diseases in India* 17 Lakh 19 Lakh While TB remains the most serious communicable disease 11 Lakh in India, Hepatitis and Malaria also infect significant 3.3 Lakh NA ~ 1,000 population. Actual cases and impact of Hepatitis B Malaria TB Incidence Deaths diseases is expected to be *Data based on WHO estimates for recent years (Not to Scale) higher. How much media attention If Swine Flu is not the biggest health threat to the to these diseases? is it goes country then why getting so much publicity? The virus being highly communicable could potentially affect a large proportion of the population. Hence the concern was justified to certain extent. Being a new disease, there was low understanding about its impact. People are afraid of what they do not understand, hence the extra
  13. 13. What is Swine Flu Swine Flu Impact and Current Status How serious a threat is it What should we do about it
  14. 14. Take hygiene seriously. Use hand cleaners regularly. Maintain a healthy lifestyle. Sensitive population group (pregnant women, people with respiratory problems etc.) need to take extra care. Keep sick children home from school, daycare, camp, etc. Stay home if you are sick. See a doctor, minimize spread of germs. It is important to not to precautions ifrecoverare in contact Take hygienic panic, most people you by themselves or with with sick people. basic medical care on being infected.
  15. 15. Gain more understanding about the disease, its prevention and cure. There is a wealth of information available on Government and WHO websites to help you. Swine flu is your knowledge in your social circle. concerned Share also causing indirect damages to the society. As citizens we have a role to mitigate all the related challenges. Did you know that India collects 6-7 Million units of blood a year for a demand of 9 Million units? Swine flu and its rumors have led to various companies and donors shying away from donations. Serious shortages are expected in coming months. If we do not step up then more people might die of blood unit shortages than of flu itself.
  16. 16. Sankalp is a completely voluntary organization. Aimed at making blood donations 100% voluntary And at improving the blood donation experience to make them regular donors. Sankalp has been in operation since last 6 years. Single point anytime access to blood request management throughout Karnataka via helpline 1062/ 9480044444 Sankalp Emergency Team has become a last resort for people looking for blood. Has never let a blood request go unanswered. Sankalp helps organize regular blood donations across corporate and colleges. Already in touch with over 70 companies and numerous colleges. Looking for more volunteers and corporate initiatives. Visit
  17. 17. For more information contact: +91-9880132850 Let’s Give Life a Better Chance