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  • 2. Trade Unions Formed to protect and promote the interests of their members Primary function is to protect the interests of workers against discrimination and unfair labor practicesObjectives: Representation (Workers’ Interests) Negotiation (Collective Bargaining) Voice in decisions (Lay off, Retrenchment) affecting workers Member Service (Education, Training, Welfare, Discounts, Loans)Functions: i) Militant functions, (ii) Fraternal functions
  • 3. Importance of Trade Unions For industrial peace  Decisions taken through the process of collective bargaining and negotiations between employer and unions are more influential  Effective communication between the workers and the management Economic development  Recruitment & selection  Discipline among workforce  Settlement of ID in rational manner
  • 4. Purpose of Trade Unions Employment Protection and Job Creation. Economic Protection. Social Status - Identity. Political Role - Democratic Institution Societal Obligation - Transformation. Competitiveness / Sustainable Development.
  • 5. Why do people join Union?  Greater Bargaining Power  Minimize Discrimination  Sense of Security  Sense of Participation  Sense of Belongingness  Platform for self expression  Betterment of relationships
  • 6. Multiple Unions: Causes  Membership related Issues  Discontent  Leadership Related Issues  Avenues, intra union fights, leadership issues  Political Issues  Regional, Organizational Limitations  Legal
  • 7. Multiple Union: Solution Suggested: One Industry - One Union You may have any number of registered unions  Recognition is the key
  • 8. SPECIFIC FUNCTIONS OFUNIONS Wage & salary bargaining Fight for continuous improvement in employee benefits Improving working conditions at work place Improving welfare, healthcare & recreation facilities, and leisure at workplace Increasing rest periods, holidays, paid leave and time-offs
  • 9. SPECIFIC FUNCTIONS OFUNIONS Decreasing working hours, work load esp. manual, and hazardous working conditions Improving career and salary rise prospects & job security Protecting employees against arbitrary / unjust actions of Management
  • 10. Major Trade Union Organizations AITUC (All India Trade Union Congress) Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU) Hind Mazdoor Sabha All India Council of Central Trade Unions All India United Trade Union Centre United Trade Union Centre All India federations of banks, insurance, railways, defence, telecom, airline and airports. Centre of Indian Trade Unions -president M.K. Pandhe
  • 11. Present Central Trade Union Organizations All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (BMS) Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU) Hind Mazdoor Kisan Panchayat (HMKP) Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS) Indian Federation of Free Trade Unions (IFFTU) Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC) National Front of Indian Trade Unions (NFITU) National Labor Organization (NLO) Trade Unions Co-ordination Centre (TUCC) United Trade Union Congress (UTUC) United Trade Union Congress - Lenin Sarani (UTUC - LS)
  • 12. Problems for Trade Union Growth  Off-Centering Labour  Segmentation of Workforce  Core / Periphery  Employment Instability  Investment Attraction  Individualisation of Labour Relations  Labour Cost Cutting  Leadership Credibility/ Inside vs. Outside leadership  Failure of Institutions  Emergence of Non-union firms/ E-union/ Cyber-union