Trade Unions Formed to protect and promote the interests of their members Primary function is to protect the interests of workers against discrimination and unfair labor practicesObjectives: Representation (Workers’ Interests) Negotiation (Collective Bargaining) Voice in decisions (Lay off, Retrenchment) affecting workers Member Service (Education, Training, Welfare, Discounts, Loans)Functions: i) Militant functions, (ii) Fraternal functions
Importance of Trade Unions For industrial peace Decisions taken through the process of collective bargaining and negotiations between employer and unions are more influential Effective communication between the workers and the management Economic development Recruitment & selection Discipline among workforce Settlement of ID in rational manner
Purpose of Trade Unions Employment Protection and Job Creation. Economic Protection. Social Status - Identity. Political Role - Democratic Institution Societal Obligation - Transformation. Competitiveness / Sustainable Development.
Why do people join Union? Greater Bargaining Power Minimize Discrimination Sense of Security Sense of Participation Sense of Belongingness Platform for self expression Betterment of relationships
Multiple Unions: Causes Membership related Issues Discontent Leadership Related Issues Avenues, intra union fights, leadership issues Political Issues Regional, Organizational Limitations Legal
Multiple Union: Solution Suggested: One Industry - One Union You may have any number of registered unions Recognition is the key
SPECIFIC FUNCTIONS OFUNIONS Wage & salary bargaining Fight for continuous improvement in employee benefits Improving working conditions at work place Improving welfare, healthcare & recreation facilities, and leisure at workplace Increasing rest periods, holidays, paid leave and time-offs
SPECIFIC FUNCTIONS OFUNIONS Decreasing working hours, work load esp. manual, and hazardous working conditions Improving career and salary rise prospects & job security Protecting employees against arbitrary / unjust actions of Management
Major Trade Union Organizations AITUC (All India Trade Union Congress) Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU) Hind Mazdoor Sabha All India Council of Central Trade Unions All India United Trade Union Centre United Trade Union Centre All India federations of banks, insurance, railways, defence, telecom, airline and airports. Centre of Indian Trade Unions -president M.K. Pandhe
Present Central Trade Union Organizations All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (BMS) Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU) Hind Mazdoor Kisan Panchayat (HMKP) Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS) Indian Federation of Free Trade Unions (IFFTU) Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC) National Front of Indian Trade Unions (NFITU) National Labor Organization (NLO) Trade Unions Co-ordination Centre (TUCC) United Trade Union Congress (UTUC) United Trade Union Congress - Lenin Sarani (UTUC - LS)
Problems for Trade Union Growth Off-Centering Labour Segmentation of Workforce Core / Periphery Employment Instability Investment Attraction Individualisation of Labour Relations Labour Cost Cutting Leadership Credibility/ Inside vs. Outside leadership Failure of Institutions Emergence of Non-union firms/ E-union/ Cyber-union
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