India is 2 nd largest producer of sugarcane next to Brazil
4 million hectares land
70 tonnes per hectare
India single largest producers of traditional cane sugar Sweetners, Khandsari and Gur
Various Products from Sugarcane Sugarcane Gur Molasses Baggasses -Most popular in India - Its used in Ayurvedic medicine
- Used as cattle food
Used in alcohol
Used as replacement of coal in specialized boilers
Used to produced elctricity
Used for producing paper and ceiling
Around 355,520,000 tones per year
35 million farmers
46% - White Crystal 42% - Khandsari/Gur 10% - Juice
2.2 percent of country's
total cropped area.
25,000 kg of water to produce 100 kg
FAO report sharp shortfall of sugarcane in 2009.
World Sugar Balance 2008/09 (min tonne, raw value) 2007/2008 (min tonne, raw value) Production 161.527 168.611 Consumption 165.801 162.241
Industrial Perspective Sugar is Rs. 30,000 crore industry. 50 million employment generated by 571 sugar factories. 2006 to 2008, 9.5 million tonnes of sugar exported.
ISMA, sugar production in 2008-09 is decline by 43 per cent to 14.7 million tones from 26.4 million tones in the previous year
Ethanol in Brazil
Brazil is 2 nd largest producer of ethanol.
In 2008 Brazil produced 24.5 billion litres of ethanol
37.3% of world’s total ethanol used as fuel.
45% Brazilian vehicles uses ethanol.
2008 statistics Country Sugarcane production in tonnes Production of Ethanol in gallons Brazil 514,079,729 6,472.2 India 355,520,000 66.0
With second largest in sugarcane India can produce around gallons per year.
India imports 70% of its annual crude petroleum required which is approx. 110 million tons.
Expenditure on crude purchase is in the range of Rs 1600 billion per year.
Ethanol made from sugar cane would be "100% green".
Ethanol reduces emissions of carbon monoxide, toxic chemicals - resulting in better overall air quality.
Water is major problem.
Farmers who have ready
access to cash or credit,
irrigation and water supply,
fertilizer and pesticides
can farm sugarcane.
In Maharastra - 60% of water is used to irrigate 500,000 hectares of sugarcane
- This means other crops get little water or no water at all.
India current sugar season with production 16-16.5 million tonnes, whereas demand is at 22 million tonnes , Larger part of the sugar cane was used for making gur . Industrial Perspective
The country has contracted to import 3.8 million tonnes of sugar so far 1.8 million tonnes have arrived Old and inefficient methods of production. Transport delay Maximise the use of baggase .
India's cost of sugar production is one-fourth of that in Europe. India is the fourth lowest cost sugar producers
Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative (SSI) Improving the productivity of land, water, and labour reduce crop duration, providing factories a longer crushing season produce at least 20% more sugarcane while reducing water by 30% and chemical inputs by 25%.
Farmers Innovation(Suresh Desai) 75% water reduction, without use of chemicals and pesticides . 40 tonnes per acre can be raised to 60 tonnes Only 300 members in his club with approximately 1,500 acres of land.
‘ water channels (three) water channels (six) water channels (two)’
Growing Biodynamic Sugar cane in India Growing sugar cane amongst rice paddy and vegetable crops Developed a way to open up canes to allow more light , plus increase production for a smaller plant out . Decrease water wastage, kill monoculture, provide extra income.
Government declared the new policy on August 20,1998 licenses for new factories, which shows that there will be no sugar factory in a radius of 15 km.
Setting up of Indian Institute of Sugar Technology at Kanpur
In 1982, the sugar development fund was set up for modernization of the industry.