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+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0
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+++Eastern drilling services safety manual rev1 0

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  • 1. REVISION HISTORY Rev No. Effective Date Description Prepared by Reviewed By Approved By 1.0 01 Oct 08 First Release Waqas Uddin Asim Pervaiz Kashif Rehman Disclaimer: Any thing contained in this manual shall not be used against Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd in any event including those of injury and loss of life and property. Eastern Drilling Services HSE&Q Manual
  • 2. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 1 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................................... 3 HSE&Q POLICIES ......................................................................................................................... 4 1. Health, Safety & Environmental (HS & E) Policy ..................................................................................4 2. Employee Security Policy.............................................................................................................................5 3. Driving Policy................................................................................................................................................6 4. Service Quality Excellent Policy .................................................................................................................7 5. Risk Management Policy..............................................................................................................................8 6. Substance Abuse Policy................................................................................................................................9 7. Information Security Policy.......................................................................................................................10 HSE & Q MANAGEMENT SYSTEM...........................................................................................11 1 Commitment and Leadership....................................................................................................................12 2 Polices and Objectives................................................................................................................................12 3 Organization and Resources......................................................................................................................13 4 Contractor and Supplier Management.....................................................................................................14 5 Risk Management........................................................................................................................................15 6 Design and Planning...................................................................................................................................17 7 Implementation and Monitoring ..............................................................................................................19 8 Audit & Management Review...................................................................................................................20 INJURY PREVENTION & SAFE CONDUCT AT WORKPLACE STANDARD......................21 1 Objective ......................................................................................................................................................21 2 Scope.............................................................................................................................................................21 3 Responsibility...............................................................................................................................................22 4 Training & Competencies..........................................................................................................................22 5 Horseplay......................................................................................................................................................22 6 Housekeeping ..............................................................................................................................................22 7 Third-Party Equipment..............................................................................................................................23 8 Lone Workers..............................................................................................................................................23 9 Alcohol, Drugs and Firearms....................................................................................................................26 10 Pinch Points.................................................................................................................................................26 11 Evacuating the Workplace.........................................................................................................................27 12 Avoiding Common Injuries.......................................................................................................................27 PERSONNEL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT STANDARD ..................................................... 30 1 Objective ......................................................................................................................................................30 2 Scope.............................................................................................................................................................30 3 Responsibilities............................................................................................................................................30 4 Training and Competency .........................................................................................................................31 5 PPE Minimum Requirements ...................................................................................................................31 HEALTH STANDARD ................................................................................................................. 32 1 Scope.............................................................................................................................................................32 2 Responsibilities............................................................................................................................................32 3 Definitions....................................................................................................................................................33 4 Training & Competencies..........................................................................................................................34 5 Health Requirement from Contractors....................................................................................................34 6 Health Risk Assessment.............................................................................................................................35 7 Vaccinations.................................................................................................................................................35
  • 3. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 2 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. 8 Smoking........................................................................................................................................................35 9 Promotion of a Healthy Lifestyle .............................................................................................................36 10 First Aid Supplies & Equipment ..............................................................................................................36 11 Incident Reporting......................................................................................................................................36 12 Health Assessment Management..............................................................................................................37 CHEMICAL & HAZADOUS MATERIAL HANDLING STANDARD ..................................... 38 1 Objective ......................................................................................................................................................38 2 Scope.............................................................................................................................................................38 3 Responsibility...............................................................................................................................................38 4 Training & Competencies..........................................................................................................................38 5 Handling in Logistics..................................................................................................................................38 6 Handling at Wellsites..................................................................................................................................38 7 Reporting......................................................................................................................................................39 FIRE PREVENTION & MITIGATION STANDARD ............................................................... 40 1 Objective ......................................................................................................................................................40 2 Scope.............................................................................................................................................................40 3 Responsibility...............................................................................................................................................40 4 Site Design and Evaluation........................................................................................................................41 5 Fire Prevention............................................................................................................................................42 6 Fire Mitigation .............................................................................................................................................44 7 Fire Training and Competency .................................................................................................................48 8 Reporting and Records...............................................................................................................................49 9 Compliance Monitoring.............................................................................................................................50
  • 4. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 3 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. INTRODUCTION Implementation of highest international HSE Standards is at the core of Eastern Drilling Services. By strictly enforcing corporate HSE&Q policies EDS Employees, at all levels work in an active culture of HSE and Quality. Each employee is responsible to report any incident/accident (no matter how slight) to his/her supervisor or manager immediately, as well as anything that EDS repair or appears to be a safety hazard. Failure to adhere to the Company’s policy can result in disciplinary action, up to and including termination of employment. This EDS Safety Manual • outlines the basic Company Safety and Health Program, • establishes the minimum safety rules and working procedures all employees are required to follow, and • Describes practices and procedures to minimize occupational injuries and illnesses and to control hazards.
  • 5. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 4 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. HSE&Q POLICIES 1 Health, Safety & Environmental (HS & E) Policy HS & E is the backbone of any business, particularly the service business. Short term and long- term business success of EDS depends on our ability to continually improve the quality of our services. Efforts ensuring human health, operational safety, environmental protection, quality enhancement and community goodwill are the key for success. This commitment is in the best interests of our customers, our employees and contractors, our stockholders and the communities in which we live and work. EDS required the active commitment to and accountability for HSE from all employees and contractors. Line management has a leadership role in the communication and implementation of, and ensuring compliance with, HSE policies and standards. We are committed to: • Ensure Quality & HSE conformance; • Strive for improvement of the health, safety and security of our people at all times; • Meet specified customer requirements and ensure continuous customer satisfaction; • Set Quality & HSE performance objectives, measure results, assess and continually improve processes, services and product quality, through the use of an effective management system; • Plan for, respond to and recover from any emergency, crisis and business disruption; • Minimize our impact on the environment through pollution prevention, reduction of natural resource consumption and emissions, and the reduction and recycling of waste; • Apply our technical skills to all HSE aspects in the design and engineering of our services and products; • Communicate openly with stakeholders and ensure and understanding of our HSE policies, standards, programs and performance. Reward outstanding HSE performance; • Improve our performance on issues relevant to our stakeholders that are of global concern and on which we can have an impact, and share with them our knowledge of successful HSE programs and initiatives. This Policy shall be regularly reviewed to ensure ongoing suitability. The commitments listed are in addition to our basic obligation to comply with EDS standards, as well as all applicable laws and regulations where we operate. This is critical to our business success because it allows us to systematically minimize all losses and add value for all our stakeholders. Kashif Rehman CEO, Eastern Drilling Services. 15th April, 2008
  • 6. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 5 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. 2 Employee Security Policy EDS will conduct its businesses in a low profile and professional manner, providing optimum protection to its employees and assets in events of political or criminal aggression. The exposure to violence, blackmail, threats, kidnapping or civil war exits worldwide and our employees can be exposed to such events. Although we believe that personal security is the personal security is the responsibility of each one of us, EDS’s Employee Security Policy recognizes, particularly for those employees who are in unfamiliar environments, the need for the company to provide critical support to our individual efforts. The Policy consists of the following actions detailed in the Employee and Asset Security standard: • Guidelines on good security practices to our employees and their families. • Assessment of potentially hazardous situations jointly with our customers. • Definition of risk level and performance of security audits by a third party, if required. • Preparation of relevant protection and evacuation plans. • Coordinated Response in the event of security related incidents. Line management is responsible for the implementation of the EDS Employee Security Policy with the support of the HSE and Risk Management organization in cooperation with our customers and national authorities. Kashif Rehman CEO, Eastern Drilling Services. 15th April, 2008
  • 7. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 6 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. 3 Driving Policy Driving is the activity that presents the greatest potential risk for accidents in EDS. This policy addresses this risk to ensure that standards for driving qualification and practices are followed, to ensure the safety of our employees and contractors throughout the world. This policy also provides the foundation for building a driver improvement program. The following shall be implemented in all locations. Journey management and driving standards shall document details of the requirements in each program. Driver Training and Qualification: Only approved personnel and contractors are allowed to drive vehicles, including company- owned or leased vehicles. Approval is granted to drivers who have been assessed as competent drivers annually. These training programs must be documented. Seat Belts: As a condition of employment, all employees and contractors must wear seat belts at all times when driving a vehicle, and they must ensure that all other vehicle occupants are also wearing seat belts. Journey Management: An active journey management program that complies with the applicable standard must be in place for journeys initiated from town or field locations. Each location’s journey management program shall address all local driving conditions and identified risks. Substance Abuse: Driving a vehicle while under influence of alcohol or any drugs or narcotics is strictly prohibited and subject to disciplinary action including termination as stated in the EDS Substance Abuse Policy. Cellular Phone: Drivers should neither initiate nor answer a cellular phone call or message whilst driving a vehicle, regardless of whether a hands free device is available or not. Cellular phone may be left on during a trip to alert the driver of an incoming call or message; however the vehicle must be brought to a complete and safe stop before responding. Disciplinary Action for violating this policy can result in disciplinary action up to and including termination. Kashif Rehman CEO, Eastern Drilling Services. 15th April, 2008
  • 8. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 7 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. 4 Service Quality Excellent Policy EDS is committed to pursuing highest standards of Excellence in all our business processes. It is policy of the company to: • Comply with all applicable laws and regulations of the areas within which we operate or exceed compliance where our stated expectations require. • Conduct all operations in a manner that promotes safe work practices and minimizes risk to our employees, our communities and the environment. • Implement the programs, training and internal controls necessary to achieve our goals. Objective: To achieve complete internal and external customer satisfaction and to conform to mutually agreed requirements the first time, every time, while protecting the well being of all personnel, assets and the environment. The objective is achieved through a commitment to understanding and applying defined business processes, complying with established standards and implementing continual improvements. Paramount attention will be given to achieving error free processes, products and services and maintaining a safe environment. Commitment: We empower each employee to take appropriate action to ensure compliance with this policy and objective. This Policy and the associated Objective and Commitment statement describe the targets we have set ourselves in achieving Excellence. The principles described in associated standards define the EDS expectations that must be incorporated into the culture of in order to achieve Excellence. Kashif Rehman CEO, Eastern Drilling Services. 15th April, 2008
  • 9. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 8 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. 5 Risk Management Policy People, property, earning capacity and reputation are key determinants of EDS’s future. Their development, preservation and security are essential for growth and long-term survival. EDS seeks to protect and preserve both its tangible and intangible assets from loss or damage that could materially affect its ability to fulfil its commitments and discharge its responsibilities to its customers, employees, shareholders, and the communities in which it operates. EDS also seeks to assume, and manage, risk associated with strategic business opportunities that may leverage its domain knowledge and its intellectual, technical and financial capital. Effective implementation of the risk management process improves the quality of decision- making in the face of uncertainties. The risk management process should operate efficiently and consistently so that appropriate and reliable reporting of risk management practices can be made when so required. EDS engages in a process of risk management to: • Identify and assess risk and opportunities associated with EDS’s business activities • Identify & use appropriate risk management tools, training and techniques that facilitate & enhance the quality of decision – making • Select and implement cost – effective risk control measures to avoid or reduce undesired exposure to loss or unwanted volatility • Encourage a spirit of entrepreneurship such that natural tendencies toward risk aversion are tempered by awareness that measured risk assumption is a significant component of improved profitability; and • Implement appropriate risk financing & risk transfer strategies (including, but not limited to insurance) to offset the effects the effect of any losses or unwanted volatility, so that the lowest sustainable cost of risk is obtained over the long term. Commitments to acquire new business; to allocate resources to geographically or politically challenging zones; to launch new business activities; or to accept a typical or non – conventional contractual term & conditions must be supported by reasoned and reportable risk analyses – to support the appropriate management approval process. Line Managers have the primary responsibility and accountability for identifying and assessing operational risk. They also have the primary responsibility for implementing appropriate risk control measures where the cost/benefit has been demonstrated. Evaluation of risk control options is performed in close liaison with the business support functions, notably HSE, Risk Management, and Legal & Contract Management. The Risk Management Team and the Finance function have the shared responsibility for designing, proposing and maintaining appropriate risk financing & risk transfer strategies. Kashif Rehman CEO, Eastern Drilling Services. 15th April, 2008
  • 10. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 9 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. 6 Substance Abuse Policy The EDS Substance Abuse Policy is a general statement of the principles regarding alcohol, controlled substances and drugs use throughout the world. Managers of business units are responsible for establishing and implementing compliance programs and standards for their units which are consistent with this policy and which take local conditions and practices into account. Business unit compliance programs and standards must comply with all local legal requirements and should be designed so as to fully address local customs and practices and be consistent with accepted codes of conduct in the environment in which the business unit operates. The following guidelines can be used to assist business units in establishing Standards for the management and implementation of EDS Substance Abuse Policy. The Standard should: • Define prohibited drug and alcohol use. • Define words such as; controlled substance, drug, test, use, possession, company property, company business. • Define the limited exceptions to these prohibitions such as the use of prescribed drugs, the moderate and responsible consumption of alcohol at company business or social functions or in connection with business travel or entertainment and the authorization procedures and any journey management requirements for such exceptions. • Provide that drug and/ or alcohol tests be conducted only under the following Circumstances; pre-employment; re-employment; after an accident; reasonable suspicion of drug and alcohol abuse; under client program; after a rehabilitation program; and in compliance with laws and regulations. • Provide safeguards to reasonably protect the privacy of persons tested and to ensure the accuracy of such tests. • Include a program for assisting employees with a drug or alcohol related condition. • Provide for disciplinary action including termination of employment. • Establish employee education and awareness programs. • Establish appropriate management approval procedures in advance of testing, searches and/or disciplinary action. Kashif Rehman CEO, Eastern Drilling Services. 15th April, 2008
  • 11. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 10 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. 7 Information Security Policy Information is the foundation of our business. Protection of confidential information, whether belonging to EDS or to others who have entrusted such information to us, is essential to our reputation and to the survival of our business, This information can be in many forms: physical, electronic, and intellectual (such as know-how), and can relate to any part of the businesses of EDS. Common examples include tool designs, application source code, marketing plans, clients’ reservoir information and operating results. EDS employees are not to disclose confidential information to any unauthorized person, either intentionally or by accident. Unintentional disclosure of confidential information can be just as harmful as intentional disclosure and employees should be alert to the possibility of inadvertent disclosures which could occur in social settings or in the course of normal interactions with customers and other business associates. Employees are to be adequately trained and then expected to protect confidential information by adhering to the Information Security standards and procedures related to their use, administration, or support of information technology resources. Information Security will publish and update standards and procedures that apply to all employees and operations. The HSE function will continue to participate in information security risk identification and mitigation process at operational sites. Personnel remains responsible for properly initiating new and terminating exiting user accounts, as well as the deployment of employee education, supported by the Information security function. The ultimate responsibility for information security lies with the line management of each Product Line. They are to ensure it is addresses as a critical business issue by providing the leadership and resources required in their respective organizations. Management should ensure the organization’s compliance to the Information Security Standards through regular measurement of security results and audit of risk mitigation activities. Violations of this policy can result in disciplinary action, including possible termination. Kashif Rehman CEO, Eastern Drilling Services. 15th April, 2008
  • 12. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 11 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. HSE & Q MANAGEMENT SYSTEM The EDS HSE&Q Management System defines the principles by which we conduct our operations in regard to the health and safety of our customers, employees, contractors and communities where we work and the protection of the environment. The following HSE plan is structured in line with the 8 elements of the EDS HSE&Q Management System. The structure had been taken from the International Association of Oil and Gas Producers but with the one additional element, that is, the Contractor and Supplier Management Commitment & Leadership Æ − Commitment − Leadership Policy Statement Æ − Policies − Objectives Organization and Resources Æ − Organization Responsibilities − Organizational Structure − Training & Competencies − Information Management − Standards & Guidelines Contractor & Supplier Management Æ − Contractor & Supplier Evaluation, Qualification & Selection − Contractor & Supplier Management and Performance Risk Management Æ − Definitions − Risk Management Process − Control Measures − Management of Change Design & Planning Æ − Asset Integrity − Planning − Emergency Response Implementation & Monitoring Æ − Performance Review − Event Reporting & Management − Compliance Monitoring − Corrective Action and Continuous Improvement − Recognition Programs − Records Audit & Management Review Æ − Audits − Management Reviews
  • 13. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 12 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. 1 Commitment and Leadership EDS management shall provide strong visible commitment, leadership and personal involvement in HSE&Q programs. The company’s proactive HSE&Q culture shall be understood, shared and practiced by all employees as an integral part of everyday business. Fundamental to this culture is the belief that all losses to people, property and process result from management failure and thus are preventable. Management shall make available the resources necessary to achieve our objectives. 1.1 Commitment Managers are required to demonstrate visible commitment to HSE&Q and provide the necessary resources to develop and maintain an active HSE&Q Management System throughout the organization. 1.2 Leadership Managers are required to provide strong, visible leadership and actively participate in the continuing drive toward a corporate culture that places HSE&Q equal in importance to the other critical business objectives. Visible leadership includes setting a personal example in everyday work and actively contributing to HSE&Q activities such as audits, site visits, etc. Managers are responsible for maintaining a culture of HSE awareness so that prevention of accidental risk and loss to process is a recognized and integral part of our daily activities. Managers shall also encourage the involvement of all employees and empower them to develop and implement solutions pertinent to HSE issues at their site. 2 Polices and Objectives HSE&Q policies, objectives and targets shall be defined, deployed and maintained at all relevant levels and functions in the organization. 2.1 Policies Managers are responsible for defining and implementing HSE&Q policies that meet applicable internal and external requirements. All employees are required to adhere to the company’s HSE&Q policies as a condition of employment. 2.2 Objectives Managers are required to identify and set HSE&Q performance targets. These targets shall be communicated to our customers, employees and contractors. The employees and contractors shall be informed about what is required of them to achieve these targets. Programs are in place to assess HSE&Q performance against the set objectives. All employees are set personal HSE&Q objectives each year.
  • 14. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 13 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. 3 Organization and Resources Management shall define and communicate organizational responsibilities. Management shall identify and provide the resources necessary to implement and improve processes, to carry out defined tasks, to achieve defined objectives and address customer satisfaction. 3.1 Organizational Responsibilities Line managers shall be responsible for HSE&Q. All employees shall be individually responsible and accountable for all HSE&Q issues relating to themselves or others with whom they associate. Line managers are required to ensure that all employees have job descriptions which match actual responsibilities and that these descriptions are clearly communicated. 3.2 Organizational Structure A HSE&Q coordinator is in place as required to support management’s HSE&Q role and responsibilities. In addition, operational facility has a Loss Prevention Team, which meets regularly, and deals with specific HSE&Q issues at their location. 3.3 Training and Competencies Recruiting and training programs are required to be implemented to ensure that all employees are competent to meet their responsibilities. The competence requirements of all positions shall be assessed and updated as necessary. All employees are required maintain an up-to-date HSE&Q passport. Recruiting Systems shall be in place to identify and recruit suitable candidates. Orientation All newly hired personnel shall receive general and job-specific orientations in HSE&Q prior to their first work assignment. Employees transferring to new positions or locations shall receive formal orientation about specific HSE&Q issues related to their new environment. Training On-the-job and formal training shall be provided to fulfil the competence requirements of all job functions. All training programs are required to be periodically assessed for quality and effectiveness, and the latest technology shall be employed to ensure that these training programs remain best in class. Each employee must undergo Minimum HSE&Q training, which is identified depending on his or her job task, location, legislative requirements and personal training sets. Within 3 months of being employed with the company, all employees are required to complete Minimum HSE&Q Training Modules. In addition, and depending on the employees Job Description, Job Specific Training is required to be completed. All training certifications are recorded in employee database and the employee’s HSE&Q passport.
  • 15. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 14 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. 3.4 Information Management Effective communications processes are required to be in place to ensure free circulation of information throughout the organization. Effective two-way communications is to be maintained with customers, contractors, relevant government agencies and third parties. Active participation in professional organizations shall be encouraged and maintained. Validity Processes are required to be in place to ensure that information is valid and current. Communication of policies, standards and procedures shall be clearly communicated to those concerned, and the effectiveness of this communication is required to be verified on a continuous basis. Any changes in HSE&Q documentation are communicated to employees regularly via email and training courses. Bridging documents HSE&Q bridging documents are required to be established as necessary to ensure a coherent approach between all operating parties, including client and contractors. Information security EDS shall protect and preserve all electronic data including customer data. 3.5 Standards & Guidelines Standards shall be defined for all HSE&Q activities and for all business activities, which present a significant risk to our personnel. Equipment and product specifications shall systematically incorporate HSE&Q requirements into all stages of design and development. Management is required to ensure that these standards and specifications are maintained at all times. 4 Contractor and Supplier Management Suppliers and contractors shall be managed to ensure that their products and services meet applicable EDS HSE&Q Policies & Standards. 4.1 Contractor Evaluation, Qualification and Selection All suppliers and contractors are required to be evaluated, qualified and selected based on their ability to deliver a quality product or service in a safe, healthy and environmentally acceptable manner. 4.2 Contractor Management
  • 16. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 15 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. Suppliers and contractors shall be managed to ensure that their HSE&Q performance conforms to contractual requirements. To this end, a system shall be in place to encourage effective communications between EDS and its suppliers and contractors. 4.3 Contractor Performance Mechanisms for monitoring contractor HSE&Q performance are required and shall be implemented. Good HSE&Q performance shall be expected and recognized and contractors shall be actively involved in the continuous improvement process. Excellent practices identified shall be promoted throughout EDS. Poor HSE&Q performance shall not be tolerated and may result in early termination. 5 Risk Management EDS shall continually evaluate the HSE&Q risks to our workforce, customers and the environment. Comprehensive risk assessment shall provide the necessary information to reduce these risks and mitigate the impact of our operations on health, safety, environment and quality. 5.1 Definitions HSE&Q definitions are required to be used and understood throughout the organization. 5.2 Risk Management Process Systems are required to be in place to ensure the: − Identification of hazards associated with our products and services − Assessment of risk − Identification of appropriate prevention and mitigation activities. HSE&Q risks associated with every product used, manufactured, sold or transported by EDS or its contractors shall be assessed, and systems shall be in place to incorporate risk assessment in all EDS activities. Employees shall receive formal training in Risk Management. Communication Employees, customers, contractors and all relevant third parties are required to be informed of hazards and risks and the required prevention and mitigation measures. Accountability Systems shall be in place to communicate the assessed risks to the appropriate, accountable level of EDS management, commensurate with the magnitude of the assessed risk. All related decisions should be clearly documented.
  • 17. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 16 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. All operational locations shall use a standard process of Operational Hazard Identification analysis for HSE&Q loss prevention and continuous progress towards a Zero Defect culture. For routine high risk hazardous working procedures a formal Operational Hazard Identification process shall be undertaken. For other working procedures with lower risk the Job Safety Analysis process shall be used. The Permit to Work system shall be in operation at all operational facilities and will apply to all high-risk tasks. Employees will be part of any Permit to Work system being used by our customers during customer’s projects. A formal process shall be followed in order to grant and control exemptions to EDS policies, standards, procedures and work instructions. 5.3 Control Measures Prevention and mitigation control measures are required to be implemented and then verified. Prevention and mitigation controls include safety training, Permit to Work Systems for non- routine activities, pre-job safety meetings and Standards. All EDS employees are expected to comply with the EDS Personal Protective Equipment Standard. EDS employees involved in logistics shall be familiar with the applicable legislation relating to the packaging, labelling, transportation, storage, handling of Hazardous Substances and Dangerous Goods. When transporting Hazardous Substances and Dangerous Goods, only third party companies certified in the transportation of Dangerous Goods and Hazardous Substances shall be used. 5.4 Management of Change Processes are required to be in place to ensure that appropriate prevention and mitigation control measures are applied so that risk is minimized to an acceptable level in the case of temporary changes resulting in particular from: − Standard but non-routine operations − Temporary impossibility to apply standard risk minimization measures − New activities − Temporary changes in risk level due to external factors An exemption system shall be in place to ensure that in the case normal prevention and mitigation measures are temporarily not applicable, alternative measures are defined and implemented in a controlled manner. In particular an exemption register shall be kept to record such deviations, their cause, the alternative measures taken, and their formal approval. 5.5 Fatigue
  • 18. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 17 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. In EDS, driving has been identified as the company’s biggest risk and fatigue has been identified as a contributing factor in driving related accidents. All personnel shall be familiar with and adhere to EDS driving policy. 6 Design and Planning EDS shall ensure that HSE&Q considerations are integral to the design, development and delivery of all products and services. 6.1 Asset Integrity HSE&Q requirements shall be systematically incorporated into the design and purchasing criteria of equipment and products used in EDS operations. Facilities, equipment and products shall be suitable for the required purpose and shall comply with their design specifications. Maintenance programs shall be in place that: − Meet or surpass defined industry standards appropriate to the expected physical parameters such as pressure, temperature, flow rates, etc. − Ensure the HSE&Q integrity of EDS facilities, equipment and products. Processes shall be in place to ensure that unauthorized modifications to equipment and products are prevented. 6.2 Processes Operational, manufacturing and engineering processes systematically take HSE&Q aspects into consideration. HSE&Q-critical processes shall be identified, mapped and regularly reviewed to assess HSE&Q implications and actions required to minimize the risk of malfunction or process error. Where simultaneous operations (e.g., production and drilling) are undertaken, the impact of one operation upon another is assessed and recorded, and safeguards put in place to mitigate cumulative effects. 6.3 Planning Operational plans shall systematically incorporate HSE&Q requirements. A formal HSE&Q assessment shall be conducted prior to initiating any project or operation, to ensure that all HSE&Q aspects have been addressed as planned. Health planning The exposure of all employees, customers, contractors and the general public to hazardous conditions associated with our operations shall be assessed on a continual basis to minimize risks to health. Measures to limit exposure to identified health hazards shall be defined and implemented, and any exposure to hazardous agents shall be measured periodically and the health of relevant personnel monitored. The company shall also pursue a proactive approach
  • 19. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 18 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. toward the general health awareness of all employees, their families and contractors. Health alerts are regularly communicated by email, and notice boards. Environmental planning EDS shall continually strive to minimize the impact of its operations on the environment. Plans shall be developed and appropriate actions taken to prevent environmental pollution, conserve resources and minimize waste. Where elimination of a pollution source is not practical, appropriate treatment of waste is undertaken and monitored to minimize the impact of discharges and disposals on the environment. Common preventative and regulatory activities for operations include but are not limited to: − Environmental Assessment − Prevention of Pollution − Waste Management and Minimization − Record Keeping Each field facility is also required to have their Waste Management and Minimization Plan as well. Security planning Security plans are required to be in place to protect employees, families and all other people directly involved with our activities as required by the level of risk. Management Plan This section requires that EDS establish how our objectives and targets will be achieved. Achievement methodologies discuss the responsibility, means and time frames as well as how to amend the plan when there are changes in activities, products and services. 6.4 Emergency Response Plans for coping with all aspects of an emergency shall be created and regularly practiced to ensure that all parties charged with emergency preparedness and crisis management are aware of their roles and responsibilities. Emergency/security plans All EDS locations shall have emergency plans in place pertinent to the nature of their operations and the assessed location risks. These plans shall be updated, as required, and communicated and practiced on a regular schedule. Responsibility for the management of security emergencies lies with the EDS management in line with the EDS security policy.
  • 20. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 19 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. Emergency and security plans shall include interfaces with other EDS locations, customers, local emergency services, government agencies, local community organizations and technical experts, as required. Exercises Exercises and drills are required to be conducted on a regular basis and, over an agreed period of time, cover all scenarios of high-risk potential and all aspects of the contingency plans and response procedures. In addition, key personnel are required to be trained to a level of competence appropriate to their responsibilities in emergency scenarios. Spills All EDS locations and managed sites have appropriate spill contingency plans. 7 Implementation and Monitoring EDS shall ensure that all activities are conducted in accordance with defined standards, processes and procedures. Continual improvement shall be promoted and HSE&Q performance shall be measured. 7.1 Performance Review Performance indicators in key HSE&Q areas are required to be identified, targeted, measured and reported to monitor continuous HSE&Q performance improvement. Indicators shall be representative of the perception that our customers have of our performance. HSE&Q performance shall be monitored continuously. Employees shall have a performance review quarterly. 7.2 Event Reporting & Management Each location is required to encourage the reporting and recording of all incidents. All serious accidents and potentially serious incidents shall be investigated and analyzed, and lessons learned from these investigations should be communicated and corrective actions implemented. Investigation teams shall include line management, the HSE&Q coordinator and appropriate internal or external resources. Investigations shall be conducted according to the EDS accident investigation model. Line management shall prioritize the remedial actions recommended in accident investigations, assign responsibilities and monitor their progress until completion. Fatality review and follow-up Fatality reviews shall be held for all ‘EDS involved’ fatalities. Reviews shall be attended by executive management and conducted by the line manager in charge of the operation where the fatality occurred. All reviews shall be held within 90 days of the occurrence. Recommendations of the review committee shall be documented and disseminated throughout EDS.
  • 21. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 20 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. Unsafe Act/Near Miss/Hazardous Situation Reporting All unsafe acts, hazardous situations, near miss situations, potential nonconformities shall be reported according to documented procedures. Near miss / Hazardous situations / Unsafe Acts /Potential Nonconformities and Environmental Incidents will be reported using the HAZARD IDENTIFICATION REPORT. 7.3 Compliance Monitoring Systematic inspections are required to be conducted in all locations to ensure compliance with defined policies, standards and procedures. 7.4 Corrective Action and Continuous Improvement Corrective action and continuous improvement programs shall be in place in all locations, and actively involve all our employees and our customers, and a ‘no blame’ culture is promoted to encourage employees to report problems with and suggest improvements to existing standards, processes and systems. A non-conformance reporting process (e.g., Hazard Identification Reporting, STOP, etc.) shall be in place, and employees are actively involved in this process. All HSE&Q non-conformance reports and suggestions shall be considered and closed out in a way that builds trust and demonstrates commitment to HSE&Q performance improvement. Regular feedback from the field and from our customers on product/service quality shall be encouraged, reviewed by management and captured to ensure continuous evolution and improvement. The HSE&Q function shall support line management in analyzing problems and developing quality improvement plans with regard to customer needs and new technology. Regular safety and service quality reviews shall be held with customers as part of the continuous process of quality improvement. 7.5 Recognition Program Recognition programs shall be established to encourage personnel involvement in the process of HSE&Q improvement. 7.6 Records Procedures have been developed to ensure that critical information is collected and analyzed. Records shall be maintained to assess compliance with policies, standards and procedures and to monitor improvements in our processes. 8 Audit & Management Review EDS shall conduct audits and reviews of this system to verify the implementation and effectiveness integration of the HSE&Q Management System.
  • 22. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 21 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. 8.1 Audits Adherence to the HSE&Q Management System shall be evaluated by means of both internal and external audits. The frequency of these audits is determined by the perceived business risk. Managers record and report the results of audits and any other self-regulation processes to all concerned parties. Line management shall maintain an effective control process to ensure that the findings of audits are recorded, prioritized, acted upon and closed out. Key lessons shall then be disseminated throughout EDS. 8.2 Management Reviews Periodic management reviews of the HSE&Q Management System shall be conducted to ensure the effectiveness of the system, and to identify and implement system improvements. INJURY PREVENTION & SAFE CONDUCT AT WORKPLACE STANDARD The Injury Prevention & Safe Conduct at Workplace standard is • To increase awareness of injury risks encountered daily in our work environment; • To provide body protection techniques necessary to avoid injuries resulting from safety handling and lifting activities; • To provide guidelines of safe conduct at workplace; • To incorporate aspects of behaviour-based HSE management into all EDS risk factors; • To support an audit-able framework for coaching all employees, especially newcomer employees in these risk factors. 1 Objective To reduce the injury rates (especially those injuries due to Stepping, Handling and Lifting) thru safe work conduct and to ensure that all locations have an effective Injury Prevention Program in place. 2 Scope
  • 23. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 22 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. These guidelines apply to all Company employees. 3 Responsibility Each Line Manager is responsible and accountable for the management of the Stepping, Handling and Lifting injury prevention and mitigation Line Manager responsible for selection and resource allocation, with implementation and monitoring. LPT and HSE&Q coordinator responsible for planning, implementing and monitoring the Injury Prevention Program All employees are accountable to attend Injury Prevention and apply the techniques in work activities. All employees are responsible to intervene in all at-risk behaviour and report unsafe conditions and at-risk behaviour. 4 Training & Competencies Injury Prevention training addresses Stepping, Handling and Lifting risks which is the main cause for lost time injuries in the industry as well as safe work practices. The training should be taken by all EDS employees as part of their minimum safety training requirement. Newcomers have to attend the training prior to start performing task in EDS location. The training includes practical application and skill development in both the body techniques and in techniques of intervention using body technique behaviour. Certification of training is valid for 3 years. 5 Horseplay Horseplay, such as wrestling and practical jokes, is strictly prohibited on Company premises, in Company vehicles and at customer locations. 6 Housekeeping Safe organization techniques Use the following organizational techniques: • When you stack material or boxes, do not block: − sprinkler heads, − fire exits, − fire extinguishers, − electrical control panels or − stairs. • Do not leave file and desk drawers open.
  • 24. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 23 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. • Do not overload top drawers so that files tip over. • Keep heavy files in lower drawers. 7 Third-Party Equipment Unless specifically stated in a written Scope of Work approved by Management, employees are not to operate third-party equipment or board, hitch, unhitch or work upon open third-party trailers. Even if such services are specified in the written Scope of Work, third-party motorized or mechanical equipment is not to be operated before the employee has performed a thorough safety inspection and received formal, specific training in how to operate the equipment. 8 Lone Workers The Company lone worker policy is intended to enhance the safety and security of employees who work alone in remote field locations or in Company facilities, and to ensure the availability of timely assistance in the event of an emergency. Scope This policy shall apply to any Company employee or contractor who works alone in remote field locations or at Company facilities. For purposes of this section, “alone” shall mean in areas frequented by the general public with neither a fellow employee, contractor, customer representative nor other known party present. Policy All lone workers are required to maintain periodic contact with their supervisor or the supervisor’s designee, such as a dispatcher or other designated individual, throughout the period the employee is working alone according to an agreed schedule, and to provide the supervisor or the supervisor’s designee with an itinerary of the employee’s anticipated whereabouts during this period. Each supervisor of a lone worker will ensure contact information for emergency services, customer representatives, other Company employees or other reliable parties nearest to the location(s) where the lone worker will be working is maintained and available. The supervisor will also ensure information regarding the worker’s vehicle, including make, model, colour and license number, and any known medical conditions of the worker is maintained. This information can be maintained through use of a dispatch system, a tracking board, or other system deemed practical and reliable by location management. Prohibited Tasks The following tasks are not to be performed alone: • any non-routine work with ionizing radiation (with the exception of the RSO), • any work with explosives, • non-routine crane or forklift operations, • any work with lithium batteries, • any construction or excavation work,
  • 25. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 24 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. • any electrical work other than regular mains power with the exception of routine logging tool checks/calibrations under existing procedures, • any extensive manual handling activities, • any work at heights requiring a personal fall arrest system (i.e., ≥ 2m/6ft in height), • any work with a potential for exposure to hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in concentrations equal to or greater than 10 ppm., or • any task subject to a permit to work. Employee Responsibilities 1. Before engaging in work alone in remote locations or at Company facilities outside normal business hours, employees shall notify their supervisor or the supervisor’s designee that they will be working alone. The worker will provide the supervisor (or designee) with: • a detailed list of the location(s) the employee will be working, • the task(s) to be performed, including any known hazards, • the phone number for the employee’s cellular phone, • any known issues regarding a lack or interruption of cellular communications in the area(s) where the work is to be conducted. • the nearest community to each location, • the anticipated times that the work at each location will begin and end, • when utilizing either poorly-travelled or non-public roadways, the route the employee will drive to each location, • known contact information of any customer representative(s), other Company employee(s), emergency services, or other reliable parties in the area(s) where the work is to be conducted, • information regarding the employee’s vehicle, including: − make, − model, − colour, and − license number, and • any information regarding known medical conditions or medications that might reasonably present an increased risk to the worker. 2. Before beginning work alone, the worker and supervisor (or designee) will analyze the tasks to be performed, any chemicals likely to be involved, and other known or likely hazards to determine whether the proposed lone work presents an unacceptable risk. If the risk is determined to be acceptable, the worker and the supervisor (or designee) will agree to the check-in protocol to be followed.
  • 26. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 25 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. Preferably this will consist of check-in contact at least: • immediately before departure, • upon arrival at the work location, • upon completion of the work or prior to the return journey, and • upon return to the employee’s assigned Company facility or employee’s home. Note: In cases where the employee will work at multiple locations during the work shift, the employee and supervisor will schedule check-in contact to occur for each location in accordance with the guidelines immediately above. When work will occur in one location for the entire shift, the worker and supervisor will schedule check-in contacts to occur no more that four hours apart. When work will occur in locations with sporadic or no cellular communications coverage or other means of communication, the employee and supervisor will schedule check-in contact to occur prior the employee leaving the coverage area and immediately upon his re-entry into a coverage area. In areas where cellular or other wireless coverage does not exist, but landline communication is available, alternate arrangements can be made. 3. Before departure and during the period of time covered by the agreed check-in schedule, the lone worker will ensure his cellular phone or other means of communication is functional, fully charged and readily accessible. Note: In locations with the potential for hydrocarbons or other flammable materials, the employee should leave electronic communications equipment in the vehicle or other safe area unless it is certified as safe to use in Class 1, Division/Zone 1 environments by the manufacturer. 4. The employee will make contact with the supervisor (or designee) according to the agreed schedule. During each scheduled check-in, the employee will inform the supervisor of any changes in locations, route, times or other pertinent information in the check-in schedule or work itinerary. 5. When the employee becomes aware that he will be unable to make contact at the next scheduled time or that changes in locations, routes, times or other relevant details will occur, the employee will notify the supervisor as soon as is reasonably practicable. 6. Upon arrival at the Company facility, employee’s home or other ultimate destination, the employee will make final contact with the supervisor. During this final contact, the supervisor and employee shall address any problems with the check-in schedule, communications or other similar issues that occurred during the work shift. Supervisor Responsibilities 1. The supervisor is to ensure that he or a designee is available to receive the employee’s check- in call at all times during the period the employee is scheduled to work alone. 2. The supervisor will document the agreed check-in schedule, relevant employee and third party contact information, vehicle information, work location(s), task(s), route(s) and other
  • 27. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 26 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. details of the work shift. When possible, a copy shall be given to the employee before departure. 3. The supervisor will ensure he or his designee is available to receive each check-in contact throughout the work shift. 4. In the event the supervisor (or designee) must leave the workplace or will be otherwise unavailable to receive a check-in call, another responsible employee will be designated as the point of contact and be given the documented information regarding the check-in schedule and other details. The lone worker must be notified as soon as practicable once the check-in point of contact is changed. 5. If the lone worker fails to make contact at one of the documented times, the supervisor will make attempts to contact the employee no later than 30 minutes after the scheduled time has passed. 6. If reasonable attempts to contact the lone worker fail, the supervisor will determine the approximate location of the employee according to the itinerary. Upon determining the employee’s approximate location, the supervisor will dispatch the nearest employee, customer representative, emergency services or other reliable party, as appropriate. The supervisor will provide information regarding the employee’s identity, vehicle, and any known medical conditions to any party dispatched. 9 Alcohol, Drugs and Firearms Firearms Firearms, shells and ammunition are not permitted in Company vehicles to and from job sites, in helicopters, boats, customer locations or on Company premises. Moreover, the Company strictly prohibits any visitor or contractor from bringing firearms, shells or ammunition on Company premises. Alcohol and drugs Company employees are prohibited from bringing illegal drugs, controlled substances or drug paraphernalia to work, on helicopters, boats, and customer locations and/or storing illegal drugs, controlled substances or drug paraphernalia on Company property. Company employees are also prohibited from bringing and/or storing alcohol on Company property, helicopters, boats, and customer locations. Refer to EDS Substance Abuse Policy 10 Pinch Points Definition A pinch point is a confined area where any part of the body may be: • mashed, • squeezed, • twisted or • severed.
  • 28. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 27 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. Many injuries result from body parts being caught in these equipment areas. Avoiding pinch points 1. When rising or lowering loads by hand, • Check your surroundings before you begin. • Use the proper number of people. • Follow proper procedure. 2. When carrying items in closed quarters, avoid all pinch zones. 3. When raising or lowering equipment in a vise, avoid all pinch zones. 4. When using a crane to raise or lower materials and equipment, avoid all pinch zones. 5. When connecting or disconnecting wire rope cables, lines, slings, shackles or loose gear, follow proper procedure. 6. When using the rig hoisting system, avoid all moving parts or equipment. 7. Avoid pinch points when using the following equipment: • lifting equipment (rotary rig hoisting system and elevators, pulleys, lines and cables, slings and tongs; • hardware (valves, handles, drums and slips); • entryway equipment (doors, hinges, locks and hatches and covers and lids and; • miscellaneous equipment (gears and belts, chains and chain drives, cathead, wire rope, tools, machine and motor-driven equipment) 11 Evacuating the Workplace Each employee must learn the: • layout of the workplace, • location of the nearest fire alarm pull station, exits and fire extinguisher and • evacuation route for his or her work station. Safe evacuation procedure: 1. Check closed doors for temperature and smoke. 2. Follow the nearest exit signs and evacuation drawings. Note: Never use elevators during an evacuation, always use the stairs. 12 Avoiding Common Injuries Avoiding slips Employees should stay off wet floors whenever possible. If it is necessary to walk on a wet floor:
  • 29. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 28 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. • slow down and shorten your stride; • point your toes out slightly; • make wide turns and • when walking in rain or slush: − wear shoes that provide extra traction and − carry work shoes and change in the office. Avoiding trips To avoid tripping hazards in the office: • Take your time and watch where you are going. • Keep walkways free of clutter • Never leave file drawers open. • Secure loose flooring or carpeting and cut away loose threads. • Never run electrical cords across a walkway or under carpet. Avoiding falls To avoid falls: • always use a ladder or stepstool, not a chair or other furniture, to reach overhead objects; • lock the ladder into position; • never stand on the top two rungs of the ladder; • if the ladder is placed in front of a door, secure the door so that it cannot be opened; • do not rush in stairways and use the handrail and • never leave objects on staircases. Avoiding back injuries To avoid back injuries caused by lifting: • use a pushcart when moving heavy loads; • never lift bulky items by yourself; • never lift more weight than you are comfortable with by yourself; • keep loads close to your body when you pick them up; • bend at the knees and hips and use your legs, not your back, when lifting; • avoid twisting your back at the waist and • use your feet to pivot.
  • 30. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 29 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. To avoid back strain while sitting: • select a chair with a firm, padded back that adjusts vertically and horizontally; • use a lumbar cushion or rolled towel against your lower back if the chair does not provide lower back support; • adjust the chair so that: − your feet are flat on the floor; − your knees are at the same height as your hips and − your work surface is at your waist and • sit close enough to your work that you don’t have to bend over it. Avoiding excessive noise To avoid hearing loss caused by prolonged exposure to excessive noise: • isolate loud machines from the general work area; • use sound-reducing screens or partitions; • use sound-reducing machine covers and • use room features such as carpet and draperies to reduce ambient noise. Reducing stress and strain To minimize stress and strain, computer users should: • use a padded swivel chair; • place the top of your computer monitor at eye level; • keep your wrists in a neutral position and use wrist pads for support; • place the keyboard at elbow height and at a slight incline; • use a holder to place hardcopy at a comfortable reading level; • reduce the glare on your monitor and use shades or blinds; • use indirect lighting and light diffusers; • exercise your eyes by occasionally looking away from your work to focus on something else; • take regular mini-breaks to minimize overall body strain and • circle, shrug, stretch and arch to increase circulation and relieve tension.
  • 31. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 30 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. PERSONNEL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT STANDARD Eastern Drilling Services employees are the company main assets and safety of employees while working is our highest priority. On top of existing preventive engineering and operating standards to reduce/eliminate accidental risk, Personnel Protective Equipment (PPE) is additional measure to reduce the frequency and severity of injury to our employees, contractors and visitors. Fit-for-purpose PPE shall be worn in designated work areas at all work locations as a condition of employment. 1 Objective To reduce the frequency and severity of injury to our employees, contractors and visitors to as low as reasonably practicable. 2 Scope This standard applies to all EDS personnel, contractors and visitors. 3 Responsibilities • It is the responsibility of Line Management at each location, with the support of the local HSE&Q coordinator and Loss Prevention Team (LPT), to ensure that: − All risks presented by the job function, activity and environment have been suitably and sufficiently assessed to determine the PPE requirements. This risk assessment shall be done for each designated work area by qualified personnel competent to perform this duty, and shall include local regulatory and client requirements where applicable; − Designated work areas requiring PPE are clearly marked. Safety zones (if applicable) where no PPE is required are also clearly marked. − This Standard is communicated to all employees, visitors and contractors at any given site. − All employees, visitors and contractors are required to conform to this standard. − Sufficient PPR available for visitors. − Employees receive training in the use of PPE, whenever appropriate, and wear it at all times in designated areas; − Proper storage and maintenance of PPE are provided as needed; − All contracts include clear assignment of responsibility for non-routine PPE (personal flotation devices, breathing apparatus, etc.); − All Line Management lead by example, by wearing PPE at all times as
  • 32. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 31 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. • Individual employees shall learn what PPE is required for the job and/or the environment. They shall ensure they possess the appropriate PPE to comply with the requirement, understand how to use and maintain it, and how to recognize when it is defective and needing replacement. 4 Training and Competency All employees must have training in the proper and appropriate wear of the PPE required to perform their job duties. • PPE Level 1 training is required of all employees that have to wear PPE. • PPE Level 2 training is required of all employees needing to wear respiratory protection and/ or Work Specific PPE required training. 5 PPE Minimum Requirements • Coverall issued by company shall be worn by employees at all times on well sites, rig sites, workshops and any other designated work area. • Finger rings must not be worn except inside office. • Loose clothing, dangling bracelets/chains, neck ties, etc must not be worn while working around machinery or moving parts. • For handling hazardous material, PPE defined by chemical MSDS should be used. • Safety glasses with side shields shall be worn in all designated work area where there is risk of eye injury as well as during handling of hazardous chemicals. Special safety goggles or face shield should be work for grinding, welding and cutting. • When working above 6ft height, certified fall protection should be used. • Leather Steel-toed boots or shoes should be worn at all times at well sites, rig sites, workshops, yards and whenever handling and lifting is conducted or there is risk of falling objects. Suitable safety shoes as per MSDS requirement should be worn when handling chemicals. • Safety gloves shall be worn at all times especially where there is risk of abrasion or cuts to the hand. Leather gloves should be worn for welding cutting or grinding. • Safety helmet for head protection shall be worn at all times at well sited, rig sites, workshops, yards and wherever there is risk of falling objects or striking the head against overhead fixtures. • Hearing protection shall be worn wherever required. • Employees who directly handles, calibrates, stores or transports radioactive sources shall wear TLD radiation monitors during working hours. • Minimum PPE requirement for visitor when they are outside of office or enter a designated work area is hard hats and safety glasses.
  • 33. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 32 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. HEALTH STANDARD Eastern Drilling Services (EDS) strives to help employees and their families care for their own health; both in the workplace (occupational health) and outside (non-occupational). As regards occupational health, EDS provides a workplace, which is intended to protect the health of EDS’s employees, contractors and the surrounding community. The responsibilities for protecting health are consequently shared between the individual and the company. This standard lays out the expectations from the company. 1 Scope This health standard applies to all EDS locations, all employees and contractors at all times. 2 Responsibilities Line management shall be aware of EDS Health, Safety & Environment and Substance Abuse policies, the Health Standard. Line Management is responsible for implementing this EDS Health Standard, along with ensuring compliance with applicable local health laws and regulations. Support, including audits and assessments and follow-up, will be provided by the HSE&Q and Personnel functions, and Corporate or external health professionals as required. 2.1 Line Manager Responsibilities 1. Line Managers must have an up to date health assessment. 2. Ensure Local Health Exposures have been identified by health risk assessments that have been made systematically in all locations and openly discussed at HSE meetings. 3. Ensure access to all medical records maintains patient/employee confidentiality. 4. Ensure appropriate disease and injury prevention and mitigation measures are taken. These include: − Enforcing, where not prohibited by applicable law, pre-employment and periodic health assessments, with the support of the personnel department; − Having sufficient staff members with valid First Aider certification at every EDS location. 5. Ensure that an Emergency Management Plan and medical evacuation plan, where appropriate, exists and is drilled for their employees. 6. Ensure adequate resources are in place to implement corporate health initiatives, awareness campaigns, vaccinations and malaria prevention programs;
  • 34. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 33 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. 7. Ensure locations conform to company standards and recommendations (catering, general hygiene, drinking water); 8. Ensure that health objectives are clearly defined at location level; 9. Ensure that health problems and issues are discussed in weekly HSE meetings. 2.2 HSE&Q Manager Responsibilities 1. Provide or organize training on health and hygiene and first aid to EDS employees. Record of training to be kept along with other HSE&Q training. 2. Issue health alert whenever required. 3. Conduct regularly scheduled audits/inspections for conformance to standards, and will report any discrepancies to the Line Manager. 2.3 Individual Responsibilities Each individual must follow the health standard requirement, receive minimum training related to health and first aid as deem required, and participate in the elimination or reduction of health risks in the performance of their duties through reporting and suggestion. 3 Definitions Occupational Injury: Any injury such as cut, fracture, sprain, amputation, etc. which results from a work related activity or from an exposure involving a single incident in the work environment, such as deafness from explosion, one-time chemical exposure, back disorder from a slip/ trip, insect or snake bite. Occupational Illness: Any abnormal condition or disorder, other than one resulting from an occupational injury, caused by exposure to environmental factors associated with employment. Occupational illness, may be caused by inhalation, absorption, ingestion of, or direct contact with the hazard, as well as exposure to physical and psychological hazards. It will generally result from prolonged or repeated exposure. Non-occupational Illness: An undesirable event caused by a person’s previous health condition not related to the working environment or an EDS process. (Note: Heart attacks and strokes should be considered as non-occupational illnesses unless determined otherwise by the company- approved health professional) Health Assessment: A company defined medical examination, performed by a health professional, in order to determine fitness to work for the assigned job and location while maintaining employee confidentiality. The health professional shall inform the employee of the results of the health assessment as well as existing health issues or problems which require further tests or treatment. Pre-employment health assessment: A medical examination performed before an applicant is hired in order to assess the applicant’s fitness to perform the assigned job function in the geographic location of assignment.
  • 35. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 34 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. Periodic health assessment: A medical examination performed periodically that verifies the fitness of the employee to continue performing his/her assigned job function in the geographic location of assignment. Health Exposure: The potential health risks to employees, in all locations, as defined from health risk assessments made on a systematic basis. High mobility employees: High mobility employees are individuals, who by nature of their business assignment or travel have the potential to spend significant amount of time outside of their country of permanent residence. For EDS, high mobility employees are defined as follows: • All field employees; • All employees who are assigned or travel for periods exceeding 30 days per year outside of their country of permanent residence. 4 Training & Competencies 4.1 Health & Hygiene Certificate All EDS employees should attend Health & Hygiene training which covers the basic understanding of health risks. New hires should completed Health & Hygiene training as part of their minimum HSE&Q trainings which needs to be completed within the first 3 months of hire. The training certification has permanent validity. 4.2 Substance Abuse Certificate All EDS employees should attend Substance Abuse training which covers the EDS substance abuse policy and understanding of substance abuse. New hires should completed Substance Abuse training as part of their minimum HSE&Q trainings which needs to be completed within the first 3 months of hire. The training certification has permanent validity. 4.3 First Aid Certificate All EDS employees should attend First Aid training session which covers the basic understanding of first aid with CPR training. New hires should completed First Aid training as part of their minimum HSE&Q trainings which needs to be completed within the first 3 months of hire. This training certification has validity of 01 year. After completion of the training session employees' HSE&Q Passport shall be updated by the Operation Manager or HSE&Q Manager. The certification and copies of the training qualifications shall be kept in the person’s training file. 5 Health Requirement from Contractors 1. All contractors and third party personnel must be aware of the company’s health requirements and standards:
  • 36. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 35 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. 2. Where not prohibited by applicable law: − All contractor employees under EDS control, who are expected to work for more than 3 months solely for EDS, have had a health assessment within the last 3 years. − All potential EDS contractors are informed of this requirement before they submit a bid or enter into negotiations with EDS for their services 3. Catering staff shall have an appropriate health assessment in a timely manner; 4. Where applicable, contractors shall have a medivac plan for their employees 5. All contractors and third party personnel working at EDS facilities are required to participate in EDS sponsored HSE&Q meetings and training. 6 Health Risk Assessment The aim of a health risk assessment is to assess the potential health risks to individuals associated with the operation. A health risk assessment will never be done too early and must be a priority. It must be reviewed on a regular basis during all phases of the operation. Effective management of health for field operations requires health hazard identification as a first step, followed by assessment and prioritization of all associated health risks. A health risk assessment shall be performed by a recognized health professional upon any start- up of any operation in a region, which is unknown in terms of health risk. In addition, any new health risk assessment should be made in the event of outbreak of any pandemic in the region of operation. 7 Vaccinations Knowledge of vaccination requirements and availability of information in the location. It is recommended that all employees and dependents (where appropriate) have the necessary vaccinations required for the working location/country as defined by local health authorities. Food and Water Hygiene Food and water hygiene requirements. All employees and dependents (where appropriate) who rely on company-provided canteens and bases shall be provided with "safe" drinking water and offered healthy foods. 8 Smoking No smoking in the workplace. The damaging effects of second hand smoke on the health of non-smokers is well established and with this in mind, in the absence of local regulations prohibiting smoking in the work place, line management shall ensure that, as a minimum, smoking is prohibited inside any EDS building. Line management shall also make positive efforts to accommodate the interests of both their smoking and non-smoking personnel.
  • 37. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 36 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. 9 Promotion of a Healthy Lifestyle Providing access to information on healthy lifestyles by promoting alcohol and substance abuse awareness in addition to fitness/nutrition campaigns. 10 First Aid Supplies & Equipment The Company shall provide standard First Aid Kits in the following locations: • all Company-owned vehicles, • all permanent workplaces not having a staffed First Aid Station and • all temporary work locations if an equipped vehicle does not remain at the location while personnel are present. Facility management must: • check first aid kits periodically to ensure that they are fully stocked and • order first aid supplies as needed to replenish stock. 11 Incident Reporting Line managers, with support of HSE&Q coordinator and company-approved health professionals shall ensure that all occupational injuries or illnesses resulting in fatalities, permanent disabilities, lost or restricted work days and medical cases are reported promptly and accurately while maintaining total patient/employee confidentiality. Subject to local privacy laws, all non-occupational fatalities must also be reported. 11.1 Reporting and Confidentiality Occupational illness cases shall be reported. An employee’s physical or mental defect or pre- existing physical or mental condition does not affect the reportability of a subsequently contracted occupational illness. If, in such circumstances an illness is caused or mainly caused by exposures at work, the case should be reported without regard to the employee’s pre-existing physical or mental condition. Identification of an occupational illness will be made by an occupational physician or any other competent person. 11.2 Record Keeping The full occupational health record shall only be kept by the company-designated health professional and should include: • Information that identifies the employee; • Details of the job history; • Work-related factors which caused or mainly caused the condition;
  • 38. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 37 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. • Diagnosis and date of onset of the illness; • Pre-employment and periodical records. 11.3 Medical Confidentiality Medical confidentiality shall remain paramount. Employee names shall only be reported to designated company health professionals. No employee names shall be entered in any field in for illnesses. Consideration must be given to national legislation and practices. Employees who suffer occupational illnesses must be made aware that this data is being recorded and all employees should know that a system of confidentiality in recording and reporting exists. Employees have a right to review data about themselves 12 Health Assessment Management For local employees, the pre-employment and periodic health assessment may be performed in any medical centre, except in countries where a specific agreement and/or the local medical infrastructure and conditions are such that only a company designated medical centre may be used. The examining health professional should provide a certificate of fitness to the employee destined for Employee Services. The date of the Med Check health assessment should be recorded. For high mobility employees, the pre-employment health assessment may be performed in any medical centre, except in locations where a specific agreement exists with a local company designated medical centre. Periodic health assessments for high mobility employees and their dependents may be performed in any medical centre. 12.1 Pre-employment Health Assessment Where not prohibited by applicable law: • All candidates for employment shall have a pre-employment health assessment. • Potential high mobility employees shall have a pre-employment health assessment. 12.2 Periodic Health Assessment All employees will be required to undergo a medical examination once every two (02) years or when requested by the Company.
  • 39. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 38 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. CHEMICAL & HAZADOUS MATERIAL HANDLING STANDARD 1 Objective The purpose of this standard is to ensure that chemical & hazardous materials are handled in such a way that their integrity, and the safety of EDS and other persons handling them, is not impaired. 2 Scope This standard covers general handling procedures for chemical and hazardous materials. It does not replace or reduce in any way the requirements of the Material Safety Data Sheets relating to each specific product. 3 Responsibility The implementation of this standard is the responsibility of all EDS personnel controlling or handling chemical materials at any EDS operating locations. Responsibility for the verification of the implementation of this work instruction lies with the EDS Line management. 4 Training & Competencies EDS employees who are handling and chemical & hazardous material will attend formal training. Certification of training will valid for 01 year. 5 Handling in Logistics • Eastern Drilling Services’ employees involved in logistics shall be trained with the applicable legislation relating to the packaging, labelling, transportation, storage, handling of Hazardous Substances and Dangerous Goods. • When transporting Hazardous Substances and Dangerous Goods, only third party companies certified in the transportation of Dangerous Goods and Hazardous Substances shall be used. 6 Handling at Wellsites • Whenever operation involves handling of chemical/hazardous material, risk assessment related to the chemicals/hazardous material should be carried out prior to each operation, so that all risks are identified and controls put in place.
  • 40. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 39 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. • The requirements of the relevant Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) relating to handling, personal protective equipment (PPE), and disposal of containers and spilled materials must also be complied with. This information is also displayed on the hazchem labels on drums and containers. Therefore, no materials are to be handled on wellsite unless the job supervisor involved is in possession of the current MSDS and has reviewed it and the Risk Assessment with the job crew. • To ensure that the requirements of the above are met, every consignment of chemicals dispatched from EDS is accompanied by an MSDS for each type of material. • Not only personnel involved in handling chemicals, but also all other personnel in the immediate area, whether working or merely observing operations, will use PPE required by the appropriate MSDS during all chemical handling operations in the event of component failure or spillage. • When chemicals transported to wellsites are not used immediately, it should be store in proper designated area. • When empty, drums are returned to the EDS base for proper disposal. In general the standard to which the chemicals are dispatched to, and received, from wellsites should be maintained when transporting chemicals/empty drums back to the base. • Clean-up, and dispose of, any spilled chemical, following the procedures in the MSDS. • Any leaking drum should be contained appropriately and returned to base/suppliers. • Personnel involved in handling chemicals must wash thoroughly any exposed skin area(s) after handling or mixing - even when there has been no direct contact with the materials, to ensure that all chemical dust is removed. • First aid kit, eye wash bottles, safety shower should be available on wellsites when handling hazardous material. • Hydrocarbon and well effluents are also classified as hazardous material and must be handled with care with proper PPE usage. 7 Reporting • Any near misses, potential nonconformities, hazardous situations and potential HSE issue related to chemical or hazardous material should be reported.
  • 41. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 40 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. FIRE PREVENTION & MITIGATION STANDARD Fire is a major hazard in all types of EDS operations. It is essential that the risk of fire is managed and controlled to an acceptable level to prevent loss, by application of prevention and mitigation measures. 1 Objective The objective of this standard is to reduce the risk of fire and fire-damage to as low as reasonably practicable (ALARP) on all EDS sites and operations: • To identify and manage the fire hazards at each worksite; • To implement suitable prevention and mitigation control measures; • To protect our people and assets, and to prevent loss. 2 Scope This Standard applies to all EDS locations. 3 Responsibility The Site Manager with support from HSE&Q coordinator at each is responsible for: • Implementing this Fire Prevention and Mitigation Standard, and for ensuring compliance with applicable fire laws and regulations; • Ensuring that fire risk assessments, site inspections and drills are periodically performed, and that appropriate fire prevention and mitigation measures are implemented to address the identified fire risks; • Providing resources to ensure that an Emergency Management Team (EMT) is in place that address fire prevention and mitigation. Emergency Management Team (EMT) responsible for: • Develops the Emergency Plan for the site, defining roles, resources, responsibilities and procedures for dealing with emergency fire incidents; • Responds to fire incidents; • Assist with performing and reviewing fire and evacuation drills. Loss Prevention Team (LPT) responsible for: • Assists the Site Manager and the EMT in performing fire risk assessments and location inspections, and implementing the prevention and mitigation measures;
  • 42. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 41 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. • Co-ordinate and conduct site orientation and emergency response training for new personnel and visitors. All employees are responsible for: • Familiarizing themselves with the Emergency Plan at their site; • Identifying all fire-related events, near accidents and hazardous situations, and reporting them. 4 Site Design and Evaluation Fire prevention and protection must be considered as part of the design process for EDS sites (permanent or temporary). Sites must comply with the fire and building codes and related local regulations. Robust layout and design controls must be applied to fuel storage and potential ignition (heat) sources. 4.1 Fire Risk Assessments All sites are required to conduct and maintain a Fire Risk Assessment (FRA) to understand what fire risks exist and, where possible, to remove the identified hazards and minimize work place exposure. The assessment will divide the site into discrete functional areas, identify the fire hazards that may exist in each, determine the level of risk from fire (likelihood and severity), and consider the effectiveness of the prevention and mitigation measures in place. This will depend on both the personnel exposure and also the value of the site assets (e.g. data centre). The following must be considered: • locations and quantities of flammable/combustible materials – fuels, gases, oils, paints, chemicals, oxidising agents, wood, paper, waste, soft furnishings, • possible sources of ignition – electrical equipment, processes involving flames or heat, welding, gas burners, cooking, smoking, heaters, static discharge, • construction of the workplace – fire resistance of the external and internal structure, wooden building materials, flammable materials, evacuation routes and exits, signage, protected routes, distance to safety, • persons who could be harmed – number of people on site, contractors and visitors, members of public, sleeping areas, people with impaired mobility, • prevention and mitigation measures in place – fire and smoke detection systems, fire extinguishing systems, warning and evacuation systems, • fire fighting provisions – availability of local fire department, time to arrive, need for on-site fire fighting expertise, training. The output of the assessment should be a Fire Hazard Inventory or Register, listing all major fire hazards, flammable materials, potential ignition sources, and the type of fire protection equipment necessary to control each.
  • 43. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 42 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. The FRA must be reviewed and updated whenever there is a significant change to the site, operations, personnel, number of recorded fire incidents, or at least annually. 5 Fire Prevention Traditional fire theory uses the “fire triangle” model with 3 elements required for fire to occur – fuel, a heat source, and oxygen. [Note: In modern combustion theory this is now replaced by the “fire square or tetrahedron” which adds a 4th element – chemical chain reaction]. The principle of fire fighting is to eliminate one of these elements. Conversely, the primary control for preventing fire is to keep fuels and potential ignition (heat) sources separated, through robust site layout, plant design and good housekeeping. 5.1 Storage of Flammable Substances All flammable liquids and gases shall be stored in specific, identified areas. These areas must comply with the fire and building codes and related local regulations. Minimum requirements are as follows: • Storage must be above ground, outdoors, or installed in a building of non-combustible construction, well ventilated, and used only for that purpose; • Limit storage of flammable substances to the minimum quantities necessary for the type of operation and considering the possible logistic constraints; • Keep different types of flammable substances, fuels, gases, and chemicals separated; • Locate bulk storage (fuel tanks, oil, gas cylinders) as far as practical from the main site, quarters, offices, hazardous areas, heat or ignition sources or other combustibles storage areas; • Store and use vehicle and helicopter / aviation fuel in approved refuelling stations, located at least 15 meters (50 feet) from other activities; • Store gas cylinders in a ventilated area in storage racks that hold the cylinders in a vertical position. Store empty cylinders separate from full cylinders; • Store fuels (especially aviation) out of direct sunlight in hot climates. Bladders or storage tanks should be placed under a tarpaulin or similar shading device; • Drums and containers shall be spill-proof and of an approved type; • Fuel and chemical storage areas must have secondary containment or bunds capable of holding at least 110% of the volume of the largest container or tank; • Store paint and thinners in a dedicated metal paint locker, or in a separate ventilated building. Construction must comply with local regulations; • Permanent storage facilities for flammable or combustible materials shall have fire resistant walls and doors;
  • 44. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 43 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. • Ventilation systems shall be adequate for the type of products stored and ambient temperatures experienced at the site. Fan motors must be explosion proof and maintained in good condition. Any filters must be cleaned or changed regularly; • Electrical switches and light fixtures in storage areas shall be approved for use with the type of materials and flammable substances stored; • Storage areas must be secure. Restrict access only to necessary personnel trained in the safe handling of the substances stored. Compounds must be securely fenced; • All containers and storage areas shall have clear signs in English and the local language to identify the contents and fire fighting instructions; • No immediate ignition sources shall be present in the storage areas. Prohibit smoking and display notices to that effect, “DANGER - NO SMOKING OR OPEN FLAME”; • Appropriate fire-detection, warning and fire-fighting equipment shall be available. Fire extinguishers must be located near the storage entrance, and be suitable for the type and quantity of flammable substances being stored; • An up to date chemical inventory shall be documented, with MSDS available to fire fighting teams in the event of a fire emergency. 5.2 Transfer and Use of Flammable Substances Observe the following safety precautions during transfer of flammable liquids from one tank or container to another, or during refuelling operations: • Transfer in the open air using approved equipment and with suitable PPE; • Stop all engines and turn off all non-essential electrical equipment; • Ensure all components have the same electrical potential and connected to earth to avoid static discharge. Fuel tanks must have an equipotential bonding device clamped to the vehicle before commencing the transfer of fuel; • When refuelling aircraft, connect a static grounding cable from the fuel truck or pit, to the fuel nozzle, and to the aircraft; • Use pumps, motors and engines approved for use in a flammable atmosphere; • Do not use automatic fuelling nozzles. The operator must manually control the fuelling operation at all times. Adequate ventilation shall be in place where flammable liquids are used in enclosed areas. Never use petrol/gasoline for any purpose other than engine fuel. Do not use it for washing parts, any type of cleaning, or to start fires. Use alternative water-soluble degreasers and non- flammable solvents, preferably non-toxic and biodegradable, to clean parts and clean up spills. 5.3 Electrical Installations
  • 45. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 44 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. All electrical installations must comply with local electrical codes and regulations, and be periodically inspected and maintained by competent persons. Turn off electrical equipment when not in use. Areas where there are combustible vapors (e.g. enclosed wash bay, service bay, fuel storage area, oil mixing) must only have explosion-proof electrical equipment installed. Maintain a minimum 1.5 m space separation between electrical equipment and storages of combustible products. 5.4 Hot Work Operations Keep hot work operations (welding, burning, cutting, brazing, grinding, soldering) to a minimum. Preferably perform these operations in a separate, designated workshop area that is fit-for-purpose. Outside of any designated area, welding, burning and cutting operations shall be managed through a proper Hot Work permit system. Apply extra safety precautions and check for combustible atmosphere when working on tanks or pipes containing a flammable substance. Where practical, remove all combustible materials at least 11 m (35 ft) from the worksite, or otherwise provide fire protective shielding. When welding, burning or cutting outside designated areas, a second “Fire Watch” person must be on hand with a portable fire extinguisher. The Fire Watcher shall continue to observe the area for a minimum of 30 minutes after hot work is completed. 5.5 Smoking All EDS sites are considered non-smoking except for areas specifically designated as a smoking area. These must be clearly signed and be provided with suitable receptacles and fire extinguisher. Smoking areas are not allowed in close proximity to any high-risk areas as identified in the FRA. 5.6 Construction Fire prevention shall be built-in by use of fire-resistant materials and furnishings. The use of combustible material must be avoided in site construction. More specifically, combustible insulation such as expanded polystyrene or polyurethane foam should never be installed. Mineral wool insulation should be favoured. 5.7 Housekeeping Good housekeeping shall be practiced to minimize accumulations of flammable and combustible waste materials. Rubbish and waste should be removed on a regular basis, and temporarily stored in suitable containers and external locations while awaiting disposal. Do not allow dirt and waste to accumulate in ’hidden areas’ (e.g. plant rooms, pipeways). 6 Fire Mitigation
  • 46. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 45 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. Emergency preparedness and planned activities will help to minimize losses in the event that a fire does occur. All EDS controlled sites will develop and implement mitigation measures to address the fire hazards identified by the FRA, including emergency management teams, fire response teams, emergency plans and procedures, together with suitable fire detection, fire alarm and fire fighting equipment. All sites shall have, at minimum, an emergency plans and procedures for fire. Sites will have suitable Fire Protection Systems involving detection and fire suppression equipment appropriate to the location and risk. 6.1 Emergency Management Team An Emergency Management Team (EMT) shall be established at each EDS site to make plans for, and respond to, fire emergencies. The composition and number of personnel in the EMT will depend on the size, location, layout, and complexity of the site and operation. Each EMT will have a Team Leader. Members of the EMT shall be informed of, and trained in, their responsibilities and duties in the event of a fire alarm or actual fire. 6.2 Emergency Plan An Emergency Plan that includes actions for fire shall be developed and maintained on all sites as a part of the overall site plan. The fire plan shall be tested at least once a year and shall include as a minimum: • Steps to be taken by all personnel in case of fire – where they go, key roles, shut down of operations; • Internal and external emergency contacts; • Emergency fire response procedures and checklists. 6.3 Fire and Smoke Detection Systems As a minimum, all work, recreational, and sleeping areas must have smoke detectors fitted. Test at least monthly and replace batteries annually. Automatic heat and/or smoke detection alarm systems shall be installed in high-risk areas as identified by the FRA. All equipment and components used in the detection systems shall be of an approved or certified type. Inspections and tests to verify the integrity and the operability of the early detection systems shall be performed monthly or at intervals defined by the manufacturer of such systems. Designated competent personnel shall carry out inspections. Inspection and service records must be kept. 6.4 Fire Extinguishers Sufficient fire extinguishers of an approved or certified type must be provided appropriate to the identified hazards and classes of fires
  • 47. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 46 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. Fire extinguishers must be clearly labelled with an approved identification symbol, letters, or colour band that indicates the class of fire, together with instructions for use. Labelling must comply with local standards and be consistent across the site. Where there are no standards, the following colour convention is recommended: – Water – Class A fires – signal red – Foam – Class B fires – cream – Carbon dioxide – Class B, C fires – black – Dry powder chemical – Class, B, C fires –– blue or red • Fire extinguishers must be located around the site where they are readily accessible. At least one extinguisher of a suitable type should be positioned in each work area, if possible near doors. Access to fire extinguishers must be kept clear. • All EDS vehicles, trailers and skid units that have a power supply or engine, must carry at least one dry chemical powder fire extinguisher. • On vehicles, it is recommended that dry powder extinguishers be mounted horizontally to minimize compaction. • Install wall signs in English and the prevailing language to visibly identify the location of fire extinguishers. • Separate, portable fire fighting equipment shall be made available where required for welding, cutting or burning operations. • Workshops, kitchens and cooking areas must also be equipped with an accessible fire blanket. Fire extinguisher maintenance is essential for operational safety. All fire extinguishers must be kept in working order and fully charged: • Extinguishers must have seals or a pressure gauge to indicate they are unused, and have a label or tag that shows the date of last service; • Visually inspect all fire extinguishers at least monthly to ensure they are in their designated locations and are not missing, discharged or damaged; • A fire extinguisher that has been used (or partly used) must be removed from service, and replaced by a spare extinguisher. Damaged or stolen fire extinguishers must be replaced immediately; • Fire extinguishers must be serviced at least annually by a qualified person, preferably under a maintenance contract. Hydrostatic tests shall be performed as per the manufacturer’s requirements. Service records must be kept. 6.5 Other Fire Fighting Equipment Fixed fire suppression and mobile fire fighting equipment should be installed in high-risk areas as identified by the FRA, and as required by local building regulations, international codes and class standards. These may include:
  • 48. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 47 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. • Fire hoses, nozzles, hydrants & pumps – barges, vessels, offshore installations; • Fire trucks – land wellsites, camps and crews; • Large capacity, wheeled extinguishers – mobile helicopter operations; • Water sprinkler systems – office areas, storerooms, residential areas, production areas, workshops, warehouses; • Water deluge systems – offshore installations; • Aqueous film forming foam (AFFF) systems, pumps, pipes, hoses, monitors - over marine streamers, helipads; • CO2 or Inergen gas flood systems – data storage, computer rooms, process control rooms. [Note: Halon systems are no longer permitted.]. All equipment and components used in fire fighting equipment, irrespective of whether installations are fixed or mobile, shall be of an approved or certified type. If there are no local standards, paint the fire fighting equipment RED for visibility. All fixed fire fighting systems must have an alarm to warn personnel prior to release. Aluminium parts shall not be used on fire mains, hoses or nozzles. Fixed fire fighting equipment shall be tested, maintained, and verified operable on a regular schedule as defined by the manufacturer’s recommendations, and by a qualified person or approved laboratory. Service records must be kept. Impairments of fire protection installations should be minimized and should be strictly monitored. 6.6 Fire Fighters All sites shall have personnel trained in basic fire fighting techniques and use of extinguishers. There shall be at least one person per work area or functional zone. Trained fire fighting teams shall be formed for high-risk sites, where external fire fighting resources are not available, or where required by local regulations and codes. Fire fighting teams can be a subset of the EMT. There shall be: • 2 fire fighting teams on each vessel, offshore and inland water rigs; • 2 on each land rig, camp, or land crew; • 1 on onshore base and yard. 6.7 Firefighting PPE Persons designated as fire fighters on vessels, at well sites, land crews, offshore sites and other hazardous locations, shall have proper PPE provided.
  • 49. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 48 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. Depending on the number of persons on site, there must be a minimum of two sets of protective clothing and equipment for firemen. Sets must include total fire protection suits with boots, helmet, gloves, facemask, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA), portable battery operated safety light, axe and a safety harness with line. 6.8 Evacuation Routes and Emergency Exits All sites must have emergency exits and defined routes to allow fast evacuation during an emergency. • The exact number, location and type of exits must be determined by the FRA according to the number of persons on site, floor plan, type of construction, fire protection available, and possible fire sources. Consult the local fire department and comply with all local fire and building regulations; • Consider the needs of persons with impaired mobility. Special procedures, buddy systems, and safety refuges may be required; • Exit routes must form a continuous and unobstructed path of exit travel from any point within the site to a place of safety; • All emergency exits must open directly into a street or external public area. Exit doors must open outward in the direction of travel from the work area; • Exits must never be locked. All door handles, locks and alarms installed to prevent access from the outside must not prevent emergency use from the inside. In the event of a fire alarm, all door locks must automatically disengage and unlock all doors; • Visible “EXIT” signs must be posted along exit routes and installed above every exit. Signs shall be luminous and/or have emergency lighting; • Emergency routes and exit doors must be kept free of obstructions. Sites must have one or more designated assembly / muster / meeting points at a safe distance from the building, with procedures to account for all employees and visitors after evacuation. Evacuation or Floor Wardens will be designated to assist with evacuations and account for personnel. Floor plan notices shall be displayed to indicate the evacuation routes, emergency exits, assembly points, and location of fire fighting equipment. Prominently display these in work areas and sleeping cabins. 7 Fire Training and Competency Fire training and competencies will be site-specific dependent on the location, type of site, and fire risk: • All employees will receive basic fire awareness as part of their minimum safety requirement. • Advance fire fighting training shall be given to designated personnel according to the site needs and regulatory requirements. This includes personnel who are members of fire
  • 50. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 49 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. Emergency Management Teams (EMT), fire-fighting teams, and designated fire fighters who are required to use a fire extinguisher. 7.1 Orientation All new personnel and visitors arriving at an EDS site will be given an appropriate orientation on fire emergency procedures that covers site layout, hazardous or restricted areas, fire alarm systems, emergency evacuation routes, exits, assembly points, and location of fire-fighting equipment. The site should specify a timeframe for performing the orientation, e.g. on visitor arrival, within 24 hours for offshore and land operations, within 1 week for office staff. 7.2 Fire Emergency Response Drills Drills shall be conducted to test emergency procedures and alarm systems. They should prepare personnel for the emergency of a fire and demonstrate that personnel can evacuate and/or perform their assigned duties. Fire and evacuation drills may be combined with other regulatory drills to simulate incidents and to test emergency equipment, fire fighting equipment, and shutdown procedures. Drills must be attended by all required personnel, and be conducted at specified intervals, at minimum: • Rigs – weekly; • Base / yard – monthly; • Offices – annually. Emergency response drills shall be reviewed by the EMT for effectiveness and improvements, and record. 8 Reporting and Records All fire related events, hazardous situations, and near accidents shall be reported As detailed in this Standard, all sites shall keep appropriate records of: • Fire Risk Assessments • Hazardous / Flammable chemical inventory and MSDS; • Emergency Management Plan with documented procedures for fire response; • Inspection, maintenance, and service records of fire/smoke detection systems, fire extinguishers, fixed and mobile fire fighting equipment; • Emergency evacuation floor plans; • Personnel fire training records and site orientations; • Emergency response drills, tests and action items;
  • 51. SAFETY MANUAL Rev. 1.0 50 Copyright © Eastern Drilling Services (Pvt) Ltd. • Site inspections and remedial action items. 9 Compliance Monitoring 9.1 Assessments An assessment of the overall compliance of each location with the requirements of this standard will be conducted by EDS Management at least once every year. 9.2 Inspections A site inspection program will be implemented to ensure that the fire risks detailed in the fire hazard inventory are checked at regular intervals, and that corresponding prevention and mitigation measures are implemented. Appropriate competent persons (e.g. LPT, EMT, subject experts) will conduct visual inspections to check for fire hazards, poor electrical installations, blocked fire exits, missing fire equipment, etc. The site is to define the required frequency for such inspections, typically monthly or quarterly.

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