Video planning & shooting


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A guide to planning and shooting video for the web.

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Video planning & shooting

  1. 1. Video Planning & Editing
  2. 2. Kate Fox Associate: Sound delivery Student: MA Social Media, Salford University Researcher: BBC Multiplatform and formerly New Media Manager: Mersey Basin Campaign
  3. 3. Agenda <ul><li>Planning your film </li></ul><ul><li>Finding your contributors </li></ul><ul><li>Shooting </li></ul><ul><li>Framing your shots </li></ul><ul><li>Putting it together </li></ul><ul><li>Getting the word out </li></ul><ul><li>Meet the cameras </li></ul><ul><li>It’s Spielberg time! </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1. Before you start <ul><li>What is the message? </li></ul><ul><li>How will the video be used? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is your audience? </li></ul><ul><li>When will you need to film? </li></ul><ul><li>What activities will you be able to film? </li></ul><ul><li>Have you got enough filming time? </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t film too much! </li></ul>photo by John Dalrymple CC
  5. 5. 2. Making a plan <ul><li>Write a rough running order </li></ul><ul><li>Write a script / shot list </li></ul><ul><li>Visual storyboard if useful </li></ul>
  6. 6. Example: Running order SAVING PLANET EARTH INTRO Chris explaining who he is Explanation of local area and the threat to the wildlife Why we need to look after them Name the 3 species COMING UP Soundbites and shots of Hen Harriers and Adders STORY 1 – RED SQUIRREL Intro in landrover in Kielder Forest Information Explanation of population and the new research – Dr Peter Lurz – Newcastle University Introduction of Kielder Forest Red Squirrel Project and purpose Tree felling day to explain where the squirrel hideaways etc are from Red Squirrel Day – 22nd August – Chris and general public at event Man with assault course – cut with Chris up a tree/swing rope Food required for squirrels – comparison with humans Chris building a feeding table? Example written by Sohail Shah
  7. 7. Example: script / shot list SHOT VOICEOVER / SPEECH MCU - Client entering BROOK from street (Poss cut from external view of door used in Journey 1?) V/O When you arrive at Brook Manchester, just come straight in through the front door - there’s no need to knock or wait. WIDE - RECEPTION desk, smiling receptionist / CUTAWAYS - Other reception staff carrying out duties, surface of desk (leaflets etc) V/O The first thing you’ll see is the Reception desk - this is where you need to go and sign in. C/U Sign re non-disclosure V/O Don’t worry if you don’t want to tell Reception why you’re here, you don’t have to unless you want to. MEDIUM - Receptionist RECEPTIONIST (to camera): I’m SARAH, and I work on Reception at Brook Manchester. When you arrive, the first thing we need to know is whether you’ve been here before - if you have, we’ll be able to go and find your previous notes.
  8. 8. Example: visual storyboard
  9. 9. 3.Contributors <ul><li>Pick the best speaker for the job </li></ul><ul><li>Are they animated and enthusiastic? </li></ul><ul><li>Are they happy? Will people warm to them? </li></ul><ul><li>Wardrobe - uniforms / bright colours - NO STRIPES! </li></ul><ul><li>Release forms </li></ul>
  10. 10. 4. Shooting <ul><li>Decide what you’re going to film before you start </li></ul><ul><li>Think of multiple shots for each activity </li></ul><ul><li>Film each shot for at least 10 seconds </li></ul><ul><li>Film people DOING something </li></ul><ul><li>Film a sequence of events </li></ul><ul><li>Record 5-10 seconds of ‘wiggle room’ before and after the activity </li></ul>
  11. 11. 5. Filming tips and tricks <ul><li>Avoid moving the camera - movement will look shakier on screen </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid zooming - move closer to the action </li></ul><ul><li>Use a tripod where possible </li></ul><ul><li>Think about composition & background </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of background noise </li></ul><ul><li>Soundbites </li></ul><ul><li>Cutaways </li></ul>
  12. 12. 6. Framing your shots <ul><li>LONG SHOT - subject fills the frame from head to foot (good for action) </li></ul><ul><li>MEDIUM SHOT - subject fills the frame from head to waist (good for interviews / talking) </li></ul><ul><li>CLOSE UP - subject’s face fills the frame (good for emotion, but used sparingly) </li></ul>
  13. 13. long shot medium shot close up rule of thirds
  14. 14. Emscher Reports ‘ Ov Gorton’ ‘ Murder at the Baths’ LIVIA Project Mapping
  15. 15. 7. Putting it together <ul><li>Think about the purpose of your film </li></ul><ul><li>Plan what you’ll film before setting out </li></ul><ul><li>Script if you need to </li></ul><ul><li>When your shoot is complete, log what you’ve filmed and choose the elements that best tell your story </li></ul><ul><li>Edit (on-board software / external software) </li></ul>
  16. 16. 8. Getting the word out <ul><li>Youtube / Vimeo </li></ul><ul><li> (distribution & playlists) </li></ul><ul><li>Use your blog, Facebook page and existing websites </li></ul>
  17. 17. 9. Introducing the camera playback record/stop delete connect to computer
  18. 18. Now it’s your turn... image borrowed from