Overview of Indian Wind Power:World Scenario of Wind Power:Estimated world total Wind Power generation capacity at the end...
turbines, greater land availability and expanded resource exploration, the potential could be as bigas 100 GW.            ...
Major turbine manufacturing and operating companies in India:Suzlon Energy is one of the major players in the wind turbine...
operating Cost of a Wind Farm is very low as the fuel cost is zero and operations and maintenancecosts are low also. To we...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Overview of indian wind power 2011

3,360 views

Published on

Overview of Indian Wind Power:
World Scenario of Wind Power:
Estimated world total Wind Power generation capacity at the end of 2011 was in total 238351 MW. Out of that continental distribution in MW was like Europe: 96616, Asia: 82398, Latin America & Caribbean: 3203, Pacific Region: 2858, Africa & Middle East: 1093. (Source: GWEC)
Indian Wind Power Scenario:
As the first country to set up ministry for Renewable and Non Conventional Energy in the early 1980 there were no such noticeable developments.
Wind power potential Area in India:
Centre for Wind Energy Technology estimat¬ed total potentiality for wind power was around 45 GW
Market growth for wind in India:
Major completed and upcoming projects with capacity in India:
Some of the major upcoming projects are:
Major turbine manufacturing and operating companies in India:
Technology and Development:
Wind Power Generation cost and some Incentives in India:
Policies and Regulations:

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
2 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Can you give us References about Completed Projects category??
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • 1) What is the Average Capacity Factor of Wind Mills in India ?
    2) What is the total Units produced by Wind Mills in India ?
    3) Tamil Nadu has invested close to Rs.50,000 crores in Wind Mills in the past 10 years. Now it is facing severe power cut. If the same amount had been spent on Nuclear / Coal Power Plants, will Tamil Nadu have power cut now ?
    4) Wind Mills are running only for few months in a year. How do we manage for the rest of the months ? We have no choice other than having equal capacity of Nuclear / Coal. Will this not result in under utilisation of Nuclear / Coal plant adding to the cost of electricity in India ? Will this not slow down our growth ? Please send your pointwise reply to : kp@pecpl.com
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,360
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
90
Comments
2
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Overview of indian wind power 2011

  1. 1. Overview of Indian Wind Power:World Scenario of Wind Power:Estimated world total Wind Power generation capacity at the end of 2011 was in total 238351 MW.Out of that continental distribution in MW was like Europe: 96616, Asia: 82398, Latin America &Caribbean: 3203, Pacific Region: 2858, Africa & Middle East: 1093. (Source: GWEC)GWEC reviles that out of the top wind power generating countries India stands in 5th position withgeneration capacity of 16084 MW after completion of 2011 projects. According to Statistical rankingChina ranks 1st with 62733MW, US in 2nd with Generation 46919MW and Germany & Spain ranks 3rdand 4th respectively with generation capacity 29060MW and 21674MW. India installed additional3019MW during the year 2010-11 that means 23% increased installation of the generation capacity2010. In the last 5 years growth of new installation is nearly 27.6% globally. In the year 2010-11China, US, India, France, Italy, UK, Canada and Portugal has double digit installation percentageincrease where China posses 40.2%, Canada 31.4%, UK 24.6% and India has 23.1%.According to BTM Consult, by 2013 wind power market penetration is going to reach 3.35% and by2018 it will touch 8%. It is recorded that European Union countries has the highest marketpenetration rate of wind power where they have 14.6% renewable power generation capacity out oftotal power generation.Indian Wind Power Scenario:As the first country to set up ministry for Renewable and Non Conventional Energy in the early 1980there were no such noticeable developments. According to Indian Ministry of New and RenewableEnergy Cumulative achievement up to 31.01.2012 total generation capacity including all renewablepower generation units is 23800.9 MW which includes 23129.40 MW Grid connectivity and 671.50MW Off Grid. There is no wind power generation facility in Off Grid in India.Out of total renewable power generation Wind Power accounts 16084 MW that mean nearly 67.98%of total generation comes from Wind Power.India had installed power generation capacity of 185500MW at the end of November 2011. Of thetotal generation capacity Wind Power share is 8.7%.Wind power potential Area in India:Centre for Wind Energy Technology estimated total potentiality for wind power was around 45 GWand current revised data is 48.5 GW and these data were well accepted by Govt. Officials.MNRE studied the detailed comprehensive wind mapping and established country-wide network of1050 wind monitoring and wind mapping stations in 25 states and identified 216 suitable sites.Wind measurements were carried out at lower heights and did not take into account technologicalinnovation and improvements and repowering of old turbines to replace them with bigger ones. Atheights of 55-65 meters Indian Wind Turbine Manufacturers Association (IWTMA) estimates that thepotential for wind development in India is around 65-70 GW. WISE considers that with larger
  2. 2. turbines, greater land availability and expanded resource exploration, the potential could be as bigas 100 GW. State Potential (MW) State Potential (MW) Andhra Pradesh 8968 Madhya Pradesh 1019 Gujarat 10645 Maharashtra 4584 Karnataka 11531 Orissa 255 Kerala 1171 Rajasthan 4858 Tamil Nadu 5530 Total 48561 Table 1: Wind energy potential in India according to C-WETMarket growth for wind in India:Market growth in India for Wind Power is slow but steady. 5463 MW was added in the last threeyears and now total capacity installed is 16084 MW.Wind power in India has been concentrated in a few regions, especially the southern state of TamilNadu, which maintains its position as the state with the most wind power, representing 44% ofIndia’s total wind capacity. State Total Capacity (MW) 2011 Market Share of total Generation Tamil Nadu 5904.4 24.8% Maharashtra 2310.7 9.7% Gujarat 2175.6 9.1% Karnataka 1730.1 7.3% Rajasthan 1524.7 6.4% Table 2: Installed capacity and Market share of total generation in dominating stateMajor completed and upcoming projects with capacity in IndiaSome of the major projects completed by 2011 are listed billow with details: Total Capacity Power Plant Producer Location State (MW) Vankusawade Wind Park Suzlon Energy Satara Maharashtra 259 Cape Comorin Aban Loyd Chiles Kanyakumari Tamil Nadu 33 Kayathar Subhash Subhash Kayathar Tamil Nadu 30 Ramakkalmedu Subhash Ramakkalmedu Kerala 25 Muppandal Wind Muppandal Wind Muppandal Tamil Nadu 22 Gudimangalam Gudimangalam Gudimangalam Tamil Nadu 21 Puthlur RCI Wescare (India) Puthlur AP 20 Lamda Danida Danida India Lamda Gujarat 15 Chennai Mohan Mohan Breweries Chennai Tamil Nadu 15Some of the major upcoming projects are: Location Company Capacity (MW) Jaisalmer District Sipla Wind Farm 102.4 Nallakonda Narmada Wind Farm 50.4 Tamil Nadu TEECL 200 GJ, MH,RJ Caparo (Suzlon Energy) 500 Tuppadahalli Accionia 56 Amreli Orient Green Power 50 Maharashtra Orient Green Power 84 Vellappaneri Beta Wind 33
  3. 3. Major turbine manufacturing and operating companies in India:Suzlon Energy is one of the major players in the wind turbine industry renowned as world’s 5th andIndia’s largest turbine manufacturer. Other than that some major companies are SRC Green Power,Suzlon, Enercon India, NEG-MICON India, Elecon Engineering, GE Wind Energy, Gamesa Eolica,Shriram EPC, LM Glassfibre.Technology and Development:India is having adequate amount of productive wind, speed with 4m/sec to 35m/sec assuming 1% ofland availability for wind farms required at 12 ha/MW in sites having wind power density exceeding200 W/sq.m at 50 m hub-height to produce electricity; cube of the winds speed.From units of 20-60 kW with rotor diameters of around 20m, wind turbine generators haveincreased in capacity to 2 MW and above, with rotor diameters of 60-90 m. The largest machinebeing manufactured now has a capacity of 4,500 kW and a rotor diameter of 112 m. Since thebeginning of the 1980s, the power of a wind turbine has increased by a factor of more than 200.Main components of a single unit are:  Blade or rotor: This converts the energy in the wind power to rotational shaft energy.  Drive train: Usually including a gearbox and a generator.  Tower: That supports the rotor and drive train; andOther equipment includes controllers, electrical cables, ground support equipment, andinterconnection equipments. Some of the highly designed efficient Rotors like Loopwing, Energy ball,Aerocam, Helix wind, Magenn air rotor, Sky serpent, GROW etc has been developed to increase theeffectiveness of mechanism.So if we can improve the technologies inside the drive train and efficiency of rotor then it very muchpossible to generate electricity in term of efficient, feasible, economically viable within limitedresources also.Some of the offshore wind power generation feasibility study also carried by National Institute ofOcean Technology and some initial efforts had indeed been undertaken by CWET. Data summary ofthat study was wind power density is about 250–300 W/m2 by the Arabian Sea (6-6.4 m/s), 250–600W/m2 (6-7.8 m/s) by the Indian Ocean, and 150–500 W/m2 (5.1-7.4) by the Bay of Bengal areawhere a minimum wind speed of about 6.5 m/s is required for offshore wind farms.According to news published on 29.03.2012 Suzlon Energy Ltd, Indias largest wind-turbine maker,will deliver 332 megawatts of offshore turbines to a German North Sea project being developed byPNE Wind AG.Wind Power Generation cost and some Incentives in IndiaTo set up wind power plant capital cost is slightly higher than fossil fuel power plants but muchlower than a solar power plant. For a wind farm, the capital cost ranges between 4.5 crores to 6.85crores per MW in India, depending up on the type of turbine, technology, size and location. The
  4. 4. operating Cost of a Wind Farm is very low as the fuel cost is zero and operations and maintenancecosts are low also. To welcome new initiatives Wind Energy Subsidies are provided to the companies Tax incentives: Indian renewable energy companies are entitled to take 80.0% accelerated depreciation on assets employed in renewable energy power generation and benefit from a 10- year tax holiday. Generation Based Incentives (GBI): The Federal Government gives an incentive of 50 paisa per unit of wind power supplied to the grid by independent wind power producers. The incentive is limited to wind farms with a maximum aggregate installed capacity of 4,000 MW. This is over and above the state fixed electricity tariffs for Wind Energy Generation. Preferential Tariffs: State electricity regulatory commissions (SERCS) are encouraged to set preferential tariffs for power produced from Wind energy. Renewable Purchase Obligations: This is the Indian name for RPS which means the obligation to purchase a fixed amount of electricity generation from renewable energy sources. Each state in India has coordinated with the Central Regulator (CERC) to fix a RPO level. Wind Zone Tariff (Rs./kWh) Wind Zone 1 (200-250 W/m2) Wind 5.63 Wind Zone 2 (250-300 W/m2) Wind 4.9 Wind Zone 3 (300-400 W/m2) Wind 4.17 Wind Zone 4 (above 400 W/m2) Wind 3.75 Table 3: Tariffs for wind energy by CWETPolicies and Regulations:India has developed strong and powerful regulations in the central and state level to promote andmaterialize future plans which covers1. Accelerated Depreciation 2. Indirect Tax Benefits 3. Central-level Generation-based Incentives4. Renewable Purchase Obligations etc.Other than that different states have been developed deferent policies on wheeling, banking, buy-back, third party sales, capital subsidy etc.ConclusionIf we keep apart disadvantage like first time installation cost then the other factors for wind powergeneration like continuous wind flow can be easily identified through quality research throughoutonshore and offshore in India where total 7517km of coastline and its territorial waters extend up to12 nautical miles into the sea is available.India today stands among the top five countries in the world in terms of renewable energy capacitywhere we have an installed base of over 16 GW, which is around 10% of India’s total powergeneration capacity and contributes over 3.75% in the electricity mix. Out of this 10% contribution inpower generation wind power contributes nearly 70%.So here we can conclude that there is a huge chance to grow in wind power in a country like Indiawhich is having 7.4% GDP, second largest population and emerging market of FDI.

×