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Writing Proposal Arguments
 

Writing Proposal Arguments

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Tutorial on writing proposal arguments for Freshman Composition college course.

Tutorial on writing proposal arguments for Freshman Composition college course.

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    Writing Proposal Arguments Writing Proposal Arguments Presentation Transcript

    • Writing Proposal Arguments
      • Dr. Alisa Cooper
      • Freshman Composition
      • South Mountain Community College
    • Proposal Claims
      • ask the audience to act in a certain way - to do something based on the information you provide and the argument you make, and the claims are often stated as "should/should not" statements.
    • Reasons
      • The reasons in the argument justify why the action is to be taken.
    • Presence
      • An argument is said to have "presence" when the reader or listener senses the immediacy of the speaker/ writer’s words.
    • Appeal to Emotion
      • Should you choose to use an appeal to emotion, consider limiting it to your introduction or conclusion.
    • Proponent of Change
      • the current method of operation isn’t working.
      • even though it appears as though the current method of operation is working, it isn’t, or there is a better way.
    • Predict Future Consequences
      • You will need to try to predict future consequences as reasonably as possible.
    • Developing a Proposal Argument
      • Convince your reader that a problem exists.
      • Establish Presence
      • Show the specifics of your proposal.
      • The justification: convincing your reader that your proposal should be enacted
      • Touching the right pressure points
    • Special Problems of Proposal Arguments
      • Establish your authority through ethos, pathos, and logos
      • Overcome the cautious or skeptical nature of your audience.
      • Predict future consequences.
      • Evaluate the consequences.
    • Taking Stock of What you Have
      • Will your Topic Work?
        • Does a real problem exist?
        • Will my proposal really solve the existing problem without causing bigger problems?
        • Is there another, simpler means of solving the problem?
        • Is my solution really practical?
        • What are the consequences and undetermined problems associated with my proposal?
    • Writing Your Proposal Argument
      • Ask yourself the following questions:
        • Why is the problem a problem?
        • For whom is the problem a problem?
        • How will these people suffer if the problem is not solved? (details)
    • More Questions
      • Who has the power to solve the problem?
      • Why hasn’t the problem been solved up to this point?
      • How can the problem be solved?
      • What are the possible benefits of acting on your proposal?
    • Final Questions
      • What costs are associated with your proposal?
      • Who will bear these costs?
      • Why should this proposal be implemented?
      • Why is it better than alternative proposals?
    • Organizing a Proposal Argument (Sample Outline)
      • I. Present the problem that needs to be solve.
        • A. Describe the problemB. Provide a history for the problemC. Argue that the problem can be solved, but don't solve it yet
    • Organizing a Proposal Argument (Sample Outline)
        • II. Present the proposal.A. Present your claim (thesis)
            • B. Explain the specifics of the proposal
            • B. Explain the specifics of the proposal
    • Organizing a Proposal Argument (Sample Outline)
            • III. Provide a summary of the opposing viewpoints. A. Counter Argue: (this section can summarize opposing solutions and discus why they aren't valid)
    • Organizing a Proposal Argument (Sample Outline)
            • IV. Justification: Convince the reader that the proposal should be adopted. A. Solution is Feasible: Reason 1, presented and developed B. Solution Solves the Problem: Reason 2, presented and developed C. Solution is the Best Solution: Reason 3, presented and developed etc.
    • Organizing a Proposal Argument (Sample Outline)
            • V. Conclusion
            • A. Restate Your Proposed Solution
            • B. Summarize main arguments C. Entice your readers to act
    • Paper 3 Guidelines
      • Write a 2-3 page paper that defines the problem for your proposal paper. Use the information in this presentation to help establish your "presence."
      • Use sources as much as needed, and be sure to cite your sources using parenthetical notation. Use your book as a guide.
      • Include a works cited page with a list of the sources used in this section of your paper.
      • If you're following the outline presented in this presentation, you will only do section I.