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Writing Proposal Arguments

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Tutorial on writing proposal arguments for Freshman Composition college course.

Tutorial on writing proposal arguments for Freshman Composition college course.

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  • 1. Writing Proposal Arguments
    • Dr. Alisa Cooper
    • Freshman Composition
    • South Mountain Community College
  • 2. Proposal Claims
    • ask the audience to act in a certain way - to do something based on the information you provide and the argument you make, and the claims are often stated as "should/should not" statements.
  • 3. Reasons
    • The reasons in the argument justify why the action is to be taken.
  • 4. Presence
    • An argument is said to have "presence" when the reader or listener senses the immediacy of the speaker/ writer’s words.
  • 5. Appeal to Emotion
    • Should you choose to use an appeal to emotion, consider limiting it to your introduction or conclusion.
  • 6. Proponent of Change
    • the current method of operation isn’t working.
    • even though it appears as though the current method of operation is working, it isn’t, or there is a better way.
  • 7. Predict Future Consequences
    • You will need to try to predict future consequences as reasonably as possible.
  • 8. Developing a Proposal Argument
    • Convince your reader that a problem exists.
    • Establish Presence
    • Show the specifics of your proposal.
    • The justification: convincing your reader that your proposal should be enacted
    • Touching the right pressure points
  • 9. Special Problems of Proposal Arguments
    • Establish your authority through ethos, pathos, and logos
    • Overcome the cautious or skeptical nature of your audience.
    • Predict future consequences.
    • Evaluate the consequences.
  • 10. Taking Stock of What you Have
    • Will your Topic Work?
      • Does a real problem exist?
      • Will my proposal really solve the existing problem without causing bigger problems?
      • Is there another, simpler means of solving the problem?
      • Is my solution really practical?
      • What are the consequences and undetermined problems associated with my proposal?
  • 11. Writing Your Proposal Argument
    • Ask yourself the following questions:
      • Why is the problem a problem?
      • For whom is the problem a problem?
      • How will these people suffer if the problem is not solved? (details)
  • 12. More Questions
    • Who has the power to solve the problem?
    • Why hasn’t the problem been solved up to this point?
    • How can the problem be solved?
    • What are the possible benefits of acting on your proposal?
  • 13. Final Questions
    • What costs are associated with your proposal?
    • Who will bear these costs?
    • Why should this proposal be implemented?
    • Why is it better than alternative proposals?
  • 14. Organizing a Proposal Argument (Sample Outline)
    • I. Present the problem that needs to be solve.
      • A. Describe the problemB. Provide a history for the problemC. Argue that the problem can be solved, but don't solve it yet
  • 15. Organizing a Proposal Argument (Sample Outline)
      • II. Present the proposal.A. Present your claim (thesis)
          • B. Explain the specifics of the proposal
          • B. Explain the specifics of the proposal
  • 16. Organizing a Proposal Argument (Sample Outline)
          • III. Provide a summary of the opposing viewpoints. A. Counter Argue: (this section can summarize opposing solutions and discus why they aren't valid)
  • 17. Organizing a Proposal Argument (Sample Outline)
          • IV. Justification: Convince the reader that the proposal should be adopted. A. Solution is Feasible: Reason 1, presented and developed B. Solution Solves the Problem: Reason 2, presented and developed C. Solution is the Best Solution: Reason 3, presented and developed etc.
  • 18. Organizing a Proposal Argument (Sample Outline)
          • V. Conclusion
          • A. Restate Your Proposed Solution
          • B. Summarize main arguments C. Entice your readers to act
  • 19. Paper 3 Guidelines
    • Write a 2-3 page paper that defines the problem for your proposal paper. Use the information in this presentation to help establish your "presence."
    • Use sources as much as needed, and be sure to cite your sources using parenthetical notation. Use your book as a guide.
    • Include a works cited page with a list of the sources used in this section of your paper.
    • If you're following the outline presented in this presentation, you will only do section I.