Biodiversity around my town and its importance


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Biodiversity around my town and its importance

  1. 1. Biodiversity around my town and its importance about the achievement of sustainable development
  2. 2. Chestnut <ul><li>Chestnuts are a genus of eight or nine species of trees and shrubs of the beech family. Live naturally in areas with warm temperate climates of the Northern Hemisphere. Most are large trees, reaching 20-40 m height, but some species (chinkapinite) are smaller . All are deciduous. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Willow <ul><li>Willows are a genus of tree or shrub plants that prefer damp areas. The flowers are collected in catkins. Issue and have a pleasant smell like sweet juice. Male flowers are yellowish and female - green. Pollination is carried by the wind. Seeds of willow are small and equipped with a silk cloth. Ripen in May-June. Willow grows along rivers, wetlands areas flows. Occurs in the mountains. Reaches a height of 30 m, a diameter of 1,5 m. The leaves are highly elongated. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Tilia <ul><li>Tilia is a genus of trees, which includes about 40 species. It is distributed in the temperate belt of the northern hemisphere - Europe, Asia and eastern North America. Some species are wild. Tilias reach a height of 20 to 40 meters, their leaves are heart shaped. Thrive well in moist and shady places. The flowers resemble small umbrellas with yellowish color. They have a strong flavor and are used for making tea. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Birch <ul><li>Birch is the name of family trees, distributed in all high mountains in Bulgaria, rocky places, clearings, mostly in coniferous forests. For medical purposes are used leaves (infusion, decoction), bark (decoction), buds (infusion, decoction), catkins (infusion). Birch is located in the temperate climate zone. It is a rare white black spots and have small leaves to withstand the cold. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Beech <ul><li>Beech is a genus of deciduous broadleaf trees, common in the Northern Hemisphere. The genus has about 10 species. Characteristics of all of them are gray smooth skin and big, brown buds spindle with pointed tip. Their leaves are simple, with short stalk, arranged alternately on the twigs. Pollination is by wind. Fruits are 1-2, rarely more </li></ul>
  7. 7. Red Deer <ul><li>The red deer is a large herbivorous mammal of the order Artiodactyla. The female deer is called a &quot;doe&quot;. Widespread in Europe (including Bulgaria) and Asia. It inhabits not very dense deciduous and mixed forests in the plains, hilly and mountain areas. Foods with plant food, grass, buds, leaves, twigs, rhizomes, and others. Winter time finds difficulty in finding food and often go hungry and reliant on stocks accumulated during summer and autumn. The red deer is a polygamous animal. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Squirrel <ul><li>Squirrels are a genus of small mammals of the family Sciuridae. Includes about 30 species distributed in Eurasia and America. In Bulgaria, a kind of meeting - regular squirrel. They live mainly in trees and eat seeds of pinecones, acorns, shoots, mushrooms, nuts, berries, insects and sometimes bird eggs. Often savaged tree bark to reach the tree juice. They are active during the day, especially morning and evening. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Brown Bear <ul><li>The brown bear is one of the biggest predator in Bulgaria. Lives in woodlands. Although it looks clumsy, over short distances can run at a speed of 45 kmh. It feeds with roots, acorns and young grasses, loves wild strawberries, raspberries and blueberries, wild apples, plums, pears, watermelons and ants. Little bears are born during hibernation of the bear. The female gives birth every 2-3 years from 1 to 3 small, who initially blind and naked and weigh only 350 grams. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Gray wolf <ul><li>In the past, wolves were distributed almost worldwide, but today are found primarily in North America, Eurasia and Middle East. They live in a wide range of environmental conditions - forests, tundra, taiga, plains and mountains. The wolf is a predator. Pack of wolves hunt any large herbivorous in its territory, while lone wolves are more likely to eat more and small animals. Mating is annually .They are usually monogamous. </li></ul>
  11. 11. European Hare <ul><li>Prevalent in most of Europe, including Bulgaria and in parts of the Middle East and Central Asia. In our country they are found throughout the country, and from sea level right up to the high mountains. Body length of the hare is up to 68 cm, the tail - up to 8 cm. Its mass reaches about 5 kg. Wild rabbits breed up to 4 times a year, the number of small in the first and last litter is usually 2-3, but in summer litters - from 3 to 5, and more. Gestation lasts from 45-48 days. </li></ul>