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Riskilaste konverents 2012: Janne Stoen Presentation Transcript
Introduction to the LP-model Janne Støen Tallinn, October 2012
Learning environment and Pedagogical analysis A strategy to improve the learning environment through analysing the challenges the teachers meet The LP-model provides a working method in which the teachers collaborate in groups using specific principles The aim is to establish a learning environment where all students achieve the best social and academic learning The methodology involves a systematic approach to analysis and reflection, together with the development of appropriate measures and evaluation
A whole school approach Develop teachers knowledge on inclusive education strategies for all pupils in ordinary schools Training the entire school staff in using a model for understanding and managing learning and behavioral problems.
A model based on research about: What can explain unrest and discipline problems in schools What do pupils learn in school (social and academic skills) What characterizes a good school What characterizes good teachers Learning- and class environment
Rutter et. al 1979• Children’s behaviour and attitudes are shaped and influenced by their experiences in schoolPISA 2007• Good results are achieved when the teachers are skilled leaders who have a good, structured teaching• Good results are obtained in schools that have a strong focus on learning and the learning process• Results are connected to clear expectationsHattie 2009Important factors are:• The relation between student and teacher• Feedback to students• Clear and unambiguous instructions on effort, goals and contribution• Use of supportive dialogue, summaries and questions• Class management
Systemic analysis Define a problem Define a goal Obtain new information Revise Analyse sustaining factors -------------------------------------------------------- Develop strategies and measures Implement measures Evaluate
Different perspectives Individual Explains actions and learning outcome by relating them to individual traits, such as intelligence, a diagnosis (pathology), home-environment etc. Contextual Explains actions and learning outcome by relating them to factors in the learning environment, such as relations, class management, teaching skills etc. The actor’s Emphasizes the importance of finding out how the pupils involved view their situation
A systemic approach to identifyingobstacles Systemic theory emphasizes the importance of taking into account that we interact with different social systems Each individual participates in a system where we are affected and have an affect on other people in the system The way we communicate and act forms the structures that is unique to each system
What is systemic work in the LP-model? The purpose is to influence a social system (like a school) to positive development The work is based on systemic theory, social interaction and mutual influence The work includes all the actors in the social system The work is organized systematically according to a plan
Possible sustaining factors One boy says he is sure the teacher doesn’t like him Rules are unclear and are executed differentlyThe teacher is oftenlate for lessonsThe teaching is not Three boys Some students have lowwell adapted show little interest self-esteem in math lessons Many students think it is embarrassing to be a ”goodThe cooperation student”with some parents isnot good enough Several students have low Many students are late for lessons reading and writing skills
The evaluation of LP schools shows that: Students exhibit better social skills in the form of self control, adjustment to the school norms and speaking their own mind There is a positive development regarding how students like and appreciate going to school, the learning environment has improved Relationships between students and teachers have improved and the atmosphere between students has also developed in a positive way The environment and culture within the school has improved and a stronger collaboration between the teachers has been established Parents are happier with the information they get from the school and the dialogue they have with the teachers