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Πρωτεύοντα - Primates
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Πρωτεύοντα - Primates


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  • Evolution of the 33 mitochondrially encoded COX residues that putatively bind CYC in primates. (Left) Phylogenetic relationships among different species of primates (33). (Center) Number of amino acid replacements in the mtDNA-encoded portion of COX that binds CYC. Bars indicate the total number of deltran-inferred amino acid changes on each terminal lineage from the ancestral crown primate to the terminal species; the number of inferred ES changes in the total number of changes are indicated by black fill in the bar graph. (Right) Docking site total charge. The vertical line represents the inferred total charge of the crown primate ancestor; filled ovals are the inferred total charge of the indicated primate species.
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    • 1. Order Primateso Suborder Strepsirrhini: non-tarsier prosimians • Infraorder Lemuriformes – Family Cheirogaleidae: dwarf lemurs and mouse-lemurs (32 species) – Family Daubentoniidae: Aye-aye (1 species) – Family Lemuridae: lemurs (22 species) – Family Lepilemuridae: sportive lemurs (26 species) – Family Indriidae: woolly lemurs and allies (19 species) • Infraorder Lorisiformes – Family Lorisidae: lorises, pottos and allies (9 species) – Family Galagidae: galagos (19 species)
    • 2. Τάξη Πρωτεύοντα• Υποτάξη Στρεψίρρινοι (Strepsirrhini): όλοι οι προσιμιίδες εκτός από τους τάρσιους – Ανθυποτάξη Λεμουρόμορφα (Lemuriformes) • Οικογένεια Χειρογαλεΐδες (Cheirogaleidae): λεμούριοι νάνοι και λεμούριοι ποντικοί (32 είδη) • Οικογένεια Δωβεντονιίδες (Daubentoniidae): άι-άι (1 είδος) • Οικογένεια Λεμουρίδες (Lemuridae): καφέ λεμούριοι, λεμούριοι με δακτυλιδωτή ουρά και συγγενείς (22 είδη) • Οικογένεια Λεπιλεμουρίδες (Lepilemuridae): παιχνιδιάρηδες λεμούριοι (26 είδη) • Οικογένεια Ιντριίδες (Indriidae): μαλλιαροί λεμούριοι και συγγενείς (19 είδη) – Ανθυποτάξη Λορισίμορφα (Lorisiformes) • Οικογένεια Λορισίδες (Lorisidae) : λόρις, πότος και συγγενείς (9 είδη) • Οικογένεια Γαλαγίδες (Galagidae): γαλάγος (19 είδη)
    • 3. Order Primateso Suborder Haplorrhini: tarsiers, monkeys and apes • Infraorder Tarsiiformes – Family Tarsiidae: tarsiers (9 species) • Infraorder Simiiformes – Parvorder Platyrrhini: New World monkeys » Family Callitrichidae: marmosets and tamarins (42 species) » Family Cebidae: capuchins and squirrel monkeys (17 species) » Family Aotidae: night or owl monkeys (douroucoulis) (10 species) » Family Pitheciidae: titis, sakis and uakaris (42 species) » Family Atelidae: howler, spider and woolly monkeys (28 species) – Parvorder Catarrhini » Superfamily Cercopithecoidea » Family Cercopithecidae: Old World monkeys (135 species) » Superfamily Hominoidea » Family Hylobatidae: gibbons or "lesser apes" (13 species) » Family Hominidae: great apes, including humans (7 species)
    • 4. Τάξη Πρωτεύοντα• Υποτάξη Απλόρρινοι (Haplorrhini): τάρσιοι, μαϊμούδες και πίθηκοι• Ανθυποτάξη Ταρσιίμορφα (Tarsiiformes) – Οικογένεια Ταρσιίδες (Tarsiidae): τάρσιοι (9 είδη)• Ανθυποτάξη Σιμιίμορφα (Simiiformes): σιμιίδες – Μικροτάξη Πλατύρρινοι (Platyrrhini): μαϊμούδες Νέου Κόσμου • Οικογένεια Καλλιτριχίδες (Callitrichidae): μαρμοζέτες και ταμαρίνοι (42 είδη) • Οικογένεια Κηβίδες (Cebidae): καπουτσίνοι και μαϊμούδες σκίουροι (17 είδη) • Οικογένεια Αοτίδες (Aotidae): νυχτερινές μαϊμούδες και μαϊμούδες κουκουβάγιες (10 είδη) • Οικογένεια Πιθηκιίδες (Pitheciidae): τίτις, σάκις και ουακάρις (42 είδη) • Οικογένεια Ατελίδες (Atelidae): τριχωτές μαϊμούδες και μαϊμούδες αράχνες (28 είδη) – Μικροτάξη Κατάρρινοι (Catarrhini) • Υπεροικογένεια Κερκοπιθηκοειδή (Cercopithecoidea) – Οικογένεια Κερκοπιθηκίδες (Cercopithecidae) : μαϊμούδες Παλαιού Κόσμου (135 είδη) • Υπεροικογένεια Ανθρωποειδή (Hominoidea): πίθηκοι – Οικογένεια Υλοβατίδες (Hylobatidae): γίββωνες ή "μικροί πίθηκοι" (13 είδη) – Οικογένεια Ανθρωπίδες (Hominidae): "μεγάλοι πίθηκοι" (συγκαταλέγονται και οι άνθρωποι) (7 είδη)
    • 5. Family Hominidae: great apes, including humans (7 species)– Subfamily Ponginae • Genus Pongo – Bornean Orangutan, (Pongo pygmaeus) – Sumatran Orangutan, (Pongo abelii)– Subfamily Homininae • Tribe Gorillini – Genus Gorilla » Western Gorilla, (Gorilla gorilla) » Eastern Gorilla, (Gorilla beringei) • Tribe Hominini – Genus Pan » Common Chimpanzee, (Pan troglodytes) » Bonobo or Pygmy Chimpanzee, (Pan paniscus) – Genus Homo » Human, (Homo sapiens)
    • 6. Οικογένεια Ανθρωπίδες (Hominidae):"μεγάλοι πίθηκοι" (συγκαταλέγονται και οι άνθρωποι) (7 είδη) – Υποοικογένεια Πονγκίδες Ponginae • Γένος Ουρακοτάγκοι (Pongo) – Ουρακοτάγκοs Βόρνεο (Bornean Orangutan), (Pongo pygmaeus) – Ουρακοτάγκοs Σουμάτρας (Sumatran Orangutan), (Pongo abelii) – Υποοικογένεια Ανθρωπίνες (Homininae) • Φύλο Γοριλλίνοι (Gorillini) – Γένος Γορίλες (Gorilla) » Δυτικός Γορίλας (Western Gorilla), (Gorilla gorilla) » Ανατολικός Γορίλας (Eastern Gorilla), (Gorilla beringei) • Φύλο Ανθρωπίνοι (Hominini) – Γένος Χιμπαντζήδες, (Pan) » Χιμπαντζής ο κοινός (Common Chimpanzee), (Pan troglodytes) » Μπονόμπο (Bonobo) ή Πυγμαίο Χιμπαντζή or Pygmy Chimpanzee, (Pan paniscus) – Γένος Ανθρωποι (Homo) » Σύγχρονος Άνθρωπος (Human), (Homo sapiens)
    • 7. Evolution of the 33 mitochondrially encoded COX residues that putatively bind CYC in primatesSchmidt T R et al. PNAS 2005;102:6379-6384
    • 8. Hominidae Tree(Difference in DNA base pairs between Homo sapiens and other Hominidea )
    • 9. Population of Great Apes estimation for the year 2004 by UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) from to from to %1. Gorillas 97.900 99.950 0,00161.1) Eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei) 3.700 5.7001.2) Western gorilla (Gorilla gorilla) 94.200 94.2502. Chimpanzees 202.000 351.000 0,00552.1) Bonobo (Pan paniscus) 30.000 50.0002.2) Robust chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) 172.000 301.0003. Orangutans 52.334 76.334 0,00123.1) Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) 45.000 69.0003.2) Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii) 7.334 7.334 subtotal 352.234 527.2844. Homo 6.377.643.000 99,99174.1) Human (Homo sapiens) total 6.378.170.284 100,0000
    • 10. Α΄ ξαδέρφια (2 είδη) 1st cousins (2 species) Genus Pan• 1. Common Chimpanzee, (Pan troglodytes)• 2. Bonobo or Pygmy Chimpanzee, (Pan paniscus)
    • 11. B΄ ξαδέρφια (2 είδη) 2nd cousins (2 species) Genus Gorilla• 1. Western Gorilla, (Gorilla gorilla)• 2. Eastern Gorilla, (Gorilla beringei)
    • 12. Γ΄ ξαδέρφια (2 είδη) 3rd cousins (2 species) Genus Pongo• 1. Bornean Orangutan, (Pongo pygmaeus)• 2. Sumatran Orangutan, (Pongo abelii)
    • 13. Δ΄ ξαδέρφια (4 γένη,13 είδη) 4th cousins (4 genera, 13 species)• Family Hylobatidae: gibbons or "lesser apes" (13 species) – Genus Hylobates • Lar Gibbon or White-handed Gibbon, (Hylobates lar) • Agile Gibbon or Black-handed Gibbon, (Hylobates agilis) • Müllers Bornean Gibbon, (Hylobates muelleri) • Silvery Gibbon, (Hylobates moloch) • Pileated Gibbon or Capped Gibbon, (Hylobates pileatus) • Klosss Gibbon or Mentawai Gibbon or Bilou, (Hylobates klossii) – Genus Hoolock • Western Hoolock Gibbon, (Hoolock hoolock) • Eastern Hoolock Gibbon, (Hoolock leuconedys) – Genus Symphalangus • Siamang, (Symphalangus syndactylus) – Genus Nomascus • Concolor or Black Crested Gibbon, (Nomascus concolor) • Eastern Black Crested Gibbon, (Nomascus nasutus) • White-cheeked Crested Gibbon, (Nomascus leucogenys) • Yellow-cheeked Gibbon, (Nomascus gabriellae)
    • 14. E΄ ξαδέρφια - 5th cousins (2 οικογένειες, 22 γένη,135 είδη) (2 families, 22 genera, 135 species)– Superfamily Cercopithecoidea » Family Cercopithecidae: Old World monkeys » Genus Allenopithecus » Allens Swamp Monkey, (Allenopithecus nigroviridis) » Genus Miopithecus » Angolan Talapoin, (Miopithecus talapoin) » Gabon Talapoin, (Miopithecus ogouensis) » Genus Erythrocebus » Patas Monkey, (Erythrocebus patas) » Genus Chlorocebus » Green Monkey, (Chlorocebus sabaeus) » Grivet, (Chlorocebus aethiops) » Bale Mountains Vervet, (Chlorocebus djamdjamensis) » Tantalus Monkey, (Chlorocebus tantalus) » Vervet Monkey, (Chlorocebus pygerythrus) » Malbrouck, (Chlorocebus cynosuros)
    • 15. » Genus Cercopithecus» Dryas Monkey or Salongo Monkey, (Cercopithecus dryas)» Diana Monkey, (Cercopithecus diana)» Roloway Monkey, (Cercopithecus roloway)» Greater Spot-nosed Monkey, (Cercopithecus nictitans)» Blue Monkey, (Cercopithecus mitis)» Silver Monkey, (Cercopithecus doggetti)» Golden Monkey, (Cercopithecus kandti)» Sykess Monkey, (Cercopithecus albogularis)» Mona Monkey, (Cercopithecus mona)» Campbells Mona Monkey, (Cercopithecus campbelli)» Lowes Mona Monkey, (Cercopithecus lowei)» Crested Mona Monkey, (Cercopithecus pogonias)» Wolfs Mona Monkey, (Cercopithecus wolfi)» Dents Mona Monkey, (Cercopithecus denti)» Lesser Spot-nosed Monkey, (Cercopithecus petaurista)» White-throated Guenon, (Cercopithecus erythrogaster)» Sclaters Guenon, (Cercopithecus sclateri)» Red-eared Guenon, (Cercopithecus erythrotis)» Moustached Guenon, (Cercopithecus cephus)» Red-tailed Monkey, (Cercopithecus ascanius)» LHoests Monkey, (Cercopithecus lhoesti)» Preusss Monkey, (Cercopithecus preussi)» Sun-tailed Monkey, (Cercopithecus solatus)» Hamlyns Monkey or Owl-faced Monkey, (Cercopithecus hamlyni)» De Brazzas Monkey, (Cercopithecus neglectus)
    • 16. » Genus Macaca» Barbary Macaque, (Macaca sylvanus)» Lion-tailed Macaque, (Macaca silenus)» Southern Pig-tailed Macaque or Beruk, (Macaca nemestrina)» Northern Pig-tailed Macaque, (Macaca leonina)» Pagai Island Macaque or Bokkoi, (Macaca pagensis)» Siberut Macaque, (Macaca siberu)» Moor Macaque, (Macaca maura)» Booted Macaque, (Macaca ochreata)» Tonkean Macaque, (Macaca tonkeana)» Hecks Macaque, (Macaca hecki)» Gorontalo Macaque, (Macaca nigrescens)» Celebes Crested Macaque or Black "Ape", (Macaca nigra)» Crab-eating Macaque or Long-tailed Macaque or Kera, ( Macaca fascicularis)» Stump-tailed Macaque or Bear Macaque, (Macaca arctoides)» Rhesus Macaque, (Macaca mulatta)» Formosan Rock Macaque, (Macaca cyclopis)» Japanese Macaque, (Macaca fuscata)» Toque Macaque, (Macaca sinica)» Bonnet Macaque, (Macaca radiata)» Assam Macaque, (Macaca assamensis)» Tibetan Macaque or Milne-Edwards Macaque, (Macaca thibetana)» Arunachal Macaque or Munzala, (Macaca munzala)
    • 17. » Genus Lophocebus» Grey-cheeked Mangabey, (Lophocebus albigena)» Black Crested Mangabey, (Lophocebus aterrimus)» Opdenboschs Mangabey, (Lophocebus opdenboschi)» Uganda Mangabey, (Lophocebus ugandae)» Johnstons Mangabey, (Lophocebus johnstoni)» Osman Hills Mangabey, (Lophocebus osmani)» Genus Rungwecebus» Kipunji, (Rungwecebus kipunji)» Genus Papio» Hamadryas Baboon, (Papio hamadryas)» Guinea Baboon, (Papio papio)» Olive Baboon, (Papio anubis)» Yellow Baboon, (Papio cynocephalus)» Chacma Baboon, (Papio ursinus)» Genus Theropithecus» Gelada, (Theropithecus gelada)» Genus Cercocebus» Sooty Mangabey, (Cercocebus atys)» Collared Mangabey, (Cercocebus torquatus)» Agile Mangabey, (Cercocebus agilis)» Golden-bellied Mangabey, (Cercocebus chrysogaster)» Tana River Mangabey, (Cercocebus galeritus)» Sanje Mangabey, (Cercocebus sanjei)
    • 18. » Genus Mandrillus» Mandrill, (Mandrillus sphinx)» Drill, (Mandrillus leucophaeus)» Subfamily Colobinae» Genus Colobus» Black Colobus, (Colobus satanas)» Angola Colobus, (Colobus angolensis)» King Colobus, (Colobus polykomos)» Ursine Colobus, (Colobus vellerosus)» Mantled Guereza, (Colobus guereza)» Genus Piliocolobus» Western Red Colobus, (Piliocolobus badius)» Pennants Colobus, (Piliocolobus pennantii)» Preusss Red Colobus, (Piliocolobus preussi)» Thollons Red Colobus, (Piliocolobus tholloni)» Central African Red Colobus, (Piliocolobus foai)» Ugandan Red Colobus, (Piliocolobus tephrosceles)» Uzungwa Red Colobus, (Piliocolobus gordonorum)» Zanzibar Red Colobus, (Piliocolobus kirkii)» Tana River Red Colobus, (Piliocolobus rufomitratus)» Genus Procolobus» Olive Colobus, (Procolobus verus)
    • 19. » Genus Semnopithecus» Nepal Gray Langur, (Semnopithecus schistaceus)» Kashmir Gray Langur, (Semnopithecus ajax)» Tarai Gray Langur, (Semnopithecus hector)» Northern Plains Gray Langur, (Semnopithecus entellus)» Black-footed Gray Langur, (Semnopithecus hypoleucos)» Southern Plains Gray Langur, (Semnopithecus dussumieri)» Tufted Gray Langur, (Semnopithecus priam)» Genus Trachypithecus» Purple-faced Langur, (Trachypithecus vetulus)» Nilgiri Langur, (Trachypithecus johnii)» Javan Lutung, (Trachypithecus auratus)» Silvery Lutung or Silvered Leaf Monkey, (Trachypithecus cristatus)» Indochinese Lutung, (Trachypithecus germaini)» Tenasserim Lutung, (Trachypithecus barbei)» Dusky Leaf Monkey or Spectacled Leaf Monkey, ( Trachypithecus obscurus)» Phayres Leaf Monkey, (Trachypithecus phayrei)» Capped Langur, (Trachypithecus pileatus)» Shortridges Langur, (Trachypithecus shortridgei)» Gees Golden Langur, (Trachypithecus geei)» Francois Langur, (Trachypithecus francoisi)» Hatinh Langur, (Trachypithecus hatinhensis)» White-headed Langur, (Trachypithecus poliocephalus)» Laotian Langur, (Trachypithecus laotum)» Delacours Langur, (Trachypithecus delacouri)» Indochinese Black Langur, (Trachypithecus ebenus)
    • 20. » Genus Presbytis» Sumatran Surili, (Presbytis melalophos)» Banded Surili, (Presbytis femoralis)» Sarawak Surili, (Presbytis chrysomelas)» White-thighed Surili, (Presbytis siamensis)» White-fronted Surili, (Presbytis frontata)» Javan Surili, (Presbytis comata)» Thomass Langur, (Presbytis thomasi)» Hoses Langur, (Presbytis hosei)» Maroon Leaf Monkey, (Presbytis rubicunda)» Mentawai Langur or Joja, (Presbytis potenziani)» Natuna Island Surili, (Presbytis natunae)» Genus Pygathrix» Red-shanked Douc, (Pygathrix nemaeus)» Black-shanked Douc, (Pygathrix nigripes)» Gray-shanked Douc, (Pygathrix cinerea)» Genus Rhinopithecus» Golden Snub-nosed Monkey, (Rhinopithecus roxellana)» Black Snub-nosed Monkey, (Rhinopithecus bieti)» Gray Snub-nosed Monkey, (Rhinopithecus brelichi)» Tonkin Snub-nosed Langur, (Rhinopithecus avunculus)» Genus Nasalis» Proboscis Monkey, (Nasalis larvatus)» Genus Simias» Pig-tailed Langur, (Simias concolor)
    • 21. ΣΤ΄ ξαδέρφια - 6th cousins (4 οικογένειες, 16 γένη,128 είδη) (4 families, 16 genera, 128 species) – Family Cebidae: capuchins and squirrel monkeys, marmosets, tamarins » Subfamily Callitrichinae » Genus Callithrix » Common Marmoset, (Callithrix (Callithrix) jacchus) » Black-tufted Marmoset, (Callithrix (Callithrix) penicillata) » Wieds Marmoset, (Callithrix (Callithrix) kuhlii) » White-headed Marmoset, (Callithrix (Callithrix) geoffroyi) » Buffy-headed Marmoset, (Callithrix (Callithrix) flaviceps) » Buffy-tufted Marmoset, (Callithrix (Callithrix) aurita) » Rio Acari Marmoset, (Callithrix (Mico) acariensis) » Silvery Marmoset, (Callithrix (Mico) argentata) » White Marmoset, (Callithrix (Mico) leucippe) » Emilias Marmoset, (Callithrix (Mico) emiliae) » Black-headed Marmoset, (Callithrix (Mico) nigriceps) » Manicore Marmoset, (Callithrix (Mico) manicorensis) » Marcas Marmoset, (Callithrix (Mico) marcai)
    • 22. » Black-tailed Marmoset, (Callithrix (Mico) melanura)» Santarem Marmoset, (Callithrix (Mico) humeralifera)» Maués Marmoset, (Callithrix (Mico) mauesi)» Gold-and-white Marmoset, (Callithrix (Mico) chrysoleuca)» Hershkovitzs Marmoset, (Callithrix (Mico) intermedia)» Roosmalens Dwarf Marmoset, (Callithrix (Callibella) humilis)» Pygmy Marmoset, (Callithrix (Cebuella) pygmaea)» Genus Leontopithecus: lion tamarins» Golden Lion Tamarin, (Leontopithecus rosalia)» Golden-headed Lion Tamarin, (Leontopithecus chrysomelas)» Black Lion Tamarin, (Leontopithecus chrysopygus)» Superagui Lion Tamarin, (Leontopithecus caissara)» Genus Saguinus» Red-handed Tamarin, (Saguinus midas)» Black Tamarin, (Saguinus niger)» Black-mantled Tamarin, (Saguinus nigricollis)» Graellss Tamarin, (Saguinus graellsi)» Brown-mantled Tamarin, (Saguinus fuscicollis)» White-mantled Tamarin, (Saguinus melanoleucus)» Golden-mantled Tamarin, (Saguinus tripartitus)» Moustached Tamarin, (Saguinus mystax)» Red-capped Tamarin, (Saguinus pileatus)» White-lipped Tamarin, (Saguinus labiatus)» Emperor Tamarin, (Saguinus imperator)» Pied Tamarin, (Saguinus bicolor)
    • 23. » Martinss Tamarin, (Saguinus martinsi)» Cottontop Tamarin or Pinché Tamarin, (Saguinus oedipus)» Geoffroys Tamarin, (Saguinus geoffroyi)» White-footed Tamarin, (Saguinus leucopus)» Mottle-faced Tamarin, (Saguinus inustus)» Genus Callimico» Goeldis Marmoset, (Callimico goeldii)» Subfamily Cebinae» Genus Cebus: capuchins» White-headed Capuchin, (Cebus capucinus)» White-fronted Capuchin, (Cebus albifrons)» Weeper Capuchin, (Cebus olivaceus)» Kaapori Capuchin, (Cebus kaapori)» Tufted Capuchin, (Cebus apella)» Black-striped Capuchin, (Cebus libidinosus)» Black Capuchin, (Cebus nigritus)» Golden-bellied Capuchin, (Cebus xanthosternos)» Blond Capuchin, (Cebus flavius)» Genus Saimiri: squirrel monkeys» Central American Squirrel Monkey, (Saimiri oerstedii)» Common Squirrel Monkey, (Saimiri sciureus)» Bare-eared Squirrel Monkey, (Saimiri ustus)» Black-capped Squirrel Monkey, (Saimiri boliviensis)» Black Squirrel Monkey, (Saimiri vanzolinii)
    • 24. – Family Aotidae: night or owl monkeys, also called douroucoulis » Genus Aotus » Gray-bellied Night Monkey, (Aotus lemurinus) » Hershkovitzs Night Monkey, (Aotus hershkovitzi) » Three-striped Night Monkey, (Aotus trivirgatus) » Spixs Night Monkey, (Aotus vociferans) » Peruvian Night Monkey, (Aotus miconax) » Nancy Mas Night Monkey, (Aotus nancymae) » Azaras Night Monkey, (Aotus azarae) » Black-headed Night Monkey, (Aotus nigriceps)– Family Pitheciidae: titis, sakis and uakaris » Subfamily Callicebinae » Genus Callicebus » White-eared Titi, (Callicebus (Callicebus) donacophilus) » Rio Beni Titi, (Callicebus (Callicebus) modestus) » Rio Mayo Titi, (Callicebus (Callicebus) oenanthe) » Ollala Brothers Titi, (Callicebus (Callicebus) olallae) » White-coated Titi, (Callicebus (Callicebus) pallescens) » Baptista Lake Titi, (Callicebus (Callicebus) baptista) » Prince Bernhards Titi, (Callicebus (Callicebus) bernhardi) » Brown Titi, (Callicebus (Callicebus) brunneus) » Ashy Black Titi, (Callicebus (Callicebus) cinerascens) » Hoffmannss Titi, (Callicebus (Callicebus) hoffmannsi) » Red-bellied Titi, (Callicebus (Callicebus) moloch) » Barbara Browns Titi, (Callicebus (Callicebus) barbarabrownae)
    • 25. » Coimbra Filhos Titi, (Callicebus (Callicebus) coimbrai)» Coastal Black-handed Titi, (Callicebus (Callicebus) melanochir)» Black-fronted Titi, (Callicebus (Callicebus) nigrifrons)» Atlantic Titi, (Callicebus (Callicebus) personatus)» Chestnut-bellied Titi, (Callicebus (Callicebus) caligatus)» Coppery Titi, (Callicebus (Callicebus) cupreus)» White-tailed Titi, (Callicebus (Callicebus) discolor)» Hershkovitzs Titi, (Callicebus (Callicebus) dubius)» Ornate Titi, (Callicebus (Callicebus) ornatus)» Stephen Nashs Titi, (Callicebus (Callicebus) stephennashi)» Lucifer Titi, (Callicebus (Torquatus) lucifer)» Black Titi, (Callicebus (Torquatus) lugens)» Colombian Black-handed Titi, (Callicebus (Torquatus) medemi)» Rio Purus Titi, (Callicebus (Torquatus) purinus)» Red-headed Titi, (Callicebus (Torquatus) regulus)» Collared Titi, (Callicebus (Torquatus) torquatus)» Monkey, (Callicebus aureipalatii)» Subfamily Pitheciinae» Genus Pithecia» White-faced Saki, (Pithecia pithecia)» Monk Saki, (Pithecia monachus)» Rio Tapajós Saki, (Pithecia irrorata)» Equatorial Saki, (Pithecia aequatorialis)» White-footed Saki, (Pithecia albicans)
    • 26. » Genus Chiropotes » Black Bearded Saki, (Chiropotes satanas) » Red-backed Bearded Saki, (Chiropotes chiropotes) » Brown-backed Bearded Saki, (Chiropotes israelita) » Uta Hicks Bearded Saki, (Chiropotes utahickae) » White-nosed Saki, (Chiropotes albinasus) » Genus Cacajao » Black-headed Uakari, (Cacajao melanocephalus) » Bald Uakari, (Cacajao calvus) » Aracá Uakari, (Cacajao ayresii) » Neblina Uakari, (Cacajao hosomi)– Family Atelidae: howler, spider and woolly monkeys » Subfamily Alouattinae » Genus Alouatta » Coiba Island Howler, (Alouatta coibensis) » Mantled Howler, (Alouatta palliata) » Guatemalan Black Howler, (Alouatta pigra) » Red-handed Howler, (Alouatta belzebul) » Brown Howler, (Alouatta guariba) » Guyanan Red Howler, (Alouatta macconnelli) » Amazon Black Howler, (Alouatta nigerrima) » Bolivian Red Howler, (Alouatta sara) » Venezuelan Red Howler, (Alouatta seniculus) » Black Howler, (Alouatta caraya)
    • 27. » Subfamily Atelinae» Genus Ateles» Red-faced Spider Monkey, (Ateles paniscus)» White-fronted Spider Monkey, (Ateles belzebuth)» Peruvian Spider Monkey, (Ateles chamek)» Brown Spider Monkey, (Ateles hybridus)» White-cheeked Spider Monkey, (Ateles marginatus)» Black-headed Spider Monkey, (Ateles fusciceps)» Geoffroys Spider Monkey, (Ateles geoffroyi)» Genus Brachyteles» Southern Muriqui, (Brachyteles arachnoides)» Northern Muriqui, (Brachyteles hypoxanthus)» Genus Lagothrix» Brown Woolly Monkey, (Lagothrix lagotricha)» Gray Woolly Monkey, (Lagothrix cana)» Colombian Woolly Monkey, (Lagothrix lugens)» Silvery Woolly Monkey, (Lagothrix poeppigii)» Genus Oreonax» Yellow-tailed Woolly Monkey, (Oreonax flavicauda)
    • 28. Ζ΄ ξαδέρφια - 7th cousins (1 οικογένεια, 1γένος, 8 είδη) (1 family, 1 genus, 8 species)• Family Tarsiidae: tarsiers – Genus Tarsius » Philippine Tarsier, (Tarsius syrichta) » Western or Horsfields Tarsier, (Tarsius bancanus) » Spectral Tarsier, (Tarsius tarsier) » Dians Tarsier, (Tarsius dentatus) » Lariang Tarsier, (Tarsius lariang) » Peleng Tarsier, (Tarsius pelengensis) » Sangihe Tarsier, (Tarsius sangirensis) » Pygmy Tarsier, (Tarsius pumilus)
    • 29. Η΄ ξαδέρφια - 8th cousins (7 οικογένειες, 23 γένη,119 είδη) (7 families, 23 genera, 119 species)– Suborder Strepsirrhini » Infraorder Lemuriformes » Superfamily Cheirogaleoidea » Family Cheirogaleidae: dwarf and mouse lemurs– Genus Cheirogaleus » Fat-tailed Dwarf Lemur, (Cheirogaleus medius) » Southern Fat-tailed Dwarf Lemur, (Cheirogaleus adipicaudatus) » Greater Dwarf Lemur, (Cheirogaleus major) » Furry-eared Dwarf Lemur, (Cheirogaleus crossleyi) » Lesser Iron-gray Dwarf Lemur, (Cheirogaleus minusculus) » Greater Iron-gray Dwarf Lemur, (Cheirogaleus ravus) » Sibrees Dwarf Lemur, (Cheirogaleus sibreei)– Genus Microcebus » Gray Mouse Lemur, (Microcebus murinus) » Reddish-gray Mouse Lemur, (Microcebus griseorufus) » Golden-brown Mouse Lemur, (Microcebus ravelobensis) » Northern Rufous Mouse Lemur, (Microcebus tavaratra) » Sambirano Mouse Lemur, (Microcebus sambiranensis) » Simmons Mouse Lemur, (Microcebus simmonsi)
    • 30. » Pygmy Mouse Lemur, (Microcebus myoxinus) » Brown Mouse Lemur, (Microcebus rufus) » Madame Berthes Mouse Lemur, (Microcebus berthae) » Goodmans Mouse Lemur, (Microcebus lehilahytsara) » Jollys Mouse Lemur, (Microcebus jollyae) » Mittermeiers Mouse Lemur, (Microcebus mittermeieri) » Claires Mouse Lemur, (Microcebus mamiratra) » Danfoss Mouse Lemur, (Microcebus danfossi) » Lokobe Mouse Lemur, (Microcebus lokobensis) » Bongolava Mouse Lemur, (Microcebus bongolavensis) – Genus Mirza » Coquerels Giant Mouse Lemur or Coquerels Mouse Lemur, ( Mirza coquereli) » Northern Giant Mouse Lemur, (Mirza zaza) – Genus Allocebus » Hairy-eared Dwarf Lemur, (Allocebus trichotis) – Genus Phaner » Eastern Fork-marked Lemur, (Phaner furcifer) » Pale Fork-marked Lemur, (Phaner pallescens) » Parientes Fork-marked Lemur, (Phaner parienti) » Amber Mountain Fork-marked Lemur, (Phaner electromontis)• Family Lemuridae: lemurs – Genus Lemur » Ring-tailed Lemur, (Lemur catta)
    • 31. – Genus Eulemur : true lemurs » Black Lemur, (Eulemur macaco) » Common Brown Lemur, (Eulemur fulvus) » Sanfords Brown Lemur, (Eulemur sanfordi) » White-headed Lemur, (Eulemur albifrons) » Red-fronted Brown Lemur, (Eulemur rufus) » Collared Brown Lemur, (Eulemur collaris) » Gray-headed Lemur, (Eulemur cinereiceps) » Mongoose Lemur, (Eulemur mongoz) » Crowned Lemur, (Eulemur coronatus) » Red-bellied Lemur, (Eulemur rubriventer)– Genus Hapalemur : lesser gentle or bamboo lemurs » Eastern Lesser Bamboo Lemur, (Hapalemur griseus) » Southern Lesser Bamboo Lemur, (Hapalemur meridionalis) » Western Lesser Bamboo Lemur, (Hapalemur occidentalis) » Lac Alaotra Gentle Lemur, (Hapalemur alaotrensis) » Golden Bamboo Lemur, (Hapalemur aureus)– Genus Prolemur » Greater Bamboo Lemur, (Prolemur simus)– Genus Varecia : ruffed lemurs » Black-and-white Ruffed Lemur, (Varecia variegata) » Red Ruffed Lemur, (Varecia rubra)
    • 32. • Family Lepilemuridae: sportive lemurs – Genus Lepilemur » White-footed Sportive Lemur, (Lepilemur leucopus) » Red-tailed Sportive Lemur, (Lepilemur ruficaudatus) » Aeecls Sportive Lemur (Lepilemur aeeclis) » Randrianasolis Sportive Lemur (Lepilemur randrianasoli) » Small-toothed Sportive Lemur, (Lepilemur microdon) » Milne-Edwards Sportive Lemur, (Lepilemur edwardsi) » Sahamalazas Sportive Lemur (Lepilemur sahamalazensis) » Gray-backed Sportive Lemur, (Lepilemur dorsalis) » Northern Sportive Lemur, (Lepilemur septentrionalis) » Ankarana Sportive Lemur, (Lepilemur ankaranensis) » Weasel Sportive Lemur, (Lepilemur mustelinus) » Ahmansons Sportive Lemur (Lepilemur ahmansoni) » Betsileo Sportive Lemur (Lepilemur betsileo) » Fleuretes Sportive Lemur (Lepilemur fleuretae) » Grewcocks Sportive Lemur (Lepilemur grewcocki) » Hubbards Sportive Lemur (Lepilemur hubbardi) » James Sportive Lemur (Lepilemur jamesi) » Ring Sportive Lemur (Lepilemur milanoii) » Petters Sportive Lemur (Lepilemur petteri) » Seals Sportive Lemur (Lepilemur seali) » Hawks Sportive Lemur (Lepilemur tymerlachsoni) » Wrights Sportive Lemur (Lepilemur wrighti)
    • 33. • Family Indriidae: woolly lemurs and allies – Genus Indri » Indri, (Indri indri) – Genus Avahi » Bemaraha Woolly Lemur, (Avahi cleesei) » Eastern Woolly Lemur, (Avahi laniger) » Western Woolly Lemur, (Avahi occidentalis) » Sambirano Woolly Lemur, (Avahi unicolor) – Genus Propithecus » Diademed Sifaka, (Propithecus diadema) » Silky Sifaka, (Propithecus candidus) » Milne-Edwards Sifaka, (Propithecus edwardsi) » Perriers Sifaka, (Propithecus perrieri) » Golden-crowned Sifaka, (Propithecus tattersalli) » Verreauxs Sifaka, (Propithecus verreauxi) » Coquerels Sifaka, (Propithecus coquereli) » Deckens Sifaka, (Propithecus deckenii) » Crowned Sifaka, (Propithecus coronatus)• Family Daubentoniidae: Aye-aye – Genus Daubentonia » Aye-aye, (Daubentonia madagascariensis)
    • 34. – Infraorder Lorisiformes • Family Lorisidae: lorises, pottos and allies – Genus Arctocebus » Calabar Angwantibo, (Arctocebus calabarensis) » Golden Angwantibo, (Arctocebus aureus) – Genus Perodicticus » Potto, (Perodicticus potto) – Genus Pseudopotto » False Potto, (Pseudopotto martini) – Genus Loris » Red Slender Loris, (Loris tardigradus) » Gray Slender Loris, (Loris lydekkerianus) – Genus Nycticebus » Sunda Loris, (Nycticebus coucang) » Bengal Slow Loris, (Nycticebus bengalensis) » Pygmy Slow Loris, (Nycticebus pygmaeus)
    • 35. • Family Galagidae: galagos – Genus Galago » Senegal Bushbaby, (Galago senegalensis) » Mohol Bushbaby, (Galago moholi) » Somali Bushbaby, (Galago gallarum) » Dusky Bushbaby, (Galago matschiei) » Bioko Allens Bushbaby, (Galago alleni) » Cross River Bushbaby, (Galago cameronensis) » Gabon Bushbaby, (Galago gabonensis) » Zanzibar Bushbaby, (Galago zanzibaricus) » Grants Bushbaby, (Galago granti) » Malawi Bushbaby, (Galago nyasae) » Uluguru Bushbaby, (Galago orinus) » Rondo Bushbaby, (Galago rondoensis) » Prince Demidoffs Bushbaby, (Galago demidoff) » Thomass Bushbaby, (Galago thomasi) – Genus Otolemur » Brown Greater Galago, (Otolemur crassicaudatus) » Silvery Greater Galago, (Otolemur monteiri) » Northern Greater Galago, (Otolemur garnettii) – Genus Euoticus » Southern Needle-clawed Bushbaby, (Euoticus elegantulus) » Northern Needle-clawed Bushbaby, (Euoticus pallidus)
    • 36. Πρωτεύοντα - Primates Sources images••••• text•• diagrams•••••••••• All the copyrights belong to the original authors presentation by sotos