West of Argentina• In northwest Argentina there are many speciesof cactus. No vegetation grows in the highestelevations (above 4,000 m (13,000 ft)) because ofthe extreme altitude.• The western mountains are home to differentanimals. These includethe llama, guanaco, vicuña, among the mostrecognizable species of South America. Also inthis region are the fox, viscacha, AndeanMountain Cat, kodkod, and the largest flying birdin the New World, the Andean Condor.
• The major environmental issues in Argentinaare pollution and the loss of agricultural lands.The soil is threatened by erosion, salinization,and deforestation. Air pollution is also aproblem due to chemical agents fromindustrial sources.