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Moodle 2

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  • 1. DefinitionAnthrax is an acute disease, caused byBacillus anthracis. It affects both humansand animals. The name anthrax comesfrom anthrax [άνθραξ], the Greek word forcoal, because of the black skin lesionsdeveloped by victims with a cutaneousanthrax infection.
  • 2. Lyme DiseaseLyme disease, or lyme borreliosis, is the tick-borne infectious disease caused by Borreliaburgdorferi and characterized by fever,headache, fatigue, depression, and acharacteristic circular skin rash called erythemamigrans. The disease is named after the town ofLyme, Connecticut, USA, where a number ofcases were identified in 1975.
  • 3. Lyme DiseaseInspection – Because the above recommendations are not always practical, particularly for children and during the summer, and because ticks do not appear to transmit Lyme disease until they have been attached for several days, close inspection for ticks should be performed each time one has been outdoors. – The groin, axilla, and hairline should be inspected particularly well.
  • 4. MalariaMalaria is a mosquito-borne infectious diseasecaused by plasmodium parasite. It is widespreadin tropical and subtropical regions, includingparts of the Americas (22 countries), Asia, andAfrica. Each year, there are approximately 350–500 million cases of malaria, killing between oneand three million people
  • 5. Etiology• The four Plasmodium species known to cause malaria include: – Plasmodium falciparum – Plasmodium vivax – Plasmodium ovale – Plasmodium malariae.

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