Critical thinking and information technology

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How IT necessitates critical thinking and how

How IT necessitates critical thinking and how

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  • 1. Critical Thinking and Information Technology Soraj Hongladarom Department of Philosophy Faculty of Arts Chulalongkorn University
  • 2. Outline What is critical thinking? Why is critical thinking important? Basic elements of critical thinking How to recognize false arguments when you are online.
  • 3. Critical Thinking Ability to distinguish between good and bad arguments. Good arguments – those that follow the rules of logic One should believe only the conclusions of good arguments. There are several ways in which arguments can be bad.
  • 4. Critical Thinking In the situation where there are many attempts to persuade people to believe in many things, critical thinking ability is crucial. It is very important for a citizen in a democracy to have critical thinking ability, because citizens have to deliberate on public issues. Without the ability they will become prey to irrational persuasions.
  • 5. Arguments Premise and conclusion If it rains, then the road is wet. It rains. Therefore, the road is wet. All arts students love reading. Samorn is an arts students. Therefore, Samorn loves reading.
  • 6. Arguments If it rains, then the road is wet. The road is wet. Therefore, it rains. All arts students love reading. Somsri loves reading. Therefore, Somsri is an arts students.
  • 7. Arguments Good arguments are those whose conclusions should be believed.  Deductive  Inductive Deductive: There are algorithmic rules to decide validity Inductive: No such rules Validity: If the premises are all true, then the conclusion must be true.
  • 8. Fallacies Bad arguments that people make in order to try to convince others. Many forms of fallacies.  Formal  Psychological One finds many kinds of fallacies in online discussions.
  • 9. Common Fallacies Statistical fallacies Ad hominem Ad vericundiam Two wrongs don’t make a right Red herring (changing the subject) Ad ignorantiam Ad populum
  • 10. Filtering Knowledge One of the most important skills in the online world is to know how to sift through the glut of information to search for really valuable pieces. This is like sifting through a lot of sand to find gold. Critical thinking skills become essential.
  • 11. Filtering Knowledge Contexts or situation of our search becomes relevant too. Sources of the website Wikipedia Peer-reviewed journals Online articles Reputable newspapers