Transcript of "The History of Horror (1890's-2000's)"
Characters: Villain (in distress) generally women play thing role where they needsaving which can also feature as being the love interest with the male lead.Settings: eery/dark/mysterious locations. Somewhere you wouldnt want to be stuckon your own normally at night but also where the audience would be able to relateto.This is all in order to scare the audience and play on peoples fears.Music: The music in any film especially horror plays a significant role in order for theaudiences reactions. High pitched eery music builds tension and prepares the audiencefor the climax of the scene.Plot: In horror films there needs to be twists and sudden hints of action to suprise theaudience and keep them engaged. Some horror films centre gore as a theme but incontrast other films focus on the psychological side e.g Shutter Island to scare anaudienceAcross the horror gener there a numerous sub-generes e.g. supernatural, gothic,fantasy, horror thriller.Recent films tend to combine these different sub-generes to appeal to a wider audiencealthough generally the target audience for horror movies is 25-40.
1890’s-1920’sThe first depictions of supernatural events appear in several of the silent shorts created by the filmpioneer in Georges Melies the late 1890s. These included “The Haunted Castle” and “The Cave ofThe Unholy One”. Further more horror movies focussed on featuring monsters. An example of thisis “The Hunchback of Notre-dame”.Hollywood dramas used horror themes, including versions of The Hunchback of Notre-Dame(1923) and The Monster (1925) both starring Lon Chaney, the first American horror movie star.Other films of the 1920s include Dr. Jekyll And Mr Hyde(1920), The Phantom Of The Opera(1925)and finally Waxworks(Germany 1924).
Horror was said to be reborn in the 1930s due to mainly due tosound changing the cinema experience forever. Sound is such a main part of horror films most of all as it adds such extra dimension to terror. Helping build suspense and helping the audience establish threat. Horror films included Frankenstein(1931) and Dracula(1931) Frankenstein about a creature created by an unorthodoxexperiment. The film was infused with some elements of thegothic novel and the romantic movement considered to be an early example of science fiction. How has the representation of vampires changed? By 1931, however the vampire in Dracula is represented as a The vampire is a familiar sophisticated, aristocratic figure monster in horror films. Furthermore the appearance of Nosferatu (1922) is an early vampires is still similar this example of a vampire and includes elongated teeth. These the monster and been made images show how the to be rat-like. representations have changed throughout history in the genre.
From recent horror movies in the 1930’s featureing referancesto fictional monsters such as frankinstein. The 1940’s reflectedmore on the internalization of the current horror market. TheAmerican saw themselves as being safe on the horror marketthis was in comparison to europe who produced frightening,chaotic films. As hard as the Americans tried to not becomelike europe it was difficult the seperate themselves from thereeuropean roots who linked there recent released to world wartwo. Further more the horror genre increasingly featured themale or female character the subject of the emergence of apromal animal identity. an example of this would be Disneys“Pinocchio” (1940) In 10 years the concept of horrific monsters had altered irrevocably. From 1940 movies had a powerful envoy from the dark side. Now there were more recognizably human faces attached to evil. Those who had fought of both sides in WW2, the development of the atomic bomb and death camp and also mad scientists whos activities would have certainly been more unnerved than Victor Frankenstein. Many new movies in the 1950’s referenced the news at the current time. This included using the themes of animals taking over the world who generated chaos and disaster towards the human race. These included “Godzilla”, “The fly” and early attempts of “King Kong”.
Again horror movies in the 1960’s referenced news and developments of news outside of the horror history. This included converting the codes and conversions of previous horror films and making females the villains. From hemlines to homosexuality the 1960’s was all about attracting a teen audience.“Psycho” (1960) focused on the psychological side tohorror and let an audience see how monstrous a man could be. Blood Feast (1963) referenced the more gore and murder side of horror.“Night of the Living Dead” gave an audience an insight to zombies. “Rosemary’s Baby” (1968) Discovered an anti-natal theme.
Horror movies of the 1970’s reflect on the grim mood of the decade. After an exciting year of the 1960’s with its sexual and cultural revolutions. The seventies were somewhat less interesting. Although unlike the 1960’s the 1970’s bought back the big budget films. They addressed respectable horror dealing with societal issues and once again psychological fears. Children are the focus of horror in the 1960’s. This time in the 1970 it was the opposite. The enemy was within your own home. This was certain in several films. including the famous “The Shining”, “The Omen” and “The Exorcist”“Jaws” (1975) was where Steven Spielberg proved he couldeffectively handle suspense and menace.Jaws was based on the bestselling novel of the same name,written by Peter Benchley. Young director Steven Spielbergtook what was classic B-movie fare (big shark chews upskinny-dipping teenagers who scream a lot, the adults tryingto solve the problem start having affairs with each other) andturned out a masterclass in suspense. It was a massivemassive success
Horror movies of the 1980’s developed even further as exciting special visual effects had increased. With goryimages and graphic scenes becoming more popular. Howevermonsters proved to be the same as ever which generally came from supernatural origins. After aliens represented in Star Wars and ET maintained a strong presence. Werewolves were becoming increasingly popular and made a strong showing in the early 1980’s some of the famous appearances included “An American Werewolf in London”. Ghosts where not so numerous but still provided terror but not in such a traditional way. Now those haunting ‘The Overlook Hotel’ in “The Shining” The 1980’s also saw the introduction of the UK’s Video Nasties act saw various horror movies banned in the UK. The hysteria caused by the video nasty act had a much wider effect than just the UK and saw a number of movies unnecessarily censored around the world. Despite all of this the 1980s is still responsible for some of the most original and influential horror movies to hit the video stores such as Clive Barkers Hellraiser, Tom Hollands Childs Play and Sam Raimis Evil Dead> as well as some more obscure movies which have become classics in recent years, Nekromantik, Bad Taste, Basket Case and Maniac to name a few.
Unlike the previous years 1990’s opened up a whole new way of scaring an audience! This was using psychological horror. Yet directors such as Jonathan Demme were One movie which deserves specialadopting the codes and conventions of the attention is Se7en (1995). Jodie Fosterhorror genre, when pacing their plot, when described it as "about as close to a representing their characters, and when perfect film on the topic as I can think manipulating the shock/suspense of". Dark, unremittingly pessimistic,mechanisms of their audience. Its just that with a plausible, reasonable, honest, they werent admitting to making horror empathic killer at its core, this is a films, thus avoiding any association or masterpiece. comparison with the splatter crew. There was a perceived need, as there was at the beginning of the 1960s, for adult, intelligent horror, and it was provided in the form of disturbing, violent thrillers such as Silence of The Lambs. As horrorappeared to run out of original ideas, more Jacob’s Ladder (1990) Mourningfilm-makers turned to re-making old ones, his dead child, a haunted Vietnam vet re-interpreting old narratives through a attempts to discover his past whilepostmodern, 1990s lens. Hence movies like suffering from a severe case of The Exorcist III, which plays not on disassociation. To do so, he must societys anxieties about its children, but decipher reality and life from his own about its old and infirm, and A-list, big dreams, delusion, and perception of budget re-workings of the two classics, death. Dracula and Frankenstein.
Horror movies in the late 1990s predicted dire things for the turn of the century. Whilst January 1st, 2000 came and went without much mishap,many commentators have identified the true beginning of the 21st century asSeptember 11th, 2001. The events of that day changed global perceptions of what is frightening, and set the cultural agenda for the following years. Final Destination is a 2000 American supernatural horror-thriller film. Sawa portrays a teenager who "cheats death" after having a premonition of 28 Days Later (2002) himself and others A british zombie horror. perishing in a plane The plot depicts the explosion and uses breakdown of society it by saving himself following the accidental and a handful of release of a highly other passengers, contagious "rage" virus and but is continued to focuses upon the struggle of be stalked by death four survivors to cope with by claiming back the destruction of the life their lives which they once knew. should have been lost in the plane.
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