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Sopha_The arts of public speaking

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  • 1. 1 The Arts of Public Speaking PresentedbySoeungSopha
  • 2. Bibliographies: • The Art of Business Communication, By Anana Ganguly, • Business Communication Today, By Bovee Thill Schatzman, 2nd edition • Secretary and Administration, By Simon Sweeney, SITC International Institute • The Principles of Public Presentation, By Harper Collins, New York, 1994 • Element of an Effective Speech, By Lenny Laskowski, www.ljlseminars.com • Effective Oral Presentation • Oral Presentations By Bob Barlow 2 PresentedbySoeungSopha
  • 3. Content • Introduction (slide 4 to 9) • How audiences view the speaker / presenter (slide 10) • What good speaker / presenter should do (slide 11 – 14) • What speaker / presenter should understand before presenting (Slide 15 – 16) • Delivery styles (slide 17) • Techniques for answering the questions (slide 18 – 19) • Checklist (slide 20 – 21) • Tips for presenting (slide 22 - 24) • Conclusion (slide 25 – 27) 3 PresentedbySoeungSopha
  • 4. First Question… 4 PresentedbySoeungSopha
  • 5. Who first did this job? PresentedbySoeungSopha 5 Socrates Plato Aristotle Buddha
  • 6. a Life Skill? • Develop communication skill • Critically analyzing a topic • Manage nervousness • Good listener • Adapt to an audience • Build credibility • Find and use reliable information • Organize idea • Present idea/information PresentedbySoeungSopha 6
  • 7. Types….. PresentedbySoeungSopha 7 “The more important the information, the more carefully the speaker prepare the presentation” more low-key, rather than flashy or shocking
  • 8. Kinds.. 8 PresentedbySoeungSopha
  • 9. Second Question… 9 PresentedbySoeungSopha
  • 10. How are you viewed? PresentedbySoeungSopha 10 Knowledgeable Likeable go through your materials thoroughly instead of memorizing go through your materials thoroughly instead of memorizing helps the readers to become familiar with the subject helps the readers to become familiar with the subject practice delivering the talk until it sounds fluent and natural practice delivering the talk until it sounds fluent and natural
  • 11. 1- Should analyze themselves PresentedbySoeungSopha 11
  • 12. PresentedbySoeungSopha 12 How am I going to benefit from this?
  • 13. 13 PresentedbySoeungSopha
  • 14. 2- Should analyze the audiences PresentedbySoeungSopha 14
  • 15. Understand before presenting? PresentedbySoeungSopha 15 An ordinary mortal and to err is human An ordinary mortal and to err is human Different speakers have different styles Different speakers have different styles If you think friendly, your face automatically becomes one. If you think friendly, your face automatically becomes one. Audiences expect that they will get much benefit from your presenting Audiences expect that they will get much benefit from your presenting Keep eye contact and use 3-second technique Keep eye contact and use 3-second technique The speakers should pause and breathe in order to recollect the structure. The speakers should pause and breathe in order to recollect the structure.
  • 16. Understand before presenting? (Cont.) It is essential for you to prepare your mind by positive imaging before beginning the presentation such as: PresentedbySoeungSopha 16
  • 17. Delivery Styles 17 PresentedbySoeungSopha Read script many times, so you have time to keep eye contact with your audiences Show the interest with the audience, looking at them as if conversing with them take a few seconds to channelize the thoughts, before beginning to speak “Good talks are interaction rather than performance” “Good talks are interaction rather than performance”
  • 18. Guideline for Answering Questions 18 PresentedbySoeungSopha
  • 19. Guideline for Answering Questions 19 PresentedbySoeungSopha
  • 20. A Checklist for your Presentation • Start preparing early; don’t wait until the last few days to prepare. • Think about your audience • Be clear about your purpose (informing or persuading) • Use an effective introduction • Organize your presentation clearly and simply (prioritize topic and allocate time, stick to only 3-5 main points) • Sound spontaneous, conversational and enthusiastic (use key phrases in your notes, don’t use fillers like “um” …, practice, practice, practice • Use visual aids to enhance the message • Analyze the environment; size of the room, chairs, time of day, distraction … • Copy with Stage Fright by remembering PresentedbySoeungSopha 20
  • 21. A Checklist for your Presentation • Use supporting materials to flesh out main points (examples, statistics, expert opinion … etc) • Compose for the Ear, not for the eye: use simple words, sentences, personal language … etc • Create an effective conclusion • Use body language effectively: relaxed gestures, eye contact; don’t play with a pen or pointer, don’t block visual aids PresentedbySoeungSopha 21
  • 22. Tips for presentation * It is used to increase interest of the audience • Don’t block the audience’s vision; limit the time your back is to the audience • Make sure you know how to operate the equipment • Make sure you know the lighting requirement for yours; know where the switches are, and what settings are needed; bring a small penlight in case. 22 PresentedbySoeungSopha
  • 23. Tips for Presentation • Know • As an actor • Use body language (appropriate hands gesture, facial expression • Speak with conviction • Do not read from note • Maintain sincere eye contact • pause PresentedbySoeungSopha 23 • Speak, listen, respond, adjust and adapt (communication is the best for you) • Humor • Audio-visual aids • Handouts • Know when to stop
  • 24. 2- who is your audience? How do their characteristics, skills, opinions, and behaviors of your audience affect your purpose. 7Ps for Public Speaking 24 PresentedbySoeungSopha Engleberg (1994) 1- why are you speaking? What do you want audience members to know, think, believe, or do as a result of your presentation. 3- why are you speaking to this group now and in this place? How can you plan and adapt to the logistics of this place. How can you use visual aids to help you achieve your purpose? 4- where and how can you find good ideas and information for your speech? How much and what kind of supporting materials do you need? 5- what are the most effective ways to organize your speech in order to adapt it to the purpose, people, place, etc. Is there a natural order to the ideas and information you will use? 6- How do you we become an associated with your message in a positive way? what can you do to demonstrate your competence, charisma, and character to the audience? 7- what form of delivery is best suited to the purpose of your speech? What delivery technique will make your presentation more effective? How should you practice?
  • 25. Before the Day…….. • Start planning early • Choose topic you care about • Be an expert on your topic • Learn about your audience • Practice • Know your introduction and conclusion well PresentedbySoeungSopha 25
  • 26. On the Day ………… • Dress properly • Prepare your notes/materials needed • Arrive early • Take calming breath • Talk to others at the setting • Get everything ready • Concentrate on others PresentedbySoeungSopha 26
  • 27. During the Speech…….. • Show confident attitude • Expect to experience speech anxiety • Turn your anxiety into productive energy • Avoid overanalyzing your anxiety • Never comment on your anxiety • Focus on your audience, not on yourself • Pay attention to audience’s feedback (nod, smiles, eye contact from your audience) • Make no apologies or excuses PresentedbySoeungSopha 27
  • 28. After the Speech ……… • Listen to the questions • Review points you did well and points to be improved • Congratulate yourself • Think of when anxiety occurred and how you overcame • List how you will manage your anxiety in the next speech PresentedbySoeungSopha 28
  • 29. Questions & Answers PresentedbySoeungSopha 29