History of Education in Cambodia_Brief

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  • theology |θiːˈɒlədʒi|noun ( pl. theologies ) [ mass noun ]the study of the nature of God and religious belief.• religious beliefs and theory when systematically developed: in Christian theology, God comes to be conceived as Father and Son | [ count noun ] : a willingness to tolerate new theologies.
  • doctrine |ˈdɒktrɪn|nouna belief or set of beliefs held and taught by a Church, political party, or other group: the doctrine of
  • chant |tʃɑːnt|noun1 a repeated rhythmic phrase, typically one shouted or sung in unison by a crowd.
  • History of Education in Cambodia_Brief

    1. 1. CAMBODIAN HISTORY OF EDUCATION Presented by SOEUNG Sopha (Mr.)
    2. 2. Preview • • • • • Education in Funan, Chenla era Education in Angkor and after Angkor age Education during French protectorates Education in Sangkum Reasniyum Education after Sangkum Reasniyum
    3. 3. Learning Objectives • To help students understand the revolution of Cambodian education from past to present. • To help students compare the changes of education in each era in Cambodia.
    4. 4. Questions • What do you know about the history of education in Cambodia?
    5. 5. Education History in Funan (1st century – 550) • Content : Education concentrates on religion – Hinduism and Buddhism. Sanskrit and old Khmer were used for both educated and innocent people. • Goals : to develop culture and civilization. • Curriculum : religious philosophy, literature, poem , sculpture, theology, grammar, norms, • Teachers : Brahma, Buddhist monks • Methods : lecture, recitation, memorizing..
    6. 6. Education History in Chenla era Chenla (550 - 802) : • Content : Education concentrates on religious foundation especially Hinduism. Religious doctrines were dominated on science. • Goals : to widespread Hinduism, . • Curriculum : religious Vedas, philosophy, arts, literature, poem , sculpture, theology, grammar, tradition norms, astronomy and architecture. • Methods : lecture, recitation, memorizing..
    7. 7. Education History in Angkor era (9th to 15th Century) • Content : Education concentrates on religious foundation (Hinduism and Mahayana), military skills, agriculture and arts. • Goals : to develop knowledge and skills for empire. • Curriculum : religious text, architecture, military strategies, beliefs, arts, mathematics, laws, medicine, agricultural skills, • Methods : lecture, recitation, memorizing, drill,
    8. 8. Education History After Angkor era (16th -19th Century) • Content : literature, cultural values • Goals : to develop innocent people. • Curriculum : Buddhism, basic skills for everyday lives, Khmer language, • Materials : religious text, crafts, sacred texts. • System : 4 levels (12 years) in pagoda. • Methods : writing, reading, lecturing, recitation, memorizing, chanting.
    9. 9. Education History in French Protectorate (1863 -1953) • Content : education system reform, system of "modern" Franco- Cambodian schools. • Goals : for administrative service. • Curriculum : math, science, engineering, law, accounting, languages, arithmetic. • System : primary & secondary school, pagoda schools, higher learning schools. • Methods : writing, reading, lecturing, recitation, memorizing, demonstration.
    10. 10. Education History in Sangkum Reasniyum • Content : widen the education system, develop the modern system. • Goals : to provide education for elite. • Curriculum : Science, humanities, social science, engineering, history, law, business.. • System : preschool, primary, secondary, higher education institutions • Methods : writing, reading, lecturing, recitation, memorizing, demonstration.
    11. 11. Thank you “The ability to accurately predict the future depends on how well we understand the past” Peter. N. Stearns

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