Presented by Mr. Soeung Sopha

Chapter 4:

Formulating a research problem
1
The importance of Formulating A Research
Problem
 Identification of the destination
 Clear and economical plan
 Researc...
The importance (con.)
 The way you formulate a problem determines almost every step that

follow:


The type of study de...
Sources of research problems
Read page 42 (Table 4.1)

 People;
 Problems;
 Programs and
 Phenomena

 The study popul...
Consideration in selecting R.P
Affects the motivation and time

Narrow down so it is
manageable, specific and clear

Other...
Work after
Work after
graduation
graduation

Ask yourself what you
Ask yourself what you
want to find out
want to find out...
Formulation of objectives
 What is an “Objective”?
 Is the goal you set out to attain in your study.

2 kinds of
Objecti...
Characteristics of Objectives
Cor
re

Clear

latio

n al S

tudy
expe (experi
m
rime
ntal) ental an
d no
n

Complete
D

es...
Operational Definition
 To identify the main problem, you may use the certain words or items

that are difficult to measu...
Summary
 What is the objective of the research?
 How may types of objectives? What are they?
 What should you consider ...
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Chapter 4_research problem

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  • dissect |dʌɪˈsɛkt, dɪ-|
    verb [ with obj. ]
    methodically cut up (a body or plant) in order to study its internal parts.
    • analyse (a text or idea) in minute detail: he dissected the Prime Minister's statement and revealed the truth behind it.
  • Transcript of "Chapter 4_research problem"

    1. 1. Presented by Mr. Soeung Sopha Chapter 4: Formulating a research problem 1
    2. 2. The importance of Formulating A Research Problem  Identification of the destination  Clear and economical plan  Research Problem is like the foundation of the research study  If it is well-formulated, a good study is expected What it is that you want to find out about N NO OT T  Clear idea with what regard to: What you think you want to find 2
    3. 3. The importance (con.)  The way you formulate a problem determines almost every step that follow:  The type of study design  The type of sampling strategy  The research instrument  The type of analysis  Famous saying of computer: Garbage In, Garbage Out  Remember: Confusion is often but a first step towards clarity 3
    4. 4. Sources of research problems Read page 42 (Table 4.1)  People;  Problems;  Programs and  Phenomena  The study population  The subject area 4
    5. 5. Consideration in selecting R.P Affects the motivation and time Narrow down so it is manageable, specific and clear Others may be adversely affected by your study Your study will be manageable and you remain motivated Make sure all data are available Relevant to your professional, adds to existing literature bodies Clear about your indicators used to measure the concept you wish to Make sure you have an adequate level of expertise of your task proposed 5
    6. 6. Work after Work after graduation graduation Ask yourself what you Ask yourself what you want to find out want to find out Steps in Formulating R.P Step 1: Step 2: Identify Dissect Step 4: Step 3: Select Narrow to your Narrow to your doable topic doable topic Advisable and Advisable and feasible feasible Step 7: Step 6: Double Check Make Sure You are sufficiently You are sufficiently interested in ?? interested in Raise Questions Think of time, Think of time, resources … resources … Step 5: Formulate Objectives Using actionUsing actionoriented words oriented words 6
    7. 7. Formulation of objectives  What is an “Objective”?  Is the goal you set out to attain in your study. 2 kinds of Objectives?  What is the “Main Objective”?  Is an overall statement of the thrust of your study.  What are the “Subobjectives”?  Are the specific aspects of the topic that you want to investigate within the main framework of your study.  It should be worded clearly and unambiguously 7
    8. 8. Characteristics of Objectives Cor re Clear latio n al S tudy expe (experi m rime ntal) ental an d no n Complete D es c rip tiv e St ud y Identify the direction of relationship Identify the main variables Specific Hypothesis-Testing Study 8
    9. 9. Operational Definition  To identify the main problem, you may use the certain words or items that are difficult to measure and/or the understanding of which may vary from respondent to respondent.  Develop, define or establish a set of rule, indicators in order to clear establish the meaning of such words or items. 9
    10. 10. Summary  What is the objective of the research?  How may types of objectives? What are they?  What should you consider when selecting the research problem?  What are the steps used to formulate the research problems? 10

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