Teaching seems to lag of
Control over licensing standard
and/or entry requirement
High prestige and
A- A Define Body of Knowledge
Members of the profession establish their expertise by
mastering this defined body of knowledge, and they
protect public from untrained amateur by denying
membership to those who have not mastered it.
Teacher preparation has 3 components:
B- Controlling Requirement for
Entry and Licensing
Variation in certificate:
Usually, most profession is uniform
Preparation and condition for entering teacher are
required to pass minimum tests in reading, writing and
Standard and assessment
Teachers are recruited based on the rank of experienced
C- Autonomy in Deciding about
Spheres of Work
Every member is assumed to be qualified to make
professional judgments on the nature of work involved.
Control by laypeople is considered the natural enemy
the a profession; it limits a professional power and open
the door to outside interference.
Teachers have less input in curriculum decision. They
become vulnerable when seeking to introduce new
textbooks or discuss topic.
School hire outside experts.
D- High Prestige and Economic
Trends Toward Professional
Although teaching probably should not be considered as
fully professionalized occupation, certain trends have
helped it moved in that direction. Like, Collective
Bargaining – enhance teacher’s capacity to make
decision about their classroom work.
Is it a professional?
Sometimes it is not like in law or medicine.
It has increasingly focused on concerned other than the
Lack of assistance for new teachers
Keep up to date (self-development)
Rising staff development
Decision making at the school level
Teacher as an expert
Benefit of the membership
Specialized professional organization
Parent-Teacher Association (PTA)
Is teaching profession? What changes might make
teaching a true full profession?
Are staff development program essential? Why?