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Contrasting cultures ethnic and religious groups
Contrasting cultures ethnic and religious groups
Contrasting cultures ethnic and religious groups
Contrasting cultures ethnic and religious groups
Contrasting cultures ethnic and religious groups
Contrasting cultures ethnic and religious groups
Contrasting cultures ethnic and religious groups
Contrasting cultures ethnic and religious groups
Contrasting cultures ethnic and religious groups
Contrasting cultures ethnic and religious groups
Contrasting cultures ethnic and religious groups
Contrasting cultures ethnic and religious groups
Contrasting cultures ethnic and religious groups
Contrasting cultures ethnic and religious groups
Contrasting cultures ethnic and religious groups
Contrasting cultures ethnic and religious groups
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Contrasting cultures ethnic and religious groups

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  • 1. Contrasting Cultures
  • 2. Ethnic and Religious Groups
    • Ethnic group definition
    • Each ethnic group has its own distinct language, traditions, arts and crafts, history, way of life and religion
    • Religious group definition
    • Share a common belief system, but are not necessarily composed of a single ethnic group
  • 3. Arabs, Persians and Kurds
    • Kurds, Persians, and Arabs are the ethnic groups for Southwest Asia (Middle East).
    • Kurds – p. 452
    • Watch video clip
    • Read about Sunni and Shi’ite (Shia) Muslims
  • 4.  
  • 5. Middle East and Ethnic Groups
    • http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/globalconnections/mideast/maps/demo.html
  • 6. Arabs
    • An ethnic group
    • Speak Arabic as a native language
    • Some are Muslims
    • Some are Christians
    • Southwest Asia and Middle East
  • 7. Persians
    • Live in Iran
    • Until 1935,Iran was known as Persia.
    • Iranians today are not Arabs
    • Persians speak Farsi.
  • 8. Kurds
    • Semi-nomadic, tribal people
    • Iraq and Turkey have suppressed the Kurds and their traditions.
  • 9. Jewish People
    • Considered to be an ethnic group and a religious group
    • Religious Jews believe in Judaism
    • Half of Jewish people living in Israel are secular, with no belief in Judaism.
    • In Biblical times, the Jewish people were considered to be a nation.
  • 10. Review – Which group is it?
    • The majority of people in the Middle East belong to this ethnic group.
    • Today, most Iranians speak Farsi and are:
    • Kurds live in mountainous parts of the Middle East, an area informally called____.
    • Some people consider this group to be both an ethnic and religious group.
  • 11. Religion in the Middle East
    • Judaism -a monotheistic religion of the Jews based on the Torah and the Talmud
    • Began about 1800 B.C.E.(B.C.) when God spoke to Abraham; Moses and Abraham were considered prophets
    • Jews are still awaiting the Messiah
    • Sacred places – Remains of the Jerusalem temple (Wailing Wall), Hebron, Palestine, burial place of Abraham
    • 2% of the Middle East is Jewish
  • 12. Islam
    • Islam: the Muslim religion teaching that there is only one God and that Muhammad is his prophet.
    • Began in 7 th century by Muhammad
    • Believe in Abraham and Moses as prophets; Muhammad is the last prophet.
    • Believe Jesus was a prophet.
    • Their holy book – parts of the Bible’s Old Testament and New Testament and the Qur’an.
    • Sacred Places – Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalem
    • 90% live in Middle East
  • 13. Christianity B.C.E. = Before Common Era /C.E. = Common Era A nno Domini is Medieval Latin , translated as In the year of (the/Our) Lord
    • Christianity: a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus Christ.
    • Began in first century C.E. (A.D)
    • Believe in Abraham and Moses as prophets
    • Believe Jesus is the Son of God, the Messiah
    • Sacred Book – Old and New Testament of the Bible
    • Sacred Places – Many places in the Holy Land (parts of Israel) where Jesus lived.
    • 4% of Christians live in Middle East
  • 14. Quick Review – True or False
    • 1. The oldest religion in the Middle East is Judaism.
    • 2. Christians believe Muhammad was a prophet.
    • 3. Christianity, Judaism, and Islam believe in all or part of the Bible.
    • 4. Christianity, Judaism, and Islam believe Abraham was a prophet.
    • 5. In Judaism, Mecca is a sacred place.
  • 15. Sunnis and Shi’as – Both Muslims
    • Sunni
    • Powerful Iraqis
    • (Saddam Hussein)
    • Rigid
    • 90% of Muslims are Sunnis
    • Sunnis follow sunnah or custom of Muhammad.
    • After Muhammad’s death the Sunnis wanted the best leader to succeed
    • Shi’ite / Shi’a
    • More willing to accept religious leaders as political leaders.
    • In Iran, most are Shi’ite.
    • After Muhammad’s death, Shias began to follow Ali, Muhammad’s closest relative.
    • Ali was Muhammad’s cousin and was married to his daughter.
    • The Shia felt that leadership should stay within the prophet’s family.
  • 16.
    • Saddam Hussein – Former leader of Iraq
    • Osama bin Laden – Leader of the Alqaida Terrorist Group said to be the cause of September 11 attacks
    Muslim Men in the Media

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