1812 –1839 – One other child was born to Anthony and Margaret Cowls, William
baptised at Helston 5 September 1812. In April 1838 at Kenwyn William married 24
year old Elizabeth Davey in Helston a gardener. William and Elizabeth had a son
James John on 20 January 1839 in Helston.
5 September 1812 – William Pryor born Helston Cornwall Eng..
1815 – English British naval history to 1815 a guide to literature. Eugene L Raser.
Smuggling 1892 Neville Williams. Contraband cargoes 1959. History profession
1815 – Emigration from Europe 1815-1930 D Baines London Macmillan 1991.
1815 – Emigration from Europe 1815-1914 C Erickson London Adam and Charles
1820 – From the mid 18th Century Cornwall was an industrial powerhouse, the richest
tin and copper mining region in the world. The rise and fall of the industries has
shaped almost every corner of Cornish life. By the bronze age 2100BC to 750BC
Western Europe depended on Cornwall for supplies of tin to make bronze. The metals
then produced by tin streaming and from open cast mines. p40 By the 1820s there
were more than 2,000 mines in operation making Cornwall the worlds leading mineral
producer. The world copper crash in 1866 left the industry reeling and a decline of
mining followed. Many Cornish left for mines in the US, Australia, New Zealand and
South Africa. Reviving production of tin in 2010 with a rise in world metal process.
Cornish ethnicity. (Cornwall Lesley Gillilan p37).
1823 – David Nicol born FIF Scotland.
1824-1877 – Banking dynasties. Jewish bankers the Rothschild family. 30 male
members married cousins. In 1839 James Rothschild, so the fortune would stay in the
family. (Family tree Sept 2010 UK)
11 March 1828 – Charles Watson born Lin Eng.
3 July 1828 – Frederick Sturmer married Mary Norris UK.
8 April 1829 – Frederick John Sturmer born Oxford OXF Eng.
1830-39 – First opium war between the UK and China began.
1831 – A cholera epidemic broke out in London UL (Timeline internet).
1833 – Deeds. Record land holding and transfer. A common form of deed dating from
the 1100’s to 1833 are feet of fines. Final agreements land was transferred from one
party to another. Written in triplicate on a sheet of sheep or goatskin divided three
ways. Surviving copies are kept in the National Archives indexed in series 1/7233-44
and 1/7217-68. Many have been published by county record societies, local archives
contaminated wells, and in the case of London, from the sewage contaminated river
Thames. (mag practical family history July 2003 UK p15)
1848 – Elizabeth Strain was born Ireland.
1849 – Raper. Ship “Tasmania” Sydney. British born 1849. Aged 45 female.1
November 1894 Auckland NZ. (14 July 2013).
1849 – London UK to Otago NZ “Ajax” ship.
1849 – Water borne cholera killed about 14,000 people in London. (timeline internet).
1849 – Grace Stewart born Scotland.
21 November 1849 – Isabella Smith Nicol was born Edinburgh MLN Scotland.
4 November 1851 – Edward William born Maldon Ess Eng.
1856 – The rise and progress of British opium smuggling the illegality. R Alexander.
1859 – Glasgow Scotland to Port Chalmers Otago NZ “Cheviot” ship.
1859 – The genealogy of the existing British peerage and baronage. Edmond Lodge.
1859 – Sarah Ann Chambers born New Basford Eng.
1861 – Glasgow Scotland to Port Chalmers Otago NZ “Lady Egidia” ship.
30 July 1961 – Paupers in workhouses, inmates. Trade me $14 and postage. 14
thousand names book
30 May 1866 – Emily McNamara born Liverpool Lancashire Eng.
1868-1920 – The trade union congress TUC was formed in Manchester in 1868. Most
of its archives dealings with trade unions in other countries. (family tree mag Sept
14 October 1871 – Somerset John Sturmer male born Altrincham Eng.
7 January 1873 – Mary Norris died Heapham rectory Linc Eng.
1874 – London to Port Chalmers Otago NZ “Christian McAussand”, photo
21 June 1875 – Ada Bee born Southwell Ntt Eng.
17 February 1876 – Arthur Watson born Nottingham Ntt Eng.
3 March 1876 – Frederick Sturmer died Kensington Mdx Eng.
1 May 1877 – Edward Williams and Sarah Ann Chambers married Eng.
1880 – Cures for poverty sterilising mothers of illegitimate children. Homeless boys
Dr Barnardos home.(Practical family history mag July 2003 UK)
1880 – “Daffodils never hear” an account of the lives of a Cornish family in the 1880s
based on their diaries, fathers emigration, work in silver mines Cornwall (Family
history monthly Jun 2008 UK).
1891 – A volunteer index for the 1891 census of Cornwall online. (Family tree sept