1949-51 – The CIA had active operations going into Albania, the Baltic,
Ukraine and from Turkey into southern Russia. Agents parachuting in, walking in,
boating in, but, most of these operations failed. Philby played a part in
compromising CIA agents in eastern Europe.
1970’s – BCCI established offices in every country it was allowed to., including
Turkey. Rep offices which were not allowed to collect deposits or make loans. It
also set up joint venture banks in partnership with other foreign banks or local
28 May 1971 – Israeli Consul Efraim Elrom was assassinated in Istanbul. The
Turkish Liberation Army in alliance with Palestinians claimed responsibility.
1973 – In Turkey Lockheed were more involved, paying commissions of $876,000
over a few years. In 1973 their agent in Ankara, Nezih M Dural, asked for his fee
to be increased to $5,000 a month, but Lockheed said that in future he must buy
influence not just intelligence. Dural’s great opportunity came after the Turks
invaded Cyprus, when the US imposed an embargo on arms to Turkey. It was
circumvented with the secret approval of the State Department, when Turkey
brought two squadrons of Starfighters, produced in Italy. For one squadron
Dural received a commission of $240,000. Three years later he was arrested on
charges of currency fraud.
1976 – By 1976 the Turks were spending more than $2 billion a year on defence,
or more than 30% of their budget. Turkey brought arms wherever they could.
Including Northrop Tigers via Libya and Iran and submarines and torpedo boats
from West Germany. A proposed tank factory was to be built by the West
Germans in Turkey.
11 August 1976 – Attack on terminal at Istanbul airport. PFLP, Japanese Red
army terrorists killed four people including an American, Harold Rosenthal, and
injured 20 others.
11 August 1976 – Istanbul machine gun grenade attack killed four people and
29 May 1977 – Istanbul baggage area explosion killed five people and inured 24.
1978 – The PKK was formed as a Marxist Leninist group in 1978, by political
science student Abdullah Ocalan.
13 October 1980 – Turkish Boeing 72 Istanbul to Ankara was hijacked to Iran.
It landed in Diyarbakir Turkey. The plane was stormed and four hijackers
7 August 1982 – Ankara machine gun attack killed nine people and wounded 71.
15 August 1984 – The first time the PKK elements launched an attack against
Turkish government installations.
15 August 1984 – The PKK began an armed struggle against Turkey. During
the conflict with Turkey 40,000 people were killed and more than 5,000 Kurdish
villages destroyed and two million Kurdish refugees fled their homes.
1985 – Turkish embroidery. Pauline Johnson. Victoria and Albert museum.
July 1986 – An article by Judith Miller in the New York Times magazine
described a terrorist attack in Ankara Turkey, a synagogue bombing. Clearly
marked communist weapons the direct sponsors of the attack were Syria, Libya
27 January 1989 – Three simultaneous bombings of US businesses in Istanbul
and Ankara. The Dev sol revolutionary left claimed responsibility.
12 June 1989 – US Consul boat bombed in Bosphorus straits, no injuries. The
Warriors of June 16th movement claimed responsibility.
11 October 1989 – Bombing outside a US military px. Dev sol claimed
19 October 1999 – Egypt air flight 838 Istanbul to Cairo was hijacked over
Turkey. It flew to Hamburg and the hijacker was arrested after a promise of
15 March 2001 – Airliner hijacking in Istanbul. Three Chechens hijacked a
Russian airliner during a flight from Istanbul to Moscow and forced it to fly to
Medina Saudi Arabia. The plane carried 162 passengers and a crew of 12.
After a 22 hour seige during which more than 40 passengers were released. Saudi
security forces stormed the plane, killing a hijacker, a passenger and a flight
1 November 2001 – Turkey announced it would send 90 troops to northern
Afghanistan to train northern alliance forces.
29 April 2002 – Turkey officially agrees to assume command of the
peacekeeping mission in Afghanistan. The Turkish government plans to take
control of the 4,500 member 18 nation force from the UK in six months. Turkey
currently has 270 peacekeepers in Afghanistan and is the only Muslim country
that has contributed to the peacekeeping mission.
2003 – The bulk of the drug money enters Turkey in suitcases carried by
November 2003 – A Turkish man admitted receiving $50,000 from an Iranian
source and sent it to Turkey to fund last months suicide bombings in Istanbul.
(Iranfilter 21 Dec 2003)
15 November 2003 – Synagogue bombing in Istanbul. Two suicide truck bombs
exploded outside the Neve Shalom and Beth Israel synagogues in Istanbul killing
25 people and wounding at least 300 more. A Turkish militant group, the great
eastern Islamic raiders, claimed responsibility. An al-Qaeda connection was
suspected. An al-Qaeda branch called, the brigades of the martyr Abu Hafz alMasri, claimed responsibility.
20 November 2003 – Two more suicide truck bombings in Istanbul, devastated
the British HSBC bank and the British consulate general in Istanbul, killing 27
people and wounding at least 450. The dead included consul general Roger short.
Al-Qaeda was suspected. The great eastern Islamic raiders front claimed
17 May 2004 – Four small bombs exploded outside branches of HSBC in
Ankara and Istanbul before Tony Blair’s visit to Turkey.
20 May 2004 – In the Acibadem district of Istanbul a bomb exploded in the
parking lot of a McDonalds restaurant, breaking windows, destroying one car and
damaging several other vehicles. No group claimed responsibility.
3 August 2005 – A blast in Istanbul killed two people.
5 August 2005 – Five Turkish soldiers died in aq bomb attack blamed on the
PKK in Hakkari province.
To be continued …