CUBA History timeline


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CUBA History timeline

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CUBA History timeline

  1. 1. CUBA 1860 – US sailors intercepted 3 US slaver ships on their way to Cuba. The Wildfire, the William and the Bogota. They carried 1,432 African slaves from Benin and Congo. They were to be sold in Cuba. Slaves taken to Key West for 3 months then returned to Africa. (internet). 1890s – Maximo Gomez guerrilla chief ,during Cubas war for independence of the 1890s, refused to operate in Zapata. (Bay of pigs ©2008 Howard Jones US) 1944 – Meyer Lansky. Cuban leader Fulgencio Batista partner with Lansky and organised crime in Caribbean casinos.(Money and power ©(2001 S Denton R Morris US). 1950 – The mafia forged an alliance with Fulgencio Batista which gave them control over the casinos, drug trafficking and brothels in Cuba. (Bay of pigs Howard Jones ©2008 US) 26 July 1953 – Fidel and Raul Castro led 160 leftist guerrillas. Castro’s July 26 movement for the overthrow of Fulgencio Batista’s government. 2 December 1956 – Fidel Castro landed on the coast of Oriente province from exile in Mexico. He had with him 82 armed guerrillas. Batista’s police shot down 70, the other 12 escaped with Castro and took to the Sierra maestra mountains. 1959 – Fidel Castro came to power with Soviet funds. Castro turned to the USSR which set up a subsidised oil for sugar deal. (Modern Jihad ©2003 Loretta Napoleoni). 1959-67 – Instructing several hundred pro-Castro Latin Americans in violence and guerrilla warfare. Dominicans, Guatemalans, Venezeulans and Chileans were trained in special camps in Cuba and infiltrated back to their own countries. 1959-76 – Conflicting missions. Havana Washington and Africa. Piero Gleijeres 1959-76 Chapel Hill uni of north Carolina press 2002. 1 Jan 1959 – Castro drove Batista into exile and seized control of Cuba. Castro shut down the mafias gambling operations. Castro opened the casinos a week later to nonCubans only. Ordered Cubans to pay high taxes and banned slot machines. New US ambassador to Havana was Philip Bonsal. Castro was a Socialist. (Bay of pigs Howard Jones ©208 US). 8 Jan 1959 – Castro entered Havana and took over the government. 1960 – Returning from a temporary assignment in Cuba, Nosenko went o Amsterdam for three days, Nosenko was carrying a package of top secret papers which the KGB had collected from Fidel Castro. Nosenko was delivering these papers to Che Guevara who was touring Europe. They contained copies of personal correspondence between Khrushchev and Castro about future Soviet military plans for Cuba.
  2. 2. April 1961 – Failed Bay of Pigs landings against Fidel Castro. (The cold war ©2005 Gaddis). 1 May 1961 – First US aircraft hijacked Puerto Rican born Antuilo Ramierez Ortiz forced at gunpoint a national airlines plane to fly to Havana Cuba where he was given asylum Nov 1961 – A special secret group was established to deal with Cuba, under the code name Mongoose. 400 Americans and 200 Cubans were given a fleet of speedboats and $50 million annual budget to undermine Castros regime. Nov 1961 – Two senior GRU officers left for Cuba Colonel Meshcheryakov and lieutenant colonel N K Khlebnikov. In Cuba they worked as intel consultants in the Castro regime against the US and Latin American countries. (Penkovsky papers ©1965). 1962 – During the Cuban missile crisis Penkovskys spy info was sent immediately to president Kennedy, allowing the white house to monitor the progress of Soviet missile emplacements hour by hour, and to establish which US cities were threatened. 1962 – Cuban missile crisis. The Soviets deployed medium and intermediate range ballistic missiles on Cuba within range of the US. A much larger number of their troops on the island that the US realised at the time, armed with tactical nuclear weapons controlled by local commanders. (Secrets Vietnam Pentagon papers ©2002 D Ellsberg). 1962 – Khrushchev sent intermediate and medium range missiles to Cuba.(the cold war ©20005 Gaddis). June – Nov 1962 – In June 1962 four U2 overflights showed that the Soviets were building anti aircraft missile emplacements on Cuba. By 29 Aug 1962 Soviet bombers and high performance fighters were identified on new Cuban airbases. In Moscow colonel Oleg Penkovsky 14 Oct 1962 the USAF and CIA air photographs identified Soviet nuclear missiles in Cuba. By 19 Oct 1962 the US had declared a military alert and by 22 Oct 1962 the American military was oh war footing. By 20 Nov 1962 Soviet ships turned back and the Russians began removing their rockets from Cuba. The US removed its Titan missiles from Turkey. (The Puppet masters ©2004 JH Wilson). July – Sept 1962 – By late July 1962 the CIA knew of 65 Soviet ships heading for Cuba, ten of them known to be carrying military equipment. The new CIA Director John McCone, who had replaced Allen Dulles after the Bay of Pigs disaster, sent the White House a memo in mid august 1962 saying missiles were a probable cargo. U2 flight on 29 Aug 1962 found a serries of anti aircraft missiles sites on Cuba. Midterm congressional elections in the US in Nov 1962 Cuba was about to become a Soviet nuclear base. On 8 Sept 1962 the Soviet cargo ship Omsk docked in Havana and unloaded its cargo at night. Medium range missiles MRBMs. A second shipment of these SS-4 missiles arrived a week later on the Poltava for Cuba they could reach Washington DC. (Cold war ©1993 M Walker).
  3. 3. Oct 1962 – In return for withdrawing Soviet nuclear missiles from Cuba in Oct 1962 the Kremlin received an understanding from President Kennedy not to invade Cuba. (Too secret too long Chapman Pincher ©1984 US). 14 Oct 1962 – Soviet preparations for Cuba were not discovered until a U2 flight over western Cuba on 14 Oct, analysed the photos showed near San Cristobal under construction. The next 13 days were the most dangerous period of the cold war. A nuclear exchange was so close that both the Whiter House and Kremlin officials expected bombs to fall 27 Oct black Saturday. The Soviets prepared six bases for the MRBMs and three for the longer range SS5 IRBM missiles. A study written by the State Department analyst Ray Garthoff. (Cold war ©1993 M Walker). mid Oct 1962 – Missile deployment in Cuba which the US learned about in mid Oct 1962 from the mission the U2s overflew the island. (The cold war (c)2005 Gaddis). 19 – 27 Oct 1962 – On 19 Oct 1962 the CIA reported that four of the MRBM sites were operational and some missiles appeared ready to fire. Two IRBM sites were declared to be operational within six to eight weeks. Kennedy was surrounded by some advisors who wanted a war on 22 Oct president Kennedy announced the presence of the missiles in a TV address. He announced the reinforcement of the US bases at Guantanimo bay Cuba. The crisis came on 27 Oct when the Soviet ships had slowed and paused as they approached the US quarantine line. The CIA reported that the vessel the Grozny suddenly began steaming directly towards the line. The FBI reported that the Soviet diplomats in New York had begun destroying sensitive documents. The SAC was dispersed and on full alert. (Cold war ©1993 M Walker). 22-27 Oct 1962 – Colonel Oleg Penkovsky, the wests best placed spy, had been arrested in Moscow 22 Oct, the same day Kennedy announced the presence of the missiles in Cuba on American TV, clearly Penkovsy had given the Americans information on the weakness of the Soviet nuclear arsenal on 27 Oct the US learned that one of the U2s had been shot down over Cuba. It was being flown by Major Rudolph Anderson who had piloted the U2 which brought back the first evidence of the missile installations, 13 days earlier. Kennedy ordered flight cover for the U2 flights in retaliation strike against the SAM anti aircraft sites in Cuba was prepared. More than 1,000 protesters were gathered outside the White House some declaring “peace” and some war. The Soviet garrison on Cuba compromised 42,000 men equipped with tactical nuclear weapons. (Cold war ©1993 M Walker). August 1963 – Oswald was arrested in New Orleans while distributing pro Castro pamphlets. On a New Orleans radio program he extolled Cuba and defended Castro 7 Sept 1963 – Deputy director of plans at the CIA at the time was Richard Helms. Castro knew of assassination attempts on his life all the time. A few months before JFK was assassinated Castro made a speech in which he referred to this. Nov 1963 – JFK assassinated in Dallas.
  4. 4. 1964 – A revolutionary trained in Cuba John Okello overthrew the pro western government in Zanzibar. In 1964 and proclaimed the peoples republic of Zanzibar which was promptly recognised by Cuba and the Soviet union. 1966-75 – MATEO Cuban asset, his real name was Juan Acosta a fishing boat captain. Another CIA asset was Ignacio Rodriguez Mena Castrillon. DGI controlled CIA assets. In 1975 he misled the CIA about Cuban arms and troop movements into Angola. JULIO by the CIA and code ISIDRO by the DGI. (Espionage (c)1995 E Volkman). Jan 1966 – At the Tricontinental conference held in Havana and attended by revolutionary leaders from around the world. 1970 – A mini manual for revolutionaries was published in the official LASO publication Tricontinental written by Brazilian urban terrorist leader Carlos Marighella. The mini manual gave precise instructions on terror tactics kidnappings etc. The short book was translated into various languages and distributed worldwide by Cuba. Sept – Nov 1970 – Aerial photos of Cienfuegos Cuba seaport. The Soviets were back in Cuba and constructing their own naval base there. Later photos showed communications towers anti aircraft sites and military barracks under construction. When a Soviet UGRA class submarine tender arrived at Cienfuegos complete with barges equipment for radioactive waste. The Soviets were installing a nuclear naval base in Cuba. A serious breach of the 1962 agreement in which the Soviets agreed not to place nuclear missiles in Cuba. Kissinger saw Soviet ambassador Anatoly Dobrynin at a meeting to halt the construction of the sub base. In Nov 1970 the construction of the sub base stopped. (The ends of power ©1978 R Haldeman). 1974 – Arafat visited Cuba. 1974 – The National liberation directorate DLN was reorganised into the American department DA under the communist party of Cuba central committee. The DA centralised control over Cuban activities for national liberation movements. The DA was responsible for planning and coordinating Cubas secret guerrilla and terrorist training camps. Networks for the covert movement of personal and material from Cuba. And a propaganda apparatus. DA agents also operated in Europe and other regions. Castro ally Manual Pieiro Barbaroja was placed in charge. 1976-82 – The CIA estimated there were 300 Palestinians training in Cuban camps. 1976-82 – Illich Ramirez Sanchez Cantos, the jackal, responsible for terrorist acts in Europe, trained in Cuba. He attended the 1966 tricontinental conference in Havana and later trained in urban guerrilla tactics automatic weapons explosives and sabotage in Cuba. 6 Oct 1976 – Cubana airlines explosion killed 73 people.
  5. 5. 1977 – The US interests section in Havana opened in 1977, a Cuban equivalent was opened at the same time in Washington DC. Many of the more than 100 American diplomats assigned to the section were CIA agents. (Espionage ©1995 E Volkman). 1978 – Abu Iyad a close aide to Arafat said in 1978 that hundreds of Palestinians had been sent to Cuban terrorist camps. 1979 – Additional military and political support provided to Palestinians Arafat attended the 6th non aligned conference in Havana 1979. During the visit Arafat supported agreements for military cooperation and arms supply. 1980s – Cuban trained Guatemalans Cesar Montes and Luis Turcois. Lima led a violent terrorist guerrilla campaign against the government in Guatemala. Montes organised the Ejercito Guerrillero de los Pobres EGP in Guatemala. In the 1980s he joined the FMLN in El Salvador and participated in the civil war in that country. 1980s – The Soviet Union was giving $4 billion a year through Cuba, most was used for training guerrilla groups. The military base at Guanaho, northern coast of Cuba was a communist training camp. Trainees arrived from Nicaragua, El Salvador, Colombia, the Middle East, Angola etc .Moscow and Havana saw armed insurgency as a commercial enterprise. (Modern Jihad ©2003 Loretta Napolean). 1981-85 – Soviet bloc technicians began to arrive in Cuba and immediately started a build new and bigger antennas to carry out the threat The Reagan administration proposed legislation supporting radio Marti in 1981 and in 1983 it passed Congress. Castro threatened that if the US began radio Marti broadcasts he would turn Cuban transmitters on full power and block out radio in the southern US. Cuban radios did jam a good part of the nightime radio in the southern US. May 1985 went on air radio Marti. 1983-90 – After the negotiations leading to the establishment of the Palestinian national authority, Cuban Palestinian military cooperation was enhanced, including the area of counter intel and intel. 1983 – Grenada located near the coast of Venezuela. The Soviets and Cubans were pouring large amounts of money and weapons into the island. Grenada had received more than $33 million in aid from Cuba and stockpiled enough Soviet arms to equip an army of 10,000. A 600 man construction force from Cubas was building an airfield able to handle Soviet long range TU 95 Bear bombers and reconnaissance aircraft. These planes frequently made flights from Olenogorsk in the Soviet union along the east coast of the US landing in Havana Cuba. (Americas wars ©2003 P Huchtausen). 1986 – Dov S Zakheim. The Grenada Operation and superpower relations. A perspective from the Pentagon. Grenada and Soviet Cuban policy Jiri Valenta and Hebert J Ellison Boulder Colo Westview press. July 1987 – DGI Cuban intel agency MATEO was the code name for one of the CIAs top assets in Cuba MATEO actually worked for the DGI. A Cuban DGI agent named Antonio Rodriguez defected to the CIA. He said that all Cuban assets the CIA
  6. 6. recruited during the last 26 years were in fact DGI plants. Another DGI agent defected Florentino Aspillaga Lombard DGI chief of station in Prague For 26 years a total of 38 Cuban assets were working for the DGI which allowed Cubans to identify at least 179 CIA agents 24 of them under diplomatic cover in the US interests section in Havana, fled the country when the CIA first learned of the disaster. (Espionage ©1995 E Volkman). 1991-2001 – A spokesman for the Basque government in Spain met in Havana Cuba with two high level ETA terrorists taking refuge in Cuba. Jose Angel Urtiago Martinez and Jess Lucio Abrisqueta Corte. 1991-2001 – ETA a Spanish terrorist group seeking a separate Basque homeland established the Cuartel General HQ in Havana Cuba. 1991-2001 – A high level PLO military delegation including the head of intel paid a visit to Cuba. 1995 – Direccion General de intelligencia DGI (Espionage ©1995 E Volkman). 12 July 1997 – Hotel Nacional bombing. A bomb exploded at the hotel Nacional in Havana injuring three people and causing minor damage. A previously unknown group called the military liberation union claimed responsibility. 11 Sept 2001 – 9/11 attacks in the US bin Laden al Qaeda. 2002 – Piero Gleijeses Conflicting missions Havana Washington and Africa 19591976 Chapel Hill Uni of north Carolina press. 10 June 2005 – Castro and terrorism A chronology by Eugene Pons Institute for Cuban and Cuban American studies Frontpage 30 Sept 2006 – 4th Latin America solidarity conference in support of Venezuela Chavez and Cubas Castro attending is Commandante William Izarra former vice minister of foreign affairs in Chavez regime. 2008 – The Cuban connection. Drug trafficking smuggling gambling. Eduardo Staenz Robner traffickers and smugglers Cuba and the US. July 2009 – Cuba signs agreement with Russia allowing oil exploration in Cuban waters of Gulf of Mexico (Timeline BBC).
  7. 7. 2008 – The Cuban connection drug trafficking smuggling and gambling in Cuba from the 1920s to the revolution. Educardo Saenz Rovner ebook Chapel Hill uni north Carolina press (Worldcat database.)