Department of LanguagesTec hnical University of Košice Present Simple Mgr. Soňa Polakovičová
Present SimplePresent SimpleImportant facts- The fundamental tense in English.- Commonly used.- Exists in every language.- Without it you can´t learn anything else in English.
Present SimpleI Positive sentence Subject + verb + object I travel to work by bus. 3rd person singular - Add “s“ to the verb She travels to work by bus. Exceptions: Verbs ending in“y“after a consonant – change y to i and add – es I cry – she cries BUT! I play – he plays Verbs ending in “o“ – add “es“ I go – he goes Verbs ending in “ss“, “sh“, “ch“ or “x“ take on –es kiss – kisses, wash – washes, watch – watches, mix – he mixes
Present SimpleII Negative sentenceWe use auxiliary (helping) words “do not“ and “does not“I like chocolate – I do not (don´t) like chocolate.We watch TV every evening – We don´t watch TV every evening.3rd person singularEmma likes pop songs - Emma does not (doesn´t) like pop songs.He knows many people – He doesn´t know many people.
Simple Present III QuestionWe again use “do“ and “does“I like cars.Do you like cars?Yes, I do.No, I don´t.3rd person singularShe likes cars.Does she like cars?Yes, she does.No, she doesn´t.
Simple Present Usage1) Repeated actionsI go to the gym every Friday.Every morning I have a big breakfast.2) General truthsThe moon goes around the earth.Cats like milk.(They don´t have to be true, but we claim them to be):Politicians are greedy.
Present Simple3) Permanent actionsMy mother works in a post office.We are students.Our grandparents have three cats.4) Timetables, schedulesThe train to Toronto leaves at eight a.m.Our film starts at seven.
Present Simple Adverbs commonly used with Present Simple Always Often Sometimes Occasionally Rarely Seldom Never Every... (day, morning, summer, year, etc.) It stands before the verb - I often go.., she never reads.. If used with “to be“, it stands after it – I am never late, she is sometimes tired.
Present SimpleQuestion words used with Present SimpleWhen..?Why..?Where..?Who..?What..?Which..?How..?They stand at the beginning of the sentence.
Present Simple Revision Translate these sentences: Nepracujem v banke. Máš rád deti? Nehovorím po francúzsky. Pochádzame z Ázie. Moja sestra nikdy neraňajkuje. Čo robievaš cez víkendy? Talk about your daily routine. What do you do with your mobile phone?