E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
_______________________________________
November, 11t...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
Summary
Opportunities to publish scientific
3D models...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D models: features and
standards
CH 3D
E-Publishi...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
http://www.certosadibologna.it
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Bes...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
Greater accuracy in documentation and annotation
of t...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
“Traditional” E-Publishing
PDF Documents / Flash Page...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
http://www.pasthorizons.com/magazine/
CH 3D
E-Publish...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
http://www.beazley.ox.ac.uk/cva/projectpages/CVA1.htm...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
“Traditional” E-Publishing
ACCESSIBILITY
COST REDUCTI...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
New tendencies: a “Post-literate age”
Post-textual co...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
http://www.romereborn.virginia.edu/
CH 3D
E-Publishin...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
http://wikimapia.org/
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practic...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
http://secondlife.com/
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practi...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
Best practice and coordination
institutions
CH 3D
E-P...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
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Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
CH 3D
E-Publishing
Best practices
3D Web
3D Rep
CH 3D...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
Conclusions
Scientific metadata archives are convergi...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
Conclusions
3D Repository can turn out to be an effec...
E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories
e.toffalori@gmail.com
_______________________________________
Thank You!
Un...
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2010 Euromed - EPublishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories for Cultural Heritage on the Web: A State of The Art 2010

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Full presentation for Euromed 2010 Short Paper by Elena Toffalori, titled "E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories for Cultural Heritage on the Web: a State of the Art 2010"

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2010 Euromed - EPublishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories for Cultural Heritage on the Web: A State of The Art 2010

  1. 1. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com _______________________________________ November, 11th 2010, Limassol E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories for Cultural Heritage on the Web: a State of the Art 2010 Università di Bologna, Italy Elena Toffalori, PhD candidate ________________________________________
  2. 2. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com Summary Opportunities to publish scientific 3D models on the Web (Addressing an academic public) • CH 3D models: features and standards • E-Publishing: new tendencies • Best practices and coordination institutions • 3D Web: advances, issues, DRM • 3D Repositories: an emerging tool • CH 3D Repository: a comparative analysis
  3. 3. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D models: features and standards CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep
  4. 4. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep 3D Models as spatially organized archives 3D data are more and more adopted (both from digitization and abstract modeling) Models must enable synoptic view of heterogeneous data, analysis, simulation... Very useful feature: link to multimedia sources / documents or metadata related both to the model and the reconstruction process Forte, M., 2000. About Virtual Archeology: Disorders, Cognitive Interactions and Virtuality. In Virtual Reality in Archaeology. Oxford: Juan A. Barceló, Maurizio Forte, Daniel H. Sanders, pagg. 247-263.
  5. 5. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep Achieve transparency * to sources / metadata Embedding of metadata Database connection Graphical coding of uncertainty Switch between alternative models Implementing of generative rules for procedural modeling ... * http://www.londoncharter.org/
  6. 6. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com http://www.certosadibologna.it CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep
  7. 7. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com Greater accuracy in documentation and annotation of the reconstruction process Data need to be uniform + treated with standard formats Enrichment of visual (3D) data with metadata and sources New type of scientific publication: 3D model as integral part of the study CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep
  8. 8. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep E-Publishing: new tendencies
  9. 9. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com “Traditional” E-Publishing PDF Documents / Flash Pages / HTML Hypertexts (+ Images, Videos..) Distributed through Web-press / RSS aggregators (like Google News - free contents / Newspass - pay-news) Scientific contents: specialized Web-magazines and portals More complex data (e.g. 3D Models or cultural objects) are usually indexed through their metadata (RSS or other syndication standards) CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep
  10. 10. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com http://www.pasthorizons.com/magazine/ CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep
  11. 11. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com http://www.beazley.ox.ac.uk/cva/projectpages/CVA1.htm CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep
  12. 12. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com “Traditional” E-Publishing ACCESSIBILITY COST REDUCTION MULTIMEDIA CONTENTS MASS DIGITIZATION PROCESS V V V CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep V
  13. 13. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com New tendencies: a “Post-literate age” Post-textual communication (icons, videos, images, tags): plain text is NOT the main interface Tactile, customizable, mobile interfaces (Smartphones, iPod, Kindle, iPad...) Mashups: integrated geo-information, tag clouds, augmented reality, 3D contents ........... User-generated contents McLuhan, M., 1964. Understanding Media: the Extensions of Man McGraw-Hill., New York. CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep
  14. 14. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com http://www.romereborn.virginia.edu/ CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep
  15. 15. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com http://wikimapia.org/ CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep
  16. 16. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com http://secondlife.com/ CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep
  17. 17. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com Best practice and coordination institutions CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep
  18. 18. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep http://www.brickscommunity.org/ European Projects BRICKS (2002-) Development of digitization activities New generation digital libraries (digital museums, digital archives...) (3D was taken into account)
  19. 19. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep http://www.minervaeurope.org/ European Projects MINERVA (2002-) Coordination of digitization activities Cultural resources indexing and aggregation Guidelines for cultural portals (e.g. MICHAEL) Guidelines for Digital Rights Management
  20. 20. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep http://www.michael-culture.eu/
  21. 21. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep http://www.epoch-net.org/ http://www.londoncharter.org/ European Projects EPOCH (2004-) Tools for 3D data acquisition and processing Manuals and Reports on 3D Techniques (In Man) Guidelines for quality Cultural 3D (London Charter, 2005) Web semantic
  22. 22. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep http://www.athenaeurope.org/ http://www.carare.eu/ European Projects ATHENA - CARARE - FOCUS-K3D - AIM@SHAPE Best practices for digital (and 3D) data creation Metadata harvesting and indexing (e.g. EUROPEANA Portal 2007-) Introduction of semantic in Cultural 3D production pipeline http://www.focus3d.eu/ http://www.aimatshape.net/
  23. 23. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep http://www.europeana.eu/
  24. 24. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep http://www.europeana.eu/
  25. 25. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep 3D-Web: advances, Issues and DRM
  26. 26. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep Web 3D = Interactive 3D contents on the Web 1. Business fields (ECONOMIC IMPULSE) Videogame market Geo-Information (GPS navigation, GeoRSS, Augmented Reality apps...) 2. User communities (SOCIAL IMPULSE) MUVEs and MMORPGs Metaverses 3D chat Developement of strong 2D and 3D rendering engines
  27. 27. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep http://secondlife.com/
  28. 28. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep http://www.google.com/mobile/goggles/
  29. 29. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep http://www.google.com/mobile/goggles/
  30. 30. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep Web 3D QTVR, VRML (‘90s) X3D (2004) XML-based formats 3DMLW, 3DXML, COLLADA (e.g. KMZ), Java3D, O3D/WebGL, U3D Wide adopted viewers: Adobe Reader (U3D is supported in PDF), Google Earth Web plug-in, HTML5-browsers... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web3D **and related pages** http://www.pdf3d.co.uk/gallery.php
  31. 31. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep HTML5: http://www.google.com/
  32. 32. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep HTML5: http://thewildernessdowntown.com/
  33. 33. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep HTML5
  34. 34. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep HTML5
  35. 35. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep Web 3D Many APIs and plugins Embedded 3D effects in web-pages (Flash, HTML5) Minor experiments from the scientific community: OSG4WEB (Cineca, CNR for OSG and OpenGL-based applications) Calori, L., 2007. Osg4Web. Condivisione di dati e applicazioni VR WebGIS per il paesaggio archeologico. In Secondo Workshop su open source, free software and open formats nei processi di ricerca archeologica. Available at: http://workshop07.iosa.it/workshop07/index.php?title=Abstract. http:3d.cineca.it/storage/demo_vrome_ajax/osg4web.html
  36. 36. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep http://3d.cineca.it/storage/demo_vrome/htdocs/
  37. 37. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep Issues Limited compatibility (ADSL, HW-SW requirements) Usability: not accessible to low-skilled users Heterodirected: advances come from communication / IT / entertainment market Not trusted as scientific tools Common tool for exchange and storage of complex CH data ...in the next years?...
  38. 38. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep Issues DRM (digital rights management) and IPM (intellectual property management) Data sharing and dissemination on digital format is a major issue in Cultural Heritage Complex IPR status Many involved subjects Derivative contents Users “digital access” barrier
  39. 39. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep DRM tools Access control systems Copy protection systems Fully enabled IPR systems IPR actively protected using Watermarking or digital / invisible watermarking Trusted systems Encryption Hard-Soft keys Worldwide legal tools: Creative Commons licences http://creativecommons.org/
  40. 40. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep 3D Repositories: an emerging tool
  41. 41. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep An interesting trend is the creation of libraries of custom 3D objects and avatars created by the users along with sale and exchange of textures and 3D models
  42. 42. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep 3D Repository as digital objects collections Personal objects collections pertaining to users of metaverses, 3D chats, MUVEs (often supplied by a dedicated market, as in SL) Highly specialized repositories (e.g. Protein models) Collaborative projects for massive thematic reconstructions (e.g. Virtual Cities) DEM and building 3D models for Geo-Web applications
  43. 43. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep 3D Repository as work and presentation tools 3D Gallery as portfolio for institutions working in the field of Virtual Reality, 3D Modeling or Computer Graphics) 3D artists works and collaborative collections Object, material and texture libraries to be used for professional 3D modeling or for videogame design Web-museums exhibitions or educational resources
  44. 44. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep http://vcg.isti.cnr.it/
  45. 45. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep http://sketchup.google.com/3dwarehouse/
  46. 46. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep Access and contribution model Access to 3D collections is usually in two steps: 1) Simple preview of metadata, access to additional contents and/or screenshots from the model 2) Download OR Interactive Visualization of the model, after installing a plug-in component and authenticating Contributors can be registered users of the website/system or partners of the project.
  47. 47. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep Implementation Systems for management of on-line object/content repositories are available. Some are open-source Eprints Fedora DSpace ..... Otherwise a dedicated system is developed BRICKS (EU) * no accessibility/GUI studies! Doerr, M., 2010. Survey of Existing Repository Technology, Available at: http://www.3d- coform.eu/index.php/downloads/cat_view/34-publicdeliverables/ 37-repository- infrastructure.
  48. 48. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep Cultural Heritage 3D Repositories: a comparative analysis
  49. 49. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep Papers regarding 3D Repositories for Cultural Heritage
  50. 50. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep Examples of CH 3D Repositories: 1) AIM@SHAPE http://shapes.aim-at-shape.net/ 2) 3D-COFORM http://www.3d-coform.eu/ 3) CY-ARK http://archive.cyark.org/ 4) SAVE - 3DWS http://www3.iath.virginia.edu/save/
  51. 51. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep 1) AIM@SHAPE NoE European Project Strongly focused on Web Semantic, Interpretation, indexing and retrieval of digital contents (particularly 3D objects) (Benchmark gallery for best-practices in creating efficient semantic and metadata in 3D data)
  52. 52. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep 1) AIM@SHAPE EU’s Sixth Framework ProgrammeFunding 14 research centres, 91 partnersInvolved Institutions http://shapes.aim-at-shape.net/Web Link Bianca Falcidieno, IMATI-CNR Dept. of GenovaProject Coordina- tion 2004-2007Year(s) AIM@SHAPE “Advanced and Innovative Models And Tools for the development of Semantic-based systems for Handling, Acquiring, and Processing Knowledge Embedded in multidimensional digital objects” Name
  53. 53. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep 1) AIM@SHAPE Contents providers are researchers from participating institutions. Contribution model Users can preview images and metadata related to models. Owners define licenses and access restrictions for their models. Access Model Various, from geometric representation (mesh, parametric models, point cloud) to raster data and motion capture. Shape R. collects PLY, OFF, VRML, OBJ, IGES, STEP with different interaction levels Supported Formats
  54. 54. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep 1) AIM@SHAPE • R. were created as common work platforms, for publications, software tools, metadata and 3D shapes. • Shape Common Ontology developed within the project • Shapes support multi-resolution format, grouping and versioning • Geometric and Semantic search engine and Category tree implemented for retrieval
  55. 55. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep http://shapes.aim-at-shape.net/
  56. 56. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep 2) 3D-COFORM Consortium, founded by former partners of EPOCH NoE Aimed at developing and implementing SW-HW components for broad-based digitization and 3D data handling (Models from laser-scanning or the open-source EPOCH pipeline. R. is a working tool also hosting raw data)
  57. 57. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep 2) 3D-COFORM EU’s Seventh Framework Programme: 8 M €Funding 19 partners http://www.3d-coform.eu/index.php/partner Involved Institutions http://www.3d-coform.eu/Web Link David Arnold, University of Brighton, UKProject Coordina- tion 2008-2012Year(s) 3D-COFORM: Making 3D documentation an everyday choice for the Cultural Heritage sector; Name
  58. 58. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep 2) 3D-COFORM Contents provided by participating institutions and EPOCH tools users. Contribution model Owners can set access conditions (usually user- authentication). Rendering is performed server- side and requires the installation of a plug-in. Protection of data through watermarking and encryption. Access Model Standard encoding for mesh files is COLLADA-L. R. supports VSL-compatible formats, OBJ, COLLADA and PLY and PTX point cloud formats. Many kinds of multimedia (images, video, texts) data are supported. GIS and more data will be handled through external components Supported Formats
  59. 59. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep 2) 3D-COFORM • Address all aspects of 3D data creation from capture to dissemination • CIDOC-CRM ontology for metadata/semantic management
  60. 60. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep http://www.3d-coform.eu/
  61. 61. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep 3) CY-ARK Scientific non-profit foundation (huge board of partners!) Strictly focused on models acquired through laser-scanning Projects with 3D data and historical/context information (Models from laser-scanning for purposes of documentation or conservation)
  62. 62. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep 3) CY-ARK Kacyra Family Foundation, corporate sponsor, partners, donations and volunteering Funding http://archive.cyark.org/partnersInvolved Institutions http://archive.cyark.org/Web Link Founders: Ben and Barbara KacyraProject Coordina- tion From 2001Year(s) CY-ARK; Digitally Preserving and Sharing the World’s Cultural Heritage Name
  63. 63. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep 3) CY-ARK Contents provided by participating institutions or independent contributors. Acquisitions (often HD) encouraged and financed by partners. Contribution model User-authentication required. Projects include 3D and multimedia datasets for each CH site. Preview of low-res screenshots is provided, while access to full data is depending on individual agreement with rights owners (e.g. CC License). Advanced view (requires plug-in installation) includes interaction and data extrapolation Access Model ASCII point cloud formats (PTX, PTS, XYZ), some proprietary formats (POD, IMP), most common mesh formats (3DS, OBJ, DAE). Advanced on-line viewer requires 3DS or PTS. Supported Formats
  64. 64. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep 3) CY-ARK • Acquisition purpose driven by site management, conservation, restoration and documentation needs. • Metadata limited to geo-referencing, external context information associated through “Projects”. • GIS-like layer of icons pointing to external resources is available for maps and under development for 3D scenes.
  65. 65. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep http://archive.cyark.org/
  66. 66. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep http://archive.cyark.org/
  67. 67. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep 4) SAVE - 3DWS Born with the Rome Reborn Project (2008) Aim to creating a specialized journal Advanced on-line interaction and MUVE for educational use (Pay-per-view contents, targeting scholars and CH professional)
  68. 68. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep 4) SAVE - 3DWS Support from US NSN (National Science Foundation)Funding Virtual World Heritage Laboratory, Virginia University; ENEA Research Center, Bo-Na, Italy. Involved Institutions http://www3.iath.virginia.edu/save/Web Link Bernard Frisher, IATH Virginia UniversityProject Coordina- tion From 2009Year(s) SAVE - 3DWS. Saving and Archiving Virtual Environments (IATH); Technical infrastructure: 3D Web Service Project (ENEA). Name
  69. 69. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep 4) SAVE - 3DWS Registered users. Contribution will pass through technical and subject review. Metadata, a related monograph and underlying documentation can be attached. Contribution model Registered users can access interactively via remote 3D to HD models (java applet installation required); preview of metadata and still screenshots, and search engine for metadata are provided. IPR Protection through Watermarking. Access Model 3DS Max or Maya; a simplified version can be published in KMZ (for Google Earth); a third version, enhanced with avatars, can be used in the dedicated MUVE application. Supported Formats
  70. 70. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep 4) SAVE - 3DWS • Fully interactive visualization online through remote rendering (ENEA) • Aimed to creating a specialized, peer-reviewed journal for 3D contents • Allows use of models as social environments and for simulations, inside a dedicated MUVE Frischer, B. et al., 2008. Rome Reborn. In SIGGRAPH 2008. Los Angeles: ACM. Frischer, B. et al., In press: 3D Web Service Project. In Fusion of Cultures. CAA 2010 Proceedings, Granada 6-9 april 2010. CAA. Granada. Available at: www.afs.enea.it/project/ark3d/3DWS_Project.pdf.
  71. 71. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com CH 3D E-Publishing Best practices 3D Web 3D Rep CH 3D Rep http://www3.iath.virginia.edu/save/
  72. 72. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com Conclusions Scientific metadata archives are converging towards 3D (e.g. Carare for Europeana) 3D Web quickly developing Emerging tool: 3D Repositories (aesthetic purposes or specialized object collections) CH 3D Repositories allow connection to metadata and multimedia documentation Most oriented to a collaborative model enhancing user generated contents, community-building and open source resources.
  73. 73. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com Conclusions 3D Repository can turn out to be an effective tool for collection, dissemination and publishing of 3DS scientific contents ISSUES IPR PROTECTION DOCUMENTATION USABILITY ACCESSIBILITY V V ~ V
  74. 74. E-Publishing Opportunities and 3D Repositories e.toffalori@gmail.com _______________________________________ Thank You! Università di Bologna, Italy Elena Toffalori, PhD candidate ________________________________________
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